Brazil to Count More on Wind and Nuclear Energy to Get Electricity

    Wind energy in the south of Brazil

    Wind energy in the south of Brazil According to Brazilian Energy Minister Edson Lobão, Brazil needs to increase its electricity generation capacity by 50% over the next 10 years. He described the task as an "enormous challenge" for the country.

    "Adding 51,000 megawatts to the country's current power capacity, (or) an average of more than 5,000 megawatts per year, that would be an enormous challenge," said Lobão.

    Nevertheless, he said that target may have to be revised depending on the impact of the global financial crisis in Brazil, since the country's electricity needs have been calculated on the basis of estimated economic growth of 4.9% annually, a forecast made prior to the financial meltdown.

    The Brazilian Central Bank estimates that because of the crisis, the country will grow at a rate of around 3%, although the International Monetary Fund and other organizations are forecasting growth of between 1.8 and 2% in 2009 and 3.5% in 2010.

    Lobão said that in addition to boosting output the country must shift to different methods of generating electricity; he said the goal is a reduction of at least 10 percentage points in the amount produced by hydroelectric plants, which today accounts for 85% of the country's electricity consumption.

    He said the plans call for more wind energy plants and the construction of four new nuclear plants, in addition to the two currently in operation at Angra dos Reis, a coastal city 150 kilometers from Rio de Janeiro.

    Construction of the four nuclear power plants is to be put out to tender in the middle of this year, according to Lobão, who said those plans could change depending on Brazil's economic performance.

    Lobão added that the government hopes to encourage consumers to replace 10 million old, inefficient refrigerators with others that are more modern and energy-efficient and less contaminating.

    Mercopress

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    • Show Comments (28)

    • Frank P

      Wind
      The whole world needs to do this more and more. The UK is finally getting its act together.

    • falupa

      Nuclear energy
      The problem with nuclear energy are the costs associated with it. It can also be extremely deadly and dangerous if not tended to properly. Nuclear energy on the other side is also a great thing to have. This is because it is very cheap once you have the resources started.

    • du48

      Nuclear Energy in Brazil – Expensive,dangerous and unnecessary.
      For those who can read Portuguese, may I suggest the following link to an article by Jose Eli
      da Veiga FEA-USP.

      http://www.e-agora.org.br/arquivo/o-brasil-acelera-em-marcha-a-re/

    • Linderman

      Still arguing …
      Gosh, you still arguing…. why don’t you exchange emails so you keep on arguing somewhere else?

      This creature that calls himself Double dot just want to argue and disrupt bloggers who want to post their comments here… so please, don’t get me involved with your stupid argument…

    • tripe dot

      Double dot
      [quote] ThatÀ‚´s because Lindermann is far brighter than you guys. He gave a sound advice to you two FOOLS. Take it or leave it.
      [/quote]

      Oh yes, I take his advice… especially the part that he calls you a no-life shit person 😉 😉 😉

    • Double-Dot

      [quote]Linderman here said anyone is a fool for wasting time with Double dot because he is just annoying people here randomly[/quote]

      ThatÀ‚´s because Lindermann is far brighter than you guys. He gave a sound advice to you two FOOLS. Take it or leave it.

    • dnbaiacu

      Oh God
      [quote]Excellent comment by Lindermann.[/quote]

      Did Double dot just say Excellent comment by Linderman??? My friend triple dot, can this moron read at all ?

      Linderman here said anyone is a fool for wasting time with Double dot because he is just annoying people here randomly… he also added that he should get a life… and Double dot still says excellent comment.. Oh my God, this boy is mental 8)

      .

    • Craig Berg

      Sage Advice
      Sage, your infatuation with the French nuclear technology is unwarranted. It is not true that France’s nuclear energy record is unblemished:
      In July 2008, 18,000 litres (4,755 Gallons) of Uranium solution containing natural uranium were accidentally released from Tricastin Nuclear Power Center. Testing found elevated uranium levels in the nearby GaffiÀƒ¨re and Lauzon rivers. The liquid that escaped to the ground contained about 75kg of unenriched uranium which is toxic as a heavy metal while possessing only slight radioactivity. French authorities have banned the use of water from the GaffiÀƒ¨re and Lauzon for drinking and watering of crops. Swimming, water sports and fishing were also banned. This incident has been classified as Level 1 on the International Nuclear Event Scale. Again in July 2008, approximately 100 employees of were exposed to radioactive particles that escaped from a pipe in a reactor that had been shut down. Just level 1 incidents, but proof that the French technology is not fool-proof.

