All Systems Go for Brazil’s A-Bomb

     All Systems Go for Brazil's 

    Brazil has refused
    to allow inspections that would reveal the
    capacity, characteristics and scope of the equipment developed
    by its navy to enrich uranium. These inspections would assist in
    determining whether Brazil is seeking the enrichment of uranium
    for peaceful purposes or is pursuing a weapons program.
    by: Phil

    The war on terror has preoccupied Washington policy-makers with the Middle
    East, even as America’s own backyard festers in political crisis.

    Since the days of FDR
    the U.S. has pursued America’s "Good Neighbor policy," aimed at
    fostering close ties and friendship with the nations south of the Rio Grande.

    But today that policy
    is in shambles as one major Latin country after another has fallen to anti-American
    leaders who admire Fidel Castro. Behind the growing anti-U.S. atmosphere is
    a carefully planned and executed drive to turn South America into a Marxist
    stronghold challenging the U.S. and eliminating every shred of its influence

    This special report explores
    the Latino attitude towards the United States and how it is affecting U.S.
    policy on South and Central America.

    Venezuela’s Castro

    Nothing is more indicative
    of the growing surge to the extreme left south of the border than what happened
    at the end of the Summit of the Americas in Monterrey on Jan. 14, when Venezuela’s
    leftist President Hugo Chavez jetted off to Havana for one of his frequent
    chats with Fidel Castro. Communist-led Cuba was the only country in the Western
    Hemisphere not invited to the 34-nation meeting.

    The summit of freely elected
    heads of state wrapped up its gathering the night before. Chavez was the only
    leader to sign the final declaration with reservations because of his opposition
    to free trade. He refused to attend the official dinner and called the gathering
    of regional leaders a "waste of time."

    He said he missed one
    luncheon because he was on the phone with Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi
    planning a summit between Latin American and African nations.

    Tensions have increased
    between the U.S. and Venezuela since Chavez called national security adviser
    Condoleezza Rice a "true illiterate" for noting he has not played
    a constructive role in Latin America.

    Rice had said Chavez should
    show "that he believes in democratic processes" by allowing a recall
    referendum on his rule. He responded by saying that U.S. officials shouldn’t
    "stick their noses" in Venezuelan affairs.

    Argentina and

    Relationships between
    the U.S. and Argentina have also soured.

    Washington has yet to
    get a handle on Argentina’s president, Nestor Kirchner. While the United States
    has praised his leadership it has also criticized him for not taking "difficult
    decisions" to deal with Argentina’s staggering $81 billion debt. Moreover,
    Washington officials warn that Kirchner is a little too buddy-wuddy with Castro.

    And while the White House
    feels all warm and cuddly about Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula
    da Silva’s economic policies, he is busy plunging his nation into communism
    and allying himself with Castro and Castro’s puppet in Venezuela, Chavez.

    Moreover, there is friction
    between the U.S. and Brazil over new U.S. security measures that include photographing
    and fingerprinting foreign visitors. Brazil has retaliated by imposing similar
    measures for U.S. travelers entering crime-ridden Brazil.

    Angry About Iraq

    Disagreement over the
    war in Iraq has added to the rift. Most Latin American nations refused to
    support the U.S.-led war, and Honduras has just decided to follow socialist
    Spain’s cue and leave Iraq.

    In the United Nations
    Security Council, Chile and Mexico opposed a resolution authorizing force
    in Iraq. Only seven out of the 33 Latin American and Caribbean nations supported
    U.S. military action in Iraq.

    Throughout Latin America,
    there was strong and widespread resistance to an American strategy that Latinos
    viewed as unilateral and pre-emptive. That ill will has continued among nations
    whose support for U.S. actions have long been taken for granted.

    Gabriel Marcella, a Latin
    America expert at the United States Army War College, told the New York
    Times that Latin Americans "were asked by the United States to support
    a preventive war."

    "They did not,"
    he said. "The ugly head of unilateralism seemed to reappear."

    Peter Hakim, the president
    of Inter-American Dialogue, a forum for leaders in the hemisphere, told the
    Times: "I don’t think you can overestimate the damage to the U.S.-Mexican
    relations. No relationship was more damaged, with the possible exception of

    Colombia ran into trouble
    with the administration on the International Criminal Court. When Bogotá
    balked at signing an exemption from prosecution for American personnel, the
    administration withheld some aid and threatened to cut off $160 million more.
    Colombia, which gets more American aid than any other country except Israel
    and Egypt, eventually acceded.

    Communist China, fast
    becoming a favorite trading partner, draws in airplanes from Brazil, soybeans
    from Argentina, thus boosting economies and leading to new political alliances.
    Brazil’s exports to China surged 81 percent in the first 11 months of last
    year to $4.23 billion, Dr. Constantine C. Menges reports.

