The Typical Brazilian Homeless Is a Young Black Man with a Job

    A black homeless walks in Curitiba, south of Brazil

    A black homeless walks in Curitiba, south of Brazil Male, between the ages of 25 and 44, black, literate, with a paying job.  This description of people living in the streets of Brazil, is a profile produced by the first National Research on the Homeless Population, finished in 71 cities around the country. The research found 31,992 people over the age of 18 on the street, approximately 0.061% of the population of the cities participating in the survey. 

    Those who live in the street were found on sidewalks, in public squares and parks, under highways and bridges, at gas stations, beaches, alleyways, in tunnels and abandoned buildings, at recycling centers, junkyards and scrap heaps or passing the night in institutions (hostels, shelters, churches, transitional and subsidized housing).

    According to the research, "70% are in the habit of sleeping on the street and 22% in hostels, but 46.5% prefer to pass the night on the street, mainly for the sake of freedom, and 44% show a preference for an institution, out of fear of violence.  Almost half (48%) of those interviewees who participated in the survey have been sleeping on the streets for more than two years."

    Based on this research, out of every 100 persons on the street, 71 work, but 48% of the interviewees never have had a formal job, with a signed document.  The average weekly income of those interviewed varied from 20 to 80 Brazilian Reais (approximately 12 to 50 U.S. dollars).

    The principal activity for 28% of them is the collection of recyclable material, followed by activities such as "flanelinha" (informal car-park attendant), working as a porter, in construction or in the cleaning sector.  Only 16% of those living on the street said that they begged money to survive.

    In what was said with respect to family relationships, 52% said that they have at least one parent in the city in which they live.  Around 35% have frequent contact with their family, and 39% feel that they have a good relationship with their parents.  Alcoholism and drug use are the main reason (35.5%) why those interviewed are homeless.  This is followed closely by unemployment (30%) and estrangement from families (29%).

    The research shows that 88.5% of those living on the street are not reached by government programs.  The government handouts get to, at most, 3% of this population.  Although 95% of them no longer go to school, more than 70% of those interviewed know how to read and write. 

    The majority of the interviewees, 80%, said that they have at least one meal a day.  In relation to health, 30% said that they have some problem, such as hypertension, mental illness or AIDS, and 19% take medication.

    The research highlighted that the percentage of the population of homeless that self-identifies as black, 30%, is much higher than the national average, which is 6.2%; meanwhile, those who consider themselves white, 29.5%, are well below the corresponding number among all Brazilians, 54%.

    Tags:

    • Show Comments (0)

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    comment *

    • name *

    • email *

    • website *

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

    Ads

    You May Also Like

    Brazil’s Hunger Minister Says Country Is Winning Fight Against Absolute Poverty

    According to Brazil’s Minister of Social Development and Hunger Combat (MDS), Patrus Ananias, the ...

    Brazil Among World’s Cheapest Places to Live In

    In spite of the recent valorization of the real compared to the dollar, São ...

    Brazil’s Chicken Exports Fall Due to Bird Flu

    Chicken exports from Brazil totaled 1.04 million tons in the first five months of ...

    Moody’s Gives Brazil’s Embraer Investment Grade Rating

    Moody’s Investor Service, one of the largest and most prestigious rating agencies in the ...

    zzz

    Agriculture Represents 36% of All Brazilian Exports

    2008 was excellent for Brazil in foreign trade of agribusiness products. Sector exports reached ...

    POR AÍ

    Judith Kay is fascinated with Brazil and its music. After falling in love with ...

    Brazil’s New Cabinet Chief Vows to Be More Technical and Less Political

    After assuming the post of Presidential Chief of Staff, Monday, June 21, Minister Dilma ...

    Eduardo Alencar hospital's parking lot

    Brazilian Reporters Threatened When Investigating City Hospital

    A reporter and a photographer from the daily A Tarde, from Salvador, the capital ...

    Brazil’s Finance Minister Vows to Keep Austerity Policy

    Latin American stocks gained ground, in line with the U.S. market, after minutes from ...