• Categories
  • Archives

Rust Hits US While Brazil Becomes Top Soy Exporter

The Brazilian government says it expects a record soybean harvest this year. Brazil recently passed the United States as the biggest exporter of soybeans in the world. The United States continues to be the biggest producer of the crop.

Brazil’s feat has happened despite the fact that Asian soybean rust has arrived in the country in 2001. The United States Agriculture Department says soybean rust took only one year to spread to sixty percent of the soybean fields in Brazil.


In recent weeks, Asian soybean rust has also been found in a number of American states. The first report of the plant disease came on November tenth in the state of Louisiana.


There were later reports from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina. All these states are in the South. The presence of soybean rust was also confirmed in Missouri, in the Midwest.


Asian soybean rust is a fungus that can sharply reduce harvests. A fungus is a simple organism. It cannot make its own food. So it takes nutrients from material living or dead.


Asian soybean rust can infect several other kinds of bean plants, as well as kudzu, an invasive plant. The fungus does not harm animals or people.


It was first discovered in Japan just over a century ago. It has spread to Africa and, most recently, to South America. Scientists believe it moved north to the United States on the winds of a severe storm, Hurricane Ivan, in September.


The rust is light brown or red in color. It grows on leaves, which develop growths. These growths break open and release a powder of reproductive material. Scientists say winds can carry the fungus spores for thousands of kilometers.


Over the years, the disease has caused major damage in Asia. Australia has also experienced damage. Outbreaks in Africa over the last several years have reduced soy harvests by over fifty percent in some areas.


In nineteen ninety-four, Asian soybean rust appeared in Hawaii. But it was never found on the mainland. Until now.


The discovery comes at the end of the growing season in the United States. Officials say the fungus did not affect this year’s harvest. But it could return next year.


Agricultural officials say farmers have time to start planning ways to control the disease for the next planting season. A number of chemicals can be used to treat fields. But they are costly.


VOA

Tags:

  • Show Comments (1)

  • Guest

    gg
    whereis all the new about bean plant.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

comment *

  • name *

  • email *

  • website *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ads

You May Also Like

A Fund to Bolster Trade Between Brazil and Venezuela

Brazil’s National Economic and Social Development Bank (BNDES) is studying the creation of the ...

Threatened with Death Rio’s Assemblyman Flees Brazil to Undisclosed European Country

Brazilian Marcelo Freixo, a high-profile state assemblyman in Rio de Janeiro, who investigated criminal ...

Brazil’s Fight to End Its Foreign Fertilizer Addiction

Brazilian state company Embrapa Solos (Soils), in partnership with the private sector, is developing ...

Brazilian Minister Rushes to Geneva in Effort to Break WTO’s Stalemate

Brazil’s Minister of Foreign Relations, Celso Amorim, will travel to Geneva this weekend in ...

Brazil Wants Its Biodiesel Program to Be One of Social Inclusion

Contracts between Brazilian state-owned oil company Petrobras and four biodiesel refineries are expected to ...

Brazil’s Higher Court Gives Green Light to Amazon’s Hydroelectric Plant

A higher court in Brazil lifted an order that suspended construction of the massive ...

US Good News Gives Brazil Markets a 6% Boost

São Paulo, Brazil, is celebrating today its 454 birthday and for that reason Brazilian ...

Designer Beachwear Made in Brazil from Plastic Bottle Yarn

Milena HamanÀ­, a young designer from Brazil, has closed her first foreign sales deals ...

Brazil: Harvard Professor and Central Bank Chief Leave Lula’s Administration

Brazil's presidential advisor Roberto Mangabeira Unger and the chief of the Brazilian Central Bank ...

Investors Buoyed Up by Brazil’s Good News

Brazilian shares went up, November 30, as a pullback in oil prices, weakness in ...