In Brazil, Women Have Better Schooling than Men, But Worse Wages

    Brazilian women conquered more space on the labor market in 2003 and surpassed men in years of schooling. But they were unable to overcome their disadvantages compared with men in terms of salaries and positions.

    This is one of the main findings of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistic’s (IBGE) Synthesis of Social Indicators, 2004.


    According to the study, the number of women who worked as employees in 2003 grew 4% in comparison with 2002, from 37.6% to 41.6%.


    There were also significant increases in the proportions of women in the categories of domestic workers (from 14.5% to 18.6%) and employers (from 0.8% to 2.7%).


    On the other hand, female participation declined in the categories of unpaid workers (from 13.4% to 10.1%) and self-employed workers (from 24.3% to 17.5%).


    On the male side, the situation remained practically unchanged between 2002 and 2003. Over half the men were either employees (55.7%), self-employed workers (27.1%), or employers (5.5%).


    The study also reveals that female employment is still concentrated in the service sector (49.1%), just as in 2002, with a slight increase (0.5%) in the sector of commerce and repairs.


    According to the study, women’s greater involvement in the labor market, together with financial constraints, had a direct effect on the birth rate in 2003.


    Of the 48.3 million women in the fertile age bracket (15-49) in 2003, 63% had at least one child. The proportion of women in this age bracket with over three children declined around 1%.


    The percentage of adolescents between the ages of 15 and 17 with at least one child fell from 7.2% in 2002 to 6.5% in 2003. In the North and South regions, however, the trend was in the opposite direction.


    The greatest increase occurred in the South (25.5%), as against the North’s 13.0%.


    Translation: David Silberstein
    Agência Brasil

    Tags:

    • Show Comments (0)

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    comment *

    • name *

    • email *

    • website *

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

    Ads

    You May Also Like

    Silicon Valley South

    Belo Horizonte entrepreneurs are part of a movement to wean Brazil’s computers from dependence ...

    Woman from Piauí, Brazil, shows her Bolsa Família card

    40 Million Brazilians or 21% of Population Getting Government Help

    Patrus Ananias, Brazil's Minister of Social Development and Hunger Alleviation, said yesterday Thursday, September ...

    Brazilian Exports Grow 30%

    The Brazilian trade balance registered a positive result of US$ 1.1 billion for Brazil ...

    Brazilian Supermarkets Say High Interests Are Hurting Sales

    Sales in Brazilian supermarkets were down 0.64% in May, compared to April, according to ...

    Lula at Economist conference in 2008

    The Economist to Discuss Role of Brazil in New World Order

    The Economist. the British group who publishes a business magazine of the same name, ...

    Itamaraty's strike

    Consulates Abroad Join Brazil’s Widespread Striking Movement

    Brazil’s Foreign Ministry denied in a statement that diplomats have joined the strike affecting ...

    A German Ring in the Brazilian Rainforest

    On the evening of May 7, 2005, darkness engulfed the ornate auditorium of the ...

    Brazil’s Latest Growth Projection for 2006: No More than 3.3%

     Despite optimistic projections by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Finance Minister Guido ...

    Brazil's gas station of Petrobras' BR

    Despite Crisis Sale of Oil Products Grows 3% for Brazilian Petrobras

    At least for now, the international financial crisis has not affected Brazilian state-controlled oil ...