World Survey Shows a Brazil with Low Quality of Living

    BrasÀ­lia, the capital of Brazil, is the first Brazilian city to appear, in 104th place, in a survey released Monday, April 10, by Mercer Human Resources Consulting which regularly assesses cities worldwide and ranks them according to quality of living.

    Other Brazilian cities that made the list were São Paulo in 107th place, Rio de Janeiro, as number 117 and Manaus in 129th place. Montevideo (76th place) and Buenos Aires (78th) rank as the two cities in Latinamerica with the best quality of living.

    Top of the list are the Swiss cities of Zurich and Geneva, followed by Vancouver, Canada and Vienna, Austria. In contrast Baghdad is the lowest ranking city in the survey.

    The analysis is part of an annual worldwide quality of living survey, covering more than 350 cities, to help governments and multinational companies place employees on international assignments.

    Each city is based on an evaluation of 39 criteria, including political, social, economic and environmental factors, personal safety and health, education, transport, and other public services. Cities are ranked against New York as the base city, which has an index score of 100.

    "When multinational companies set up expatriate assignments they have to provide attractive reward packages to compensate employees for any negative changes to their quality of living," Yvonne Sonsino, Principal at Mercer, commented.

    "Moving abroad can be a big upheaval for expatriates and their families, so international assignments tend to carry large price tags, particularly if they are in cities with low living standards facing political unrest or terrorist threats."

    She added: "Many companies use benchmark data to help them structure pay deals at the right level."

    Almost half the top 30 scoring cities are in Western Europe. Besides Zurich, Geneva and Vienna, other highly-rated cities include Düsseldorf, Frankfurt and Munich in positions 6, 7 and 8 respectively. Athens remains the lowest scoring city in Western Europe.

    London is the UK’s highest ranking city and is stable at position 39. The two other UK cities covered in the survey are Birmingham and Glasgow, with both climbing one place to position 55 while Dublin has dropped two places to position 24, mainly due to increased traffic congestion.

    As predicted, cities in Eastern Europe such as Budapest, Ljubljana, Prague, Vilnius, Tallinn and Warsaw continue to benefit from incremental score increases and are gradually climbing the rankings.

    "The standard of living in many Eastern European cities is gradually improving, as the countries that most recently joined the EU attract greater investment" commented Slagin Parakatil, Senior Researcher at Mercer.

    Positions for most cities in Europe and the Middle East are generally unchanged, with the exception of Cairo which has tumbled nine places to position 131 because of political turmoil and terrorist attacks in the city and surrounding area.

    Honolulu, the highest ranking city in the U.S., drops two positions to 27. San Francisco remains at position 28; Boston, Washington, Chicago and Portland follow in positions 36, 41, 41 and 43 respectively while Houston remains the lowest ranking city in the U.S. at position 68.

    Overall, U.S. cities continue to slip slightly or remain stable in the rankings, except Chicago which has moved up 11 places due to decreased crime rates.

    In Latin America behind Montevideo and Buenos Aires, ranks Santiago de Chile, São Paulo, Asunción, Quito, Mexico City, Bogotá, Havana and Port au Prince in Haiti.

    In South America, scores vary considerably due to differences in economic and political stability. "Argentina’s steady economic recovery is likely to push its cities up in the rankings in the next few years," commented Mr. Parakatil.

    In Oceania Auckland and Wellington (NZ) have both moved up the rankings from 8 to 5 and 14 to 12 respectively, mainly due to strong internal stability relative to other cities, while Sydney remains at position 9.

    In Asia, Singapore ranks 34 followed by Tokyo, Japan’s highest scoring city, at position 35. Hong Kong’s modern and efficient infrastructure, including its airport, considered one of best in the world, has pushed it up from 70 to 68 position.

    The top-ranking city in China is Shanghai in place 103. "Beijing and Shanghai are on the rise and should experience rapid improvements in quality of living in the coming years. This is mainly due to greater international investment driven by the availability and lower cost of labor and manufacturing expertise" explained Mr. Parakatil.

    Though cities in India generally rank lower than their Chinese counterparts, they are also showing signs of development in the region.

