• Categories
  • Archives

Brazil Farmers Need New Standards of Productivity

The Brazilian Constitution determines that unproductive properties may be condemned for the purposes of Agrarian Reform. From this arises the question: What exactly are unproductive properties?

The law surrounding the subject considers property unproductive if it does not profitably utilize its land. This classification must be made by a professional by means of an inspection.


In the inspections the inspector first verifies the extent to which the land is being effectively developed in the property; after that he compares the production obtained by the various sources of cultivation and of cattle production on the inspected property, taking into consideration data of the median income of Brazilian plantations in relation to the same products.


A property that utilizes a very small part of its lands or whose income is below the median is classified as unproductive and, therefore, can be condemned for the constitution of registration of Agrarian Reform.


The table containing the indicators of income and cattle productivity was made in the 1970s. Since then Brazilian agriculture has been modernized and become much more productive.


However, the table of indicators has not been modified, and this allows plantations which have already overexploited their properties’ productivity to escape being classified as unproductive.


In Paraná only 8 of 148 property inspections resulted in the property being classified as unproductive. With new indices the result would obviously be much higher.


The outdated indicators lead to delays in the condemnation process and cause owners who fail inspections to dispute the condemnation laws with the government. This raises the stakes for the process of Agrarian Reform and does what it can to render the process slower overall.


In 1999 the Minister of Agrarian Reform carried out studies in order to update the indicators of income (or, “indices of productivity,” as they call them).


Two institutes known for their competency and aptitude undertook the survey: Unicamp and Embrapa. The two acted separately and arrived at practically the same conclusions.


In keeping with the law, the Ministers of Agrarian Development and Agriculture should have issued, as reviewed by the National Council of Agricultural Development, the instruction by INCRA (National Institute of Agrarian Colonization and Reform) to establish the new indicators.


But large plantation owners came together to prevent this from happening.


In the proposal to the Second National Plan of Agricultural Reform, brought to President Lula in December 2003, the need to issue this instruction (p. 38) was demonstrated, with the goal of making possible the implementation of the established record.


But, until now, April 2005, it still hasn’t managed to be issued, clearly due to resistance from the large plantation owners.


When the massacre occurred at Felisburgo, in Minas Gerais, a commission of civil service representatives requested that President Lula establish the indices, as a necessary provision to accelerate the process of Agrarian Reform, which is currently running behind the set goals of the government – goals that are at the median of the goals proposed by the same specialists who improved the Plan.


On the occasion of Sister Dorothy’s assassination, the same commission renewed their request.


The decision they chose to take, however, was not to immediately issue the new indicators based on the studies from 1999, which were already ready, but rather to do a new study. It is reported that this was already done and discussed in the highest spheres of government.


It is hoped that the Lula government will face this veto and issue the new indices, in order not to stay in the same position of past governments, which always cited lack of information to do something other than that which was already being done”


Plí­nio Arruda Sampaio is the president of ABRA (Brazilian Association of Agrarian Reform) and member of the team that developed the National Plan of Agrarian Reform, which was presented to the government in 2003.

Tags:

  • Show Comments (0)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

comment *

  • name *

  • email *

  • website *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ads

You May Also Like

Golden Chainsaw for Lula and Other Enemies of Brazil’s Amazon

Greenpeace, inspired by recent news from the Brazilian government, which shows that last year ...

Brazil: Pizzaiolo? You Should Mind Your Tongue, Mr. President!

Before he assumed the presidency, President Lula had dinner at my house more than ...

LETTERS

By Reform projects have been tabled several times, calling for district voting, optional voting ...

Got a Sex Disease? Use Brazil Governments’s Virtual Card to Tell Your Partner

Courtesy of Brazil's government, Brazilians with a sexual transmitted disease (STD) will now be ...

War with Rice Farmers Leaves 10,000 Brazilian Indians Isolated

Brazil's Indigenous Council of Roraima (CIR) estimates that 10,500 Indians may be isolated in ...

Petrobras’ Big Plans for Brazil: US$ 224 Billion Investment and Double Output

Petrobras, Brazil’s state-controlled oil and gas multinational announced that it will invest US$ 224 ...

For Brazil, Chavez’s Preparations for War Are Pure Rhetoric

Venezuela and Colombia differences won't reach extreme situations and both neighbors will end up ...

Brazil Is Number 1 in Demanding Private Info and Censorship on Google Services

Brazil and United States topped the list of nations demanding private information about Google ...

Brazil: 2 Million in Rio Beach to Ring In the New Year

Hotels along the beaches of the Southern Zone of Rio are practically full for ...

Brazil Gives UN a Map of Its Toxic Waste

Representatives of Brazil’s Water Defense Group have delivered a report March 17 to the ...