Brazil Releases 3,000 Plant Species Names to Prevent Biopiracy

    In commemoration of World Biodiversity Day, which happened Monday, May 22, the Brazilian government released a list containing the scientific names of around 3,000 species of Brazilian flora, such as cupuaçu, kiwi, carambola ("starfruit"), pequi ("souari nut"), babosa ("aloe"), and catuaba, among others.

    The purpose of the list, which represents an unprecedented move by a country, is to prevent foreign companies from registering the names popularly used in Brazil to refer to these plants. "We are acting preventively," affirmed the minister of Environment, Marina Silva.

    The most famous case of misappropriation of a Brazilian species was cupuaçu. In 2003 a Japanese firm won the right to commercialize the cupuaçu brand name in Japan, the United States, and Europe, so that Brazilian products composed of cupuaçu ended up being denied entry to these markets, since they were considered pirated merchandise.

    Brazil finally succeeded in nullifying the patent after going to court and spending the equivalent of US$ 7,000, according to the Ministry of Environment.

    The list of Brazilian species is open to constant updates. The document will be widely circulated and delivered via diplomatic channels to foreign patent offices and international organizations, such as the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), that deal with these matters.

    ABr

    Non-Exhaustive List of Costumary Names Used in Brazil Associated with Biodiversity

    Brazil, May 2006

    Scientific Name   Costumary Term(s) in Portuguese   Term(s) in English   Class (Nice Classification)

    1 – Abelmoschus caillei (A. Chev.) Stevels – quiabo; quiabeiro – West african okra – 29; 31
    2 – Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench – quiabo; quiabeiro – Gumbo; Okra; Lady’s fingers – 05; 29; 31
    3 – Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. – quiabo; quiabeiro – Sunset hibiscus – 02; 17; 22; 29; 31
    4 – Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. – quiabo; quiabeiro; rosa almiscarada; ambreta – Tropical jewel hibiscus; Musk mallow; Musk okra – 03; 05; 30; 31
    5 – Abrus precatorius – alcacuz da america; arvoeiro; assacu mirim; assacu rama; carolina miuda; cipo de alcacuz; geriquiti; giquiriti; graos de rosario; jefingo; jequirite; jequitiri; jiquitiri; juruquiti; olho de cabra; olho de pombo; piquirita; piquiriti; ruti; tentinho; tento; tento da america; tento dos mudos; tento miudo –   – 05; 26; 31
    6 – Abuta candicans – abutua; butua –   – 05
    7 – Abutilon indicum – atibala –   – 05; 31
    8 – Acacia aneura F. Muell. ex Benth. – acacia – Mulga – 31
    9 – Acacia angustissima (Miller) Kuntze – acacia – Prairie acacia; White ball acacia – 05; 31
    10 – Acacia aulacocarpa A. Cunn. ex Benth. – acacia – Brown salwood; Brush ironbark wattle – 22; 31
    11 – Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. – acacia – Northern black wattle; Darwin black wattle; Ear leaf acacia; Ear pod wattle – 04; 22; 31
    12 – Acacia baileyana Willd. – acacia – Bailey’s acacia – 31
    13 – Acacia berlandieri Benth. – acacia – Berlandier acacia; Guajillo – 04; 05; 31
    14 – Acacia caven (Molina) Molina – acacia; espinilho – Roman cassie – 03; 31
    15 – Acacia crassicarpa A. Cunn. ex Benth. – acacia – Northern wattle; Papua new guinea red wattle – 31
    16 – Acacia dealbata Link – acacia; acacia prateada – Mimosa; Silver wattle – 03; 31
    17 – Acacia deanei (R. T. Baker) M. B. Welch et al. – acacia – Deane’s wattle; Green wattle – 31
    18 – Acacia decurrens (J. C. Wendl.) Willd. – acacia; acacia negra – Green wattle; Sydney wattle – 02; 31
    19 – Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. – acacia; aromita; espinilho; espinheiro; esponjinha; vinhatico de espinho – Cassie; Huisache; Sweet acacia; Opopanax; Popinac – 03; 05; 30; 31
    20 – Acacia mangium Willd. – acacia; acacia australiana –   – 04; 22; 29; 31
    21 – Acacia mearnsii De Willd. – acacia; acacia negra – Black wattle – 02; 04; 22; 31
    22 – Acacia melanoxylon R.Br. – acacia – Blackwood – 31
    23 – Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile – acacia – Thorn mimosa – 02; 04; 05; 17
    24 – Acacia plumosa Lowe – acacia; acacia de espinho; arranha gato; unha de gato; espinheira –   – 05
    25 – Acacia saligna (Labill.) H. L. Wendl. – acacia – Golden wreath wattle; Blue leaf wattle; Port jackson wattle; Weeping wattle – 04; 30; 31
    26 – Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. – acacia; goma da turquia; goma do senegal – Gum arabic; Kher; Senegal gum; Gum arabic tree; Sudan gum arabic – 02; 04; 05; 17
    27 – Acacia tortilis – acacia –   – 04; 31
    28 – Acacia victoriae Benth. – acacia – Bramble acacia; Bramble wattle – 31
    29 – Acanthorhiza chuco – chuco –   – 22; 33
    30 – Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze – carrapicho rasteiro; mata pasto; carrapichinho; fel da terra; carrapicho de carneiro; carrapicho de ovelha; maroto – Paraguay bur; Paraquay starbur; Sheepbur – 05; 31
    31 – Acanthospermum australe Kuntze – carrapicho rasteiro; mata pasto; carrapichinho; fel da terra; carrapicho de carneiro; carrapicho de ovelha; maroto –   – 05
    32 – Acanthospermum hispidum DC. – carrapicho de carneiro; chifre de veado; chifre de carneiro; espinho de cigano – Bristly starbur; Goat’s head; Starbur – 05; 31
    33 – Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret – goiaba do campo; goiabeira serrana – Feijoa; Pineapple guava – 29; 31
    34 – Achanthospermum hispidum DC. – espinho de cigano –   – 05
    35 – Achillea millefolium L. – alevante; aquilea; aquileia; aquileia mil flores; aquileia mil folhas; botao de prata; erva carpinteira; erva carpinteiro; erva das cortadelas; erva de carpinteiro; erva de sao joao; erva do bom deus; erva do carpinteiro; erva dos carreteiros; levante; macelao; marcelao; mil em rama; mil ramas; milefolio; mil folhada; milfolhada; milfolio; mil ramos; pelo de carneiro; pestana de ventos; ponta livre; mil em folhas – Milfoil; Yarrow – 05; 31
    36 – Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. – macela; macela do campo; marcela do campo –   – 05
    37 – Achyrocline satureioides L. – macela; macela do campo; marcela do campo –   – 05
    38 – Achyrocline satureoides – macelinha do campo –   – 05
    39 – Achyrocline satureoides DC. – macela do campo; marcela do campo –   – 05
    40 – Acioa edulis Prance – castanha de cotia –   – 29; 31
    41 – Acosmium dasycarpum (Vog.) Yakov – chapada; pau paratudo; perobinha; unha danta –   – 05
    42 – Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Wight ex Arn. – acrocarpus; acrocarpo – Pink cedar; Kenya coffeeshade; Red cedar; Shingletree – 31
    43 – Acroceras macrum Stapf – capim nilo – Nile grass; Nyl grass – 31
    44 – Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. – macauba – Coyoli palm; Gru gru palm; Macaw palm; Paraguay palm – 04; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32
    45 – Acrocomia glaucophylla – bacaiuba; bacaiauba; coco de bacaiauba; coco de bacaiuba –   – 29; 31
    46 – Acrocomia sclerocarpa – bocaiuva; coco baboso; macauba; mucaja –   – 05; 22; 26; 31
    47 – Actinidia chinensis Planch. – kiwi –   – 31
    48 – Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang & A. R. Ferguson – kiwi – Chinese gooseberry; Kiwi; Kiwifruit; Strawberry peach – 05; 29; 31; 32
    49 – Adenanthera pavonina L. – carolina – Coralwood; Red sandalwood tree; Sandalwood tree – 31
    50 – Adianthum raddianum C. Presl – avenca miuda –   – 05
    51 – Adiantum concinnum – avenca; culantrilho –   – 05; 31
    52 – Adiantum poiretii Wikstr. – avenca – Mexican maidenhair – 31
    53 – Adiantum raddianum Presl. – avenca; avencao –   – 31
    54 – Adonis aestivalis L. – adonis; adonis vermelho –   – 05; 31
    55 – Aechmea bromeliifolia (Rudge) Baker – copo de vaqueiro –   – 05
    56 – Aechmea chantinii Baker (Carr.) – bromelia –   – 31
    57 – Aechmea fasciata Baker – bromelia; vaso prateado –   – 31
    58 – Aechmea fulgens Brongn. – bromelia – Coralberry – 31
    59 – Aegilops bicornis (Forssk.) Jaub. & Spach – aegilops –   – 31
    60 – Aegilops columnaris Zhuk. – aegilops –   – 31
    61 – Aegilops crassa Boiss. – aegilops –   – 31
    62 – Aegilops cylindrica Host – aegilops – Jointed goat grass – 31
    63 – Aegilops juvenalis (Thell.) Eig – aegilops –   – 31
    64 – Aegilops kotschyi Boiss. – aegilops –   – 31
    65 – Aegilops longissima Schweinf. & Muschl. – aegilops –   – 31
    66 – Aegilops speltoides Tausch – aegilops –   – 31
    67 – Aegilops triuncialis L. – aegilops – Barb goat grass; Jointed goat grass – 31
    68 – Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. – aegilops –   – 31
    69 – Aegilops ventricosa Tausch – aegilops –   – 31
    70 – Aegiphila salutaris – aegifila –   – 05
    71 – Aegiphila sellowiana Cham. – papagaio; tamanqueira; peloteira –   – 05
    72 – Aeschynomene americana L. – cortica – American joint vetch; Joint vetch – 31
    73 – Aeschynomene denticulata Rudd – curtico; angiquinho; corticeirinha –   – 05
    74 – Aeschynomene evenia C. Wright – aeschynomene –   – 31
    75 – Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC. – aeschynomene – Australian joint vetch – 31
    76 – Aeschynomene indica L. – aeschynomene – Curly indigo; Hard sola; Indian joint vetch; Kat sola; Northern joint vetch; Sensitive joint vetch – 05; 31
    77 – Aeschynomene rudis Benth. – angiquinho; maricazinho; paquinha; pinheirinho – Rough joint vetch – 31
    78 – Aeschynomene villosa Poir. – angiquinho; pinheirinho –   – 31
    79 – Aesculus hippocastanum L. – castanha da india –   – 05
    80 – Agastache rugosa Kuntze – agastache –   – 03; 05; 31
    81 – Agave americana L. – pita; piteira; croata acu; gravata acu –   – 05
    82 – Agave angustifolia Haw – agave; piteira do caribe –   – 05; 22; 23; 32
    83 – Agave lechuguilla Torr. – agave – Tampico fiber – 05; 22; 23
    84 – Agave sisalana – sisal –   – 05; 22; 23; 31
    85 – Ageratum conyzoides L. – mentrasto; sao joao; mentraz; mentruz; erva de sao joao – Billygoat weed; Goatweed; Whiteweed – 03; 05; 31
    86 – Ageratum houstonianum Mill. = Ageratum mexicanum hort. – agerato; celestina –   – 31
    87 – Agonandra brasiliensis Benth. & Hook. f. – agonandra; pau marfim; cervejinha –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 31
    88 – Agonandra brasiliensis Miers ex Benth. & Hook.f. – quina branca; pau marfim; marfim; cervejinha –   – 05
    89 – Agonis flexuosa (Willd.) Sweet – agonis – Willow myrtle; Willow peppermint – 31
    90 – Agropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv. – agropyron –   – 31
    91 – Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) Schult. – agropyron – Crested wheatgrass; Desert crested wheatgrass; Desert wheatgrass; Standard crested wheatgrass – 31
    92 – Agropyron fragile (Roth) P. Candargy – agropyron –   – 31
    93 – Agrostis stolonifera L. – agrostis; grama; capim panasco rasteiro – Creeping bent grass; Fiorin; Spreading bent – 31
    94 – Aiphanes aculeata Willd. – cariota de espinho; pupunha; pupunha brava – Ruffle palm; Spine palm – 31
    95 – Ajouea brasiliensis – amajouva –   – 05
    96 – Ajuga reptans L. – erva de sao lourenco; ajuga; ajugaiba; bugula; consolda media; erva de sao leo; erva ferrea; jujuba; lingua de boi – Blue bugle; Bugleherb; Bugleweed; Common bugle; Ajuga – 05; 31
    97 – Alcea rosea L. = Althaea rosea (L.) Cav. – malva rosa; malvarisco; malva da india; rosa de jerico –   – 05; 31
    98 – Alchornea castaneifolia (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) A. Juss. – oeirana; orana; iporuru –   – 05
    99 – Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd. – noz da india; nogueira de iguape; nogueira brasileira – Candleberry; Candlenut; Candlenut tree; Indian walnut; Lumbangtree; Varnishtree – 01; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    100 – Alibertia edulis – ajurui; amaiua; goiaba preta; purui; puruizinho; marmelo do campo; marmelada; marmelinho; caneleiro; jenipapinho; genipaporana; marmelada de cachorro; marmelada de cavalo –   – 05; 31
    101 – Alibertia myrciifolia Spuce ex. K. Schum.chum – batinga; canela de veado; veludo; marmelada macho –   – 05
    102 – Allamanda blanchetii A. DC. – alamanda roxa; alemanda roxa; dedal de jacobina – Purple allamanda – 05; 31
    103 – Allamanda cathartica L. – alamanda amarela; carolina; dedal de dama; dedal de jacobina – Allamanda; Golden trumpet – 05; 31
    104 – Allamanda cf. puberula A.DC. – pente de macaco; alamanda ereta –   – 05
    105 – Allamanda puberula A. DC. – mate –   – 05
    106 – Allamanda schottii Pohl – alamanda  – Bush allamanda – 31
    107 – Allamanda violacea – quatro patacas roxa; alamanda rosa; dedal de moca –   – 31
    108 – Allantoma lineata – castanheiro da serra; ceru; churu; tauray –   – 31
    109 – Allium ampeloprasum L. – allium; alho poro; alho porro –   – 03; 30; 31
    110 – Allium cepa L. – cebola – Onion; Shallot – 03; 05; 30; 31
    111 – Allium chinense G.Don – allium; cebolinha chinesa – Chinese onion; Chinese scallion; Japanese scallion; Oriental onion – 05; 31
    112 – Allium fistulosum L. – cebolinha; cebolinha verde; cebola de folha – Welsh onion; Japanese bunching onion – 03; 05; 31
    113 – Allium galanthum Kar. & Kir. – allium –   – 31
    114 – Allium longicuspis Regel – allium –   – 31
    115 – Allium nigrum L. – allium – Broadleaf garlic; Black garlic – 31
    116 – Allium oschaninii O. Fedtsch. – allium –   – 31
    117 – Allium porrum * – alho poro; alho porro –   – 03; 05; 30; 31
    118 – Allium porrum L. – alho poro; alho porro – Leek; Pearl onion – 03; 05; 30; 31
    119 – Allium pskemense B.Fedtsch. – allium –   – 31
    120 – Allium sativum L. – alho – Garlic – 03; 05; 30
    121 – Allium schoenoprasum L. – cebolinha francesa; cebolinha; cebolinha verde; cebolinha de tempero – Chives – 03; 05; 30
    122 – Allium sphaerocephalon L. – allium – Ball head onion; Round head garlic; Round head leek; Ball headed onion; Round headed garlic; Round headed leek – 31
    123 – Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. – allium; nira – Chinese chives; Chinese leek; Garlic chives; Oriental garlic – 03; 05; 30; 31
    124 – Alocasia sanderiana (Schott)G.Don – alocasia –   – 31
    125 – Aloe arborescens Mill. – aloe; babosa – Candelabra aloe; Candelabra plant; Octopus plant; Torchplant – 31
    126 – Aloe barbadensis L. – babosa; babosa verde –   – 05
    127 – Aloe barbadensis Mill. – babosa –   – 05
    128 – Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. – babosa; babosa verdadeira –   – 05
    129 – Aloe vera (L.) Burman f. – babosa – Barbados aloe; Curacao aloe; True aloe; West indian aloe – 01; 03; 05; 31
    130 – Alopecurus pratensis L. – rabo de raposa – Golden foxtail grass; Meadow foxtail; Yellow foxtail grass – 31
    131 – Aloysia citriodora Palau – verbena limao; cedrina; cidrao; cidrilha; cidrilho; cidro; erva luisa; falsa erva cidreira; lucia lima; salva limao – Lemon verbena – 03; 05; 30; 31
    132 – Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Tronc. – alfazema; alfazema do brasil; erva da graca; erva de nossa senhora; erva santa – Common bee brush; Whitebrush – 05
    133 – Aloysia tuphylla (L´Hér.) Britton – verbena limao; cedrina; cidrao; cidrilha; cidrilho; cidro; erva luisa; falsa erva cidreira; lucia lima; salva limao –   – 05
    134 – Alpinia nutans – colonia; vindica –   – 05
    135 – Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum. – panama; alpinia; gengibre vermelho – Red ginger – 31
    136 – Alpinia speciosa – cana do brejo; cana do mato; cardamomo falso; cardamomo do mato; cuite acu; paco seroca; pacoba; pacova; vindica –   – 05
    137 – Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B. L. Burtt & R. M. Sm. – gengibre concha – Light galangal; Pink porcelain lily; Shell flower; Shell ginger – 31
    138 – Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt & Smith. – pacova; colonia –   – 05
    139 – Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt. et Smith (Alpinia speciosa) – colonia –   – 05
    140 – Alsophila sternbergii (Sternb.) Conaut – samambaia acu; samambaia ucu –   – 05
    141 – Alstroemeria psittacina Lehm. – alstroemeria; lirio de lima  – Parrot lily; Peruvian lily – 31
    142 – Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze – perpetua do mato; quebra panela; aconito do mato; caaponga; cabeca branca; carrapichinho; carrapichinho do mato infalivel – Brazilian joyweed – 05; 31
    143 – Alternanthera dentata (Moench) Stuchl. – periquito gigante –   – 05
    144 – Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) P. Beauv. – periquito; apaga fogo; presunto com ovos  – Sanguinarea – 31
    145 – Alternanthera ficoidea R.Br. – bico de papagaio; periquitinho; periquito ameno –   – 05; 31
    146 – Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. – althernantera; bredo d agua; tripa de sapo; erva de jacare; perpetua  – Alligator weed – 05; 31
    147 – Alternanthera pungens Kunth – periquitinho  – Khakiweed – 05; 31
    148 – Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. – periquito sessil; violacea – Sessile joyweed – 05; 29; 31
    149 – Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. – alisicarpo – Alyce clover; Buffalo clover; One leaf clover – 31
    150 – Amaranthus albus L. – amaranto – Tumble pigweed; Tumbleweed; White amaranth – 05; 31
    151 – Amaranthus blitum – bredo macho; bredo malabar; bredo rabaca; bredo verdadeiro; caruru de porco; caruru miudo; caruru verdadeiro –   – 05; 29; 31
    152 – Amaranthus caudatus L. – cauda de raposa; moncos de peru – Foxtail; Inca wheat; Jataco; Love lies bleeding; Foxtail amaranth; Purple amaranth; Red hot cattail; Tassel flower; Velvet flower – 30; 31
    153 – Amaranthus cruentus L. – alegria – Bush greens; Purple amaranth; Red amaranth; Red shank; African spinach; Blood amaranth; Caterpillar amaranth; Sudan spinach – 30; 31
    154 – Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. – amaranto  – Spleen amaranth – 05; 29; 31
    155 – Amaranthus hybridus L. – quintonil – Slim amaranth; Smooth pigweed; Green amaranth; Green pigweed; Hybrid amaranth; Smooth amaranth – 05; 31
    156 – Amaranthus spinosus L. – amaranto de espinho; caruru de espinho – Edlebur; Spiny amaranth; Thorny pigweed; Thorny amaranth – 05; 29; 31
    157 – Amaranthus tricolor L. – tampala; amaranto; bredo; caruru vermelho – Chinese amaranth; Chinese spinach; Joseph’s coat; Tampala; Summer poinsettia – 05; 29; 31
    158 – Amaranthus viridis – amaranto verde; bredo; bredo verdadeiro; caruru; caruru bravo; caruru de mancha; caruru de porco; caruru de soldado; caruru miudo; caruru verdadeiro; caruru verde; caruru de porco;bredo –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    159 – Amaryllis belladona – beladona falsa; cebola brava; cebola carrao; cebola cecem; cebola do mato; lirio vermelho –   – 05; 31
    160 – Ambrosia elatior L. – ambrosia  – Ragweed – 31
    161 – Ambrosia peruviana Willd. – ambrosia  – Wormwood – 31
    162 – Ambrosia tenuifolia Spreng. – ambrosia  – Lacy ragweed – 31
