Back in Fashion

    Portuguese Adelino Moreira was good in broken-heart and
    love-gone-bad songs, the so-called
    música de fossa that
    made famous names like Dolores Duran, Antonio Maria and Maysa.

    By
    Rodolfo Espinoza

    In the ’50s and ’60s he was "cafona" (tacky), in the ’70s he was
    "brega" (tacky), but since then Adelino Moreira has
    become cult and his death at 84, on May 7, was widely reported. He died in his sleep from a heart attack at his Rio home. His tune
    "A Volta do Boêmio" (The Bohemian’s Return) sung by late Nelson Gonçalves sold more than 20 million discs and "Negue"
    (Deny), another of his popular songs had more than 140 versions. Moreira was a tireless composing machine having written
    more than 1000 tunes without a partner. In the last ten years he hadn’t composed, but he’d still sing and play the guitar for
    his grandchildren.

    The basic theme of his songs was always the same: love pain caused by breakups, fights, unrequited passion. He
    has been called Rei da Fossa (King of Blues) and his cult status was only possible thanks to re-recording of some of his old
    tunes by the first team of Brazilian singers, interpreters like Gal Costa and Maria Bethânia.

    Born in Oporto, Portugal, on March 28, 1918, Adelino Moreira de Castro moved to Campo Grande, a Rio suburb, with
    his parents before turning two. He was already working as a goldsmith like his father when he decided to try his hand at
    music composing. He never finished high school and married Maria da Conceição when he was 18 (the marriage lasted until
    1951). Moreira started his musical career in 1938 playing the mandolin. In 1945, invited by Braguinha (João de Barro), who was
    the director of the recording company

    Continental, he recorded four of his compositions, a samba ("Mulato Artilheiro"), a
    marcha ("Nem Cachopa, nem Comida")
    and the fados "Olhos d’Alma" and "Anita".

    Moreira represented a musical vein (música de dor de
    cotovelo—literally elbow pain music) that thrived in
    broken-heart and love-gone-bad songs. Other famous representatives of this kind of music also known as
    música de fossa (lit. cesspool music) were Dolores Duran, Antonio Maria and Maysa.

    Moreira together with Nelson Gonçalves became the golden duo of this kind of music after meeting in June of 1950
    on the elevator of Rádio Nacional, the hit maker media of the time.

    The partnership started with "Última Seresta", a tune penned with Sebastião Santana. "A Volta do Boêmio" was first
    recorded in 1955. Throughout the next decades Moreira and Gonçalves would team in more than 400 hit songs. Other fruits of the
    partnership that became famous: "Fica Comigo Esta Noite," (1961) and "Meu Vício É Você" (1957). Nelson Gonçalves died on April
    18, 1998. (See Brazzil online
    https://www.brazzil.com/p13may98.htm)

    Bossa nova, with its understated even minimalist way of singing about the niceties of life, buried in the ’60s the
    melodramatic boleros and samba canções
    authored by Adelino Moreira. While other dor de
    cotovelo composers like gaúcho
    Lupicínio Rodrigues were recognized later as outstanding authors, Moreira kept for a long time the campy stigma.

    In 1966, Moreira had a dispute with Nelson Gonçalves and after that promoted singer Carlos Nobre, who imitated
    Gonçalves. Only in 1971 they patched thing up. For many year, the composer was head of Sbacem (Sociedade Brasileira de
    Autores, Compositores e Escritores de Música—Brazilian Association of Music Author, Composers and Writers). He was one of
    the few composers in Brazil that was able to live comfortably from his royalties.

     

    A Volta do Boêmio

    Adelino Moreira

    Boemia, aqui me tens de regresso
    E suplicante lhe peço a minha nova inscrição
    Voltei prá rever os amigos que um dia
    Eu deixei a chorar de alegria,
    me acompanha o meu violão

    Boemia, sabendo que andei distante
    Sei que esta gente falante vai agora ironizar
    Ele voltou, o boêmio voltou novamente
    Partiu daqui tão contente,
    por que razão quer voltar?

    Acontece que a mulher que floriu
    meu caminho
    Com ternura, meiguice e carinho,
    sendo a vida do meu coração
    Compreendeu e abraçou me dizendo
    a sorrir
    Meu amor você pode partir,
    não esqueça o teu violão

    Vá rever os teus rios, teus
    montes, cascatas
    Vá cantar em novas serenatas
    e abraçar teus amigos leais
    Vá embora, pois me resta o consolo
    e alegria
    Em saber que depois da boemia
    é de mim que você gosta mais

     

    The Bohemian’s Return


    Bohemia, you have me back
    And imploringly I ask for a new admission
    I’m back to once again see friends that one day
    I left crying for joy,
    my guitar at my side

    Bohemia, knowing that I’ve been far away
    I know that these gossipy people will mock me
    He came back, the bohemian came back again
    He left so happy,
    why does he want to come back?

    It happens that the woman who bloomed
    my way
    With tenderness, sweetness and care,
    being my heart’s life
    Understood and smiling embraced
    me saying
    Darling you can leave now,
    don’t forget your guitar

    Once again go see your rivers, your
    mountains, cascades
    Go sing in new serenades
    and hug your faithful friends
    Go away, with me rest the consolation
    and joy
    Of knowing that after bohemia
    it’s me that you like the most

     

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