US Knew About Torture and Killings in Brazil During Military Dictatorship

    Brazilians killed by the Brazilian military dictatorship

    Brazilians killed by the Brazilian military dictatorship

     Brazil’s National Archives have disclosed documents which prove that the United States were aware of torture and forced disappearances of political prisoners in Brazil during the military dictatorship, which ran from 1964 to 1985. 

    The set of digital documents was sent by the US government at the request of the National Truth Commission (CNV), endorsed by the Brazilian government, based on the US Freedom of Information Act.

    The files, released for reference, include information on the disappearance of Stuart Angel Jones, son of the late fashion designer Zuzu Angel and former congressman Rubens Paiva, whose bodies were never found, and the murder of communist leader Carlos Marighela in São Paulo, among others.

    Brazilians killed by the Brazilian military dictatorship  
    An excerpt from a telegram sent in May 1973 by the US Consulate in São Paulo to the US Department of State in Washington contains reports of incarceration and torture in Brazil. 

    “Interrogation of political prisoners is often accompanied by torture, i. e. the pau de arara (parrot’s perch), electric shocks, starvation, etc.,” the document read.

    Jaime Antunes, managing director of the National Archives, explained that three shipments with information on DVD media were sent to Brazil. The first of them, with 43 files, was received in June 2014, personally handed over by US Vice-President Joe Biden. They had already been made available for reference on the CNV website.

    According to Antunes, CNV has not been able to examine the second shipment consisting of 113 documents, received in December, and the third, with 538 documents, delivered on June 30.

    He says the material was selected and formatted by the US government. “The passages that they still regard as confidential have been blacked out,” he said.

    The material was released as it was provided by the Americans: in English language and split into three batches. The National Archive will now systematize the information, translate the titles and descriptions for easier reference. 

    “Having these documents is a major achievement, because we all know that the US have a very strong presence in Latin America and closely supported these movements in countries that experienced dictatorship periods,” he said.

    For Antunes, “any sources of information that shed light on tortuous periods will help establish the facts so that everything becomes known and never happens again. For the research community and human rights agencies, this is exemplary. 

    If any other countries have information about this period of military dictatorship in Brazil, I hope they are so kind as to share it with the Brazilian people.”

    Clarifying Torture

    Last year, the National Truth Commission informed that it wanted the Brazilian Army, Air Force and Navy commands to explain their reasons for denying that military facilities were used for torture and murder during Brazil’s dictatorship. 

    The Commission accused the military of being omissive in recognizing state liability for human rights violations committed in the period.

    In a request for clarification sent on August 2014 to the Brazilian Ministry of Defense, the CNV asked the Armed Forces to confirm or deny information that state agents tortured anti-dictatorship activists on military premises, often with higher officers knowing it.

    In a statement, the commission said that the findings in the Armed Forces report received earlier that year failed to take into account the testimony and records obtained by the CNV as evidence that the military premises were misused. 

    According to the commission, there were no mentions of torture in the military reports, although even the Brazilian State has already admitted the violations.

    Through its press office, the Defense Ministry said it has not received the request so it declined to comment. CNV coordinator Pedro Dallari again criticized “the unwillingness of military commanders to cooperate with the commission.”

    ABr

    Tags:

    • Show Comments (0)

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    comment *

    • name *

    • email *

    • website *

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

    Ads

    You May Also Like

    Brazil: Mr. Lula Never Goes to Washington

    Brazilian President’s trip to India has been marked with the usual speeches about the ...

    Brazil Jornaleco's homepage

    Brazilian Congress Deals with Two Conflicting Bills on Online Defamation

    A law proposed by a Brazilian senator to increase by one third prison sentences ...

    Brazil Sends Teachers to East Timor

    Brazilian teachers are going to help restructure education in East Timor. The Foundation for ...

    Brazil Free to Plant All Tobacco It Wants Despite Signing Tobacco Control Pact

    Last year Brazil signed the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the government has ...

    Brazil Demands End to Farm Subsidies at G-3, G-4 and G-6 in London

    Brazil’s Minister of Foreign Relations, Celso Amorim, has spoken at the London School of ...

    Pig in Brazil

    Brazil Subsidizes Farmers to Control Inflation

    Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the president of Brazil, launched this July 2, in ...

    Only 14% of Brazilian Women Hold Executive Positions

    In Brazil, women stay in school longer and are financially responsible for an increasing ...

    São Paulo, Brazil, ethanol bus

    Brazil Is Testing in Sí£o Paulo Its Homegrown Ethanol Bus

    The ethanol-fueled bus, manufactured in Brazil through the international program Bioethanol for Sustainable Transport, ...

    Rio Deal

    I was pretty sure that within a few seconds of stepping off the bus ...

    After Defeat, Can Lula Do Any Reform in Brazil?

    Valentine’s Day is not celebrated in Brazil. Lover’s Day is. Regardless, Brazil’s governing PT ...