    163 – Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A. C. Sm. – cerejeira; cumaru de cheiro –   – 01; 04; 19; 20; 22; 31
    164 – Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C.Sm. – imburana –   – 05; 31
    165 – Amburana cearensis (Fr. All) A. C. Smith (Torresea cearensis) – cumaru emburana de cheiro emburana de cheiro –   – 05; 31
    166 – Ammi majus L. – ammi – Bishop’s weed; Bullwort; Greater ammi; Lady’s lace – 05; 31
    167 – Ampelozizyphus amazonicus – saracura mira; saracuramira; saracuramuira –   – 05; 31
    168 – Anacardium giganteum – caju acu; caju assu; caju da mata; caju do mato; caju y; cajuacu; cajueiro da mata; cajueiroacu; cajui; mairu; oloi –   – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    169 – Anacardium microcarpum DUCKE – anacardium; cajui –   – 05; 31
    170 – Anacardium occidentale – acajaiba; acaju; caju; cajueiro; oacaju –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    171 – Anacardium occidentale L. – caju; cajueiro; caju – Cashew – 05; 31
    172 – Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan – angico; angico branco – Anguo; Branco; Vilca – 05; 31
    173 – Anadenanthera falcata (Benth.) Speg – angico –   – 05; 31
    174 – Anadenanthera macrocarpa (Benth.) Brenan – angico –   – 05; 31
    175 – Anadenanthera macrocarpa Benth. – angico –   – 05; 31
    176 – Anadenanthera peregrina (L.) Speg. – parica – Cohoba; Cohoba tree – 05; 31
    177 – Ananas bracteatus (Lindl.) Schult. & Schult. f. – ananas – Red pineapple; Wild pineapple – 31
    178 – Ananas bracteatus Baker – abacaxi do para –   – 05; 31
    179 – Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. – abacaxi; ananas – Pineapple – 01; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    180 – Ananas cosmosus (L.) Merrill. – abacaxi; ananas –   – 01; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    181 – Ananas lucidus Miller – ananas –   – 22; 31
    182 – Ananas sativus – ananas; ananas de caraguata; ananas do mato; ananas selvagem; ananas silvestre; ananazeiro; nanaz; panacous; pita –   – 03; 04; 05; 22; 24; 25; 26; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    183 – Anchieta salutaris – anchieta; cipo suma; paraguaia; piraguaia; piriguai; piriguara; piriquaia; puruuara; suma –   – 05; 31
    184 – Anchietea salutaris A. St. Hil. – cipo suma; suma roxa –   – 05; 31
    185 – Andira anthelmintica – andira yba; angali; angelim; angelim amargoso; angelim de folha grande; angelim de morcego; angelim do campo; angelim macho; angelim pedra; angelim preto aracui; aracium; morcegueira; pau de morcego –   – 05; 31
    186 – Andira fraxinifolia Benth. – angelim branco; angelim roxo –   – 05; 31
    187 – Andira humilis Mart. ex Benth. – andira; angelim do campo –   – 05; 31
    188 – Andira inermis – andira uchi; angelim; angelim branco; angelim liso; cumaruama; mari; morcegueira; pau palmeira; uchi; uchirana; umari –   – 01; 04; 05; 19; 20; 22; 31
    189 – Andira parviflora Ducke – acupu rana; sucupira vermelha –   – 01; 04; 19; 20; 22; 31
    190 – Andropogon gayanus Kunth – capim andropogon – Rhodesian bluegrass; Tambuki grass – 05; 22; 31
    191 – Andropogon glaziovii * – capim limao –   – 05; 31
    192 – Andropogon tectorum Schumach. – capim andropogon –   – 31
    193 – Anemia adiantifolia (L.) Sw. – anemia  – Pine fern – 31
    194 – Anemone coronaria L. – anemona –   – 31
    195 – Anemopaegma arvense (Vell.) Stell. – catuaba –   – 05; 31
    196 – Anemopaegma glaucum – catuaba; perola vegetal –   – 05; 31
    197 – Anethum graveolens – endro –   – 05; 31
    198 – Anethum graveolens L. – endro; aneto – Dill; Garden dill – 03; 05; 30; 31
    199 – Angelica archangelica L. – angelica – Angelica; Angelique; Garden angelica; Wild parsnip – 03; 05; 30; 31
    200 – Aniba canelilla – amapaina; canela; canela do maranhao; casca preciosa; folha preciosa; perciora; preciosa –   – 03; 05; 31
    201 – Aniba permollis – aijuba; aiuba; ajuba; aniuba; au uva –   – 03; 05; 31
    202 – Aniba puchury-minor – louro; puchery; puchuri bastardo; puchuri do maranhao; puchuri mirim; puchuri miudo; pujuru pequeno; puxiri bravo –   – 05; 31
    203 – Aniba rosaeodora – pau rosa –   – 01; 02; 03; 05; 31
    204 – Anisolobus cururu – cipo cururu; cururu –   – 05; 31
    205 – Anisosperma passiflora – andiroba; castanha de bugre; castanha de jatoba; castanha mineira; chipoto; cipo de jatoba; cipola; cipota; fava de santo inacio; fruto amargoso; guapeba; jatoba; jatoba verdadeiro; maracuja de periquito; nhandiroba –   – 04; 05; 31
    206 – Annona coriacea Mart. – araticum do campo; araticum –   – 05; 31
    207 – Annona diversifolia Saff. – annona – Ilama – 29; 31
    208 – Annona glabra L. – araticum do brejo – Alligator apple; Pond apple – 05; 31
    209 – Annona macrocarpa Wercklé – pinha do cerrado –   – 05
    210 – Annona montana – araticum; araticum acu; araticum ape; araticum ponhe –   – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    211 – Annona muricata L. – graviola – Soursop – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    212 – Annona purpurea Moc. & Sessé ex Dunal – soncoya –   – 31
    213 – Annona reticulata L. – condessa – Bullock’s heart; Custard apple – 05; 31
    214 – Annona sericea – araticum do para –   – 05; 31
    215 – Annona squamosa L. – ata – Custard apple; Sugar apple; Sweetsop – 05; 31
    216 – Annonna muricata – graviola –   – 05; 31
    217 – Anomospermum japurense – butua catinguenta; imene –   – 01; 05; 31
    218 – Anona muricata – araticum; araticum de comer; ata; condessa; coracao de rainha; graviola; graviola do norte; guanabana; jaca de pobre; jaca do para; jaqueira mole; pinha –   – 01; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32
    219 – Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis – anredera  – Madeira vine – 05; 31
    220 – Anthemis arvensis L. – camomila bastarda – Corn chamomile; Field chamomile – 31
    221 – Anthemis cotula L – macelinha; macela de horta –   – 05; 31
    222 – Anthephora pubescens Nees – anthephora – Wool grass – 31
    223 – Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. – cerefolio – Chervil; Garden chervil – 05; 30; 31
    224 – Anthurium oxycarpum – folha cheirosa; yeuri cumare –   – 05; 30; 31; 34
    225 – Anthurium scherzerianum Schott – anturio –   – 31
    226 – Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng. – antidesma – Bignay; Chinese laurel; Salamander tree – 01; 19; 20; 29; 30; 31
    227 – Antirrhinum majus L. – boca de leao – Snapdragon – 31
    228 – Antrocaryon amazonicum – cedro branco; cedrorana; tapereba cedro –   – 29; 30; 31
    229 – Apeiba albiflora – cabeca de preguica; uacima –   – 22; 31
    230 – Apeiba tibourbou – cabeca de preguica; embira branca; escova de macaco; jangadeira; pau de jangada; pente de macaco –   – 01; 22; 31
    231 – Aphandra natalia (Balslev & Andr. Hend.) Barfod – piacaba –   – 22; 31
    232 – Aphelandra squarrosa Ness – afelandra –   – 31
    233 – Apium graveolens L. – aipo; salsao – Celery – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    234 – Apium graveolens L.* – aipo; salsao – Celery – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    235 – Apodanthera smilacifolia * – cipo azougue –   – 05; 31
    236 – Apodanthera smilacifolia Cogn. – cipo azougue; cipo peidoreiro –   – 05; 31
    237 – Apuleia férrea * – pau ferro –   – 05; 31
    238 – Apuleia leiocarpa (Vogel) J. F. Macbr. – garapa; grapia; grapia puna; ibira pere –   – 01; 19; 20; 31
    239 – Aquilegia flabellata Sieb. et Zucc. – aquilegia –   – 31
    240 – Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. – arabidopsis – Mouse ear cress – 31
    241 – Arachis archeri Krapov. & W. C. Gregory – arachis –   – 31
    242 – Arachis batizocoi Krapov. & W. C. Gregory – arachis –   – 31
    243 – Arachis cardenasii Krapov. & W. C. Gregory – arachis –   – 31
    244 – Arachis correntina (Burkart) Krapov. & W.C. Gregory – arachis –   – 31
    245 – Arachis diogoi Hoehne – arachis –   – 31
    246 – Arachis duranensis Krapov. & W. C. Gregory – arachis –   – 31
    247 – Arachis glabrata Benth. – arachis; amendoim bravo – Rhizoma peanut – 31
    248 – Arachis hypogaea L. – amendoim – Goober; Groundnut; Peanut – 05; 29; 31
    249 – Arachis ipaensis Krapov. & W. C. Gregory – arachis –   – 31
    250 – Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W. C. Gregory – amendoim forrageiro – Pinto peanut – 31
    251 – Arachis repens Handro – arachis –   – 31
    252 – Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne – arachis –   – 29; 31
    253 – Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze – pinho do parana – Brazilian pine; Candelabra tree; Parana pine – 01; 19; 20; 31
    254 – Araucaria cunninghamii Aiton ex A. Cunn. – araucaria – Hoop pine; Moreton bay pine – 01; 19; 20; 31
    255 – Araujia sericifera Brot. – araujia  – Bladder flower; Cruelplant; Moth catcher – 31
    256 – Arbutus unedo L. – ervedeiro; medronheiro – Arbutus; Strawberry tree – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32
    257 – Archangelica officinalis – angelica –   – 05; 31
    258 – Archontophoenix alexandrae (F. Muell.) H. Wendl. & Drude – palmeira; palmeira reeal da australia; palmeira de alexandra – Alexandra palm; King palm; Northern bangalow palm – 31
    259 – Arctium lappa L. – bardana; bardana maior – Edible burdock; Great burdock; Lappa; Burdock – 05; 29; 30; 31
    260 – Arctium minus Bernh. – bardana –   – 05; 31
    261 – Arctostaphylos uva ursi Spreng – uva ursi –   – 05; 31
    262 – Ardisia crispa Hort. – ardisia –   – 31
    263 – Areca catechu L. – areca; arequeira – Areca nut; Areca nut palm; Betel palm; Betelnut; Catechu; Indian nut; Areca palm; Betelnut palm; Pinang – 01; 02; 04; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31
    264 – Areca triandra Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. – areca – Wild areca palm – 01; 05; 19; 20; 29; 30; 31
    265 – Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr. – gomuteira – Areng palm; Black fiber palm; Gomuti palm; Sugar palm – 22; 30; 31
    266 – Argemone mexicana L. – cardo santo – Mexican poppy; Mexican prickly poppy; Prickly poppy; Yellow thistle – 05; 31
    267 – Aristolochia barbata – cipo de cobra; jarrinha –   – 05; 31
    268 – Aristolochia chrysochlora – jarrinha; urubu caa –   – 05; 31
    269 – Aristolochia cymbifera Mart. & Zucc. – aristolochia –   – 05; 31
    270 – Aristolochia elegans Mart. – papo de peru – Calico flower – 31
    271 – Aristolochia labiata Willd. – aristolochia  – Rooster flower – 31
    272 – Aristolochia sp. – aristolochia; cassau; cipo mil homens; sapato de judeu; angelico; papopiru; jarrinha –   – 05; 31
    273 – Armeria maritima Willd. – relva do olimpo – Marsh daisy; Sea cushion; Sea daisy; Sea pink; Sea thrift; Thrift – 31
    274 – Armeria splendens (Lag.et Rodr.) Webb – armeria –   – 31
    275 – Armoracia rusticana P. Gaertn. et al. – rabano picanto; raiz forte – Horseradish – 05; 30; 31
    276 – Arnica montana L. – arnica –   – 05; 31
    277 – Arrabidaea chica – boca; cajuru; capiranga; carajuru; chica; cipo cruz; crajiru; crajuru; grajiru; guajuru; guaraje; guarajurupiranga; juru; pajuru; pariri; piranga –   – 01; 02; 03; 05; 22; 31
    278 – Arrabidaea chica (Humb. & Bonpl.) B.Verl. – crajiru –   – 05; 31
    279 – Arrabidaea chica Verl – pariri –   – 05; 31
    280 – Arrabidea chica – pariri;crajiru –   – 05; 31
    281 – Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr. – batata baroa; mandioquinha salsa – Arracacha; Peruvian carrot; Peruvian parsnip; White carrot – 29; 30; 31
    282 – Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) P. Beauv. ex J. Presl & C. Presl – arrhenatherum –   – 31
    283 – Artemí­sia absinthium * – losna –   – 05; 31
    284 – Artemisia absinthium L. – losna; absinto; artemisia – Absinthe; Absinthe wormwood; Absinthium; Wormwood – 03; 05; 30; 31
    285 – Artemí­sia amnua – artemisia –   – 05; 31
    286 – Artemisia dracunculus L. – estragao – Tarragon; French tarragon; Silky wormwood – 03; 05; 30; 31
    287 – Artemisia vulgaris L. – artemisia – Carline thistle; Mugwort – 05; 30; 31
    288 – Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg – fruta pao – Breadfruit; Breadnut – 29; 30; 31
    289 – Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. – jaca – Jack; Jackfruit; Jak – 19; 20; 29; 30; 31
    290 – Artocarpus incisa – arvore do pao fruto; fruta pao; fruteira pao; pao de massa; pao de pobre –   – 05; 17; 22; 23; 29; 30; 31
    291 – Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. – champedak – Campedak; Chempedak – 19; 20; 29; 30; 31
    292 – Artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco – marang – Marang – 29; 30; 31
    293 – Arundo donax L. – canno do reino – Giant reed; Spanish reed – 04; 05; 22; 31
    294 – Asclepias curassavica – algodaozinho do campo; camara bravo; capitao de sala; cavalheiro de sala; cega olho; cega olhos; chibanca; dona joana; erva de paina; erva de rato; erva leitura; falsa erva de rato; falsa ipecacuanha; flor de sapo; garidinha; ipecacuanha das antilhas; ipecacunha das antilhas; ipecacunha falsa; leiteira; leiteirinha; mane mole; mane mole mar; margaridinha; margaridinha leitura; mata olho; oficial de sala; paina; paina de sapo; paininha; seda vegetal; suspiro –   – 05; 22; 23; 31
    295 – Asclepias physocarpa Schlechter – bolsa de pastor ; saco de veio –   – 05; 31
    296 – Asparagus asparagoides W. Wigth – aspargo mole –   – 31
    297 – Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop – aspargo ornamental – Asparagus fern; Sprengeris fern – 31
    298 – Asparagus officinalis L. – aspargo; espargo – Asparagus; Garden asparagus – 05; 29; 30; 31
    299 – Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop = Asparagus plumosus Baker – aspargo; aspargo samambaia –   – 31
    300 – Aspidosperma excelsum – arvore de carapana; arvore dos mosquitos; carapanauba –   – 05; 19; 20; 31
    301 – Aspidosperma polyneuron Muell. Arg. – peroba –   – 19; 20; 31
    302 – Asplenium nidus (Linaeus) – asplenio –   – 31
    303 – Asplenium serratum – feto macho do para; rabo de aranata –   – 05; 31
    304 – Astragalus glycyphyllos L. – orozuz falso – Liquorice milk vetch; Sweet milk vetch – 05; 31
    305 – Astrocaryum aculeatum – tucum do mato; tucum verdadeiro; tucuma; tucuma do amazonas; tucuman acu –   – 03; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31
    306 – Astrocaryum ayri – ariri; ayri; brejauva; coco de ayri; coqueiro brejauba; coro iri; hejauba; iri; yri –   – 01; 05; 22; 31
    307 – Astrocaryum chambira Burret – tucum; tucuma –   – 22; 31
    308 – Astrocaryum faranae F.Kahn. & E.Ferreira – murmuru –   – 05; 31
    309 – Astrocaryum ferrugineum F.Kahn. & B.Millán – murmuru –   – 05; 31
    310 – Astrocaryum jauari Mart. – jauari –   – 29; 30; 31
    311 – Astrocaryum murumuru – murumuru –   – 29; 30; 31
    312 – Astrocaryum murumuru Mart. – murumuru; murmuru –   – 05; 31
    313 – Astrocaryum spp. – murmuru –   – 05; 31
    314 – Astrocaryum tucuma – coqueiro tucuma; tucum; tucuma; tucuma grande; tucuma piranga –   – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    315 – Astrocaryum ulei Burret. – murmuru –   – 05; 31
    316 – Astrocaryum vulgare – aiara; coqueiro tucum; cumari; curua; tucum; tucum bravo; tucum do amazonas; tucuma; tucuma do para; tucuma piranga –   – 03; 05; 14; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    317 – Astronium fraxinifolium Schott – goncalo alves – Kingwood; Locustwood; Tigerwood; Zebrawood – 19; 20; 31
    318 – Astronium graveolens Jacq. – aroeira –   – 19; 30; 31
    319 – Astronium lecointei Ducke – muiracatiara –   – 19; 20; 31
    320 – Astronium urundeuva (Allemão) Engl. – aroeira – Urunday – 05; 19; 20; 31
    321 – Astrophytum capricorne (Dietr) Britton & Rose – cactus –   – 31
    322 – Astrophytum myriostigma (Sam-Dyok) Lem – cactus –   – 31
    323 – Astrophytum ornatum (DC) FAC Weber ex. Britton & Rose – cactus –   – 31
    324 – Atalantia monophylla (L.) DC. – atalantia – Indian atalantia – 05; 31
    325 – Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt. – atriplex – Chamiso; Chamiza; Four wing saltbush; Shadscale – 05; 31
    326 – Atriplex halimus L. – salgadeira – Mediterranean saltbush; Sea orache; Shrubby orache – 29; 30; 31
    327 – Atriplex hortensis L. – armolas – Garden orache; Mountain spinach; Orache – 29; 30; 31
    328 – Atriplex polycarpa (Torr.) S. Watson – atriplex – Desert saltbush; Cattle spinach – 31
    329 – Atriplex semibaccata R. Br. – alfalfa arborea – Australian saltbush; Berry saltbush; Creeping saltbush – 31
    330 – Atropa belladona L. – beladona –   – 05; 31
    331 – Atropa belladonna L. – beladona; beladama – Belladonna; Deadly nightshade – 05; 31
    332 – Attalea amygdalina – curua assu –   – 22; 29; 30; 31
    333 – Attalea funifera Mart. ex Spreng. – piacava da bahia – Bahia piassava palm; Coquilla nut; Pissaba palm – 29; 31
    334 – Attalea geraensis Barb. Rodr. – coco indaia –   – 05; 31
    335 – Attalea maripa (Aubl.) Mart. – maripa – Maripa palm – 29
    336 – Attalea speciosa Mart. ex Spreng. – babacu – Babassu – 04; 29; 30; 31
    337 – Attalea spectabilis – curua; curua piranga; uauassu –   – 03; 05; 19; 20; 29; 30; 31
    338 – Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv. = Alyssum saxatile L. – alyssum –   – 31
    339 – Avena abyssinica Hochst. Ex A.Rich. – avena – Abyssinian oat – 05; 29; 30; 31
    340 – Avena barbata Pott ex Link – avena – Barbed oat; Slender oat – 05; 31
    341 – Avena brevis Roth – avena – Short oat – 29; 30; 31
    342 – Avena fatua L. – avena – Spring wild oat; Wild oat – 05; 31
    343 – Avena nuda L. – aveia strigosa – Hull less oat; Naked oat; Sand oat – 29; 30; 31
    344 – Avena sativa – aveia –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    345 – Avena sterilis L. – avena; aveao – Animated oat; Sterile oat; Wild oat; Wild red oat; Winter wild oat – 05; 31
    346 – Avena strigosa – avena –   – 31
    347 – Averrhoa carambola * – carambola –   – 05; 31
    348 – Averrhoa carambola L. – carambola – Carambola; Starfruit – 05; 29; 30; 31
    349 – Avicennia germinans (L.) L. – mangue conoe  – Black mangrove – 02; 03; 31
    350 – Avicennia nitida – cerubuna; ceruntinga; ciriuba; guapira; mangue amarelo; mangue branco; mangue manso; pere curiuba; sereiba tinga; sereibatinga; siriuba; siriuba pequena –   – 02; 05; 31
    351 – Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. – axonopus; pasto chato – Blanket grass; Broadleaf carpet grass; Lawn grass; Tropical carpet grass; Louisiana grass – 31
    352 – Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. – grama; grama missioneira – Caratao grass; Carpet grass; Common carpet grass – 31
    353 – Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R. M. King & H. Rob. – ayapana –   – 05; 31
    354 – Azadirachta indica A.Juss. – nim – Indian lilac; Margosa; Neem; Nimtree – 03; 04; 05; 19; 20; 31
    355 – Azolla caroliniana Willd. – azolla – Fairy moss; Mosquito plant – 31
    356 – Azolla filiculoides Lam. – azolla; samambaia; samambaia flutuante – Azolla; Large mosquito fern – 31
    357 – Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC. – carqueja –   – 05; 31
    358 – Baccharis trimera D.C. – carqueja –   – 05; 31