      Do you think the proponents of nuclear energy plants in the US and Russia thought the safeguards used in those plants (which resulted in Chernobyl, Three Mile Island disasters) were any less safe than what you believe France’s current technology to be? The chair of the investigation into the Three Mile Island disaster, John Kemeny, said: “The palnts are safe; it’s the people who aren’t.”The bottom line: Can anyone guarantee the safety of these enormously poisonous nuclear wastes for 10,000 years? Think about it.

      We both want Brazil to be able to meet its energy needs as the nation enjoys abundant economic growth. But not all that glitters is gold. I am not a Luddite. Brazil must be sagacious and do the right thing at this critical juncture. Brazil is perhaps the nation most blessed by Mother Nature. Woo her properly and she will give (“Plantando da'”!). But splitting the atom is a rude poke in her ribs.

    • tripe dot

      Double dot
      [quote]Unfortunately, this site’s administrator allows people like him to bother bloggers here… if we all ignore his crap, he will get tired and get a life eventually…
      [/quote]

      Yes, I agree with you Double dot.. Excellent comment/advice by Linderman to ignore you because you crap with your mouth, idiot 😉

    • Double-Dot

      [quote]Fools[/quote]

      Apt description. Excellent comment by Lindermann. 8)

    • Linderman

      Fools
      You fools, can’t see this guy here Double dot just want to argue ? The more you tell him to stop, the more he will carry on annoying you, you fools…

      Unfortunately, this site’s administrator allows people like him to bother bloggers here… if we all ignore his crap, he will get tired and get a life eventually…

    • dnbaiacu

      Oh god
      Double dot, you still on and on insulting people here… Don’t you have anything better to do ????

      What you’re doing is very childish and ridiculous…. stop writing your stupid remarks towards people here… you are the one who has been causing trouble here for a long time… i think it’s time for you to give it a rest…

    • triple dot

      Double dot
      [quote]Every single blogger in this site is waiting for your relevant opinions and you are too slow to express them.
      [/quote]

      Speak for yourself and don’t include other people in your silly games idiot

    • Double-Dot

      [quote]I just give opinions[/quote]

      Every single blogger in this site is waiting for your relevant opinions and you are too slow to express them.

      [quote]As my friend here said stop annoying people with insults [/quote]

      You have friends? That is a breaking news. 😉

    • tripe dot

      Double-Dot
      [quote]DonÀ‚´t judge everybody by your standards. Goodbye and keep on talking to your mirror image which is the only audience you have.[/quote]

      Im not asking for audience I just give opinions and I never judge anyone,that’s not up to me…

      You, however, seem to be trying to get some attention with your insults towards me and other people here.. you have no life… nothing else to do rather than coming here to disrespect people who are expressing their opinions in subjects beyond your mental capability ..

      As my friend here said stop annoying people with insults and go to your neverland island to eat your yellow cakes…

    • Double-Dot

      [quote]Everybody here has something constructive to say…[/quote]

      Except you.

      [quote]You are just talking shit after shit… no numbers, no facts,[/quote]

      What numbers and facts have you given so far ?

      [quote]I believe he must be getting some sort of sexual satisfaction out of it [/quote]

      DonÀ‚´t judge everybody by your standards. Goodbye and keep on talking to your mirror image which is the only audience you have.

    • tripe dot

      Thanks
      Thanks dnbaiacu 😉

      I don’t know why this guy is here… he has been bothering me for a long time.. I believe he must be getting some sort of sexual satisfaction out of it

    • dnbaiacu

      About Double Dot
      [quote] Remember about Saddam importing yellow cakes from Niger? [/quote]

      I agree with tripe dot… you are just writing shit here.. go to your neverland island and eat your yellow cakes there since you clearly refuse to grow up and talk sense here…

      [quote]Craig and Sage are exchanging some interesting details and I am listening.[/quote]

      If you are listening, how come you haven’t learned anything yet? Everybody here has something constructive to say…You are just talking shit after shit… no numbers, no facts, just pure childish shit..

      Triple dot is right.. you should go back to the trees with your monkeys and stop annoying people here..

    • Double-Dot

      [quote]If you want energy, stop complaining Double-Dot…. if you’re unsatisfied, go and live in the trees alongside your own kind monkeys…[/quote]

      I will leave that option to ignorant peasants like you. You must be an ambulance chaser without any notion of sources of any energy. Just sit in your cave and keep on scratching the walls and let the big boys discuss this important issue more seriously. Craig and Sage are exchanging some interesting details and I am listening.

