Brazil Reticent on Releasing Papers on Country’s Imperialistic Moves and Nuke Ambitions

    Baron of Rio Branco

    Baron of Rio BrancoThe possible release of secret documents dating back to 1864/70 Brazil-Paraguay war is causing concern among members of the Brazilian government. The papers also deal with the taking over of the state of Acre from Bolivia in 1903, current military exercises along the Brazilian border, nuclear research, among other issues. 

    Brazilian diplomats have warned that revealing the archives of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay) war against Paraguay could affect current relations, according to the influential daily newspaper Folha de S. Paulo.

    At the time the Paraguayans virtually fought to the last man, with almost all the male population 10 to 60 years killed during the war and forcing the Brazilians to leave behind the Army. Brazil at the time was an empire, and Dom Pedro II ruler.

    In recent years the construction of the world’ largest operational hydroelectric dam, Itaipu, shared between Brazil and Paraguay could also expose alleged ‘dealings’ between the dictatorships of both countries at the time (1970).

    Similarly members from the current administration of President Dilma Rousseff fear that the arguments in support for recent military exercises along its borders (Brazil has borders with all South American countries but Chile and Ecuador) and ‘potential conflict situations’ could surprise many of ‘our neighbors’.

    The Brazilian military are also concerned that disclosures could expose agreements reached by the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964/1985) and other countries of the region referred to the Plan Condor, which enabled the kidnap, exchange and killings of alleged opponents of the military regimes of the time in South America.

    The debate over the partial or total disclosure of government documents and the timetable for such decisions has become a dominant issue of the Brazilian political agenda.

    Former presidents and currently senators José Sarney and Fernando Collor de Mello have called for caution and recommended that some documents should remain undisclosed for another fifty years.

    Besides the historic issues affecting neighboring countries the former leaders warned about documents referred to nuclear research and ‘tests’, particularly when Argentina and Brazil, not so long ago, were competing for the leadership of the continent.
    Another most sensitive issue pointed out by diplomats and the military refers to the state of Acre, which originally belonged to Bolivia, but in a several decades process was finally incorporated to the Brazilian union in 1920. Earlier in 1903 Brazil convinced Bolivia to take 2.5 million British pounds in gold (US$ 4.05 million) and a gift of two white stallions for the Bolivian president.

    According to Folha, the Baron of Rio Branco, a former Brazilian Foreign Affairs minister and considered the father and reference of Brazilian diplomacy is attributed with having handsomely bribed several Bolivian officials so to confirm the Amazon basin Acre was finally ceded to Brazil.

    However Catholic priest Frei Betto, one of Latin Americas’ promoters of the so-called Liberation Doctrine criticized hiding what he described as the “historic massacre and plundering” of Paraguay and their people.

    “Non disclosure pretends to cover up the shameful participation of the Duque de Caxias, patron of the Brazilian Army who commanded our troops during that war,” said Frei Betto.

    During that conflict “Brazil took over 40% of Paraguayan territory,” said Frei Betto who has no political militancy but once was an advisor to former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

    Mercopress

    Tags:

    • Show Comments (1)

    • denis wright

      paraguay war
      Each countries discourse on reasons for going to war, the war itself and the aftermath has been led by the political events of the day. Even today a so-called expert such as Frei Betto ( a man I respect) should know better than to call Caxias’ time in Paraguay “shameful”. The story of this period is about missed opportunities and the nation building ideals of all nations involved. I’ve made a documentary ( the first of it’s kind) on the war and though very successful as a teaching tool in the United States and elsewhere, Ive had no success whatever in showing the film in Brazil. Doesn’t that tell you something?

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    comment *

    • name *

    • email *

    • website *

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

    Ads

    You May Also Like

    Four generations of Brazilian embroiderers from northeastern Paraí­ba state

    Rural Artisans Are Attraction at Brazilian Gift Fair

    Among prominent names in national design and handicraft to exhibit at the 11th edition ...

    Dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti

    Brazilians Are the Aedes Aegypti of Brazil

    The dengue fever epidemic currently affecting several Brazilian cities, especially Rio de Janeiro, is ...

    Brazil’s Decoration Fabric Firm Wants to Double Exports

    Fabrics produced in Brazil are covering furniture at homes in Saudi Arabia. A company ...

    The Stangs’ Open Letter and Challenge to Brazil’s President Lula

    The murder of our sister Dorothy Stang – martyr, Pará citizen of the year, ...

    Navistar Buys Brazil’s MWM

    Navistar International Corporation announced today that its South American engine subsidiary, International Engines South ...

    In Brazil Fat Compensations May Be Legal, But They Sure Are Immoral

    Brazilian judge sets maximum of 2,400 reais (US$ 887) to those granted amnesty – ...

    Madrid's international airport, Barajas

    Brazil and Spain Call for a Cease-Fire on Their Deportation War

    Following a tit-for-tat stand off between Brazilian and Spanish authorities regarding their nations tourists ...

    Aljazeera Opens Brazilian Office

    Aljazeera, the most famous television channel in the Arab world, will open a branch ...

    Old Issues

      Here you will be able to find Brazzil Magazine’s back issues starting in July 1995.

    Brazilian Farmers’ Losses Rise to US$ 13.2 Billion

    The losses suffered by Brazilian farmers and ranchers in the last two harvests amount ...