    359 – Baccharis trimera DC. – carqueja –   – 05; 31
    360 – Baccharis trinervis Pers. – nogueira –   – 05; 31
    361 – Baccharis triptera – carqueja –   – 05; 31
    362 – Baccharis usterii Heering – carqueja doce –   – 05; 31
    363 – Bacopa aquatica – bacopa; pacoba; pacobeira; pacova –   – 05; 31
    364 – Bactris gasipaes – piraja pupunha; pupunha; pupunha maraja; pupunheira –   – 05; 08; 19; 20; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    365 – Bactris insignis – ceriba; chonta; palmeira real; pirigreao; pirijao –   – 05; 18; 28; 29; 31
    366 – Bactris major – coco de vinagre –   – 29; 31
    367 – Baeckea behrii (Schltdl.) F. Muell. – baeckea – Broom baeckea; Silver broom – 31
    368 – Baeckea virgata (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Andrews – baeckea – Tall baeckea; Twiggy baeckea – 31
    369 – Bagassa guianensis – amaparana; bagaceira; tatajuba –   – 29; 31
    370 – Balfourodendron riedelianum (Engl.) Engl. – marfim –   – 31
    371 – Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss – bambu espinhoso – Giant thorny bamboo; Indian thorny bamboo; Spiny bamboo; Thorny bamboo – 05; 22; 29; 31
    372 – Bambusa multiplex (Lour) – bambu folha samambaia –   – 18; 20; 28; 31
    373 – Bambusa vulgaris – bambu; taboca –   – 01; 05; 20; 22; 29; 31
    374 – Banisteriopsis caapi (Spruce ex Griseb.) C. V. Morton – caapi; yage – Soulvine – 05; 31; 32; 33
    375 – Banisteriopsis oxyclada (Adr. Jussieu) B. Gates – cipo prata –   – 05; 31
    376 – Banksia burdettii Baker f. – banksia – Burdett’s banksia – 31
    377 – Barbarea verna (Mill.) Aschers – agriao dos jardins –   – 29; 31
    378 – Barbarea verna Aschers. – agriao –   – 05; 31
    379 – Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. – erva de santa barbara – Herb barbaras; Rocket cress; Winter cress; Yellow rocket – 05; 29; 31
    380 – Basella alba L. – bertalha; bacela – Ceylon spinach; Indian spinach; Malabar nightshade; Malabar spinach; Vine spinach – 02; 05; 29; 31
    381 – Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott – bassia; mirabela – Burningbush; Mock cypress; Summer cypress; Kochia; Mexican firebrush; Mexican fireweed – 05; 29; 31
    382 – Bathysa australis K. Schum. – cerofolio; pau de colher –   – 05; 31
    383 – Bauhinia forficata Link. – unha de vaca pata de vaca –   – 05; 31
    384 – Bauhinia forficata Lynk – pata de vaca –   – 05; 31
    385 – Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br. – bauhinia – Nasturtium bauhinia; Red bauhinia; Red butterfly tree – 31
    386 – Bauhinia rutilans – escada de jaboti –   – 05; 31
    387 – Bauhinia sp. – bauhinia; pata de vaca do mato –   – 05; 31
    388 – Bauhinia variegata L. – arvore de sao thomaz; pata de vaca – Mountain ebony; Orchidtree – 05; 31
    389 – Beaucarnea recurvata Lem. – biucarnea; pata de elefante – Bottle palm; Elephant foot tree; Pony tail – 31
    390 – Begonia coccinea Hook. – begonia  – Angel wing begonia – 31
    391 – Begonia cucullata Willd. – begonia do brejo –   – 31
    392 – Begonia hirtella – erva de sapo; erva de saracura –   – 05; 31
    393 – Begonia ulmifolia Willd. – sete sangrias – Elm leaf begonia – 05; 31
    394 – Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. – belamcanda – Blackberry lily; Leopard lily; Shenan; Belamcanda – 05; 31
    395 – Bellis perennis L. – bellis; margaridinha – Daisy; English daisy – 05; 31
    396 – Bellucia grossularioides – araca de anta; goiaba de anta –   – 29; 31
    397 – Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. – abobora d’agua – Ash gourd; Ash pumpkin; Chinese watermelon; Wax gourd; White gourd; Chinese preserving melon; White pumpkin; Winter melon – 05; 29; 31
    398 – Berberis vulgaris L. – berbis – Common barberry; European barberry; Jaundice berry; Piprage – 03; 05; 30; 31
    399 – Bertholleti excelsa Bonpl. – castanha do brasil –   – 05; 31
    400 – Bertholletia excelsa – amendoeira da america; castanha; castanha do brasil; castanha do maranhao; castanha do para; castanha mansa; castanha verdadeira; castanheira; castanheiro –   – 03; 04; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32
    401 – Beta vulgaris L. – beterraba –   – 02; 05; 29; 30; 31
    402 – Betula pendula Roth. – betula – European white birch; Silver birch; Weeping birch – 03; 05; 29; 31
    403 – Bidens bipinnata Baill – bidens beijo de moca –   – 05; 31
    404 – Bidens bipinnata L. – margarida de sao pedro –   – 05; 31
    405 – Bidens pilosa L. – picao; carrapicho de agulha; picao preto; picao – Hairy beggar ticks; Spanish needles – 05; 31
    406 – Bidens pilosa L. * – picao –   – 05; 31
    407 – Bignonia unguis – cipo de gato; cipo de morcego; cipo de unha de gato; unha de gato –   – 02; 03; 05; 31
    408 – Billbergia amoena Lindl – bromelia –   – 31
    409 – Billbergia chlorosticta hort. Saunders ex Mast. – bromelia – Rainbowplant – 31
    410 – Billbergia nutans H. Wendl. ex Regel – bromelia  – Friendship plant; Queen’s tears – 31
    411 – Billbergia pyramidalis Sims – bromelia –   – 31
    412 – Billbergia zebrina (Herb.) Lindl. – bromelia –   – 31
    413 – Bismarckia nobilis Hildebrandt & H. Wendl. – palmeira de bismarck; palmeira azul; palmeira azul de madagascar – Satra; Satrabe; Satrana – 31
    414 – Bixa orellana – acafroa; acafroa da terra; uru uval; urucu; urucum –   – 02; 03; 05; 22; 30; 31; 32; 33
    415 – Bixa orellana L. – urucum; acafroa; bixa – Annato; Annatto; Arnatto; Lipsticktree – 05; 31
    416 – Bletia catenulata Ruiz & Pav. – bletia –   – 31
    417 – Blighia sapida K. D. Koenig – akee; castanheiro da africa – Akee; Akee apple; Ackee – 05; 29; 31
    418 – Blutaparon vermiculare (L.) Mears – blutaparon – Samphire – 31
    419 – Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. – rami – Chinese silkplant; Ramie – 22; 31
    420 – Boerhavia hirsuta – pega pinto –   – 05; 31
    421 – Boerhavia paniculata – barrigudinho; bredo de porco; celidonia; erva tostao; pega pinto; solidonia; tangaraca mansa –   – 05; 31
    422 – Boerhavia paniculata L. – solidonia –   – 05; 31
    423 – Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla – bolboschoenus – Alkali bulrush; Bayonet grass; Purua grass; Saltmarsh bulrush; Saltmarsh club rush; Sea club rush – 05; 31
    424 – Bombax globosum – sumaumeira da terra firme –   – 05; 22; 31
    425 – Borago officinalis L. – borragem; boragem – Beebread; Beeplant; Borage; Talewort; Star flower – 03; 05; 30; 31
    426 – Borassus aethiopum Mart. – palmeira abanico – African fan palm; Black rum palm; Borassus palm; Deleb palm – 29; 31; 32; 33
    427 – Borassus flabellifer L. – brocao; palmira – Doub palm; Palmyra palm; Tala palm; Toddy palm; Wine palm – 05; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    428 – Borojoa sorbilis (Ducke) Cuatrec. – purui grande –   – 29; 31
    429 – Borojoa verticilata – purui –   – 29; 31; 32
    430 – Bothriochloa barbinodis (Lag.) Herter – bothriochloa  – Cane bluestem – 31
    431 – Bothriochloa insculpta (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) A. Camus – bothriochloa – Creeping bluegrass; Pinhole grass; Sweet pit grass – 31
    432 – Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter – bothriochloa – Silver bluestem – 31
    433 – Bouchea pseudogervão – gervao de folha grande; gervao de folha larga; gervao falso –   – 05
    434 – Bouea macrophylla Griff. – bouea – Gandaria; Kundang; Ma prang – 31
    435 – Bougainvillea glabra Choisy – sempre lustrosa; minerva; primavera – Paper flower – 05; 31
    436 – Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. – bougainvillea; primavera; tres marias – Great bougainvillea – 05; 31
    437 – Bouteloua aristidoides (Kunth) Griseb. – capim bouteloua – Needle grama – 31
    438 – Bowdichia nitida – sapupira; sebepira; sepipira; sicupira; sucupira –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 31
    439 – Bowdichia virgilioides – cutiuba; parica rana; sibipira; sicupira; sipipira; sucopira; sucupira do campo –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 31
    440 – Bowdichia virgilioides * – sucupira –   – 05
    441 – Bowdichia virgilioides H.B.K. – sucupira preta –   – 05
    442 – Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb. – brachiaria – Sweet signal grass – 31
    443 – Brachiaria nigropedata (Munro ex Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf – brachiaria – Spotted signal grass – 31
    444 – Brassica carinata A. Braun – mostarda da etiopia – Abyssinian cabbage; Abyssinian mustard; African cabbage; Mustard collard; Ethiopian mustard – 31
    445 – Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. – mostarda marron; mostarda vermelha; mostarda; mostarda amarela – India mustard; Indian mustard; Oriental mustard – 03; 05; 30; 31
    446 – Brassica napus L. – colza; nabo redondo; nabo – Annual rape; Canola; Colza; Rape; Rutabaga; Swede; Swedish turnip – 05; 29; 31
    447 – Brassica nigra (L.) W. D. J. Koch – mostarda preta – Black mustard – 03; 05; 30; 31
    448 – Brassica oleracea – couve –   – 05; 31
    449 – Brassica oleracea L. – brocoli; couve de bruxelas; couve flor; couve rabano; repolho; repolho silvestre; repolho ornamental; couve – Asparagus broccoli; Broccoli; Brussels sprouts; Cabbage; Cabbage turnip; Cape broccoli; Cauliflower; Kohlrabi; Red cabbage; Stem turnip; White cabbage; Wild cabbage; Kale – 05
    450 – Brassica oleraceae * – couve –   – 05
    451 – Brassica rapa – brassica; colza –   – 05; 29; 31
    452 – Breynia nivosa Small – milho verde –   – 05
    453 – Bromelia balaense Mez. – gravata –   – 05
    454 – Bromelia pinguin – caraguata acanga; coroata; curaua –   – 02; 05; 22; 30; 31
    455 – Bromus arvensis L. – bromus – Field brome – 31
    456 – Bromus catharticus Vahl – bromus; cevadilha; falsa cevada; aveia louca –   – 31
    457 – Bromus commutatus Schrad. – bromus – Hairy chess; Meadow brome – 31
    458 – Bromus inermis Leyss. – bromus; cevada; cevadinha – Smooth brome – 05; 31
    459 – Bromus stamineus E. Desv. – bromus – Grazing brome – 31
    460 – Brosimopsis acutifolia – murure de terra firme –   – 05
    461 – Brosimum acutifolium – mercurio vegetal; muirapiranga; murere; murere de terra firme –   – 05
    462 – Brosimum acutifolium Huber – murure paje –   – 05
    463 – Brosimum alicastrum Sw. – janita – Breadnut – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 30; 31
    464 – Brosimum clausifolium Ducke* – amoreira do mato –   – 05
    465 – Brosimum guianense (Aubl.) Huber – muirapimina –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 31
    466 – Brosimum obovata – murure –   – 05
    467 – Brosimum potabile – amapa da varzea; amapa doce; leiteira –   – 05
    468 – Brosimum rubescens Taub. – pau rainha –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 31
    469 – Brosimum utile (Kunth) Pittier – murure – Cowtree – 05; 30
    470 – Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. – amoreira do papel – Paper mulberry; Tapa cloth tree – 01; 05; 31
    471 – Browallia speciosa Hook. – brovalia – Amethyst flower; Sapphire flower – 31
    472 – Browallia viscosa Kunth – brovalia –   – 31
    473 – Brownea grandiceps – braunia; rosa da mata; rosa de cruz; rosa de montanha –   – 05; 31
    474 – Brugmansia × insignis (Barb. Rodr.) Lockwood ex R. E. Schult. – toe – Pink angel’s trumpet – 05; 31
    475 – Brugmansia suaveolens (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Bercht. & J. Presl – brugmansia – Angel’s trumpet; White angel’s trumpet – 05; 31
    476 – Brugmansia suaveolens Bercht. & Presl – trombeta; boca de sino –   – 05
    477 – Brunfelsia brasiliensis (Spreng.) L. B. Smith & Downs – manaca –   – 05
    478 – Brunfelsia uniflora (Pohl) D. Don – manaca –   – 05; 31
    479 – Bryophyllum calycinum – pirarucu; saiao; saiao;folha de fatima; coirama –   – 05
    480 – Buddleja brasiliensis Jacq. ex Spren. – barbaco –   – 05
    481 – Bulbophyllum lobbii Lindl. – bulbofilum –   – 31
    482 – Bulbostylis paradoxa Nees – bulbostylis; capim de porco; capim de sapo –   – 05
    483 – Bulnesia sarmientoi Lorentz ex Griseb. – pau santo – Gaiacwood; Paraguay lignum vitae; True guaiac – 03; 30
    484 – Bunchosia armeniaca (Cav.) DC. – ameixa do peru –   – 31
    485 – Bunchosia glandulosa – ameixa braba; ameixa do para; cafe do amazonas; caferana; caramela; ciruela –   – 29; 31
    486 – Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. – bursera – West indian birch – 02; 04; 05; 31
    487 – Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc. – butia; butia de praia; cabecudo – Jelly palm; Pindo palm; South american jelly palm – 31
    488 – Buxus sempervirens Lam. – buxinho; buxo –   – 05; 31
    489 – Byrsonima coccolobifolia Kunth. – murici –   – 05
    490 – Byrsonima crassifolia – bureci; danadinha falsa; mirici; mureci; murici; muricizeiro; muruchi; muruci; muruci da praia; muruci do campo; muruci rasteiro; orelha de veado –   – 04; 05; 29; 31; 32; 33
    491 – Byrsonima spicata – caa acu; cerejeira dourada; mureci; pau de curtir; pau de curtume; pessegueiro bravo –   – 01; 05
    492 – Byrsonima verbascifolia – achyulu; douradinha falsa; mureci; murichi; murici; murici assu; murici da mata; murici gracu; murici grande; murici guassu; murici pequeno; murici rasteiro; muricy; orelha de burro; orelha de veado –   – 01; 05; 31
    493 – Byrsonima verbascifolia (L.) DC. – orelha de burro –   – 05
    494 – Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray – cabomba – Carolina fanwort; Carolina water shield; Fanwort; Fish grass; Washington grass; Washington plant – 31
    495 – Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. – caesalpina – Bonduc; Divi divi; Gray nicker – 05
    496 – Caesalpinia bonducella – arraiozes; inimbo; inimboja; juquirirana; n’imboy; olho de gato; silva da praia –   – 05
    497 – Caesalpinia echinata Lam. – pau brasil; pau pernambuco – Brazilwood; Peachwood; Pernambuco wood – 01; 05; 31
    498 – Caesalpinia ferrea – ibira obi; imira ita; ita; itu; juca; jucaina; muira; muiraobi; obi; pau de juca; pau ferro; pau ferro do ceara; quimpuringa; ubiraeta; juca –   – 05; 19; 31
    499 – Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. – juca –   – 05
    500 – Caesalpinia gardneriana Benth. – catingueira –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 20; 22; 25; 31
    501 – Caesalpinia microphylla – caesalpinia –   – 31
    502 – Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. f. flava (O. Deg.) H. St. John – caesalpinia; barba de barata –   – 05; 31
    503 – Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. – guandu; guandu forrageiro; feijao guandu; guisante de angola – Congo pea; Pigeon pea; Red gram; Yellow dhal – 04; 05; 31
    504 – Cajanus cajan Druce – feijao andu –   – 05
    505 – Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars – cajanus –   – 31
    506 – Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent. – mao aberta – Caladium; Elephant’s ear; Fancy leaf caladium; Heart of jesus – 05; 31
    507 – Caladium picturatum – pe de bezerro; tajura; tinhorao; tinhorao sarapintado –   – 05; 31
    508 – Caladium sororium – aninga de agua –   – 01; 05; 29; 31
    509 – Calamus caesius Blume – calamus – Rattan palm – 20; 31
    510 – Calamus palustris J. E. Griff. – calamus –   – 20; 31
    511 – Calanthe vestita Lindl. – orquidea –   – 31
    512 – Calathea allouia – agua bendita; aria; batata de indio; leren; tupinambor –   – 16; 29; 30; 31
    513 – Calathea lutea (Aubl.) Schult. – cachibou; cauassu –   – 03; 04; 16; 22; 31
    514 – Calathea ornata – marantha ornata –   – 31
    515 – Calathea zebrina (Sims) Lindl. – calathea; calatea – Zebraplant – 31
    516 – Calendula arvensis L. – calendula – Field marigold – 05; 31
    517 – Calendula officinalis L. – calendula; maravilha do jardim – Marigold; Pot marigold; Ruddles; Scotch marigold; Calendula – 01; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    518 – Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn. – caliandra – Calliandra; Red calliandra – 01; 04; 22; 31
    519 – Calliandra grandiflora (L’Hér.) Benth. – caliandra –   – 05; 31
    520 – Calliandra sp. – caliandra; escovinha de macaco; escovinha do mato –   – 05; 31
    521 – Calliandra tweediei Benth. – angiquinho – Mexican flamebush – 31
    522 – Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels – calistemo; calistemon; escova de garrafa – Crimson bottlebrush – 31
    523 – Callistemon pachyphyllus Cheel – calistemo; calistemon – Wallum bottlebrush – 31
    524 – Callistemon viminalis (Sol. ex Gaertn.) G. Don – calistemo; calistemon; calistemon vermelho – Weeping bottlebrush – 31
    525 – Callistephus chinensis (L.) Nees – aster da china; rainha margarida – Annual aster; China aster – 31
    526 – Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. – cedro do pantano; guanandi; jacareuba; landi; mangue – Maria; Santa maria – 01; 19; 31
    527 – Calophyllum brasiliense Cambo – jacareuba –   – 01; 05; 19; 31
    528 – Calophyllum brasiliensis – galandim; guanandi; guanandi carvalho; guanandi cedro; guanandi de leite; gulande carvalho; jacareuba; jacareuva; lacare iba; landi; landim; lantim; laudim; olandi; olandim; pau azeite; pau de azeite; pau de maria –   – 01; 05; 19; 31
    529 – Calopogonium caeruleum (Benth.) Sauvages – calopogonio; feijaozinho –   – 31
    530 – Calopogonium mucunoides Desv. – calopogonio; calopo – Calopo – 31
    531 – Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton – algodao de seda – Akund; Apple of sodom; Auricula tree; Giant milkweed; Madar; Mudar; Rubberbush; Small crownflower; Sodom apple; Sodom’s milkweed; Swallowwort – 31
    532 – Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. – trepadeira – Bindweed; Greater bindweed; Hedge bindweed; Wild morning glory – 05; 31
    533 – Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz – camelina – Big seed false flax; False flax; Gold of pleasure – 29; 30; 31
    534 – Camellia japonica L. – camelia – Camellia; Common camellia – 01; 31
    535 – Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze – cha da india – Assam tea; Black tea; Green tea; Tea; Teaplant – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32
    536 – Campanula carpatica Jacq. – campainha; campanula – Tussock bellflower – 31
    537 – Campanula isophylla Moretti – campanula – Falling stars; Italian bellflower; Star of bethlehem – 31
    538 – Campanula medium L. – campainha dos jardins; campanula – Canterbury bells; Cup and saucer – 31
    539 – Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess.) O. Berg – campomanesia; guabiroba branca; guabiroba do campo –   – 29; 30; 31
    540 – Campomanesia guazumifolia (Cambess.) O. Berg – sete capas; sete capotes –   – 29; 30; 31
    541 – Campomanesia lineatifolia Ruiz & Pav. – guabiroba –   – 29; 30; 31; 32
    542 – Campomanesia triflora – ibabiraba; ubacaba; ubucaba –   – 05; 31
    543 – Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Less.) DC. – campulclinium – Pompomweed – 31
    544 – Campyloneurum phyllitidis (L.) C. Presl – campyloneurum – Cow tongue fern; Ribbon fern; Strap fern – 31
    545 – Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thomson – ilangue ilangue; cananga – Ylang ylang tree; Ylang ylang – 03; 05; 30; 31