    Worldwide Quality of Living Survey 2006

    Base City: New York, USA ( =100)

    Rank   Rank                                               Index   Index
    2006   2005    City              Country                   2006    2005

    1      1    ZURICH            Switzerland              108.2   108.0
    2      2    GENEVA            Switzerland              108.1   107.9
    3      3    VANCOUVER         Canada                   107.7   107.4
    4      3    VIENNA            Austria                  107.5   107.4
    5      8    AUCKLAND          New Zealand              107.3   106.5
    6      5    DUSSELDORF        Germany                  107.2   107.0
    7      6    FRANKFURT         Germany                  107.0   106.8
    8      7    MUNICH            Germany                  106.8   106.7
    9      9    BERN              Switzerland              106.5   106.4
    9      9    SYDNEY            Australia                106.5   106.4
    11     11    COPENHAGEN        Denmark                  106.2   106.2
    12     14    WELLINGTON        New Zealand              105.8   105.0
    13     12    AMSTERDAM         Netherlands              105.7   105.7
    14     13    BRUSSELS          Belgium                  105.6   105.6
    15     16    TORONTO           Canada                   105.4   104.9
    16     16    BERLIN            Germany                  105.1   104.9
    17     14    MELBOURNE         Australia                105.0   105.0
    18     18    LUXEMBOURG        Luxembourg               104.8   104.8
    18     21    OTTAWA            Canada                   104.8   104.3
    20     19    STOCKHOLM         Sweden                   104.7   104.7
    21     20    PERTH             Australia                104.5   104.5
    22     22    MONTREAL          Canada                   104.3   104.0
    23     22    NURNBERG          Germany                  104.1   104.0
    24     22    DUBLIN            Ireland                  103.8   104.0
    25     25    CALGARY           Canada                   103.6   103.3
    26     25    HAMBURG           Germany                  103.4   103.3
    27     25    HONOLULU, HI      United States            103.3   103.3
    28     28    SAN FRANCISCO,    United States            103.2   103.2
         CA
    29     29    ADELAIDE          Australia                103.1   103.1
    29     29    HELSINKI          Finland                  103.1   103.1
    31     31    BRISBANE          Australia                102.8   103.0
    31     32    OSLO              Norway                   102.8   102.8
    33     33    PARIS             France                   102.7   102.7
    34     35    SINGAPORE         Singapore                102.5   102.0
    35     34    TOKYO             Japan                    102.3   102.3
    36     36    BOSTON, MA        United States            101.9   101.9
    37     37    LYON              France                   101.6   101.6
    37     37    YOKOHAMA          Japan                    101.6   101.6
    39     39    LONDON            United Kingdom           101.2   101.2
    40     40    KOBE              Japan                    101.0   101.0
    41     41    WASHINGTON, DC    United States            100.4   100.4
    41     52    CHICAGO, IL       United States            100.4    99.3
    43     42    PORTLAND, OR      United States            100.3   100.3
    44     43    BARCELONA         Spain                    100.2   100.2
    45     44    MADRID            Spain                    100.1   100.1
    46     45    NEW YORK CITY, NY United States            100.0   100.0
    47     46    SEATTLE, WA       United States             99.9    99.9
    48     47    LEXINGTON, KY     United States             99.8    99.8
    49     48    PITTSBURGH, PA    United States             99.7    99.7
    49     48    WINSTON SALEM,    United States             99.7    99.7
         NC
    51     50    OSAKA             Japan                     99.6    99.6
    51     51    MILAN             Italy                     99.6    99.4
    53     53    LISBON            Portugal                  98.9    98.9
    53     54    NAGOYA            Japan                     98.9    98.6
    55     54    TSUKUBA           Japan                     98.3    98.6
    55     56    BIRMINGHAM        United Kingdom            98.3    98.3
    55     56    GLASGOW           United Kingdom            98.3    98.3
    55     56    LOS ANGELES, CA   United States             98.3    98.3
    59     59    CLEVELAND, OH     United States             98.2    98.2
    60     60    MINNEAPOLIS, MN   United States             97.9    97.9
    61     61    ST. LOUIS, MO     United States             97.6    97.6
    62     62    ROME              Italy                     97.4    97.0
    63     63    MIAMI, FL         United States             96.3    96.3
    64     64    YOKKAICHI         Japan                     96.2    96.2
    65     65    DETROIT, MI       United States             96.1    96.1
    66     66    ATLANTA, GA       United States             95.7    95.7
    67     67    OMUTA             Japan                     95.5    95.5
    68     68    HOUSTON, TX       United States             95.4    95.4
    68     69    LEIPZIG           Germany                   95.4    95.1
    68     70    HONG KONG         Hong Kong                 95.4    94.8
    71     71    KATSUYAMA         Japan                     93.1    93.4
    72     72    SAN JUAN          Puerto Rico               92.9    92.9
    73     73    PRAGUE            Czech Republic            91.8    90.5