    • sage

      natural energy – craig berg
      u make some good points. however, all the safety & recycling issues you refer to are based on
      unstable & obsolete us & russian designs. france generates 80% of it’s total energy from nuclear
      power & has not had any of these issues. their designs are as safe as gas fired thermal electric
      plants. you are missing the point. from a risk & technology empowerment standpoint, it is imperative
      that brazil have some nuclear component to it’s energy matrix.

    • triple dot

      Wind energy my ass
      Wind energy is only good when there is wind… unless Double-Dot here stands in front of the windmills blowing.. it all depends on the weather so it’s not a constant/reliable source of energy…

      If you want energy, stop complaining Double-Dot…. if you’re unsatisfied, go and live in the trees alongside your own kind monkeys…

    • Craig Berg

      Natural energy alterernatives to nuclear nonsense
      There are many alternative energy sources that are sustainable and do not pose the accident risks inherent in nuclear energy production. These sources include:

      Bioenergy: biomass, such as plant matter and animal waste, can yield power, heat, steam, and fuel.
      Geothermal: renewable heat energy can be harnessed from deep within the earth.
      Wind: turbines turning in the air convert kinetic energy in the wind into electricity. (Put that minuano to good use!)
      Solar: the sunˢ۪s energy can be captured and used to produce heat and electricity. (the beach beauties in Leblon are already doing it).
      Hydrogen: if produced by renewable sources, it can power fuel cells to convert chemical energy directly into electricity, with useful heat and water as the only byproducts.
      Tidal: using the movement of the ocean to power turbines and generate electricity.
      Many more sustainable resources could be found and current resources improved if better technology were available and if the government and utilities actively promoted their development.

    • Craig Berg

      “Modern, safe nuclear reactor”? Don’t believe it! Please read the facts.
      Yes, IAEA is toothless to protect against the dangers of nuclear energy. Nuclear energy in any country is folly. The dangers are too great and Brazil should adopt a saner approach to its energy needs. It has the creativity to find “um jeitinho” instead of the poisonous path of nuclear energy. Please read:
      Risk of Accident
      On April 26, 1986 the No. 4 reactor at the Chernobyl power plant (in the former U.S.S.R., present-day Ukraine) exploded, causing the worst nuclear accident ever.
      30 people were killed instantly, including 28 from radiation exposure, and a further 209 on site were treated for acute radiation poisoning.
      The World Health Organization found that the fallout from the explosion was incredibly far-reaching. For a time, radiation levels in Scotland, over 1400 miles (about 2300 km) away, were 10,000 times the norm.
      Thousands of cancer deaths were a direct result of the accident.
      The accident cost the former Soviet Union more than three times the economical benefits accrued from the operation of every other Soviet nuclear power plant operated between 1954 and 1990.
      In March of 1979 equipment failures and human error contributed to an accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the worst such accident in U.S. history. Consequences of the incident include radiation contamination of surrounding areas, increased cases of thyroid cancer, and plant mutations.
      According to the US House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations, “Calculation of Reactor Accident Consequences (CRAC2) for US Nuclear Power PlantsÀ¢€Â (1982, 1997), an accident at a US nuclear power plant could kill more people than were killed by the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.

      Environmental Degradation
      All the steps in the complex process of creating nuclear energy entail environmental hazards.
      The mining of uranium, as well as its refining and enrichment, and the production of plutonium produce radioactive isotopes that contaminate the surrounding area, including the groundwater, air, land, plants, and equipment. As a result, humans and the entire ecosystem are adversely and profoundly affected.
      Some of these radioactive isotopes are extraordinarily long-lived, remaining toxic for hundreds of thousands of years. Presently, we are only beginning to observe and experience the consequences of producing nuclear energy

