• Categories
  • Archives

Rust Hits US While Brazil Becomes Top Soy Exporter

The Brazilian government says it expects a record soybean harvest this year. Brazil recently passed the United States as the biggest exporter of soybeans in the world. The United States continues to be the biggest producer of the crop.

Brazil’s feat has happened despite the fact that Asian soybean rust has arrived in the country in 2001. The United States Agriculture Department says soybean rust took only one year to spread to sixty percent of the soybean fields in Brazil.


In recent weeks, Asian soybean rust has also been found in a number of American states. The first report of the plant disease came on November tenth in the state of Louisiana.


There were later reports from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina. All these states are in the South. The presence of soybean rust was also confirmed in Missouri, in the Midwest.


Asian soybean rust is a fungus that can sharply reduce harvests. A fungus is a simple organism. It cannot make its own food. So it takes nutrients from material living or dead.


Asian soybean rust can infect several other kinds of bean plants, as well as kudzu, an invasive plant. The fungus does not harm animals or people.


It was first discovered in Japan just over a century ago. It has spread to Africa and, most recently, to South America. Scientists believe it moved north to the United States on the winds of a severe storm, Hurricane Ivan, in September.


The rust is light brown or red in color. It grows on leaves, which develop growths. These growths break open and release a powder of reproductive material. Scientists say winds can carry the fungus spores for thousands of kilometers.


Over the years, the disease has caused major damage in Asia. Australia has also experienced damage. Outbreaks in Africa over the last several years have reduced soy harvests by over fifty percent in some areas.


In nineteen ninety-four, Asian soybean rust appeared in Hawaii. But it was never found on the mainland. Until now.


The discovery comes at the end of the growing season in the United States. Officials say the fungus did not affect this year’s harvest. But it could return next year.


Agricultural officials say farmers have time to start planning ways to control the disease for the next planting season. A number of chemicals can be used to treat fields. But they are costly.


VOA

Tags:

  • Show Comments (1)

  • Guest

    gg
    whereis all the new about bean plant.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

comment *

  • name *

  • email *

  • website *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ads

You May Also Like

A Backlands Hit

The most innovative part of the Ceará story is not the budget cuts but ...

Brazil’s Eliane Elias Revisits Old Friend Jazz Great Bill Evans with Tribute

Pianist Bill Evans, one of the most influential jazz musicians of the 20th century ...

Brazil Starts Enriching Uranium for Its Nuclear Power Plants

The INB, state-owned Brazilian Nuclear Industries, is going to enrich uranium in Resende, in ...

Best-seller Books, Plays and Movies

By Brazzil Magazine Plays,  movies &  best-seller books PLAYS Rio Anônima (Anonymous) — A ...

Brazilian Banks and Supermarkets Want More Active Voice at the WTO

Brazil’s services sector intends to form a united front and increase its participation in ...

UN Chief Tells ‘Quiet Green Giant’ Brazil About Biofuel Perils

In Brazil, where he is in an official trip focused on climate change, UN ...

Some Banks Saying Brazil Won’t Grow More than 2.5% in 2005

Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva addressing a business forum in São Paulo ...

Transport Makes Business with Brazil Hard, Say Syrians

Syrian businessmen are interested in buying more Brazilian products. They want to open a ...

Let’s Speak of Brazilian Flowers and Mulattas

In the 60s, my mother, a countryside primary education school teacher, who little or ...