    546 – Canarium album (Lour.) Raeusch. – azeitona da china – Chinese white olive – 05; 29; 30; 31
    547 – Canarium luzonicum (Blume) A. Gray – elemi de manilha – Elemi canary tree; Manila elemi tree – 03; 04; 05; 29; 30; 31
    548 – Canarium ovatum Engler – canarium – Pilinut – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    549 – Canarium tramdenum C. D. Dai & Yakovlev – azeitona preta da china – Chinese black olive – 29; 30; 31
    550 – Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC. – feijao de porco – Gotani bean; Horsebean; Jack bean; Seaside bean; Sword bean; Giant stock bean; Wonder bean – 05; 31
    551 – Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC. – feijao de porco – Sword bean – 05; 29; 30; 31
    552 – Canistrum lindenii (Regel) Mez In Mart. – gravata –   – 31
    553 – Canna indica L. – cana da india – African arrowroot; Edible canna; Gruya; Indian shot; Purple arrowroot; Queensland arrowroot; Sierra leone arrowroot – 29; 30; 31
    554 – Cannabis sativa L. – canhamo –   – 03; 05; 22; 30; 31; 34
    555 – Caperonia castaneifolia (L.) A. St.-Hil. – caperonia; erva de bicho branca – Birdeye; Mexican weed – 31
    556 – Capparis flexuosa – burro; capotaia; feijao de boi; mussambe indecente; palinguan; palo de burro; sapotaia –   – 03; 04; 05; 19; 31
    557 – Capparis spinosa L. – alcaparra – Caper; Caperbush – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    558 – Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. – bolsa de pastor; erva do bom pastor – Shepherd’s purse – 05; 29; 30; 31
    559 – Capsicum annuum L. – pimentao; enfeite; pimenta de bugre –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    560 – Capsicum baccatum L. – pimenta; pimenteira; dedo de moca; cambuci – Aji; Brown’s pepper; Peruvian pepper – 05; 30; 31
    561 – Capsicum chinense Jacq. – pimenta; pimenteira; pimentao habanero – Bonnet pepper; Datil pepper; Habanero pepper; Piri piri pepper; Squash pepper; Yellow squash pepper – 05; 30; 31
    562 – Capsicum flexuosum Sendtn. – pimenta silvestre –   – 30
    563 – Capsicum frutescens L. – pimenta; pimenta malagueta – Bird pepper; Hot pepper; Red chili; Spur pepper; Capsicum; Tabasco pepper – 05; 30; 31
    564 – Caraipa minor – baratinha; tamaquare miudo –   – 05; 30; 31
    565 – Caraipa paraensis – tamaquare grande –   – 05; 19; 31
    566 – Carapa guianensis – abocidan; andiroba; andiroba branca; andiroba sabura; andiroba vermelha; andirobaaruba; andirobeira; andirova; angiroba; carapa; carapinha; caropa; cumacari; gandiroba; gendiroba; jandiroba; landiroba; landirova; mandiroba; nhandiroba; pendiba perpurga de santo inacio –   – 01; 03; 05; 19; 31
    567 – Carapa guianesis Aubert – andiroba –   – 05; 31
    568 – Carapa procera DC. – andiroba; andirobinha  – Carapa; Uganda crabwood – 04; 19; 31
    569 – Carapichea ipecacuanha (Brot.) L. Andersson – ipecacuanha – Ipecac – 01; 05; 31
    570 – Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw. – cardiospermo – Balloonvine; Heartseed; Heartseedvine – 31
    571 – Cardiospermum halicacabum L. – balaozinho – Balloonvine; Heart pea; Winter cherry – 05; 31
    572 – Carica papaya – mamao; papaia –   – 05; 31
    573 – Carica papaya L. – mamao; papaia – Papaya; Pawpaw – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31
    574 – Cariniana legalis (Mart.) Kuntze – jequitiba –   – 19; 31
    575 – Carissa carandas L. – carandeira – Karanda – 29; 30; 31; 32
    576 – Carpobrotus edulis (L.) L. Bolus – balsamo – Hottentot fig – 05; 29; 30; 31
    577 – Carpotroche brasiliensis (Raddi) Endl. – ameixa amarela; sapucainha; ameixa do mato –   – 05
    578 – Carpotroche longifolia – fruta de cutia –   – 05
    579 – Carthamus tinctorius L. – cartamo; acafrao; carthamus; acafrao bastardo – False saffron; Safflower – 02; 05; 29; 31
    580 – Carum carvi L. – alcaravia; cominho – Caraway; Carum – 01; 03; 05; 30; 31
    581 – Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch – nogueira peca – Pecan – 04; 30; 31
    582 – Caryocar brasiliense Cambess. – pequi; piquia – Pequi – 05; 31
    583 – Caryocar coriaceum Wittm. – pequi –   – 05
    584 – Caryocar glabrum – cabeleira; jiqui; piquia da areia; piquiarana da terra; piquiarana da terra firme; piquiarana vermelha –   – 03; 05; 19; 30; 31
    585 – Caryocar nuciferum – arvore da manteiga; manteiga de demerara; nozes pequia; nozes sarahua; pekea; pequea; pequi; pequia amarelo –   – 01; 05; 29; 31
    586 – Caryocar villosum – pequi; pequia; piquia; piquia bravo; piquia ete; ruamahi (uaica) –   – 03; 05; 29; 31
    587 – Caryophyllus aromaticus – craveiro da india –   – 03; 05; 30
    588 – Caryota urens L. – cariota; palmeira cariota; palmeira rabo de peixe – Fishtail palm; Jaggery palm; Kitul tree; Sago palm; Toddy palm; Solitary fishtail palm; Wine palm – 05; 22; 30; 31
    589 – Cascarilla lambertiana – quina do rio negro –   – 05
    590 – Casearia grandiflora Cambess. – touceira –   – 05
    591 – Casearia sylvestris – apia acanocu; bugre branco; cafe do diabo; caroba; cha de bugre; cha de frade; erva de bugre; erva de lagarto; erva de pontada; fruta de saira; gaibim; gaimbim; guacatunga; guacatunga falsa; guassatonga; herva de bugre; lingua de lagarto; lingua de teiu; marmelada vermelha; marmelinho do campo; pao de lagarto; paratudo; pau de bugre; pau de lagarto; pioia; pioya; pitimba de folha miuda; pitumba; sarita; vassatonga; vassatunga; yuassatunga –   – 05
    592 – Casearia sylvestris Sw. – casearia; contra erva – Wild sage – 05
    593 – Casimiroa edulis La Llave & Lex. – casimiroa; sapoti – Mexican apple; White sapote; Casimiroa – 05; 31
    594 – Cassia alata – cafe beirao; dartrial; fedegosao; fedegoso gigante; mangerioba grande; maria preta; mata pastao; mata pasto; mocote; cafe –   – 05
    595 – Cassia fistula L. – cana fistula verdadeira; chuva de ouro; cassia imperial; canafrista – Golden shower; Indian laburnum; Purging cassia – 05; 31
    596 – Cassia grandis L. f. – aleluia; marimari grande – Appleblossom cassia; Coral shower; Horse cassia; Pink shower – 05; 31
    597 – Cassia leiandra – marimari; seruaia –   – 05; 31
    598 – Cassia leptocarpa Benth. – fedegoso; raiz preta –   – 05
    599 – Cassia leptophylla Vogel – cassia; falso barabtimao; cana fistula –   – 31
    600 – Cassia occidentalis – fedegoso; manjerioba –   – 05
    601 – Castanea crenata Siebold & Zucc. – castanheiro do japao – Japanese chestnut – 19; 31
    602 – Castanea mollissima Blume – castanha – Chinese chestnut; Chinese hairy chestnut – 31
    603 – Castanea sativa Mill. – castanheiro comum – European chestnut; Spanish chestnut; Sweet chestnut – 05; 19; 31
    604 – Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. – casuaria; casuarina – River oak; River she oak – 31
    605 – Casuarina equisetifolia Forst. – casuaria; casuarina – Australian beefwood; Beach she oak; Ironwood; Whistling pine – 04; 05; 22; 31; 44
    606 – Casuarina glauca Sieber ex Spreng. – casuarina; she oak – Brazilian oak; Saltmarsh ironwood; Swamp she oak; Long leaf ironwood; Scaly bark beefwood; Swamp oak – 05; 31
    607 – Catasetum macrocarpum Rich. ex Kunth – orquidea – Jumping orchid – 31
    608 – Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don – boa noite; maria sem vergonha; vinca – Madagascar periwinkle; Old maid; Rosy periwinkle; Cape periwinkle; Rose periwinkle – 05; 31
    609 – Cattleya aurantiaca Lindl. – orquidea –   – 31
    610 – Cattleya harrisoniana Bateman ex Lindl. – orquidea – Harrison’s cattleya – 31
    611 – Cattleya intermedia caerulea – orquidea –   – 31
    612 – Cattleya labiata – orquidea –   – 31
    613 – Cattleya loddigesii Lindl. – orquidea – Loddiges’ cattleya – 31
    614 – Cattleya mossiae Hook – orquidea –   – 31
    615 – Cattleya percivaliana (Rchb. f.) O’Brien – orquidea – Christmas cattleya – 31
    616 – Cayaponia tayuya – cabeca de negro; tayuya –   – 05
    617 – Cayaponia tayuya (Vell.) Cogn. – tayuya; taiuia – Tayuya – 05
    618 – Cayaponia trilobata * – abobora d’anta –   – 05
    619 – Cecropia glaziovi Snethage – embauba formiga –   – 05
    620 – Cecropia glaziovi Snethl.; Cecropia peltata Schreb. ex Miq.; Cecropia sp. – embauba; imbauba; umbauba –   – 05
    621 – Cecropia hololeuca Miq. – embauba branca; embaubinha; embauba caixeta –   – 05
    622 – Cecropia pachystachia Trec. – torem imbauba –   – 05
    623 – Cecropia peltata L. – umbauba –   – 05
    624 – Cedrela fissilis Vell. – cedrela; cedro –   – 05; 19; 31
    625 – Cedrela odorata L. – cedro – Barbados cedar; Cigar box cedar; Spanish cedar; West indian cedar; Mexican cedar – 03; 05; 19; 31
    626 – Cedrus atlantica (Endl.) G. Manetti ex Carrière – cedro; cedrus – Atlantic cedar; Atlas cedar – 03; 19; 31
    627 – Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D. Don) G. Don – cedro; cedrus – Deodar; Deodar cedar; Himalayan cedar – 03; 05; 31
    628 – Ceiba pentandra – arvore da la; arvore da seda; paina lisa; paineira; sumauma; sumauma da varzea; sumauma verdadeira; sumaumeira –   – 01; 03; 04; 05; 19; 22; 29; 31
    629 – Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil.) Ravenna – paineira; paina; barriguda; paina de seda; paineira branca; paineira rosa; arvore de paina; arvore de la; paineira femea – Floss silktree – 31
    630 – Celosia argentea L. – crista de galo; celosia plumosa – Feather cockscomb; Red spinach; Silver cockscomb – 05; 31
    631 – Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm. – celtis – Desert hackberry; Spiny hackberry – 31
    632 – Cenchrus ciliaris L. – capim bufalo; biloela; molopo; capim buffel – African foxtail grass; Buffel grass – 05; 31; 44
    633 – Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis – carrapicho de praia; carrapicho de areia – Coast sandbur; Coast sandbur grass; Coastal sandbur; Common sandbur; Field sandbur; Mat sandbur; Spiny bur grass – 05; 31
    634 – Cenchrus pennisetiformis Hochst. & Steud. – capim buffel – Buffel grass – 31
    635 – Cenchrus tribuloides L. – carrapicho de praia – Dune sandbur; Long spine sandbur; Sand dune sandbur – 05; 31
    636 – Centaurea cyanus L. – centaurea; centaura – Bachelor’s button; Blue bottle; Cornflower – 05; 31
    637 – Centella asiática (L.) Urban; Hydrocotile asiática L. – centela; centella; centella asiatica; cairucu asiatico; centelha asiatica; codagem; pata de burro; pata de cavalo; pata de muladh –   – 05
    638 – Centratherum punctatum Cass. – perpetua (campo) –   – 05; 31
    639 – Centrosema acutifolium Benth. – centrosema –   – 31
    640 – Centrosema brasilianum (L.) Benth. – centrosema; cunha; jequitirana –   – 31
    641 – Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. – centrosema –   – 31; 44
    642 – Centrosema pascuorum Mart. ex Benth. – centrosema – Centurion – 31
    643 – Centrosema plumieri (Turpin ex Pers.) Benth. – centrosema –   – 31; 44
    644 – Centrosema pubescens Benth. – centrosema; jequitirana – Butterfly pea; Spurred butterfly pea; Centro – 31; 44
    645 – Centrosema sagittatum (H.B.K.) Brandg. – centrosema – Sagittate butterfly pea – 31
    646 – Centrosema schiedeanum (Schltdl.) R. J. Williams & R. J. Clem. – centrosema –   – 31
    647 – Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth. – centrosema – Butterfly pea; Spurred butterfly pea – 31; 44
    648 – Cephalocereus senilis (Haw) Pfeiff – cactus –   – 31
    649 – Ceratonia siliqua L. – alfarroba; alfarrobeira – Carob; Locust bean; St. John’s bread – 02; 04; 05; 30; 31; 32
    650 – Ceratopteris pteridoides (Hook.) Hieron. – ceratopteris – Floating fern – 31
    651 – Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. – ceratopteris – Water fern; Water horn fern; Water sprite – 31
    652 – Cereus brasiliensis * – cactus –   – 05; 31
    653 – Cereus hildmannianus K. Schum. – mandacaru; cardo anana; cardeiro; cumbeba; urumbeba – Hedge cactus; Queen of the night – 31
    654 – Cestrum laevigatum Schltdl. – dama da noite – Inkberry – 05; 31
    655 – Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach – marmeleiro do japao – Flowering quince; Japanese quince – 31
    656 – Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. – chaerophyllum; perjil – Bulbous chervil; Parsnip chervil; Tuberous chervil; Turnip root chervil – 31
    657 – Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene – chamaecrista – Japanese tea – 01; 31
    658 – Chamaecrista rotundifolia (Pers.) Greene – erva coracao – Round leaf cassia – 31
    659 – Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray bis) Parl. – cipreste falso; tuia prateada – Ginger pine; Lawson’s cypress; Oregon cedar; Port orford cedar; Lawson’s false cypress – 03; 31
    660 – Chamaecyparis obtusa (Siebold e Zucc) Endll. – pinheiro dourado –   – 03; 31
    661 – Chamaecytisus prolifer (L. f.) Link subsp. prolifer var. palmensis (H. Christ) A. Hansen & Sunding – tagassasto – Tagasaste; Tree lucerne – 31
    662 – Chamaedorea cataractarum Mart. – palmeira cascata – Cascade palm; Cat palm – 31
    663 – Chamaedorea elegans Mart. – palmeira bambu – Good luck palm; Parlor palm – 31
    664 – Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii H.Wendl. – palmeirinha de ernesto –   – 31
    665 – Chamaedorea pinnatifrons (Jacq.) Oerst. – ubim –   – 31
    666 – Chamaedorea seifrizii Burret. – camedorea bambu –   – 31
    667 – Chamaerops humilis L. – palmeira de leque da europa; palmeira ana; palmeira vassoureira – Dwarf fan palm; European fan palm – 22; 31
    668 – Chamaesyce thymifolia (L.) Millsp. – chamaesyce – Chickenweed; Gulf sandmat – 05; 31
    669 – Chamelaucium uncinatum – chamelaucium; flor de cera –   – 31
    670 – Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauchert (antiga Matricaria chamomilla L.; Matricaria recutita L) – camomila –   – 05; 31
    671 – Chaptalia nutans (L.) Pol. – lingua de vaca – Silver puff; White back – 31
    672 – Cheiloclinium sp. – bacupari –   – 05; 31
    673 – Chenopodium album L. – anserina branca – Fat hen; Lamb’s quarter; Lamb’s quarters; White goosefoot – 05; 31
    674 – Chenopodium ambrosioides L. – erva de santa maria; santa maria – American wormseed; Jerusalem tea; Mexican tea; Wormseed – 05; 31
    675 – Chenopodium ambrosioidis L. – erva de santa maria mastruco –   – 05; 31
    676 – Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Aschers. – chenopodium – Strawberry blite; Strawberry spinach – 31
    677 – Chenopodium murale L. – pe de ganso – Australian spinach; Nettle leaf goosefoot; Salt green; Sowbane – 31
    678 – Chenopodium quinoa Willd. – quinoa –   – 31
    679 – Chioccoca brachiata – cipo cruz –   – 05; 31
    680 – Chloris gayana Kunth – chloris; cloris; capim de rhodes – Rhodes grass – 31
    681 – Chloris pycnothrix Trin. – chloris; cloris; capim pe de galinha; capim fino; capim cebola – Spiderweb chloris – 31
    682 – Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. – chloris; cloris – Radiate finger grass; Radiate windmill grass – 31
    683 – Chondodrendron platyphyllum Miers. – raiz de parreira brava; uva do mato; jabuticaba de cipo; cipo buta –   – 05; 31
    684 – Chondrodendron tomentosum Ruiz & Pav. – parreira – Pareira – 05; 31
    685 – Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob. – chromolaena – Bitterbush; Butterfly weed; Christmasbush; Devilweed; Hagonoy; Jack in the bush; Paraffin weed; Siamweed; Triffidweed – 05; 31
    686 – Chrozophora tinctoria (L.) A. Juss. – tornasol – Dyer’s croton; Giradol; Turnsole – 30; 31
    687 – Chrysanthemum indicum L. – crisantemo –   – 05; 31
    688 – Chrysophyllum areanarium Allemão – ameixa –   – 05; 31
    689 – Chrysophyllum arenarium Allemão – ameixa –   – 05; 31
    690 – Chrysophyllum cainito L. – cainito – Star apple – 31
    691 – Chrysophyllum delevoyi De Wild. – cola do obo – African star apple – 29; 31
    692 – Cicer arietinum L. – grao de bico – Bengal gram; Chick pea; Garbanzo; Gram – 05; 31
    693 – Cichorium endivia L. – chicoria; chicoria crespa; endivia; escarola; radichio –   – 31
    694 – Cichorium intybus L. – almeirao; almeirao verdadeiro; chicoria amarga; radi – Belgium endive; Chicory; Succory; Witloof; Coffee chicory; French endive – 05; 30; 31; 32
    695 – Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. ** – cimicifuga –   – 05; 31
    696 – Cinchona calisaya Wedd. – quina amarela – Chinabark; Ledgerbark; Quinine; Yellow cinchona; Yellowbark – 05; 30; 31
    697 – Cinchona pubescens Vahl – quina do amazonas – Quinine; Red cinchona; Red peruvian bark; Redbark – 01; 05; 19; 30; 31
    698 – Cinnamomum aromaticum Nees – cassia – Cassia; Cassia bark; Chinese cassia; Chinese cinnamon – 03; 05; 30; 31
    699 – Cinnamomum burmannii (Nees & T. Nees) Blume – falsa canforeira – Batavia cassia; Batavia cinnamon; Indonesian cassia; Java cassia; Korintje cassia; Padang cassia; Padang cinnamon – 30; 31
    700 – Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl – arvore da camphora – Camphor; Camphortree; Japanese camphor – 03; 05; 19; 22; 31
    701 – Cinnamomum verum J. Presl – caneleiro – Cinnamon – 03; 05; 30; 31
    702 – Cinnamomum zeylanicum – canela; canela da india –   – 05; 30; 31
    703 – Cissampelos pareira L. – cissampelos; parreira  – Velvetleaf – 05; 31
    704 – Cissus gongylodes (Baker) Burch. ex Planch. – cissus; cipo – Marble treebine – 31
    705 – Cissus rhombifolia Vahl – cissus; cipo – Grape ivy; Venezuela treebine – 31
    706 – Cissus sicyoides – cipo puca; cipo anil –   – 05; 31
    707 – Cissus verticillata (L.) Nicolson & C. E. Jarvis – Cissus – Princessvine – 05; 31
    708 – Cissus verticillata L. – cimicifuga; cipo puca –   – 05; 31
    709 – Citropsis articulata (Willd. ex Spreng.) Swingle & M. Kellerm. – citropsis – West african cherry orange – 01; 31
    710 – Citropsis gilletiana Swingle & M. Kellerm. – citropsis – Gillet’s cherry orange – 01; 31
    711 – Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. – melao bravo; colocintida – Bitter apple; Colocynth; Vine of sodom; Wild gourd – 05; 31
    712 – Citrullus lanatus – melancia –   – 05; 29; 31
    713 – Citrus × paradisi Macfad. – pomelo – Grapefruit – 01; 03; 05; 30; 31; 32
    714 – Citrus amblycarpa (Hassk.) Ochse – djenok limon – Djerook leemo – 01; 30; 31
    715 – Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle – lima acida; limao – Key lime; Lime; Mexican lime; Sour lime; West indian lime – 03; 05; 30; 31; 32
    716 – Citrus aurantium L. – laranja da terra; laranja azeda; laranja da terra – Bigarade; Bitter orange; Seville orange; Sour orange – 01; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32
    717 – Citrus aurantium Linné – laranja da terra –   – 05; 31
    718 – Citrus bergamia Risso & Poit. – bergamota – Bergamot orange – 03; 05; 30; 31
    719 – Citrus deliciosa Tenore – mexirica – Italian tangerine; Willow leaf mandarin – 03; 31; 32
    720 – Citrus hystrix Dc. – papeda – Mauritius papeda – 30; 31
    721 – Citrus jambhiri Lush. – limao rugoso – Citronelle; Jamberi; Jambhiri orange; Mazoe lemon; Rough lemon – 31
    722 – Citrus junos Sieb. ex Tanaka – citrus –   – 01; 30; 31
    723 – Citrus latifolia (Yu. Tanaka) Tanaka – limao tahiti – Bearss lime; Persian lime; Tahiti lime – 01; 30; 31
    724 – Citrus limetta Risso – lima de bico – Sweet lemon; Sweet lime – 31