      Nuclear Waste
      Nuclear waste is produced in many different ways. There are wastes produced in the reactor core, wastes created as a result of radioactive contamination, and wastes produced as a byproduct of uranium mining, refining, and enrichment. The vast majority of radiation in nuclear waste is given off from spent fuel rods.
      A typical reactor will generate 20 to 30 tons of high-level nuclear waste annually. There is no known way to safely dispose of this waste, which remains dangerously radioactive until it naturally decays.
      The rate of decay of a radioactive isotope is called its half-life, the time in which half the initial amount of atoms present takes to decay. The half-life of Plutonium-239, one particularly lethal component of nuclear waste, is 24,000 years.
      The hazardous life of a radioactive element (the length of time that must elapse before the material is considered safe) is at least 10 half-lives. Therefore, Plutonium-239 will remain hazardous for at least 240,000 years.
      There is a current proposal to dump nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.
      The plan is for Yucca Mountain to hold all of the high level nuclear waste ever produced from every nuclear power plant in the US. However, that would completely fill up the site and not account for future waste.
      Transporting the wastes by truck and rail would be extremely dangerous.
      For a more detailed analysis of the problems of and risks incurred by the plan, see Top Ten Reasons to Oppose the DoEÀ¢€™s Yucca Mountain Plan
      Repository sites in Australia, Argentina, China, southern Africa, and Russia have also been considered.
      Though some countries reprocess nuclear waste (in essence, preparing it to send through the cycle again to create more energy), this process is banned in the U.S. due to increased proliferation risks, as the reprocessed materials can also be used for making bombs. Reprocessing is also not a solution because it just creates additional nuclear waste.
      The best action would be to cease producing nuclear energy (and waste), to leave the existing waste where it is, and to immobilize it. There are a few different methods of waste immobilization. In the vitrification process, waste is combined with glass-forming materials and melted. Once the materials solidify, the waste is trapped inside and can’t easily be released.
      Brazil can be successful on a more natural path.

    • sage

      waging peace – craig berg
      for the record, there is only 1 country in the world that has used nuclear weapons & continues
      threatening to use them pre-emptively – guess which 1…the iaea is not allowed to inspect it’s facilities
      the other countries that are also in possession of such weapons dont encourage/allow iaea inspections.
      this handful of 8 countries are probably the largest proliferators……..

      your proliferation concerns are hipocritical at best & devious at worst……..

      in any case brazil needs to balance it’s power grid profile w/ a modern, safe (franco-german) nuclear vector.

    • Double-Dot

      [quote]The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is responsible for monitoring the worldˢ۪s nuclear facilities and for preventing weapons proliferation, but their safeguards have serious shortcomings. Though the IAEA is promoting additional safeguards agreements to increase the effectiveness of their inspections, the agency acknowledges that, due to measurement uncertainties, it cannot detect all possible diversions of nuclear material. (Nuclear Control Institute)
      [/quote]

      IAEA is toothless. Remember Collin Powell giving a big speech in U.N about the WMDs in Iraq? Remember about Saddam importing yellow cakes from Niger? In general, all these “International Agencies” are in the pockets of the “permanent” members of the U.N. security council. This fact is incontestable. Any leader who contests ends up in the gallows. Didn’t you know it ?

    • Craig Berg

      Your comments are anwered in the link I posted
      Proliferation risk and the so-called “state of the art french nuclear tech which recycles waste back” are addressed in the link I posted. Please go here to educate yourself on these critical issues: http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/issues/nuclear-energy-&-waste/start/fact-sheet_ne&w.htm.
      Proliferation Risks :
      Plutonium is a man-made waste product of nuclear fission, which can be used either for fuel in nuclear power plants or for bombs.
      In the year 2000, an estimated 310 tons (620,000 pounds) of civilian, weapons-usable plutonium had been produced.
      Less than 8 kilograms (about 18 pounds) of plutonium is enough for one Nagasaki-type bomb. Thus, in the year 2000 alone, enough plutonium was created to make more than 34,000 nuclear weapons.
      The technology for producing nuclear energy that is shared among nations, particularly the process that turns raw uranium into lowly-enriched uranium, can also be used to produce highly-enriched, weapons-grade uranium.
      The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is responsible for monitoring the worldˢ۪s nuclear facilities and for preventing weapons proliferation, but their safeguards have serious shortcomings. Though the IAEA is promoting additional safeguards agreements to increase the effectiveness of their inspections, the agency acknowledges that, due to measurement uncertainties, it cannot detect all possible diversions of nuclear material. (Nuclear Control Institute)

    • sage

      narrow vision craig berg
      maybe true for outdated us nuclear technology, but not for state of the art french nuclear tech, which recycles waste back into the fuel cycle.
      what exactly does craig mean by proliferation risk???

    • Craig Berg

      Narrow vision
      Wind energy, OK. Nuclear, no way. Read the facts about proliferation risks, risk of accident, environmental degredation , and the problem of nuclear waste:
      http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/issues/nuclear-energy-&-waste/start/fact-sheet_ne&w.htm

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