Brazil’s Lula: ‘Only New Order Will End Terrorism’

     Brazil's Lula: 'Only New 
Order Will End Terrorism'

    Brazilian President
    Lula wants the member nations of the Community
    of Portuguese-Language Countries to join forces to combat poverty.
    During his visit to Africa, Lula criticized developed nations
    protectionism. The world will only get rid of terrorism when we
    get a more just and democratic world, says the Brazilian leader.
    by: Marcos
    Chagas

    Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, speaking at the Cabo
    Verde Parliament, declared, "We do not want to depend on arrangements
    with developed nations that distort the international system and condemn us
    to eternal dependence on unequal and uncertain concessions."

    Lula also spoke of Brazilian
    support for the admittance of Cabo Verde into the World Trade Organization,
    saying it was in the interest of developing nations to have a multilateral
    trade system that was "strong and active."

    Lula went on to criticize
    developed nations protectionism. "It is unacceptable to have millions
    forced to remain in a state of extreme poverty because of trade barriers in
    advanced countries," he said.

    Citing the WTO ruling
    on US cotton subsidies, Lula said it "opened the way for West African
    nations to be competitive in not only cotton, but coffee and cacao, as well."

    As he did in São
    Tomé and Prinicipe, and Gabon, Lula called on Cabo Verde to participate,
    in September, in a UN meeting that Brazil is promoting to discuss ways to
    alleviate poverty and hunger.

    "There will not be
    international economic stability or freedom from terrorism as long as we do
    not have a world order that is more just and democratic," declared Lula.

    According to the President,
    the international fight against hunger and misery has already begun. Lula
    cited the fund created by Brazil, India and South Africa, calling it "a
    demonstration of the moral, political and economic obligation that everyone
    has to participate." The fund’s first project will benefit Guinea-Bissau
    with an agricultural program for sustainable development.

    In closing, Lula said
    that Brazil had found the route to growth through sacrifices that were necessary
    to escape the threats to fiscal and financial stability. The President said
    the objective was Brazilian growth that was "sustainable, long lasting
    and focused on creating jobs and distributing income."

    Discussion on Poverty

    President Lula wants the
    presidents of the member nations of the Community of Portuguese-Language Countries
    (CPLP) to join forces to combat poverty.

    "Let’s show the world
    that we have concrete answers and realistic solutions in the quest to ensure
    that everybody can have the right to dream of a better life. The struggle
    for development also needs a partnership with the private sector," said
    Lula.

    In his speech at the opening
    ceremony of the 5th CPLP summit, in São Tomé and Principe, Lula
    also mentioned the important role of the community in ensuring political stability
    in countries like Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Principe.

    "As president of
    the CPLP, I have sought international support for the economic and political
    recovery of Guinea-Bissau. In partnership with India and South Africa, Brazil
    took the first steps toward creating a social fund to finance Guinea- Bissau
    development," declared the President.

    Lula also announced that
    while he is the temporary president of Mercosur [for the next six months]
    he will propose a substantial reduction in tariffs on goods from CPLP exporters
    so as to bolster trade.

    "Our community is
    united by language and we seek to preserve that identity. We want new communications
    technology to be instruments of social inclusion. We are in favor of a new
    economic geography in partnership with the G-90 and wish to contribute to
    a successful new partnership for African development," said Lula.

    Brazil Appeals

    The Brazilian Ministry
    of Foreign Relations informed that it is studying how to appeal to the World
    Trade Organization (WTO) against the preliminary decision by the United States
    Commerce Department to levy a surcharge of up to 67 percent on shrimp imported
    from Brazil.

    On July 29, the United
    States Commerce Department, which is responsible for verifying the existence
    of dumping practices harmful to American industry, recommended that the tariffs
    be applied.

    The recommendation is
    a preliminary one, but it was published in the Federal Register of the United
    States, and the tariff was slated to take effect on July 30.

    According to the Ministry,
    "the government regrets the decision, as it regrets all measures that
    limit the access of Brazilian products to international markets."

    The Ministry of Foreign
    Relations informed that the Brazilian shrimp industry presents a high standard
    of quality and competitiveness due to favorable natural circumstances, modern
    production techniques, and lower relative capital costs.

    The Special Secretariat
    of Aquiculture and Fishing released a note underscoring the government’s concern
    over the American decision in light of the importance of shrimp production
    to Brazil and the importance of the United States to the Brazilian trade balance.

    The Secretariat informed
    that it will meet with representatives of the Brazilian Shrimp Breeders’ Association,
    in the city of Recife, to formulate strategies of access to alternative markets,
    in case the 67 percent import surcharge is upheld in the final recommendation
    expected in December of this year.

    The Brazilian Shrimp Breeders’
    Association has five days to appeal the decision, according to the Special
    Secretariat. Brazilian shrimp production is basically concentrated in the
    Northeast, a region of Brazil in which the activity has an important social
    impact, in providing jobs and income to the population.

    Thirty seven of Brazilian
    shrimp exports are destined for the United States. Last year Brazil exported
    21.7 tons of shrimp to the US, for which it earned US$ 96 million, according
    to the Special Secretariat of Aquiculture and Fishing.

    Since 2003 American producers
    have been accusing Brazil of selling canned and frozen shrimp for less than
    it costs to produce, which constitutes the practice of dumping. Besides Brazil,
    import surcharges have also been imposed on Ecuador, India, and Thailand.

    Three weeks ago, the United
    States also decided to place tariffs on shrimp imports from China and Vietnam.
    The six countries whose sales are being taxed supply 75 percent of the shrimp
    consumed in the United States.


    Marcos Chagas works for Agência Brasil (AB), the official press agency
    of the Brazilian government. Comments are welcome at lia@radiobras.gov.br.

    Translated
    from the Portuguese by Allen Bennett.

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