    725 – Citrus limettioides Tanaka – lima da persia – Sweet lime – 31
    726 – Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. – limao; lima acida; limao verdadeiro – Lemon – 01; 02; 03; 05; 30; 31
    727 – Citrus limon * – limao –   – 05
    728 – Citrus limonia (L.) Burm. f. – limao cravo; rosa; capeta –   – 05
    729 – Citrus limonia Osbeck – limao cravo; cravo lemon – Canton lemon; Lemandarin; Mandarin lime; Otaheite orange; Rangpur lime; Marmalade lime; Red lemon – 01; 05; 30; 31
    730 – Citrus medica L. – cidra; cidreira – Citron – 01; 05; 30; 31
    731 – Citrus nobilis Lour. – citrus – King orange; Tangor; King of siam – 31
    732 – Citrus reticulata Blanco – tangerina; mandarina – Culate mandarin; Mandarin orange; Tangerine; Mandarin – 01; 05; 30; 31
    733 – Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck – laranja doce; laranja; laranjeira – Blood orange; Sweet orange; Navel orange; Orange; Valencia orange – 05; 30; 31
    734 – Citrus sinensis Osbeck – laranja –   – 05
    735 – Citrus tachibana (Makino) Tanaka – citrus – Tachibana orange – 31
    736 – Citrus unshiu Marc. – satsuma – Satsuma mandarin; Satsuma orange – 31
    737 – Clarkia amoena (Lehm.) A. Nelson et J.F. Macbr. = Godetia amoema (Lehm.) G.Don. – flor de setim; godetia –   – 31
    738 – Clarkia unguiculata Lindl = Clarkia elegans Douglas ex Lindl., non Poiret – clarquia –   – 31
    739 – Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels – wampi – Wampee; Wampi; Chinese clausena – 05; 31
    740 – Claytonia odorata – camaca i; cumacahy; kumakaa i –   – 03; 05; 31
    741 – Cleome hassleriana Chodat – mussambe de espinho – Spider flower; Spiderplant – 31
    742 – Clibadium surinamense – conabi; conambim; counambi –   – 05; 31
    743 – Clibadium sylvestre (Aubl.) Baill. – cunambi – Barbasco – 05
    744 – Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don – caiuia – Curse; Koster’s curse; Soapbush – 05; 31
    745 – Clitoria laurifolia Poir. – clitoria –   – 01; 31
    746 – Clitoria ternatea L. – clitoria; clitoria azul – Blue pea; Butterfly pea; Cordofan pea – 05; 31
    747 – Cnicus benedictus * – cardo santo –   – 05
    748 – Cnicus benedictus L. – cardo santo; cardo bento – Blessed thistle – 01; 05; 31
    749 – Cnidoscolus chayamansa Mcvaugh – cnidoscolus – Tree spinach – 05
    750 – Cnidoscolus urens (L.) Arthur – cansancao; cancansao; urtigao –   – 05
    751 – Cobaea scandens Cav. – cabacinha – Cup and saucer vine; Mexican ivy; Monastery bells – 31
    752 – Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L. – uva da praia – Jamaican kino; Platterleaf; Sea grape – 05; 31; 44
    753 – Coccothrinax argentata (Jacq.) L. H. Bailey – palmeira prateada; palmeira prateada de leque – Biscayne palm; Florida silver palm; Silver palm; Silver thatch; Silvertop – 22; 31
    754 – Cocculus amazonum – abutua do amazonas –   – 05
    755 – Cochlearia officinalis L. – coclearia – Scurvy grass; Spoonwort – 05; 31
    756 – Cochlospermum orinocense – algodao bravo; botuto; envira mamao; envireira; pacote; periquiteira; periquiteira da mata; periquiteira grande da terra firme –   – 05; 22; 31
    757 – Cocos nucifera L. – coco da bahia; coqueiro – Coconut; Coconut palm; Copra; Nariyal – 05; 22; 29; 31
    758 – Cocos orinocensis – coqueirinho –   – 31
    759 – Cocos syagrus – iata; jata; jatauba; pererina; piririma; uaperena –   – 29; 31
    760 – Codariocalyx gyroides (Roxb. ex Link) Hassk. – codariocalyx – Codarrio; Sanagori – 31
    761 – Coelogyne cristata Schltr. – orquidea –   – 31
    762 – Coelogyne flaccida Lindl. – orquidea –   – 31
    763 – Coelogyne pandurata Lindl – orquidea –   – 31
    764 – Coelogyne speciosa Lindl. – orquidea –   – 31
    765 – Coffea arabica Benth. – cafe –   – 05
    766 – Coffea arabica L. – cafeeiro – Arabica coffee; Coffee; Arabian coffee – 01; 05; 30; 31
    767 – Coffea canephora Froem. – cafe robusto –   – 01; 05; 30; 31
    768 – Coffea congensis A. Froehner – cafe – Congo coffee – 30; 31
    769 – Coix lacryma-jobi L. – conta de nossa senhora; lagrima de nossa senhora – Adlay; Adlay millet; Job’s tears – 01; 05; 30; 31
    770 – Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl. – cola; coleira – Abata cola; Cola; Colatree; Kola – 01; 05; 30; 31
    771 – Coleus amboinicus Lour. – coleus; malva do reino –   – 05
    772 – Coleus barbatus – malva santa; anador; falso boldo –   – 05
    773 – Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott – inhame – Cocoyam; Dasheen; Elephant’s ear; Taro; Eddo; Madumbe – 05; 31
    774 – Colocasia esculenta Schott – inhame –   – 05
    775 – Colocasia gigantea (Blume) Hook. f. – taioba –   – 31
    776 – Combretum fruticosum Stuntz – escova de macaco; gaura escovinha –   – 31
    777 – Commelina nudiflora L. – trapoeraba –   – 05
    778 – Conium maculatum L. – cicuta maior – Carrot fern; Fool’s parsley; Poison hemlock; Spotted parsley; Hemlock; Spotted hemlock – 05; 31
    779 – Conobea aquatica – pataquera; vassourinha d’agua; vassourinha do brejo –   – 03; 31
    780 – Conobea scoparioides – pataqueira; vassourinha do brejo –   – 03; 05
    781 – Conocarpus erectus L. – mangue de botao – Button mangrove; Buttonwood – 01
    782 – Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur = Consolida ambigua auct., non P. Ball et Heyw.; Delphinium ajacis L. – esporinha de jardim –   – 05; 31
    783 – Consolida regalis Gray = Delphinium consolida L. – esporinha de cavaleiro –   – 05; 31
    784 – Convolvulus tricolor L. – bela da manha – Dwarf morning glory – 31
    785 – Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E. Walker – conyza; conisa; coniza – Broadleaf fleabane; Tall fleabane – 05; 31
    786 – Copaifera guyanensis Desf. – copaiba  – Copaiba – 02
    787 – Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. – copaiba; copaiba vermelha; oleo de copaiba – Copaiba – 02; 05
    788 – Copaifera langsdorfii Desf. – fiquisso do mato –   – 05
    789 – Copaifera martii Hayne – copaifera – Copaiba – 02
    790 – Copaifera multijuga – copaiba; copaiba angelim; copaiba branca; copaiba mari mari; copaiba roxa –   – 02; 04; 05
    791 – Copaifera officinalis – copaiba verdadeira; copaibeira –   – 02; 05
    792 – Copaifera reticulata – copaiba; copaiba jutai; copaiba marimari –   – 02; 03; 04; 05
    793 – Copaifera spp. – copaiba –   – 05; 31
    794 – Copernicia alba Morong ex Morong & Britton – carnauba –   – 19; 31
    795 – Copernicia prunifera – carandai; carnauba; carnaubeira; coco; coqueiro caranda; coqueiro carnauba –   – 04; 05; 16; 22; 30; 31
    796 – Corchorus capsularis – canhamo de bengala; canhamo de calcuta; juta; juta de fruto redondo; juta indiana; juta marrom –   – 22; 31
    797 – Corchorus olitorius – caruru da bahia; juta azul; juta de fruto comprido –   – 05; 22; 31
    798 – Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken – cordia; louro amarelo – Cypre; Salmwood – 19; 31
    799 – Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. – erva baleeira; canela de urubu; erva balieira – Black sage; Mahot noir; Wild sage – 05; 31
    800 – Cordia curassavica Auct. ex Fresen; Cordia verbenaceae DC. – erva baleeira –   – 05; 31
    801 – Cordia curassavica Roem. & Schult. – erva urubu; canela de urubu –   – 05
    802 – Cordia ecalyculata Vell. – cha de bugre –   – 05; 31
    803 – Cordia goeldiana Huber – freijo; imbuia – Brazilian walnut – 19; 31
    804 – Cordia sebestena L. – cordia; sebesteira verdadeira – Geigertree; Large leaf geigertree – 05; 31
    805 – Cordia sericicalyx A. DC. – pau santo; buta –   – 05; 31
    806 – Cordia sp. – cordia; maria mole doce –   – 05; 31
    807 – Cordyline indivisa (G.Foster) Steudel – coqueiro de venus; dracena –   – 31
    808 – Coreopsis grandiflora Hoog. ex Sweet – falsa camomila –   – 31
    809 – Coreopsis lanceolata L. – coreopsis; margaridinha amarela; margarida “amarela”; mae de familia – Garden coreopsis – 31
    810 – Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt = Calliopsis elegans hort.; Coreopsis bicolor Reich. – caliopsis; margaridinha escura –   – 31
    811 – Coriadrum sativum L. * – coentro –   – 05; 31
    812 – Coriandrum sativum L. – coentro; coriandro – Chinese parsley; Cilantro; Coriander – 03; 05; 30; 31
    813 – Coronopus didymus * – mastruco –   – 05
    814 – Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult. f.) Asch. & Graebn. – paina; capim dos pampas; cana dos pampas; cortadeira; penacho; pluma; bandeira  – Pampas grass – 31
    815 – Corylus avellana L. – aveleira – Cobnut; European filbert; European hazel; Giant filbert; Hazel – 03; 04; 05; 29; 31
    816 – Corymbia citriodora (Hook.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S. Johnson – eucalipto – Citron scent gum; Lemon scent gum – 03; 04; 31
    817 – Corymbia ficifolia (F.Muell.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S. Johnson – eucalipto – Red flower gum – 31
    818 – Corymbia gummifera (Gaertn.) K. D. Hill & L. A. S. Johnson – eucalipto –   – 19; 31
    819 – Corymbia maculata (Hook.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S. Johnson – eucalipto – Spotted gum – 19; 31
    820 – Corymbia torelliana (F.Muell.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S. Johnson – eucalipto – Cadaga; Cadaghi – 22; 31
    821 – Corynostylis hybanthus – ipecacuanha; pira aia; piraguaia –   – 05; 31
    822 – Corypha umbraculifera L. – palmeira das bermudas – Talipot palm – 31
    823 – Cosmos caudatus Jacq. – cosmos –   – 05; 31
    824 – Cosmos caudatus Kunth – cosmos – Cosmos – 19; 31
    825 – Costus scaber Ruiz – canarana –   – 05; 31
    826 – Costus spicatus – cana do brejo –   – 05; 31
    827 – Costus spicatus (Jacq.) Sw. – cana do brejo – Spiked spiral flag – 05; 31
    828 – Costus spiralis Rosc. – pacova; cana de macaco; cana do brejo –   – 05; 31
    829 – Cotyledon orbiculata L. – balsamo – Pig’s ears – 05; 31
    830 – Couepia longipendula Pilg. – castanha de galinha –   – 29; 31
    831 – Couma guianensis – nispero; sorva; sorveira –   – 17; 31
    832 – Couma macrocarpa – cuma acu; sorva; sorva grande –   – 17; 31
    833 – Couratari guianensis – tauari –   – 19; 22; 31
    834 – Couratari tauary – tauari –   – 19; 22; 31
    835 – Couroupita guianensis – abrico de macaco; amendoa dos andes; castanha de macaco; cuia de macaco; macacarecuia –   – 31
    836 – Crambe abyssinica Hochst. ex R. E. Fr. – crambe – Abyssinian kale; Colewort; Crambe – 03; 05; 29; 31
    837 – Crambe hispanica L. – crambe –   – 29; 31
    838 – Crambe maritima L. – couve marinha – Sea kale – 31
    839 – Crataegus oxyacantha L. – cratego –   – 05; 31
    840 – Crepidospermum rhoifolium – breu branco –   – 02; 31
    841 – Crescentia alata H.B.K. – crescentia –   – 05; 31
    842 – Crescentia cujete – arvore de cuia; cabaca; cabaceira; cina; coite; cuia; cuieira; cuiete; cuite; cuitejeira; cuiteseira; cujete –   – 05; 19; 31
    843 – Crithmum maritimum L. – funcho do mar – Rock samphire; Samphire; Sea fennel – 05; 30; 31
    844 – Crocus sativus L. – acafrao – Saffron; Saffron crocus – 03; 05; 30; 31
    845 – Crossandra infundibuliformis L. Ness – crossandra –   – 31
    846 – Crotalaria incana L. – crotalaria –   – 05; 31
    847 – Crotalaria juncea L. – crotalaria; canhamo da india – Indian hemp; Madras hemp; Sunn hemp; Sann hemp; Sunn crotalaria – 01; 05; 22; 31
    848 – Crotalaria pallida Aiton – crotalaria – Salts rattlebox; Smooth crotalaria; Smooth rattlebox; Striped crotalaria – 01; 05; 31
    849 – Crotalaria paulina Schrank – crotalaria –   – 01; 31
    850 – Crotalaria retusa L. – crotalaria – Devil bean; Wedge leaf crotalaria; Rattlebox – 05; 22; 31
    851 – Crotalaria spectabilis Roth – crotalaria – Rattlebox; Showy crotalaria; Showy rattlebox – 05; 31
    852 – Croton cajucara – sacaca –   – 05; 31
    853 – Croton cajuçara – cajucara –   – 03; 31
    854 – Croton cajucara Benth. – sacaca –   – 05; 31
    855 – Croton cajucara L. – sacaca –   – 05; 31
    856 – Croton campestris – capihi xingui; capincigui; curraleira; velame; velame do campo; velame verdadeiro –   – 03; 05; 31
    857 – Croton elutheria – casca eluteriana; cascarilha; quina aromatica –   – 02; 03; 31
    858 – Croton floribundus Spreng. ou Lund, ex Didr. – capixingui –   – 05; 31
    859 – Croton lechleri Müll.Arg. – sangue de grado –   – 05; 31
    860 – Croton sacaquinha Croizat – sacaquinha –   – 05; 31
    861 – Croton sonderianus – marmeleiro –   – 05; 31
    862 – Croton sonderianus Müll.Arg. – marmeleiro –   – 05; 31
    863 – Croton sp. – croton; santa barbara –   – 05; 31
    864 – Croton tiglium L. – crotone – Purging croton – 05; 31
    865 – Croton urucurana Baill – adragua –   – 05
    866 – Croton zehntneri Pax & K. Hoffm. – cunha –   – 05
    867 – Croton zehntnery – canela de cunha –   – 05
    868 – Cryptanthus acaulis (Lindl.) Beer – bromelia – Starfishplant – 31
    869 – Cryptanthus zonatus (Vis.) Beer – bromelia – Zebraplant – 31
    870 – Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don – cryptomeria – Cryptomeria; Japanese cedar – 03; 31
    871 – Cryptotaenia japonica Hassk. – couve – Japanese cryptotaenia; Japanese honewort – 31
    872 – Cucumis anguria L. – maxixe –   – 05; 31
    873 – Cucumis melo – melao; melao oriental –   – 05; 29; 31
    874 – Cucumis metuliferus E. Mey. ex Naudin – pepino africano – African horned cucumber; African horned melon; Jelly melon; Kiwano – 05; 31
    875 – Cucumis prophetarum L. – cucumis – Wild cucumber – 05
    876 – Cucumis sativus L. – pepino –   – 05; 29; 31
    877 – Cucurbita ficifolia Bouché – cucurbita; abobora; abobora chila – Black seed squash; Fig leaf gourd; Malabar gourd – 05; 31
    878 – Cucurbita foetidissima H.B.K. – cucurbita – Buffalo gourd; Missouri gourd; Prairie gourd – 04; 05; 29; 30; 31
    879 – Cucurbita maxima Duchesne – moranga; abobora; mogango – Pumpkin; Squash; Great pumpkin; Red gourd; Winter squash – 31
    880 – Cucurbita moschata (Duch.) Duch. ex Poiret – abobora – Butternut squash; Golden cushaw; Pumpkin; Squash – 05; 31
    881 – Cucurbita moschata Ducherne, ex Poir – abobora –   – 05
    882 – Cucurbita pepo – abobora –   – 05
    883 – Cucurbita pepo L. – abobora ornamental; abobrinha; abobrinha italiana – Marrow; Pumpkin; Squash; Bitter bottle gourd – 05; 31
    884 – Cuminum cyminum L. – cominho verdadeiro; cominho – Cumin – 01; 03; 05; 30
    885 – Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. – cunninghamia – China fir; Chinese fir – 19; 22; 31
    886 – Cuphea cartaginensis (Jacq.) J. F. Macbr. – cuphea; sete sangrias –   – 05
    887 – Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J. F. Macbr. – cuphea; sete sangrias – Colombian waxweed – 04; 05
    888 – Cuphea carthagenensis Macbride – cuphea; sete sangrias –   – 05
    889 – Cuphea glutinosa Cham. & Schltdl. – cuphea; sete sangrias – Lavender lady – 31
    890 – Cuphea hyssopifolia H.B.K. – cuphea; erica – Mexican heather – 31
    891 – Cuphea ignea A.DC. – cuphea; flor de santo antonio –   – 05; 31
    892 – Cuphea sp. – cuphea; sete sangrias –   – 05
    893 – Cupressus arizonica Grenne – cipreste arizonica; cipreste do arizona – Arizona cypress; Arizona smooth cypress; Cuyamaca cypress – 04; 19; 31
    894 – Cupressus lusitanica Mill. – cipreste – Cedar of goa; Mexican cypress; Portuguese cypress – 05; 19; 31
    895 – Cupressus macrocarpa Hartw. ex Gordon – cipreste de monterrei; tuia holandesa – Monterey cypress – 05; 19; 31
    896 – Cupressus sempervirens L. – cipreste italiano – Italian cypress; Mediterranean cypress – 03; 05; 31
    897 – Curcuma longa (L.) Roening. – acafrao da india – Indian saffron; Turmeric – 01; 02; 03; 05; 30
    898 – Curcuma longa L. – acafrao da india; acafroa; acafrao da india; acafroa – Indian saffron; Turmeric – 05
    899 – Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe – zedoaria – Kua; Zedoary – 01; 05; 30
    900 – Cuscuta racemosa Mart. – cipo chumbo –   – 05
    901 – Cusparia toxicaria – angustura venenosa –   – 05
    902 – Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. – guar – Calcutta lucerne; Cluster bean; Guar; Siam bean – 01; 05; 31; 44
    903 – Cybianthus detergens Mart. – puca –   – 05
    904 – Cybistax antisyphilitica (Mart.) Mart. – caroba –   – 05
    905 – Cycas revoluta Thunb. – cica; palmeira sagu; sagu – Sago cycas; Sotesu nut – 05; 31
    906 – Cyclamen persicum Mill. – ciclamen da persia – Florist’s cyclamen – 31
    907 – Cydonia oblonga Mill. – marmelo – Quince – 05; 31
    908 – Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf – erva cidreira; capim santo; capim santo; capim limao capim marinho – Lemongrass; West indian lemongrass – 01; 03; 05; 30
    909 – Cymbopogon citratus Stapf – erva cidreira –   – 05
    910 – Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle – citronela de java – Ceylon citronella; Citronella; Citronella grass; Nard grass – 01; 03; 05; 30
    911 – Cynara cardunculus L. = Cynara scolymus L. – alcachofra; alcachofra brava –   – 05; 31
    912 – Cynara scolymus L. – alcachofra –   – 05
    913 – Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. – capim bermuda; grama bermuda; grama seda; cynodon – Bermuda grass – 05; 31; 44
    914 – Cynodon plectostachyus (K.Schum.) Pilger – capim estrela branca; grama estrela branca – Giant star grass; Star grass – 05; 31
    915 – Cynoglossum amabile Stapf et J.R.Drumm. – miosotis chines –   – 31
    916 – Cynosurus cristatus L. – rabo de cao – Crested dog tail – 05; 31
    917 – Cyperus articulatus L. var Nodosus – junca brava; junco bravo; junco cimarron; junco falso; junco santo; vapim junco –   – 03; 05; 31; 44
    918 – Cyperus cf. ligularis L. – junca –   – 05
    919 – Cyperus distans L. f. – junquinho; tres quinas; junca – Slender cyperus – 05; 31
    920 – Cyperus eragrostis Lam. – tiririca; tiritica crespa; tres quinas; capim de rosa falso – Drain flat sedge; Umbrella sedge – 05; 31
    921 – Cyperus esculentus – capiscaba mirim; coco capim; junca; junca miuda; junca pequena; junco miudo; junquinho; tiririca; tiririca amarela; tiriricao –   – 05; 31
    922 – Cyperus giganteus – capim de esteira; periperi; piri; tabira; tabua –   – 22
    923 – Cyperus haspan L. – tiririca – Weed – 05; 31
    924 – Cyperus ligularis L. – tiririca; tiriricao; junca; capim serra – Swamp flat sedge – 05; 31
    925 – Cyperus odoratus L. – junquinho; pele de sapo; capim de cheiro – Calingale – 05; 31
    926 – Cyperus papyrus L. – papiro – Papyrus – 31
    927 – Cyperus prolixus – piri; piri piri –   – 31
    928 – Cyrilla racemiflora L. – cyrilla; cirila – Black titi; He huckleberry; Ironwood; Leatherwood; Myrtle; Red titi; Titi; White titi – 31
    929 – Cyrtopodium punctatum Lindl. – orquidea –   – 31
    930 – Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link – giesta – Broomtops; Common broom; European broom; Irish broom; Scotch broom – 05; 31; 44
    931 – Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H. J. Lam – safu – African pear; Bush buttertree – 31
    932 – Dactylis glomerata L. – datilo; dactylis; dactilo; panasco – Barnyard grass; Cocksfoot; Cockspur; Orchard grass – 05; 31
    933 – Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv. – capim mao de sapo; capim calandrini; capim pe de galinha verdadeiro; pe de galo – Coast button grass; Comb fringe grass; Crowfoot grass; Duck grass – 05; 31
