Brazil’s Lula to Bush: Stop Subsidies

    
Brazil's Lula to Bush: Stop Subsidies

    Brazilians want a greater access to world markets in order to
    compete on an equal footing with the
    rich countries in
    agrobusiness. Farmers and ranchers in the US and the EU
    receive generous
    subsidies for what they produce. Brazil’s
    message is: "if agriculture isn’t negotiated, nothing will be."

    by:
    AB

     

    President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva received a telephone call from the president of the United States, George W.
    Bush, and gave him a hard message: if there is no progress with regard to the barriers Brazilian farm exports face, there will
    not be any progress in other areas of the negotiations at the V Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization
    which begins September 10 in Cancun, Mexico.

    Lula said the declaration by the head of the WTO on agriculture was "unsatisfactory." but that the meeting was a
    valuable opportunity to prepare for the next phase in the Doha Round. However, Lula made it clear that Brazil wants progress at
    Cancun, before a continuation of Doha: "Together with other developing nations, Brazil has made a proposal that will allow us
    to advance on this question," said Lula.

    Bush told Lula that US Trade Representative, Robert Zoellick, will attempt to work with Brazilian Foreign Minister,
    Celso Amorim, to reach a consensus at Cancun. Lula said Amorim was willing to work for a consensus. "Brazil wants to
    preserve and strengthen the WTO and multilateral commerce," declared Lula.

    Bush also told Lula that he was satisfied with the understandings reached in Geneva on Trade Related Intellectual
    Property and Public Health.

    CNA Has Backers

    The Agriculture and Livestock Confederation of Brazil (CNA) is seeking the support of private international
    institutions on behalf of the official Brazilian proposal that will be taken to the Cancun Conference. The CNA defends the proposal
    of the G-20 (group of developing countries) opposing the subsidies rich countries grant their agricultural production in
    areas "that cause distortions in world prices."

    Up to now, 15 private institutions have endorsed the document prepared by the CNA. The Confederation calls for
    greater access to world markets in order to compete on an equal footing with the rich countries in agrobusiness.

    Farmers and ranchers in the United States and the European Union receive generous subsidies for what they
    produce. The CNA, together with the Brazilian government, calls for the rich countries to reduce their concession of agricultural
    subsidies. The Minister of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, Roberto Rodrigues, has already affirmed that "if agriculture isn’t
    negotiated, nothing will be."

    Based on the same principle, the CNA launched the "Document in Support of the G-20 Framework for
    Agricultural Negotiations in the Doha Round of the WTO," to bring together private entities from all the countries in the group. That
    is, to reject the joint proposal presented by the United States and the European Union in favor of subsidies.

    The head of the CNA’s Department of International Affairs and Foreign Trade, Antônio Donizeti Bedraldo,
    considers the G-20 proposal timid in terms of opening markets, but it makes up for this failing in its focus on combating
    agricultural subsidies. "The joint proposal for agriculture by the United States and the European Union simply accommodates the
    agricultural situations that already exist in these countries. It changes the appearance, but maintains the essence, of
    protectionism.

    The agricultural sector of the G-20 is responsible for 12.2 percent of the Gross Domestic Product of the group. This
    figure is six times greater than that of the United States and the European Union. The members of the G-20, besides Brazil,
    are: South Africa, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Philippines, Guatemala, Paraguay, Thailand, China,
    Cuba, El Salvador, Ecuador, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, and Venezuela.

    Chamber Position

    Brazil’s Foreign Trade Chamber met recently to hone Brazil’s position at the V Ministerial Meeting of the World
    Trade Organization in Cancun.

    That position will consist of a strong attack on agricultural barriers. Brazil will argue that the removal of such
    barriers is essential for free trade, as well as for developing nations that are capable of being competitive in the agricultural
    sector. Brazil’s argument is supported by a group that has become known as the G-20, twenty developing nations that export
    farm produce.

    However, the world’s biggest economies—the US, Japan and Western Europe—are opposed. "They are offering
    some help to very poor nations, and asking us to wait. But we are convinced that there has to be an opening in the agricultural
    sector now. Without that opening we cannot advance on other issues," explains the executive secretary of Camex, Mario
    Mugnaini Junior.

    Minister of Foreign Relations, Celso Amorim, says that Brazil is going to Cancun to fight for the total elimination of
    all forms of farm export subsidies, especially those in the United States and the European Union.

    Amorim described the subsidies as malevolent to Brazilian interests in the agricultural sector in testimony at the
    Chamber of Deputies.

     

    The material for this article was supplied by Agência Brasil (AB), the official press agency of the Brazilian
    government. Comments are welcome at lucas@radiobras.gov.br

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