    74     74    BUDAPEST          Hungary                   90.8    90.1
    75     75    KUALA LUMPUR      Malaysia                  88.9    89.4
    76     76    MONTEVIDEO        Uruguay                   88.1    88.3
    77     77    PORT LOUIS        Mauritius                 87.7    87.7
    78     78    BUENOS AIRES      Argentina                 87.3    87.1
    79     79    ATHENS            Greece                    86.8    86.8
    80     81    LJUBLJANA         Slovenia                  86.6    86.3
    81     80    TAIPEI            Taiwan                    86.5    86.5
    81     82    SANTIAGO          Chile                     86.5    86.2
    83     83    CAPE TOWN         South Africa              86.0    86.0
    84     84    VILNIUS           Lithuania                 85.9    85.4
    85     85    DUBAI             United Arab Emirates      85.2    84.6
    86     87    WARSAW            Poland                    85.1    83.8
    87     86    JOHANNESBURG      South Africa              84.0    84.2
    88     88    LIMASSOL          Cyprus                    83.2    83.2
    89     90    SEOUL             South Korea               83.0    82.6
    90     89    PANAMA CITY       Panama                    82.9    82.9
    91     91    TALLINN           Estonia                   82.8    82.4
    92     97    ABU DHABI         United Arab Emirates      82.6    81.8
    93     92    PORT ELIZABETH    South Africa              82.3    82.3
    94     93    MONTERREY         Mexico                    82.2    82.2
    94     93    TUNIS             Tunisia                   82.2    82.2
    94     93    VICTORIA          Seychelles                82.2    82.2
    97     96    PAPEETE           French Polynesia          82.0    82.0
    98     99    RIGA              Latvia                    81.9    81.3
    99     98    JOHOR BAHARU      Malaysia                  81.2    81.7
    100    100    NOUMEA            New Caledonia             80.8    80.8
    101    101    KAOHSIUNG         Taiwan                    80.7    80.7
    102    103    BRATISLAVA        Slovakia                  80.5    79.0
    103    102    SHANGHAI          China                     80.1    80.0
    104    104    BRASILIA          Brazil                    78.8    78.8
    105    118    TEL AVIV          Israel                    78.5    74.3
    106    105    SAN JOSE          Costa Rica                77.8    77.8
    107    106    BANGKOK           Thailand                  77.7    77.7
    108    107    ISTANBUL          Turkey                    77.1    77.1
    108    107    São PAULO         Brazil                    77.1    77.1
    110    109    YEOCHUN (YOSU)    South Korea               76.3    76.2
    111    109    BUCHAREST         Romania                   76.2    76.2
    111    113    ZAGREB            Croatia                   76.2    75.3
    113    111    ASUNCION          Paraguay                  76.1    76.1
    114    112    NASSAU            Bahamas                   75.9    75.9
    114    127    JERUSALEM         Israel                    75.9    71.8
    116    115    ULSAN             South Korea               75.0    75.0
    117    117    RIO DE JANEIRO    Brazil                    74.5    74.5
    118    114    QUITO             Ecuador                   74.2    75.1
    119    119    MANILA            Philippines               73.8    73.8
    119    120    SOFIA             Bulgaria                  73.8    73.5
    121    116    COLOMBO           Sri Lanka                 73.6    74.6
    122    121    BEIJING           China                     73.4    73.4
    123    125    LIMA              Peru                      73.0    72.3
    124    124    CASABLANCA        Morocco                   72.8    72.5
    125    126    MANAMA            Bahrain                   72.3    72.2
    126    129    AMMAN             Jordan                    72.2    71.5
    127    123    GUAYAQUIL         Ecuador                   72.0    72.8
    128    128    MEXICO CITY       Mexico                    71.7    71.7
    129    129    MANAUS            Brazil                    71.5    71.5
    130    131    SANTO DOMINGO     Dominican Republic        71.4    71.4
    131    122    CAIRO             Egypt                     71.2    73.2
    132    132    RAYONG            Thailand                  70.3    70.3
    133    133    GUANGZHOU         China                     69.8    69.8
    134    141    KUWAIT CITY       Kuwait                    68.1    64.3
    135    135    BLANTYRE          Malawi                    66.9    66.8
    136    136    NANJING           China                     66.3    66.3
    137    137    LA PAZ            Bolivia                   65.7    65.7
    138    138    LUSAKA            Zambia                    65.5    65.4
    139    134    KINGSTON          Jamaica                   65.3    67.6
    140    140    CARACAS           Venezuela                 64.5    64.5
    141    139    GUATEMALA CITY    Guatemala                 64.3    64.6
    142    142    JAKARTA           Indonesia                 63.7    63.7
    143    143    BOGOTA            Colombia                  63.6    63.6
    144    146    DAKAR             Senegal                   63.5    63.2
    145    144    MEDELLIN          Colombia                  63.3    63.3
    145    144    SANTA CRUZ        Bolivia                   63.3    63.3
    147    147    SHENYANG          China                     62.6    62.6
    148    148    HO CHI MINH CITY  Vietnam                   61.9    61.9
    148    149    NAIROBI           Kenya                     61.9    61.1