    934 – Dahlia pinnata Cav. = Dahlia variabilis (Wild.) Desf. – dalia –   – 31
    935 – Dalbergia cearensis Ducke – violeta – Brazilian kingwood; Kingwood; Tulipwood – 31
    936 – Dalbergia decipularis Rizzini & Matt. – sebastiao de arruda – Brazilian tulipwood – 20; 31
    937 – Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr. – pau preto – African blackwood; African ebony; Mozambique ebony; Poyi; Senegal ebony; Sudan ebony – 19; 20; 31
    938 – Dalbergia nigra (Vell.) Allemão ex Benth. – jacaranda – Bahia rosewood; Brazilian rosewood; Jacaranda; Rio rosewood – 19; 20; 31
    939 – Dalbergia sp. – dalbergia; jacaranda –   – 05; 31
    940 – Dalbergia subcymosa – veronica; veronica –   – 03; 05; 30; 31
    941 – Dalbergia subcymosa Ducke – veronica –   – 05; 31
    942 – Dalea bicolor Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. – dalea – Silver prairie clover – 05; 30; 31
    943 – Dalechampia scandens L. – dalechampia –   – 05; 31
    944 – Datura arborea – acucena do brejo; aguadeira; cartucho branco; crezina; rainha da noite; saia branca; trombeta; trombeta branca; trombeteira; trombeteiro; zabumba branca –   – 03; 05; 30; 31
    945 – Datura metel L. – datura; burbiaca – Downy thorn apple; Hindu datura; Hindu thorn apple; Horn of plenty; Hoary thorn apple; Metel; Purple thorn apple – 05; 30; 31
    946 – Datura stramonium L. – figueira do inferno; estramonio; figueira do diabo – Jimsonweed; Moonflower; Purple thorn apple; Thorn apple – 05; 30; 31
    947 – Daucus carota L. – cenoura; daucus –   – 02; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32
    948 – Daucus pusillus Michx. – cenoura selvagem – Rattlesnake weed – 05; 31
    949 – Davilla rugosa – capa homem; cipo cabloco; cipo capa homem; cipo de carijo; cipo de fogo; cipo muruqueteca; cipo vermelho; folha de lixa; muiraqueteca; muirateteca; muyraketyka; sambaiba; sambaibinha –   – 05; 30; 31
    950 – Davilla rugosa Poir. – cipo carijo –   – 05; 31
    951 – Deguelia utilis (A. C. Sm.) A. M. G. Azevedo – timbo verdadeiro – Barbasco; Cube; Timbo – 05; 31
    952 – Dendrobium fimbriatum Hook – orquidea –   – 05; 30; 31
    953 – Dendrobium loddigesii Rolfe. – orquidea –   – 05; 30; 31
    954 – Dendrobium nobile Lindl. – orquidea –   – 05; 30; 31
    955 – Dendrocalamus giganteus Nees – bambu gigante; bambu imperial; bambu balde – Giant bamboo – 19; 20; 31
    956 – Derris guyanensis – timbo acu; timbo da mata; timborana –   – 05; 31
    957 – Derris negrensis – timbo acu; timborona –   – 03; 05; 30; 31
    958 – Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd. – jureminha –   – 31
    959 – Desmodium adscendens (Sw.) DC. – amor do campo; trevo do campo; pegadeira; pegadura – Strongback; Tick clover; Tick trefoil – 05; 30; 31
    960 – Desmodium discolor Vogel – desmodio; carrapicho – Horse marmalade – 31
    961 – Desmodium distortum (Aubl.) J. F. Macbr. – desmodio –   – 31
    962 – Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. – desmodio –   – 05; 30; 31
    963 – Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC. – desmodio –   – 31
    964 – Desmodium heterophyllum (Willd.) DC. – desmodio – Hetero; Spanish clover – 31
    965 – Desmodium incanum DC. – desmodio; carrapicho beico de boi – Kaimi clover – 05; 31
    966 – Desmodium intortum (Mill.) Fawc. & Rendle – desmodio – Beggarlice; Green leaf desmodium – 31
    967 – Desmodium nicaraguense Oerst. – desmodio –   – 31
    968 – Desmodium scorpiurus (Sw.) Desv. – desmodio; pegapegas; pega pega –   – 05; 31
    969 – Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC. – desmodio – Beggarweed; Florida beggarweed – 05; 31
    970 – Desmodium tortuosum DC. – desmodio; aurora; orora –   – 05; 31
    971 – Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC. – desmodio; amor do campo – Three flower beggarweed – 05; 29; 30; 31
    972 – Desmodium uncinatum (Jacq.) DC. – desmodio; carrapicho – Silverleaf desmodium; Spanish tick clover – 31
    973 – Dialium divaricatum – cururu; garapa; itu; jutai; jutai peba; jutai poca; jutai pororoca; quirapininga –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    974 – Dialium ferreum* – pau ferro –   – 05; 30; 31
    975 – Dialium guianense – cururu; itu; jutai; jutai mirim; jutai peba; jutai pororoca; jutaicica; parajuba; pau ferro; roxinho; roxinho rana; sacupembinha –   – 19; 20; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    976 – Dianthus barbatus L. – cravina – Sweet william – 31
    977 – Dianthus caryophyllus L. – cravina do poeta; cravo; cravo gigante; mini cravo; cravo miniatura – Carnation; Clove pink; Border carnation; Divine flower – 03; 05; 30; 31
    978 – Dianthus chinensis L. – craveiro da china; cravina – China pink; Dianthus; Indian pink; Japanese pink; Pink; Rainbow pink – 05; 30; 31
    979 – Diascia barberae Hook. f. – diascia – Twinspur – 31
    980 – Diatenopteryx sorbifolia Radlk. – cansa crioullo; farinha seca; ibira piu guazu; maria preta; pau crioulo; quepe –   – 19; 20; 31
    981 – Dicentra eximia (Ker Gawl.) Torr. – dicentra – Staggerweed; Turkey corn; Wild bleeding heart – 05; 31
    982 – Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf – dichanthium – Bluestem; Diaz bluestem; Hindi grass; Kleberg bluestem; Marvel grass; Ringed dichanthium; Sheda grass – 05; 31
    983 – Dichondra micrantha Urb. – grama japonesa – Carolina dichondra; Dichondra; False pennywort; Kidneyweed – 31
    984 – Dichorisandra thyrsiflora J. C. Mikan – cana do brejo; cana de macaco; dicorisandra; marianinha; trapoeraba – Blue ginger – 19; 20; 31
    985 – Dicorynia paraensis Benth. – dicorynia – Angelique – 20; 31
    986 – Dicramopteris flexuosa (Schrad.) Underw. – samambaia –   – 05; 31
    987 – Dicranopteris pectinata – gleiquenia; samambaia do mato virgem –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    988 – Dicypellium caryophyllatum – canela falsa; caneleira cravo; craveiro da terra; craveiro do maranhao; cravo; cravo do mato; ibiraquiinha; imiraquinha; louro cheiroso; louro cravo; muiraquiia; muiraquiinha; pau cravo –   – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    989 – Didymochlaena truncatula (Sw.) J. Sm. – samambaia – Mahogany fern – 31
    990 – Dieffenbachia amoena Bull. – comigo ninguem pode –   – 05; 31
    991 – Dieffenbachia picta – aniga para; comigo ninguem pode –   – 05; 31
    992 – Dieffenbachia seguine – cana marona; comigo niguem pode –   – 05; 31
    993 – Digitalis purpurea L. – dedaleira purpura; dedaleira – Digitalis; Foxglove – 05; 30; 31
    994 – Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler – capim colchao; capim da roca; milha; capim tinga – Crabgrass; Southern crabgrass; Summer grass; Tropical finger grass – 05; 31
    995 – Digitaria longiflora (Retz.) Pers. – digitaria – Wire crabgrass – 05; 31
    996 – Digitaria violascens Link – digitaria – Purple crabgrass – 05; 31
    997 – Dilkea acuminata – grao de bode –   – 29; 30; 31
    998 – Dillenia indica L. – dillenia; fruta estrela – Dillenia; Elephant apple – 02; 29; 30; 31
    999 – Dimorphandra gardneriana Tul – fava d’anta –   – 05; 31
    1000 – Dimorphandra mollis Benth. – faveira; barbatimao; faveiro –   – 05; 31
    1001 – Dimorphotheca sinuata DC. = Dimorphotheca aurantiaca hort., non DC. – dimorfoteca; margarida africana –   – 31
    1002 – Dioclea rostrata Benth. – mucuna –   – 05; 31
    1003 – Dioclea sp. – dioclea; urtiga roxa; olho de boi; coronha –   – 05; 31
    1004 – Diodia alata Nees & Mart. – caroba do brejo –   – 05; 31
    1005 – Diodia brasiliensis Spreng. – vassoura cabelo de nego –   – 05; 31
    1006 – Dioscorea alata L. – cara – Greater yam; Guyana arrowroot; Ten months yam; Water yam; Yam; White yam; Winged yam – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1007 – Dioscorea bulbifera L. – inhame de sao thome; cara de rama; bosta de burro – Aerial yam; Air potato; Cheeky yam; Potato yam; Bitter yam – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1008 – Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burk. – inhame de sao thome – Asiatic yam; Chinese yam; Lesser yam – 29; 30; 31
    1009 – Dioscorea glandulosa – cara de folha colorida; cara liso; cara sem barba; caratinga –   – 05; 29
    1010 – Dioscorea laxiflora – cara de sapo; caratinga bravo; caratinga do mato –   – 05; 29
    1011 – Dioscorea piperifolia – cara de pelle branca; inhame cara –   – 29
    1012 – Dioscorea sp. – dioscorea; cara do chao –   – 05
    1013 – Dioscorea trifida – cara doce; cara mimoso –   – 05; 29
    1014 – Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii (Stapf) Diels – dioscoreofilum – Serendipity berry – 30
    1015 – Diospyros blancoi A. DC. – pecego de india – Mabola tree; Mabolo; Velvet apple; Velvet persimmon – 19; 31
    1016 – Diospyros crassiflora Hiern – ebano – Benin ebony – 19; 31
    1017 – Diospyros ebenum J. König – ebano – Ceylon ebony; Ebony; Ebony persimmon – 19; 31
    1018 – Diospyros kaki Thunb. – caqui – Chinese persimmon; Japanese persimmon; Kaki; Kaki persimmon; Oriental persimmon – 19; 31
    1019 – Diospyros lotus L. – guiaca; guiacana – Date plum; Lotus persimmon; Lotustree – 01; 02; 32
    1020 – Diospyros sp. – diospiros; olho de boi –   – 05
    1021 – Diplaziun sp. – samambaia acu; samambaia ucu –   – 05
    1022 – Diplotropis purpurea (Rich.) Amshoff – sucupira –   – 19; 31
    1023 – Dipteryx odorata – cumaru; cumaru amarelo; cumaru do amazonas; cumaru verdadeiro; cumaruzeiro; kumbaru; muirapaye; paru –   – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 34
    1024 – Dipteryx odorata (Aubl.) Willd. – cumaru; cumaruzeiro – Dutch tonka bean; Tonga bean; Tonka bean – 01; 03; 04; 05; 30
    1025 – Dodonaea viscosa Mart. – vassoura vermelha; vassoura do campo – Florida hopbush; Hopshrub – 03; 05; 30; 31; 44
    1026 – Doliocarpus rolandri – cipo vermelho; muiraqueteca; murucutua; sambaiba –   – 05
    1027 – Dorotheanthus bellidiformis (Burn.f.) N.E.Br. = Mesembryanthemum crinuniflorum L. f. – ficoide –   – 31
    1028 – Dorstenia asaroides Hook. – carapia –   – 05
    1029 – Dracaena draco (L.) L. – dracaena draco – Dragontree – 31
    1030 – Dracaena marginata (Hort.) – dracena tricolor –   – 31
    1031 – Dracontium asperum – herva jararaca; jararaca; jararaca taia; jararaca taja; jarro manchado; milho de cobra; taja de cobra –   – 05; 29
    1032 – Dracula vampira (Luer) Luer – dracula –   – 31
    1033 – Duckesia verrucosa (Ducke) Cuatrec. – mapati; uva de mata –   – 31
    1034 – Duguetia furfuracea (A.St-Hil.) Saff. – pinha brava; ata brava –   – 05
    1035 – Duguetia riparia – enviratai; imbirataia; inviratai –   – 05
    1036 – Duguetia stenantha – jaboti; mao de cabra; pe de jaboti –   – 31
    1037 – Duranta erecta L. – duranta; pingo de ouro – Golden dewdrop; Pigeon berry; Skyflower – 05; 31
    1038 – Durio zibethinus Murray – durian – Durian – 19; 31
    1039 – Dyckia brevifolia Baker In Saund. – diquia –   – 31
    1040 – Dydimopanax morototoni * – raiz de caixeta –   – 05
    1041 – Dypsis decaryi (jum.) Beenje & J. Dransf. = Neodypsis decaryi (jum.) Beenje & J. Dransf. – palmeira triangulo –   – 31
    1042 – Dypsis lutescens – H. Wendl. – areca bambu –   – 31
    1043 – Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants – anserina vermifuga; erva de santa maria; mastruco – American wormseed; Jerusalem tea; Mexican tea; Spanish tea; Wormseed – 03; 05; 30
    1044 – Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants – ambrosia dos boticas – Feather geranium; Jerusalem oak; Jerusalem oak goosefoot – 31
    1045 – Ecballium elaterium (L.) A. Rich. – pepino selvagem – Squirting cucumber – 05; 31
    1046 – Ecclinusa balata – abiurana; balata; coquirana; ucuquirana –   – 17
    1047 – Echeveria elegans Rose – rosa de pedra – Mexican gem; Mexican snowball; Pearl echeveria; White mexican rose – 31
    1048 – Echeveria gibbiflora var. metallica (Lem.) Bak. – rosa de pedra –   – 05; 31
    1049 – Echinacea angustifólia DC. – equinacea –   – 05
    1050 – Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench – equinacea –   – 05
    1051 – Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench = Rudbeckia purpurea L. – equinacea –   – 05; 31
    1052 – Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. – capim arroz; capituva; capim da colonia; capim jau; jervao (sc); capim capivara (rs); capim pe de galinha (ms); barbudinho; inco do arroz; canevao; crista de galo  – Barnyard grass; Cockspur grass – 05; 31
    1053 – Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult. – capituba; capim jau; capim arroz; jervao; capim canevao do banhado; capim da colonia; capim po de galinha; capim pavao; camarao; inco do arroz  – Gulf barnyard grass – 05; 31
    1054 – Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Hitchc. – capim mandante – Creeping river grass – 05; 31
    1055 – Echinochloa turneriana (Domin) J. M. Black – equinocloa – Channel millet – 31
    1056 – Echinodorus grandiflorus (Cham. & Schlecht.) Micheli – chapeu de couro –   – 05
    1057 – Echinodorus grandiflorus (Cham. & Schltdl.) Micheli – equinodorus –   – 31
    1058 – Echinodorus grandiflorus Mitch. – chapeu de couro –   – 05
    1059 – Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli – equinodorus; chapeu de couro –   – 05; 31
    1060 – Echinodorus macrophyllus Michell – chapeu de couro –   – 05
    1061 – Echinodorus tenellus – echinodorus –   – 31
    1062 – Egeria densa Planch. – egeria – Brazilian elodea; Brazilian waterweed; Dense waterweed; Egeria; Leafy elodea – 05; 31
    1063 – Egletes viscosa (L.) Less. – macela da terra; marcela da terra –   – 05
    1064 – Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth – aguape; rainha dos lagos; dama dos lagos  – Anchored water hyacinth – 05; 31
    1065 – Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms – jacinto aquatico – Water hyacinth – 05; 31
    1066 – Elaeagnus angustifolia L. – arvore do paraiso – Oleaster; Russian olive; Trebizond date – 02; 04; 05; 30; 31; 32; 33; 44
    1067 – Elaeis guianensis – azeite de cheiro; azeite de dende; azeite de parma; coco de dende; coco de dente; coqueiro dende; dendezeiro; ovoira –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31
    1068 – Elaeis guineensis Jacq. – dende – African oil palm; Oil palm – 05; 29
    1069 – Elaeis melanococca – caiahua; caiaue; dendezeiro do para –   – 03; 05; 29; 31
    1070 – Elaeis oleifera (H.B.K.) Cortés – caiaue – American oil palm; Corozo – 29; 31
    1071 – Elcomarhiza amilacea – cumaca; cumacaa; cumana; kumacacaa –   – 05
    1072 – Eleocharis elegans (Kunth) Roem. & Schult. – eleocaris – Elegant spike rush – 05; 31
    1073 – Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. – eleocaris – Common spike rush; Creeping spike rush; Marsh spike rush – 05; 31
    1074 – Elephantopus mollis – caia; cuacuaia; erva de colegio; erva de veado caa; erva do diabo; erva grossa; firmo de mina; fumo bravo; fumo da mata; lingua de vaca; pe de elefante; sacuaia; sarroia; sassoia; sossoia; suacucaa; sucuaia; sucuaija; sucuaya; sucuva; sussaia –   – 05; 31
    1075 – Elephantopus mollis H. B. & K. – fumo bravo –   – 05
    1076 – Elephantopus scaber – lingua de vaca –   – 05
    1077 – Elephantopus spicatus – sucuaia –   – 05
    1078 – Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. – cardamomo – Cardamom – 01; 03; 05; 30
    1079 – Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaernt. – capim coracana – Finger millet – 31; 32; 33
    1080 – Eleusine indica – capim de coroa douro; capim de pomar; capim pe de papagaio; capim puba; flor de grama; grama de coradouro; grama rasteira; pata de galinha; pe de galinha; pe de papagaio –   – 05; 31
    1081 – Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn – capim pe de galinha –   – 05
    1082 – Elymus canadensis L. – elimus – Canada wild rye – 05; 31
    1083 – Elymus dahuricus Turcz. ex Griseb. – elimus – Dahurian wild rye – 31
    1084 – Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould & Shinners – elimus – Slender wheatgrass – 31
    1085 – Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski – elitrigia – Couch grass; Coutch; Dog grass; Quack grass; Quick grass; Scutch; Twitch grass – 05; 31
    1086 – Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. – emilia – Cupid’s shaving brush; Emilia; Sow thistle – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1087 – Endopleura uchi – uchi; uchi amarelo; uchi liso; uchi pucu –   – 29; 30; 33
    1088 – Endopleura uchi (Huber) Cuatrec – uxi amarelo –   – 05
    1089 – Endopleura uchi (Huber) Cuatrec. – uxi –   – 05
    1090 – Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman – bananeira de abissinia – Abyssinian banana; Ensete – 31
    1091 – Entada polystachya – cipo da beira mar –   – 01; 03; 05
    1092 – Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. – guanacaste – Devil’s ear; Earpodtree; Elephant’s ear; Monkeysoap – 04; 05; 19; 31
    1093 – Enterolobium gummiferum (Mart.) J. F. Macbr. – timburi do cerrado –   – 05
    1094 – Ephedra americana – morango do acre; pingo pingo –   – 05; 31
    1095 – Epidendrum ciliare L. – aulizia; orquidea –   – 31
    1096 – Epidendrum nocturnum Jacq. – orquidea –   – 31
    1097 – Episcia cupreata (Hook.) Hanst. – planta tapete – Flame violet – 31
    1098 – Equisetum arvense L. – cavalinha –   – 05
    1099 – Equisetum giganteum L. – cavalinha –   – 05
    1100 – Equisetum hiemale L. – cavalinha –   – 05
    1101 – Equisetum sp. – cavalinha –   – 05
    1102 – Eragrostis mexicana (Hornem.) Link – capim mimoso; barba de bode; capim atana – Mexican love grass – 31
    1103 – Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees ex Jedwabn. – barba de bode – Carolina love grass; Tufted love grass – 05
    1104 – Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. – barba de bode – Hairy love grass; Indian love grass; India love grass – 05; 31
    1105 – Eragrostis superba Peyr. – eragrostis – Sawtooth love grass; Wilman love grass – 31
    1106 – Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC. – caruru amargoso – American burnweed; American fireweed; Burnweed; Fireweed; Malayan groundsel; Pilewort; Schein greiskraut – 31
    1107 – Erechtites valerianifolius (Link ex Spreng.) DC. – caruru amargoso – Brazilian fireweed – 31
    1108 – Eremanthus arboreus (Gardner) MacLeish – candeia –   – 05
    1109 – Eremanthus incanus Less. – candeia falsa –   – 05
    1110 – Eremocitrus glauca (Lindl.) Swingle – eremocitrus – Australian desert lime; Desert lime – 31
    1111 – Erigeron karvinskianus DC. – flor de ganso –   – 31
    1112 – Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. – nespera; nespereira – Japanese medlar; Loquat – 05; 31
    1113 – Eriochloa polystachya Kunth – angolinha; capim angolinha – Carib grass; Caribbean cup grass – 05; 31
    1114 – Erisma japura – japura –   – 29; 31
    1115 – Eruca sativa Mill. – rucula; rabano silvestre – Arugula; Garden rocket; Salad rocket; Rocket salad; Rugula – 05; 10; 29; 31
    1116 – Eryngium foetidum L. – coentro bravo – False coriander; Shadow beni; Stinkweed – 05; 31
    1117 – Erysimum linifolium J. Gay – erisimum –   – 31
    1118 – Erythrina corallodendron – flor de coral; molongo branco; mulungu; murungu; pau coral; sanandu; sananduva; suina; suinan –   – 05
