Brazil: Indians Unhappy with Lula

    
Brazil: Indians Unhappy with Lula

    Indigenous peoples and their allies want indigenous policy of the
    Lula administration to be
    defined. They are promoting meetings
    to debate alternatives and strategies and join forces to pressure

    the government to take urgent and effective measures to
    change the present situation of violence
    and instability.

    by:
    Cimi

    Over six months have gone by since Lula took office and his administration has not implemented any concrete
    changes in the indigenous policy so far. Meanwhile, the situation of violence and of instability in the indigenous agency
    continues, leaving indigenous peoples exposed to a scenario of extreme fragility and perplexity.

    As a symbolic expression of this chaotic scenario, even the head office of the indigenous agency (Funai) was
    partially burned down as a result of a suspected arson. In this context, the indigenous movement and its allies are promoting
    meetings to debate alternatives and strategies and join forces to pressure the government to take urgent and effective measures to
    change this situation.

    One of these initiatives was taken by the Missionary Evangelical Working Group (GTME), which brought together
    its members and guests from the indigenous movement, Cimi and the Native Amazon Operation at the seminar "Indigenous
    Policies and the GTME Pastoral Activities," held at the Chapada dos Guimarães plateau, state of Mato Grosso, on July 16-18.

    In a manifesto, they pointed out the inaction of the Lula administration in implementing its program and demanded
    that its "commitments toward indigenous peoples" be put into practice immediately in all of their dimensions. In the
    document, they regret that fact that up till now the government has been more interested in pleasing anti-indigenous interests and in
    ensuring more space to them than in meeting the needs of indigenous communities and they demanded positive signs of its
    intentions towards indigenous peoples, such as the official confirmation of the bounds of the Raposa/Serra do Sol indigenous land
    in the state of Roraima.

    Regarding the indigenous health policy implemented by the National Health Foundation (FUNAI), the manifesto
    points to serious problems caused by a system of agreements imposed on indigenous and pro-indigenous organizations,
    according to which "everything has to be done based on the logic of the government, which has been acting in a unilateral and
    domineering way."

    Given these facts, they propose "the urgent implementation of the Arouca Law and of the decisions made at the
    National Indigenous Health Conferences, through the creation of a specific agency in the Ministry of Health in charge of
    managing indigenous health issues" based on the so-called Special Indigenous Health Districts (DSEIs) and Indigenous Health
    Agents that respect the traditional health practices of each people.

    In what regards indigenous education, they support the establishment of a secretariat to ensure the right of
    indigenous people to develop their own political-educational projects. Education is seen as an important and necessary aspiration
    of indigenous peoples, but it should be ensured in tune with their unique customs, traditions and teaching methods.

    Without respect for these precepts, they stressed that education will not ensure the preservation and enhancement of
    the traditional culture of indigenous people and will break the communities apart and destroy their culture.

    In the final part of the document, they mentioned the acts of violence being committed against indigenous peoples,
    which caused the death of 18 indigenous persons this year alone as a result of the current scenario of undefined measures,
    mistakes, and inaction. "We hope that this scenario will lead the Lula administration to reaffirm and implement the commitments
    it assumed immediately, so that the problems pointed out may be eliminated. We are willing to provide our collaboration
    in this process," they say at the end of the manifesto.

    According to Egon Heck, Cimi’s executive secretary, who attended the meeting, these have been important moments
    not only because of the proposals made and positions assumed, but also because of the combination of efforts they have
    been fostering in pursuance of a new indigenous policy, with comprehensive inputs from the indigenous movement and its allies.

    This material was prepared by Cimi – Indianist Missionary Council. Wish to contact them? Then write
    to cimi@embratel.net.br

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