    150    151    MUMBAI            India                     61.0    60.6
    150    153    NEW DELHI         India                     61.0    60.4
    152    150    ACCRA             Ghana                     60.9    60.9
    153    151    LIBREVILLE        Gabon                     60.6    60.6
    153    154    BANGALORE         India                     60.6    60.0
    155    154    BEIRUT            Lebanon                   60.0    60.0
    155    154    HANOI             Vietnam                   60.0    60.0
    157    158    SKOPJE            Macedonia                 59.9    58.9
    158    157    ISLAMABAD         Pakistan                  59.8    59.7
    159    159    BELGRADE          Serbia & Montenegro       59.4    58.1
    160    160    CHENNAI (MADRAS)  India                     58.3    57.8
    161    161    JILIN             China                     57.4    57.4
    162    162    JEDDAH            Saudi Arabia              57.1    57.1
    163    163    ST. PETERSBURG    Russia                    56.8    56.8
    164    166    LAHORE            Pakistan                  56.5    56.1
    164    167    SARAJEVO          Bosnia-herzegovina        56.5    56.0
    166    164    KIEV              Ukraine                   56.2    56.2
    166    164    RIYADH            Saudi Arabia              56.2    56.2
    168    167    SAN SALVADOR      El Salvador               56.0    56.0
    169    169    HARARE            Zimbabwe                  55.9    55.9
    170    170    VIENTIANE         Laos, People’s Dem.
             Republic Of               55.0    55.0
    171    171    MANAGUA           Nicaragua                 54.9    54.9
    171    174    KARACHI           Pakistan                  54.9    54.3
    173    172    MOSCOW            Russia                    54.8    54.8
    174    173    DAMASCUS          Syria                     54.5    54.5
    175    175    COTONOU           Benin                     54.3    54.2
    176    175    DJIBOUTI          Djibouti                  54.2    54.2
    177    177    TEHRAN            Iran                      54.1    54.1
    178    178    TRIPOLI           Libya                     53.5    53.0
    179    179    ALGIERS           Algeria                   52.6    52.7
    180    181    TIRANA            Albania                   51.7    51.2
    181    180    SAN PEDRO SULA    Honduras                  51.3    51.3
    182    182    YAOUNDE           Cameroon                  51.1    51.1
    183    184    ALMATY            Kazakhstan                49.8    49.8
    184    185    MINSK             Belarus                   49.5    49.5
    185    183    YANGON            Myanmar                   49.3    51.0
    186    186    DOUALA            Cameroon                  48.9    48.9
    187    187    MAPUTO            Mozambique                48.7    48.7
    187    188    HAVANA            Cuba                      48.7    48.3
    189    189    NOVOSIBIRSK       Russia                    48.2    48.2
    190    190    DAR ES SALAAM     Tanzania                  47.4    47.4
    191    191    KAZAN             Russia                    47.0    47.0
    192    194    ABIDJAN           Ivory Coast               46.0    45.0
    193    192    BAKU              Azerbaijan                44.8    45.2
    194    193    LOME              Togo                      44.3    45.1
    195    195    ADDIS ABABA       Ethiopia                  44.2    44.2
    196    197    BAMAKO            Mali                      43.9    43.6
    197    199    LUANDA            Angola                    43.4    42.7
    198    198    TASHKENT          Uzbekistan                43.0    43.0
    199    200    LAGOS             Nigeria                   41.8    41.8
    200    196    DHAKA             Bangladesh                41.5    43.9
    201    201    CONAKRY           Guinea Republic           41.2    41.2
    202    202    ANTANANARIVO      Madagascar                41.1    41.1
    202    202    NIAMEY            Niger                     41.1    41.1
    202    202    PORT AU PRINCE    Haiti                     41.1    41.1
    205    205    KINSHASA          Dem. Rep. Of The Congo    40.7    40.7
    206    206    OUAGADOUGOU       Burkina Faso              40.5    40.1
    207    207    NOUAKCHOTT        Mauritania                38.2    39.0
    207    208    PORT HARCOURT     Nigeria                   38.2    38.2
    207    208    SANAA             Yemen Arab Republic       38.2    38.2
    210    210    NDJAMENA          Chad                      37.2    37.2
    211    211    POINTE NOIRE      Congo                     33.9    33.9
    212    212    KHARTOUM          Sudan                     31.7    31.7
    213    214    BANGUI            Central African Republic  30.6    29.6
    214    213    BRAZZAVILLE       Congo                     30.3    30.0
    215    215    BAGHDAD           Iraq                      14.5    14.5

    Mercopress

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    • Show Comments (1)

    • Guest

      SSA
      I have always wondered what ranks as quality of life. I am delighted that San Francisco and Sydney are so high up on the list, however I think that Sao Paolo and Rio get the shorts. Yes the crime is a major issue, but often times in these surveys, the most boring cities make it to the top especially in the US. Therefore the more exciting places are often left down the ladder. London and Paris are alos up there but this is offset by the cost of living.

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