    1119 – Erythrina crista-galli L. – eritrina; mulungu – Cockspur coraltree; Cry baby tree – 31
    1120 – Erythrina fusca Lour. – eritrina – Coral bean; Purple coraltree; Swamp immortelle – 05; 25; 30; 31
    1121 – Erythrina glauca – assacurana; bico de arara; bucare; feijao bravo; mulungu; pau de jangada; sananduva; suina –   – 05
    1122 – Erythrina poeppigiana (Walp.) O. F. Cook – eritrina; mulungu – Anauca; Coraltree; Immortelle tree; Mountain immortelle – 31
    1123 – Erythrina sp. – eritrina; mulungu –   – 05
    1124 – Erythrina spp. – cinanduba –   – 05
    1125 – Erythrina verna Vell. – mulungu – Mulungu – 05; 31
    1126 – Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan – mancone – Erun; Ordealtree; Red water tree; Sasswoodtree; Sassy bark; Sassy bark tree – 05; 19; 31
    1127 – Erythroxylum barbatum O.E.Schuz – carrasco –   – 05
    1128 – Erythroxylum catuaba A. J. Silva ex Raym.-Hamet – catuaba – Catuaba – 05
    1129 – Erythroxylum loefgrenii Diogo – carrasco –   – 05
    1130 – Erytrina mulungu Mart. ex Benth – mulungu –   – 05
    1131 – Erytroxylum pelleterianum A. St. Hil. – pimentinha; pimenteira –   – 05
    1132 – Eschscholzia californica Cham. – globo do sol; papoula da california – California poppy – 05; 31
    1133 – Espostoopsis dybowskii (Rol.-Goss.) Buxb. – cabaca branca; cabeca de velho; homem velho; mandacaru de penacho – Cabega – 31
    1134 – Eucalyptus alba Reinw. ex Blume – eucalipto – Ridge gum – 04; 31
    1135 – Eucalyptus botryoides Smith – eucalipto – Bangalay; Southern mahogany – 31
    1136 – Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. – eucalipto vermelho; eucalipto – Murray red gum; Red gum; River gum; River red gum – 19; 31
    1137 – Eucalyptus cinerea F. Muell. Ex Benth. – eucalipto – Argyle apple – 31
    1138 – Eucalyptus citriodora Hook. – eucalipto –   – 05
    1139 – Eucalyptus cloeziana F.Muell. – eucalipto – Cloeziana gum; Gympie messmate – 31
    1140 – Eucalyptus cypellocarpa L. A. S. Johnson – eucalipto – Mountain gray gum – 31
    1141 – Eucalyptus dalrympleana Maiden – eucalipto –   – 31
    1142 – Eucalyptus deanei Maiden – eucalipto – Deane’s gum; Round leaf gum – 31
    1143 – Eucalyptus deglupta Blume – eucalipto – Deglupta; Mindanao gum – 04; 19; 31
    1144 – Eucalyptus delegatensis R. T. Baker – eucalipto – Alpine ash; Mountain ash; Stringybark – 31
    1145 – Eucalyptus diversicolor F. Muell. – eucalipto – Karri – 31
    1146 – Eucalyptus drepanophylla F. Muell. – eucalipto – Queensland gray ironbark – 31
    1147 – Eucalyptus elata – eucalipto –   – 31
    1148 – Eucalyptus fastigata H. Deane & Maiden – eucalipto – Brown barrel – 31
    1149 – Eucalyptus fraxinoides Dean & Maiden – eucalipto – White ash – 31
    1150 – Eucalyptus glaucescens Maiden & Blakely – eucalipto – Tingiringi gum – 31
    1151 – Eucalyptus globulus Labil. – eucalipto –   – 05
    1152 – Eucalyptus globulus Labill. – eucalipto; eucalipto comum; gomeiro azul – Blue gum; Southern blue gum – 01; 04; 05; 19; 31
    1153 – Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden – eucalipto branco; eucalipto – Flooded gum; Rose gum – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 17; 29; 31
    1154 – Eucalyptus leucoxylon F.Muell. ssp. megalocarpa Boland – eucalipto –   – 01; 02; 19; 20; 31; 44
    1155 – Eucalyptus longifolia Link – eucalipto – Woollybutt – 19; 20; 31
    1156 – Eucalyptus mannifera Mudie – eucalipto –   – 31; 44
    1157 – Eucalyptus marginata Donn ex Sm. – eucalipto – Jarrah – 19; 20; 31
    1158 – Eucalyptus melliodora A. Cunn. ex Schauer – eucalipto – Yellow box – 01; 02; 03; 04; 17; 19; 20; 29; 31
    1159 – Eucalyptus microcorys F.Muell. – eucalipto – Tallowwood – 19; 20; 31; 44
    1160 – Eucalyptus moluccana Roxb. – eucalipto – Gray box – 19; 20; 31
    1161 – Eucalyptus muelleriana A. W. Howitt – eucalipto – Yellow stringybark – 19; 20; 31
    1162 – Eucalyptus nitens (H. Deane & Maiden) Maiden – eucalipto – Shining gum – 01; 20; 31
    1163 – Eucalyptus obliqua L’Hér. – eucalipto – Messmate; Messmate stringybark – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 17; 19; 20; 29; 31
    1164 – Eucalyptus paniculata Smith – eucalipto – Black ironbark – 19; 20; 31
    1165 – Eucalyptus pauciflora Sieber ex Sprengel ssp. debeuzevillei (Maiden) L. A. S. Johnson & Blaxell – eucalipto –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 17; 19; 20; 29; 31; 44
    1166 – Eucalyptus pilularis Smith – eucalipto – Blackbutt; Woolly gum – 01; 31
    1167 – Eucalyptus piperita Sm. subsp. piperita – eucalipto –   – 19; 20; 30; 31
    1168 – Eucalyptus propinqua H. Deane & Maiden – eucalipto – Gray gum – 19; 20; 31
    1169 – Eucalyptus punctata DC. – eucalipto – Gray gum – 19; 20; 31
    1170 – Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell. – eucalipto – Mountain ash – 01; 20; 31
    1171 – Eucalyptus resinifera Smith – eucalipto – Kino gum; Red mahogany – 19; 20; 31
    1172 – Eucalyptus robusta Smith – eucalipto – Swamp mahogany – 19; 20; 31
    1173 – Eucalyptus saligna Smith – eucalipto – Sydney blue gum – 19; 20; 31; 44
    1174 – Eucalyptus sideroxylon Cunn. ex Wolls ssp. sideroxylon – eucalipto –   – 19; 20; 31; 44
    1175 – Eucalyptus sieberi L. A. S. Johnson – eucalipto – Silvertop ash – 19; 20; 31
    1176 – Eucalyptus smithii R. T. Baker – eucalipto – Gully gum – 01; 19; 20; 31
    1177 – Eucalyptus spp. – eucalipto –   – 05
    1178 – Eucalyptus tereticornis Smith – eucalipto –   – 05
    1179 – Eucalyptus tereticornis Smith. – eucalipto – Blue gum; Forest red gum; Stinking gum – 01; 19; 20; 31
    1180 – Eucalyptus urophylla S.T.Blake – eucalipto – Timor mountain gum; Timor white gum – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 17; 29; 31
    1181 – Eucalyptus viminalis Labill. – eucalipto – Manna gum; Ribbon gum – 19; 20; 31
    1182 – Eugenia brasiliensis Lam. – grumixama – Brazil cherry; Grumichama; Jambosier du bresil – 29; 31
    1183 – Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. – cravo da india –   – 05
    1184 – Eugenia involucrata DC. – eugenia; cereja; cerejeira; cerejeira do mato – Cherry of the rio grande – 29; 31
    1185 – Eugenia lutescens – pitomba –   – 31
    1186 – Eugenia malaccensis – jambeiro da malaca; jambo; jambo cha; jambo da india; jambo encarnado; jambo vermelho –   – 05; 29; 31; 32
    1187 – Eugenia myrobalana – goiabeira do para; guabiraba –   – 29; 31
    1188 – Eugenia patrisii – ubaia –   – 05; 30; 31; 32
    1189 – Eugenia punicifolia (H.B.K.)DC. – eugenia –   – 05
    1190 – Eugenia pyriformis Camb. – eugenia –   – 29; 31; 32
    1191 – Eugenia stipitata – araca; araca boi –   – 29; 30; 31; 32
    1192 – Eugenia tenela * – cambui –   – 05
    1193 – Eugenia uniflora L. – pitanga vermelha; pitanga; pitanga da praia – Brazil cherry; Surinam cherry – 05; 29; 31; 44
    1194 – Eugenia uvalha Cambess. – orvalho; orvaio –   – 05
    1195 – Eupatorium maximiliani Schrad. ex DC. – cambara cruzado; assapeixe cruzado –   – 05
    1196 – Eupatorium sp. – eupatorium; calendula do mato; mulungu –   – 05
    1197 – Eupatorium triplinerve – ayapana; japana; lapana –   – 05; 30; 31; 32
    1198 – Euphorbia heterophylla L. – flor do poeta – Mexican fireplant; Milkweed; Painted euphorbia; Painted spurge; Paintedleaf – 05; 31
    1199 – Euphorbia lathyris L. – catapucia menor – Caper spurge; Gopherplant; Moleplant – 01; 04; 05; 31
    1200 – Euphorbia marginata Pursh – coral; euforbia; leiteira – Ghostweed; Snow on the mountain; Variegated spurge – 05; 31; 44
    1201 – Euphorbia pulcherrima – bico de papagaio; poinsetia –   – 05; 28; 31; 44
    1202 – Euphorbia tirucalli L. – euforbia; almeidinha; aveloz – African milkbush; Fingertree; Indian tree spurge; Milkbush; Milkhedge; Penchtree; Petroleum plant; Rubber euphorbia – 04; 05; 31
    1203 – Eustachys retusa (Lag.) Kunth – capim coquerinho –   – 31; 44
    1204 – Euterpe edulis Mart. – jucara; palmito; ensarova; icara; jicara; palmiteiro; palmito branco; palmito doce; palmito jucara; ripeira – Assai palm – 04; 29; 31
    1205 – Euterpe oleracea – acai; acaizeiro; jicara; jucara; palmiteiro; pina; piria; tukaniey –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 17; 19; 21; 29; 30; 31; 32
    1206 – Euterpe precatoria Mart. – acai do amazonas; acai; acai da mata; jucara –   – 31; 32
    1207 – Evolvulus alsinoides – corre corre –   – 05; 31
    1208 – Evolvulus glomeratus Nees. & Mart. – evolvulus; azuzinha –   – 31; 44
    1209 – Exacum affine Balf. f. – violeta alema; violeta persa – German violet; Persian violet – 31; 44
    1210 – Eysenhardtia polystachya (Ortega) Sarg. – eisenhartia – Kidneywood – 05; 31
    1211 – Fagara rhoifolia – coentrilha; espinho de vintem; laranjinha; laranjinha brava; limaozinho; limaozinho bravo; mamica de cadela; mamica de porca; tamanqueira; tembetarana; tinguaciba –   – 05; 31; 32
    1212 – Fagopyrum esculentum Moench – trigo sarraceno – Buckwheat; Japanese buckwheat; Silverhull buckwheat – 01; 05; 30; 31; 44
    1213 – Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev. – espinheiro de angola – Anatree; Whitethorn; Winterthorn – 01; 05; 31; 44
    1214 – Festuca arundinacea Schreber – festuca – Reed fescue; Tall fescue – 05; 31; 44
    1215 – Festuca glauca Lam. – festuca azul –   – 31; 44
    1216 – Festuca heterophylla Lam. – festuca – Shade fescue – 31; 44
    1217 – Festuca ovina L. – festuca ovelha – Ovina; Sheep fescue – 31; 44
    1218 – Festuca pratensis Huds. – festuca dos prados – English bluegrass; Meadow fescue – 31; 44
    1219 – Festuca rubra L. – festuca –   – 05; 31; 44
    1220 – Fevillea trilobata – andiroba; cipo de cabaca; cipo de cobra; cipo de jabota; cipo de jaboti; fava de santo inacio falsa; gendiroba; guapeba; guapeva; jabota; nhandiroba; pacapia –   – 05; 31
    1221 – Ficus atrox – gameleira de veneno –   – 05; 31
    1222 – Ficus benjamina (Thumb.) – ficus verde –   – 31; 44
    1223 – Ficus carica L. – figo; figueira – Fig – 05; 29; 31; 32; 44
    1224 – Ficus fagifolia – apuhy; apui –   – 05; 30; 31
    1225 – Ficus gomelleira Hort. – gameleira –   – 05; 31
    1226 – Ficus insipida – aje; coajanguba; coajinguva; cuaxinguba; figueira do mato; figueira vermelha; gameleira branca; gameleira brava; gameleira mansa; gameleira roxa; guaxinduba brava; guaxinguba; lombrigueira; renaco; uapuim assu –   – 05; 20; 22; 23; 30; 31
    1227 – Ficus nymphaefolia – apui –   – 05; 17; 31
    1228 – Ficus pertusa – coajinguba; coaxinguba; cuaxinguba; guaxinduba; lombrigueira; quaxinduba; uapuim assu –   – 17; 31
    1229 – Ficus retusa – ficus; figueira –   – 05; 17; 31
    1230 – Fittonia albivenis (Lindl. ex hort. Veitch) Brummitt – fitonia – Mosaic plant; Nerveplant; Silver fittonia; Silver nerve; Silver netplant; Silver threads; Snakeskinplant – 31
    1231 – Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr. – flacourtia; ameixa de madagascar – Batoko plum; Governor’s plum; Indian plum; Madagascar plum; Ramontchi – 05; 31
    1232 – Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. – ameixa da india – Indian plum; Runeala plum – 05; 31
    1233 – Flemingia macrophylla Blume ex Miq. – flemingia –   – 02; 31
    1234 – Foeniculum vulgare L. – funcho –   – 05; 31
    1235 – Foeniculum vulgare Mill – funcho erva doce –   – 05; 31
    1236 – Foeniculum vulgare Mill. – funcho amargo; funcho de cabeca; erva doce; funcho – Fennel; Florence fennel – 03; 05; 31
    1237 – Forestiera porulosa – arvore de cera –   – 31
    1238 – Fortunella crassifolia Swing. – fortunella – Meiwa kumquat – 31
    1239 – Fortunella hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Swingle – fortunella – Golden bean kumquat; Hong kong kumquat – 31
    1240 – Fragaria × ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier – morangueiro – Garden strawberry; Strawberry – 31
    1241 – Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill. – moranguiero do chile – Beach strawberry; Chilean strawberry; Chiloe strawberry – 31
    1242 – Fragaria vesca L. – morango; morangueiro bravo – European strawberry; Wild strawberry; Woodland strawberry – 05; 31
    1243 – Fucus vesiculosus – fucus –   – 05; 31
    1244 – Fumaria officinalis L.. – fumaria –   – 05; 31
    1245 – Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. – furcrea – Giant cabuya; Green aloe; Mauritius hemp – 22; 23; 31
    1246 – Gaillardia pulchella Foug – gailardia –   – 31
    1247 – Garcinia mangostana L. – mangostao – King’s fruit; Mangostan; Mangosteen – 05; 31
    1248 – Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. – garcinia – Mysore gamboge; Sour mangosteen – 31
    1249 – Gazania rigens (L.) Gaertn. = Gazania splendens hort. ex Hend. et A.A. Hend. – gazania –   – 31
    1250 – Geissospermum sericeum Benth. & Hook.f. ex Miers – quina quina –   – 05; 31
    1251 – Geissospermum velosii – buba acu; camara amargoso; camara de bilro; camara do mato; canudo amargoso; pau forquilha; pau pente; pau pereira; pereiro; pereiroa; pingauciba; quinarana; trinquaaba; uba acu –   – 31
    1252 – Genipa americana – janapabeira; janipaba; janipapeiro; janipapo; jenipa; jenipapeiro; jenipapinho; jenipapo –   – 19; 20; 30; 31; 32
    1253 – Gerbera jamesonii Bolus ex Hook. f. – gerbera – Transvaal daisy – 31
    1254 – Geum coccineum Sm. – geum –   – 31
    1255 – Gigantochloa apus (Schult. & Schult. f.) Kurz – bambu –   – 19; 20
    1256 – Ginkgo biloba L. – ginkgo; nogueira do japao; ginkgo biloba – Ginkgo; Maidenhair tree – 05; 31
    1257 – Gladiolus murielae Kelway et Langport ex anon. – gladiolo –   – 31
    1258 – Glandularia pulchella (Sweet) Tronc. – glandularia – Moss verbena – 31; 34
    1259 – Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr. – malmequer – Corn chrysanthemum; Corn marigold – 31
    1260 – Glechoma hederacea L. – glechoma; hera de canteiro; erva terrestre – Gill over the ground; Ground ivy – 05; 31
    1261 – Glechoma hederaceae L – hera terrestre –   – 05
    1262 – Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp. – gliricidia – Nicaraguan cocoashade; Quick stick – 05; 19; 20; 31
    1263 – Glycine canescens F. J. Herm. – glycine –   – 31
    1264 – Glycine max – soja –   – 05; 31
    1265 – Glycine max (L.) Merr. – soja – Soya; Soybean – 05; 31
    1266 – Glycine tabacina (Labill.) Benth. – glycine –   – 31
    1267 – Glycine tomentella Hayata – glycine –   – 31
    1268 – Glycosmis parviflora (Sims) Little – glycosmis – Chinese glycosmis – 31
    1269 – Glycyrrhiza glabra L. – alcacuz – Licorice; Licorice root; Liquorice – 05; 31
    1270 – Gnetum leyboldi – itua; itua acu –   – 30; 31
    1271 – Gnetum venosum – itoa; itoa branco; itua; itua acu –   – 20; 22; 23; 30; 31
    1272 – Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey. – paina de seda – Balloon cottonbush; Bladderbush; Wild cotton – 05; 31
    1273 – Gomphrena globosa L. – gonfrena; suspiro roxo; perpetua; perpetua jardim – Bachelor’s button; Globe amaranth; Common globe amaranth – 05; 31
    1274 – Gomphrena leucocephala – corango; corongo; paratudo –   – 05; 31
    1275 – Gossypium anomalum Wawra ex Wawra & Peyritch – algodao; algodoeiro –   – 31
    1276 – Gossypium arboreum L. – algodao; algodoeiro arboreo – Tree cotton – 05; 22; 23; 31
    1277 – Gossypium barbadense L. – algodao; algodoeiro americano – American pima cotton; Brazilian cotton; Gallini cotton; Sea island cotton; American egyptian cotton; Egyptian cotton; Kidney cotton; Long staple cotton; Peruvian cotton; Pima cotton; Upland cotton – 05; 22; 23; 31
    1278 – Gossypium herbaceum L. – algodao; algodoeiro asiatico; algodao; algodao de casa – Arabian cotton; Levant cotton; Maltese cotton; Syrian cotton; Short staple cotton – 05; 22; 23; 31
    1279 – Gossypium hirsutum – algodao; algodoeiro –   – 05; 23; 31
    1280 – Gossypium klotzschianum Andersson – algodao; algodoeiro –   – 22; 23; 31
    1281 – Gossypium sturtianum J. H. Willis – algodao; algodoeiro – Sturt’s desert rose – 22; 23; 31
    1282 – Gossypium tomentosum Nutt. ex Seem. – algodao silvestre; algodoeiro silvestre; algodao do havai – Hawaiian cotton – 22; 23; 31
    1283 – Gossypium trilobum (Mociño & Sessé ex De-Candolle) Skovsted – algodao; algodoeiro –   – 22; 23; 31
    1284 – Guarea grandifolia DC. – guarea – Carapa; Wildake – 19; 20; 31
    1285 – Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer – guarea – Guaraguao; Muskwood; Cocillana – 05; 19; 20; 31
    1286 – Guarea sp. – pau de piorra –   – 05; 31
    1287 – Guarea trichilioides – acafroa; bilreiro; cangerana miuda; carrapeta verdadeira; cedrao; cedro branco; cedrorana; comboata; gatna uba; gito; guare; jatauba; jatauba branca; jito; macaqueiro; marinheiro; pau bola; pau de sabao; tauva; yagua ratai –   – 05; 31
    1288 – Guatteria poeppigiana – envira amarela; envira amargosa; envira preta –   – 22; 23; 31
    1289 – Guatteria villosissima St. Hil. – canela –   – 05; 31
    1290 – Guatteria vilosissima – embira de cacador; pindaiba; pinxiricum –   – 22; 23; 31
    1291 – Guazuma ulmifolia – acampojo; araticum bravo; camaca; camba; camba aca; embira; embireira; embiru; guaxima macho; guaxima torcida; ibixuma; motambo; mucungo; mutamba; mutamba verdadeira; mutambo; mutombo; nabombo; olmeiro piramidal da martinica; pau de motamba; periquiteira; piririqueira; pojo; pojo camacan; ubixuma –   – 03; 05; 31
    1292 – Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass. – guizotia; verbesina da india – Niger; Nigerseed; Ramtil – 31
    1293 – Gustavia brasiliana – jeniparana –   – 05; 31
    1294 – Guzmania lingulata Mez – bromelia; gusmania –   – 31
    1295 – Gymnocalycium denudatum (Link & Otto) Pfeiff. – tuna – Spider cactus – 31
    1296 – Gymnocoronis spilanthoides DC. – tuna – Senegal teaplant; Templeplant – 31; 34
    1297 – Gynerium sagittatum – arina; canna de frecha; cannafrecha; eguara; erai; uba –   – 05; 30; 31
    1298 – Gypsophila elegans M. Bieb. – gipsofila; mosquitinho – Annual baby’s breath – 31
    1299 – Gypsophila muralis L. – gipsofila – Cushion baby’s breath – 31
    1300 – Gypsophila paniculata L. – mosquitinho – Baby’s breath – 05; 31
    1301 – Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Kuntze – hackelochloa – Pit scale grass – 31
    1302 – Hamamelis virginiana – hamamelis –   – 05; 31
    1303 – Hamelia patens Jacq. – hamelia – Redhead – 05; 31
    1304 – Hancornia speciosa – manga ice; mangaba; mangabeira; mangabiba; mangaiba; tembiu catu –   – 05; 17; 29; 30; 31
    1305 – Hancornia speciosa Gomes – mangaba; mangabeira –   – 05; 31
    1306 – Hatiora salicornioides (Haw.) Britton & Rose – conambaia – Bottle cactus; Dancing bones; Drunkard’s dream – 31
    1307 – Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen – hebante – Suma – 05; 31
    1308 – Hebanthe paniculata Mart. – hebante –   – 05; 31
    1309 – Hedera Helix Linn. – hedera variegata; hera –   – 05; 31
    1310 – Hedychium coronarium Koen. – mariazinha –   – 05; 31
    1311 – Hedychium flavescens Carey ex Roscoe – lacrima; lirio do brejo – Cream ginger; Yellow ginger lily; Yellow ginger – 31
    1312 – Hedysarum coronarium L. – sanfeno da espanha; sula – Cock’s head; French honeysuckle; Italian sainfoin; Spanish sainfoin; Sulla sweet vetch – 01; 31
