Arabesque: an Arabian Touch on Lace Made in Brazil

    Brazilian woman makes laces in cover of book on Renaissance lace

    Brazilian woman makes laces in cover of book on Renaissance laceThey left the Arab countries, passed by Europe and ended up on the hands of the lace makers in the state of Paraí­ba, Northeast Brazil. The arabesques, group of curved and rounded traces characteristic of Arabian art, are one of the main influences of the renaissance lace made in that region of Brazil.

    "In the period that came before the Crusades the Arabs made contact with other countries and spread the arabesques," says the designer Christus Nóbrega, who released in the beginning of the month the book "Renda Renascença – uma memória de ofí­cio paraibana", meaning, "Renaissance Lace – memories of handicraft of Paraí­ba" in a free translation, which speaks of the lace makers of Paraí­ba.

    In the period previous to the Crusades, between 622 and 1089, the Muslim Arab army set off to conquer various regions of the world, including France, one of the countries that colonized Paraí­ba and took the art of making lace to the state.

    According to the writer, the invasions that took place before and during the Crusades in the end also provided for cultural exchanges. The Arabs, according to Nóbrega, became strong in abstract art due to the Islamic religion, which forbids human and animal figures. "This influenced Europe," he says.

    The renaissance kind of lace is handmade and has the traces and intertwined stitches as its main characteristic, also found in the arabesques. Currently the arabesques are largely used in Arab architecture and tapestry.

    In Paraí­ba, renaissance lace was propagated in the 1930s through a school of French religious women. "In this school, women learned embroidery and how to mind a house," he stated. The privilege, however, was only for high-society girls, who went to the school of the Filhas da Caridade congregation (Daughters of Charity).

    All changed when a servant at the school, called Maria Pastora, started teaching the handicraft of making lace to the lower-class women. The work was presented as an alternative to the region, which faced economic difficulties in times of drought.

    Today 2,000 women work with lace in Paraí­ba, especially in the cities of Monteiro, Zabelê, São João do Tigre, São Sebastião do Umbuzeiro and Camalaú in a region very close to the neighboring state of Pernambuco.

    Each one of these cities has a cooperative, which organizes the production and helps the lace makers sell their products and even export them.

    Book and Author

    The book about the Paraí­ba lace was made by Nóbrega at the invitation of the Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Service (Sebrae), which holds capacitation work with the lace makers in the state.

    Research was made during six months, in the second half of 2004 by Nóbrega and the historian Emmanuela Lins. The text of the book, which has pictures by Odinaldo Costa, Nóbrega and Emmanuela, was written last year. According to the author, the sources of the work were accounts by the lace makers and also from other bibliography.

    Christus Nóbrega graduated in Design by the Federal University of Paraí­ba and has taught as a professor in the Design course of the Federal University of Campina Grande.

    Academically, as well as lecturing, the author also developed researches on handicrafts. The book is sold in the Sebrae agencies and the income with sales will be reverted to social projects for the Paraí­ba lace makers.

    Anba – www.anba.com.br

    Tags:

    • Show Comments (0)

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    comment *

    • name *

    • email *

    • website *

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

    Ads

    You May Also Like

    Brazilian Sound: Luciana-Lubambo Duo Thrills Manhattan Audience

    The sky was quite overcast at Manhattan’s Madison Square Park on a Wednesday evening, ...

    Bolivian police guards Petrobras installations in Bolivia

    Brazil Asks US$ 200 Million But Gets Half from Bolivia’s Oil Privatization

    After an acrimonious dispute over the nationalization of two oil refineries in Bolivia owned ...

    Imports Up, Exports Down and a Shrinking Surplus in Brazil

    In the fourth week of July imports rose over 15% and exports dropped 17.5%, ...

    Brazil’s Credicard Group Regroups

    Today the owners of the Credicard Group, Banco Itaú, Citibank Brazil, and Unibanco, jointly ...

    Each Brazilian Eats 12 kg of Pork a Year. Hog Raisers Plan to Raise This.

    The Brazilian government intends to develop a National Hog Raising Plan to promote sustainable ...

    Embraer's Phenom 100

    Ireland’s JetBird Increases to 53 Number of Brazilian Embraer Jets Ordered

    Dublin-based air taxi operator JetBird confirmed three options for the Phenom 100 jet manufactured ...

    Kayapo protest Belo Monte

    Unable to Stop Amazon Hydroelectric Plant in Brazil Courts Activists Appeal to the UN

    One hundred organizations, representing 40 communities in 11 municipalities in the state of Pará, ...

    Brazil's NGO Reciclar

    Brazilian Recycling NGO Wants to Export Its Know How

    The favela (shantytown) of Jaguaré, in the western side of São Paulo, in the ...

    Fifa's president Joseph Blatter

    Fifa Makes It Official: Brazil Will Host 2014 World Cup

    Fifa's (International Federation of Football Association) president, Joseph Blatter, announced earlier today (October 30), ...

    Brazilian Embraer's Phenom 1000

    Brazil’s Embraer Sells Four Jets to the Irish

    Brazil's aircraft maker Embraer and Ireland-based Premier Aviation signed a contract for four Phenom ...