    Brazil’s Lula last year
    persuaded China to join a bloc of developing nations that forced the collapse
    of the World Trade Organization’s talks by demanding that the United States
    and Europe abandon their farm subsidies.

    "China is importing
    from others and selling to us," said David Malpass, chief global economist
    for Bear, Stearns in New York. "As in any commercial relationship, they
    are treated well as a customer. This raises China’s importance relative to
    that of the U.S."

    But these are merely symptoms
    of the turmoil in U.S. relations with its southern neighbors. The danger lies
    in the steady advance of a Latino version of the Soviet Union.

    Already three major South
    American countries are infected with the Marxist virus: Venezuela, a major
    source of oil for the U.S.; Brazil; and Cuba, where Fidel Castro is acting
    as the midwife for communism’s rebirth.

    Danger in Brazil

    Brazil is the locus of
    the newest Marxist threat to the region. Since "Lula" da Silva took
    office in January, 2003, Brazil has become a new staging area for communism
    in our hemisphere. It has toyed with becoming a nuclear threat.

    Working behind the scenes
    is Lula’s foreign policy adviser, Marco Aurélio Garcia, a notorious
    hard-line Marxist operative and founder and executive secretary of São
    Paulo Forum, a coalition of leftist parties and revolutionary movements dedicated,
    he admits, to "offsetting our losses in Eastern Europe with our victories
    in Latin America."

    In an article he wrote
    about Marx’s "The Communist Manifesto," he concluded: "The
    agenda is clear. If this new horizon which we search for is still called communism,
    it is time to re-constitute it."

    In other words, rebuild
    shattered world communism in Latin America.

    An investigation by
    revealed that Garcia, as head of São Paulo Forum, controls and coordinates
    the activities of subversives and extremists from the Rio Grande to the southernmost
    tip of Argentina.

    In a policy dictated by
    Havana, Garcia has shown special interest in the terrorist Revolutionary Armed
    Forces of Colombia (FARC). Every year since 1990, Garcia has made it his priority
    to meet with murderous FARC. The meetings have not just taken place in Havana
    (with Castro himself always present), but also in Mexico, where Garcia traveled
    to meet with FARC member Marco Leo Calara on Dec. 5, 2000.

    Brazilian-American Gerald
    Brant, a former candidate for federal deputy (Congress), wrote that in his
    native land, "a country of significant social inequalities, Marxism in
    Brazil has always been a force, but it has never been as close to realizing
    true power in this country as it is now. By abandoning the traditional Marxist
    strategy of launching an armed insurgency and revolution, Brazil’s Workers’
    Party, known as the `PT,’ has been able to effectively elaborate a `Gramscian’
    [inspired by renowned Italian Marxist theorist Antonio Gramsci, widely read
    in PT circles] strategy of penetrating the key institutions of civil society
    and democracy first, and then using the legitimate authority conferred by
    elections to abridge constitutional restraints to establish a Marxist state."

    Look Who’s Being

    The Times reported
    that Brazil would resist a plan by the International Atomic Energy Agency
    that would allow for spot inspection of nuclear sites.

    In addition, "Brazil
    has announced that by mid-2004 it expects to join the select group of nations
    producing enriched uranium and that within a decade it intends to begin exporting
    enriched uranium. But it is balking at giving international inspectors unimpeded
    access to the plant that will produce the nuclear fuel.

    "Government officials
    say efforts to enrich uranium are entirely peaceful in purpose … as a
    peaceful nation, Brazil, which has the world’s sixth-largest known deposits
    of uranium, should not be subject to the same regimen of unannounced spot
    inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that Iran and
    Libya have recently accepted."

    Brazil has refused to
    allow inspections that would reveal the capacity, characteristics and scope
    of the equipment developed by its navy to enrich uranium. These inspections,
    if allowed, would assist in determining whether Brazil is indeed seeking the
    enrichment of uranium for peaceful purposes or is pursuing a weapons program
    that many officials within the Brazilian government have occasionally alluded
    to in the past.

    These are indicators of
    movements toward development of nuclear weapons.

    Luiz Vieira, president
    of Nuclear Industries of Brazil, admits that the technology developed by the
    navy’s São Paulo Technology Center could be used to build an atomic

    Phil Brennan is a veteran journalist who writes for –,
    where ths article appeared originally. He is editor & publisher of Wednesday
    on the Web – – and
    was Washington columnist for National Review magazine in the 1960s.
    He also served as a staff aide for the House Republican Policy Committee
    and helped handle the Washington public relations operation for the Alaska
    Statehood Committee, which won statehood for Alaska. He is also a trustee
    of the Lincoln Heritage Institute and a member of the Association of Former
    Intelligence Officers He can be reached at

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