    1313 – Heimia salicifolia (H.B.K.) Link. – heimia –   – 05; 31
    1314 – Helianthus annus L. – girassol –   – 05; 31
    1315 – Helianthus annuus L. – girassol – Sunflower – 05; 22; 29; 31
    1316 – Helianthus ciliaris DC. – helianthus – Blueweed; Texas blueweed – 31
    1317 – Helianthus debilis Nutt. ssp. debilis – helianthus – Beach sunflower – 31
    1318 – Helianthus decapetalus L. – helianthus – Ten petals sunflower; Thin leaf sunflower – 31
    1319 – Helianthus maximilianii Schrad. – helianthus – Maximilian’s sunflower – 31
    1320 – Helianthus paradoxus Heiser – helianthus – Paradoxical sunflower – 01; 31
    1321 – Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. – helianthus – Stiff sunflower – 01; 31
    1322 – Helianthus petiolaris Nutt. ssp. fallax Heiser – helianthus – Deceptive sunflower – 01; 31
    1323 – Helianthus tuberosus L. – topinambur – Jerusalem artichoke; Topinambur – 05; 30; 31
    1324 – Heliconia bihai (L.) L. – caete vermelho; heliconia – Firebird; Macaw flower; Wild plantain – 01; 31
    1325 – Heliconia psittacorum L.f. x Heliconia spathocircinata Aristeg. – tocha dourada –   – 31
    1326 – Heliconia rostrata Ruiz & Paiva – bananeirinha –   – 05; 31
    1327 – Heliconia rostrata Ruiz & Pavón – heliconia –   – 31
    1328 – Heliconia stricta Huber – heliconia –   – 31
    1329 – Helicostylis tomentosa – inare; inhare; mao de gato; xubaco –   – 05; 17; 19; 31
    1330 – Helicteres guazumaefolia H. B. & K. – helicteres –   – 05; 31
    1331 – Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl – borragem brava; crista de galo; fedegoso; jaruacan ga; aguaricuinha acu  – Blue heliotrope; Clasping heliotrope; Summer heliotrope; Violet heliotrope – 05; 31
    1332 – Heliotropium arborescens L. – heliotropio; borragem brava; crista de galo; fedegoso; jaruacan ga; aguaricuinha acu  – Cherry pie; Heliotrope – 03; 05; 31
    1333 – Heliotropium curassavicum L. – heliotropio – Seashore heliotrope; Seaside heliotrope – 05; 31
    1334 – Heliotropium indicum L. – heliotropio; borragem brava; crista de galo; fedegoso; jaruacan ga; aguaricuinha acu  – Indian heliotrope; Turnsole – 05; 31
    1335 – Heliotropium procumbens Mill. – heliotropio; borragem brava; crista de galo; fedegoso; jaruacan ga; aguaricuinha acu  – Four spike heliotrope; Slender heliotrope – 05; 31
    1336 – Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb. – hemartria – Batavian quick grass; Halt grass; Limpo grass; Red quick; Snake grass – 31
    1337 – Hemigraphis alternata (Burm. F.) Anderson – hera roxa –   – 31
    1338 – Herreria salsaparrilha Mart. – herreria; salsaparrilha –   – 05; 31
    1339 – Hesperis matronalis L. – goiveiro de jardim; juliana – Damask violet; Dame’s rocket; Dame’s violet; Sweet rocket – 29; 31
    1340 – Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. – heteropogon – Black spear grass; Bunch spear grass; Spear grass; Tangle grass; Tanglehead – 31
    1341 – Heteropsis jenmanii – cipo titica –   – 22; 31
    1342 – Hevea brasiliensis – arvore da borracha; cau chu; cauchu; pau moeda; pau seringa; seringa; seringa verdadeira; seringueira; seringueira boa; seringueira branca; seringueira folha de maniva; seringueira legitima; seringueira preta; seringueira rosada; seringueira roxa manivu –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 17; 18; 29; 31
    1343 – Hevea guianensis – arvore da borracha; seringueira amarela; seringueira cajurana; seringueira itauba; seringueira mangue; seringueira mauba; seringueira seringarana; seringueira vermelha –   – 17; 31
    1344 – Hibiscus cannabinus L. – canhamo brasileiro; papoula de sao francisco; kenaf – Bastard jute; Bimli jute; Indian hemp; Java jute; Kenaf; Deccan hemp; Mesta – 17; 31
    1345 – Hibiscus moscheutos L. – hibiscus – Common rose mallow; Mallow rose; Sea hollyhock; Swamp rose mallow; Water mallow – 31
    1346 – Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. – hibisco; mimo chines; rosa da china – China rose; Chinese hibiscus; Hawaiian hibiscus; Hibiscus; Rose of china – 05; 31
    1347 – Hibiscus sabdariffa L. – vinagreira – Indian sorrel; Jamaica sorrel; Roselle; Sorrel; Red sorrel – 05; 22; 30; 31; 32
    1348 – Hibiscus syriacus L. – alteia arbustiva; hibisco da siria; rosa de sharao – Rose of sharon; Shrub althaea – 05; 31
    1349 – Hibiscus tiliaceus – algodoeiro da india; algodoeiro da praia; envira da praia; uacima da praia –   – 22; 31; 34
    1350 – Himatanthus drasticus (Mart.) Plumel – janaguba –   – 05; 31
    1351 – Himatanthus sucuuba – sucuuba; sucuuba verdadeira –   – 05; 31
    1352 – Hioscyamus niger L – meimendro –   – 05; 31
    1353 – Hippeastrum aulicum Herb. – amarilis – Lily of the palace – 31
    1354 – Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G. Don – hipobroma – Star of bethlehem – 05; 31
    1355 – Hippocratea ouata – fava de arara –   – 29; 31
    1356 – Hirtella bracteata – comandatuba mirim –   – 01; 05; 31
    1357 – Hirtella ciliata Mart. Ex Zucc – chorao –   – 05; 31
    1358 – Hirtella gracilipes (Hook. F.) Prance – chorao –   – 05; 31
    1359 – Holcus lanatus L. – capim lanudo; holcus; erva lanar – Soft meadow grass; Velvet grass; Yorkshire fog; Woolly soft grass – 05; 31
    1360 – Hordeum bulbosum L. – cevada – Bulbous barley; Orge bulbeuse – 31
    1361 – Hordeum vulgare – cevada –   – 01; 05; 30; 31; 32
    1362 – Hortia arborea Engl. – pau paratudo –   – 05; 31
    1363 – Hovenia dulcis Thumb. – pau doce –   – 05; 31
    1364 – Hovenia dulcis Thunb. – passa japonesa – Chinese raisintree; Japanese raisintree – 05; 31
    1365 – Humiranthera ampla (Miers) Baehni – surucuina –   – 05; 31
    1366 – Humiria balsamifera – umiri; umiri balsamo; umiri de cheiro; umirizeiro –   – 05; 19; 31
    1367 – Humulus lupulus L. – lupulo – Bine; European hop; Hop – 05; 31; 32
    1368 – Hura crepitans – acacu; areeiro; assacu; assacuzeiro; oassacu; uassacu; ussacu –   – 01; 05; 31
    1369 – Hyacinthus orientalis L. – jacinto de jardim; jacinto – Hyacinth – 03; 31; 44
    1370 – Hybanthus ipecacuanha (L.) Baill. – ipeca branca; pepaconha –   – 05; 31
    1371 – Hybanthus lanatus Taub. – papaconha –   – 05; 31
    1372 – Hydrocotyle leucocephala Cham. & Schltdl. – acaricoba – Brazilian pennywort – 31; 44
    1373 – Hydrocotyle umbellata L. – acaricoba – Water pennywort – 31; 44
    1374 – Hymatanthus sucuuba (Spruce ex Müll Arg.) Woodson – sucuuba –   – 05; 31
    1375 – Hymathanthus sucuuba Wood. – sucuuba –   – 05; 31
    1376 – Hymenaea courbaril – abati timbai; aboti timbai; algarobo; buranda; cataqui iamani; farinheira; imbiuva; jassai; jatai; jatai amarelo; jatai monde; jatai peba; jatai uba; jatai vermelho; jataiba; jatoba; jatoba d’anta; jatoba de porco; jatoba miudo; jatoba roxo; jetai; jitai; jutai; jutai acu; jutai catinga; jutai do campo; jutai grande; jutai pororoca; jutaici; olho de boi; trapuca; himenea; jutai cafe; jatoba –   – 02; 05; 19; 20; 29; 31; 32; 40; 44
    1377 – Hymenaea courbaril L. – himenea; jatai; jatoba; jutai; jatoba jutai – Amami gum; Brazilian copal; South american locust; West indian locust; Jatoba – 05; 19; 20; 31
    1378 – Hymenaea spp. – jatoba –   – 05; 19; 20; 31
    1379 – Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. ex Hayne – jatoba –   – 05; 19; 20; 31
    1380 – Hyophorbe lagenicaulis – (Bailey) Moore – palmeira garrafa –   – 31; 44
    1381 – Hyoscyamus niger L. – meimendro negro – Black henbane; Henbane; Hog’s bean; Stinking nightshade – 05; 31
    1382 – Hyparrhenia filipendula (Hochst.) Stapf – hiparrenia – Fine thatching grass; Tambookie grass – 16; 22; 31
    1383 – Hyparrhenia hirta (L.) Stapf – hiparrenia – Common thatching grass; Coolatai grass; Thatching grass – 31; 44
    1384 – Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf – jaragua; hyparrhenia – Giant thatching grass; Jaragua grass – 31
    1385 – Hypericum perforatum L. – hiperico erva de sao joao –   – 05; 31
    1386 – Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker – hypoestes – Flamingo plant; Measlesplant; Polka dot plant – 31; 44
    1387 – Hypoestes sanguinolenta Hook. – contefe; face sardenta; douradinha –   – 05; 31
    1388 – Hyptis atrorubens – hortela brava –   – 05; 31
    1389 – Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit. – hiptis – Comb hyptis – 31
    1390 – Hyptis spicigera Lam. – vira vira negra – Black sesame – 03; 31
    1391 – Hyptis suaveolens – sambacuite; bamburral –   – 05; 31
    1392 – Hyssopus officinalis L. – hissopo – Hyssop – 03; 05; 31
    1393 – Iberis umbellata L. – assembleia; iberis – Globe candytuft – 31; 44
    1394 – Ilex macoucoua  – leitinho; macucu verdadeiro; pau macucu –   – 02; 05; 31
    1395 – Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil. – erva mate – Brazilian tea; Mate; Paraguayan tea; Yerba mate – 03; 05; 31; 32
    1396 – Illicium anisatum L. – anis do japao – Japanese star anise; Sacred anisetree – 31; 44
    1397 – Illicium verum Hook. f. – anis da china; anis estrelado – Chinese star anise; Star anise – 03; 05; 31
    1398 – Impatiens balsamina L. – beijo de frade; beijo; beijo de moça; beijo branco – Garden balsam; Rose balsam; Touch me not – 05; 31; 44
    1399 – Impatiens walleriana Hook.f. – impatiens; maria sem vergonha –   – 31; 44
    1400 – Imperata brasiliensis Trin. – sape – Brazilian blady grass; Brazilian satin tail – 05; 31
    1401 – Imperata exaltata – sape –   – 05; 31
    1402 – Indigofera hirsuta L. – indigofera; falso anil; anileira – Hairy indigo; Rough hairy indigo – 31; 44
    1403 – Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. – indigofera; anil; anileira – Anil indigo – 01; 02; 05; 31; 40; 44
    1404 – Inga alba – inga xixi; inga xixica; inga turi –   – 05; 29; 31; 32
    1405 – Inga cinnamomea  – inga acu; inga chinela; inga grande; inga grossa; inga macaco –   – 29; 31; 32
    1406 – Inga edulis – abaremo; abaremotemo; abavemo; enga;inga; inga agua de comer; inga agua de flor; inga cipo; inga da beirada; inga da praia; inga doce; inga opeapuba; inga timbo; inga verdadeira; rabo de mico –   – 01; 05; 29; 31; 32; 40; 44
    1407 – Inga edulis Mart. – inga; inga cipo; – Ice cream bean – 05; 31
    1408 – Inga fagifolia – iingai; inga chichica; inga cururu; inga de macaco; inga mirim; ingazinho; mococona –   – 29; 31; 32
    1409 – Inga heterophylla – inga; inga chichica; inga de macaco; inga ferradura; inga xixi; inga xixica; ingai; ingaxixi –   – 29; 31; 32
    1410 – Inga setifera – inga de flor amarela –   – 05; 29; 31; 32
    1411 – Inga striata Benth. – inga 4 quinas; inga facao; ingazeiro de sao salvador –   – 31; 44
    1412 – Inga vera Willd. – inga; inga ferradura; inga doce; ingazinho; inga feijao – Guaba; Guama – 04; 31; 44
    1413 – Inula helenium L. – enula campana – Elecampane; Velvet dock – 05; 30; 33
    1414 – Ipomoea acetosaefolia – campainha branca; cipo da praia; salsa de praia –   – 05; 31
    1415 – Ipomoea alba – boa noite; coerana; flor do norte; cipo cafe –   – 01; 17; 29; 31; 44
    1416 – Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. – espinafre d’agua; cancon – Chinese water spinach; Swamp morning glory; Water spinach; Water convolvulus – 05; 29; 31
    1417 – Ipomoea asarifolia – batatarana; salsa; salsa da rua –   – 05; 31
    1418 – Ipomoea asarifolia (Desr.) Roem. Et Schult. – salsa –   – 05; 31
    1419 – Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. – batata doce –   – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1420 – Ipomoea batatas Lam. – batata doce –   – 05; 31
    1421 – Ipomoea batatoides – cipo de batatas –   – 05; 31
    1422 – Ipomoea capparoides – vetila –   – 05; 31
    1423 – Ipomoea fistulosa – algodao bravo; algodao de pantanos; algodao do brejo; algodao do pantanal; campainha de canudo; canudo; canudo de lagoa; capa bode; majorana; mata cabras; mata pinto; salsa branca; ipomea –   – 05; 31; 34
    1424 – Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. – corda de viola; campainha; mechoacana; jua pitanga – Ivy leaf morning glory – 05; 31; 44
    1425 – Ipomoea hederifolia L. – corda de viola; corriola; jetirana; amarra amarra – Ivy leaf morning glory; Star ipomoea; Trompillo – 31; 44
    1426 – Ipomoea horsfalliae Hook. – campainha vermelha; ipomea – Kuhio vine; Prince kuhio vine; Prince’s vine – 31; 44
    1427 – Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merrill – campainha; ipomea – Blue dawnflower – 31; 44
    1428 – Ipomoea lacunosa L. – campainha; ipomea – White star – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1429 – Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth – campainha; campainha azul;trepadeira de beija flor azul; flor de sao joao – Japanese morning glory; White edge morning glory – 05; 31; 44
    1430 – Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. – batata de mar – Beach morning glory; Goat’s foot; Goat’s foot convolvulus; Railroadvine – 05; 31; 44
    1431 – Ipomoea purga (Wender.) Hayne – jalapa – Jalap – 05; 31
    1432 – Ipomoea purpurea – bons dias; campainha; corda de viola; corriola –   – 05; 31; 44
    1433 – Ipomoea quamoclit – boa tarde; campainha; campainha vermelha; cardeal; cipo esqueleto; corda de viola; corriola; erva chumbo; flor de cardeal; primavera; primavera grande; primula –   – 05; 31; 44
    1434 – Ipomoea ramosissima (Poir.) Choisy – campainha –   – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1435 – Ipomoea tricolor Cav. – corriola; ipomoea – Flying saucers; Heavenly blue morning glory; Pearly gates – 05; 31; 44
    1436 – Iresine diffusa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. forma lindenii (Van Houtte) L. B. Sm. & Downs – bredinho de linden –   – 05
    1437 – Iresine herbstii Hook. – coracao magoado –   – 31; 44
    1438 – Iriartea exorrhiza – baxiuba; castical; pachiubeira; paxiuba –   – 18; 19; 28; 29; 31
    1439 – Iris × germanica L. nothovar. florentina Dykes – iris florentino – Florentine iris; Orris; Orris root – 05; 31; 44
    1440 – Iris missouriensis Nutt. – lirio – Western blue flag; Western iris; Rocky mountain iris – 31
    1441 – Isatis tinctoria L. – pastel dos tintureiros – Dyer’s woad; Woad – 01; 02; 05; 31
    1442 – Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. – capim macho – Murain grass; Muraino grass; Saramatta grass; Wrinkled duck beak; Ribbed muraina grass; Wrinkled grass – 31
    1443 – Ischnosiphon arouma – aruma; aruma membeca; guarima; uaruma –   – 05; 22; 29; 31
    1444 – Ischnosiphon gracilis – aruma canela; guarima perna de jacamim –   – 22; 31
    1445 – Ischnosiphon obliquus – aruma; aruman assu; guarima; guarima acu; uaruma –   – 22; 31
    1446 – Ischnosiphon ovatus – aruman; guarima mirim –   – 22; 31
    1447 – Ixora chinensis Lam. – ixora – Chinese ixora – 05; 31
    1448 – Jacaranda decurrens * – carobinha –   – 05; 31
    1449 – Jacaranda caroba Velloso – jacaranda –   – 05; 31
    1450 – Jacaranda copaia – caju acu; carauba; caroba; caroba do mato; caroba manaca; carobucu; carobussu; marupa; marupa falso; paparauba de rato; parapara; parapara peuva; salsa caroba; simaruba copaia; simaruba falsa –   – 01; 02; 03; 05; 16; 31
    1451 – Jacaranda intermedia – estape –   – 05; 31
    1452 – Jacaranda sp. – jacaranda; caroba –   – 05; 20; 31
    1453 – Jacaratia spinosa – barrigudo; chamburu; jaracatia; mamao de veado; mamao do mato; mamaozinho; mamoeiro bravo; mamoeiro de espinho; mamota –   – 05; 29; 31; 32
    1454 – Jacquinia barbasco – barbasco; tingui da praia –   – 05; 31
    1455 – Jasminum officinale L. – jasmin – Common jasmine; Jasmine; Jessamine; Poet’s jasmine – 03; 05; 30; 31; 44
    1456 – Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton – bogarim; jasmim – Arabian jasmine – 01; 03; 05; 31; 44
    1457 – Jatropha curcas – figo do inferno; maduri graca; mandobi guacu; mandobiguacu; mandubi guacu; mandubiguacu; mandui guacu; pinhao croa; manduiguacu; manduri graca; peao branco; piao; pinhao; pinhao branco; pinhao bravo; pinhao das indias; pinhao de cerca; pinhao de purga; pinhao do paraguai; pinhao dos barbados; pinhao manso; pinhao maso; mandui guacu; pinhao croa –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 08; 28; 29; 30; 31; 44
    1458 – Jatropha elliptica (Pohl) Baill. – jatrofa –   – 05
    1459 – Jatropha gossypiifolia L. – pinhao roxo – Bellyache bush; Black physicnut; Cotton leaf physicnut – 05; 31
    1460 – Jatropha multifida L. – flor de coral – Coralplant; French physicnut; Spanish physicnut – 05; 31; 44
    1461 – Jessenia bataua – bataua; pacaua; pataua –   – 03; 08; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32
    1462 – Joannesia princeps – anda acu; anda assu; andaguacu; andaguassu; andavassu; cotieira; cotieiro; fruta de arara; fruta de cotia; fruteira de arara; inda guassu; indaiassul anda; inday assu; indiassu –   – 01; 02; 05; 19; 20; 31; 44
    1463 – Juglans nigra L. – nogueira preta – Black walnut – 05; 16; 20; 31
    1464 – Juglans regia L. – nogueira comum – Carpathian walnut; English walnut; Madeira walnut; Persian walnut – 05; 31
    1465 – Juncus effusus L. – junco – Soft rush – 05; 31
    1466 – Juncus tenuis Willd. – junco – Path rush; Slender rush; Soft rush – 31
    1467 – Juniperus communis L. – zimbro; zimbreiro – Common juniper – 03; 05; 31
    1468 – Jussieua pilosa – camarambara; cruz de malta; mao de sapo –   – 05; 31
    1469 – Justicia carnea Lindl. – jacobinia; justicia – Brazilian plume; Flamingo flower; Plumeflower – 31
    1470 – Justicia pectoralis – boo hana k; masha hara hana k; mashihiri; paxararo k; treno do para –   – 05; 31
    1471 – Justicia pectoralis Jacq. var. stenophylla Leon. – chamba anador –   – 05; 31
    1472 – Justicia scheidycilei V.A.W. Grahm – camarao do mato –   – 05; 31
    1473 – Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln. – calancoe; flor da fortuna –   – 31
    1474 – Kalanchoe brasiliensis – folha de fortuna –   – 05; 31
    1475 – Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. – saiao –   – 05; 31
    1476 – Kalanchoe gastonis-bonnieri Hamet & Perrier – saiao –   – 05; 31
    1477 – Kalanchoe pinnata Pers. – saiao –   – 05; 31
    1478 – Kalanchoe tubiflora Hamct – dedinho; rabo de onca –   – 05; 31
    1479 – Krameria argentea – carrapicho do ceara; ratainha da terra; ratainha do ceara –   – 01; 03; 05; 31; 32
    1480 – Krameria tomentosa – carrapicho de cavalo; ratainha da terra –   – 03; 05; 31
    1481 – Kyllinga pungens – capim camaleao; capim camelao; capim de um so botao –   – 05; 31
    1482 – Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet – labe labe – Hyacinth bean – 01; 05; 31
    1483 – Lacistema sp. – espeto –   – 01; 05; 31
    1484 – Lactuca sativa L. – alface – Garden lettuce; Lettuce – 05; 31
    1485 – Lactuca serriola L. – alface silvestre – Prickly lettuce – 05; 31
    1486 – Lacunaria jenmani – moela de mutum; papo de mutum –   – 31
    1487 – Lafoensia pacari A.St.-Hil. – pacari –   – 05; 31
    1488 – Lagascea mollis Cav. – lagascea – Acuate – 31
    1489 – Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. – abobora ornamental; cabaca; cabaco – Bottle gourd; Calabash gourd; White flower gourd; Calabash – 05; 12; 15; 20; 29; 40
    1490 – Lagerstroemia indica L. – reseda – Crape myrtle; Crepe myrtle; Crepeflower – 31; 44
    1491 – Lamium album L.* – urtiga branca –   – 05; 31
    1492 – