85,000 Venezuelan Refugees Fled to Brazil, Many of Them Children

    Venezuelan refugees receive temporary shelter in Boa Vista, Brazil - Marcelo Camargo/ABr

    Fleeing poverty and hunger, at least 1,000 Venezuelan children arrived at Brazil’s main entry point unaccompanied by parents or without proper documents in the last five months, according to an official report.

    Some 52 percent of those who arrived at the border city of Paracaima, in the state of Roraima, were without proper documents and the rest were without parents, the report authored by the Federal Public Defenders Office said.

    Lack of documentation leads to poor access to healthcare and other services in Brazil, while children traveling without parents are at a greater risk of human trafficking, experts said.

    Facing a financial and humanitarian crisis, about one in every 10 people in Venezuela has fled the country in the past three years. About 85,000 are in Brazil, a number that is expected to grow in 2019.

    “They arrive in a state of extreme vulnerability,” said Roberta Alvim, a federal public defender working in the border region.

    The public defenders’ office has been assisting Venezuelan migrants in Brazil since December 2016 when it averted a mass deportation of 450 Venezuelans by Brazilian authorities.

    They have also been registering the children as refugees, which grants them legal status in the country.

    According to the report, children without their parents are most often accompanied by their grandmothers, aunts or sisters.

    To avoid children being trafficked into the country, Brazilian authorities have a set of protocols in place that include interviewing the adults and children to ensure they are related.

    “Usually, they are taking the child to be reunited with their parents that went before they did and are already established in Brazil,” said Alvim.

    About 5 percent of the children mentioned in the report arrived completely alone.

    “The number in the report is expressive, but more worrying than that is if the kid is unaccompanied and under 15,” said João Carlos Jarochinski, the coordinator of an international relations course at the Federal University of Roraima.

    “Then it becomes a hunt for their parents.”

    In case relatives are not found, children under 15 are put in group homes or with foster parents in Brazil. If the child is over 15, they can sometimes be emancipated, said Jarochinski.

    Photo identification is required to enter Brazil, but in Venezuela, children under nine don’t have access to documents with pictures, just their birth certificates. About 15 percent of the children in the report arrived without even that.

    “Recently, we were informed that there is no paper for birth certificates to be printed on, so many children and teenagers carry only a declaration ensuring they were born alive, issued by hospitals,” said the report.

    “Since they have no documents at all, children aged 10 or 12 are being put in classes for first graders,” who are usually 6 years old, said Jarochinski.

    This article was produced by the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Visit them at http://www.thisisplace.org

    Tags:

    • Show Comments (3)

    • Comfast wifi

      Comfast Wifi Repeater/Adapter/Extender Login&Setup Manual

    • reverse camera
    • reverse camera

      It is great to hear that Max Polyakov and Noosphere Ventures are now working on digitizing other sports.

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    comment *

    • name *

    • email *

    • website *

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

    Ads

    You May Also Like

    Brazilian kid in trash dump

    Brazil, a Poor Country Mired in Lies, Hostage to Greedy Political Parties

    The results of research recently published by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and ...

    Some Lessons from Brazil to Fight World Poverty

    Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva announced that, during his visit to New ...

    Burnt communal houses of uncontacted Indians could be signs of a massacre - © FUNAI

    Goldminers in Brazil Massacre Over Ten Indians from an Uncontacted Tribe

    Public prosecutors in Brazil have opened an investigation after reports that illegal goldminers in ...

    "You're gonna die, policeman" says writing on a favela wall in Rio - Photo: EBC

    100 Policemen Killed in Rio this Year, One Every 57 Hours

    The number of police officers killed so far this year in the Brazilian city ...

    Brazil’s Inequality: 1% of Richest Have as Much as 50% of Poorest

    The 1.7 million wealthiest Brazilians, which correspond to 1% of the country’s population, have ...

    São Paulo's mayor shows what the population calls "pet food" - the Ballarini/SECOM

    São Paulo’s Mayor Finds a Solution for Malnutrition in Schools: Human Pet Food

    Brazilian prosecutors are probing a plan proposed by São Paulo Mayor João Doria that ...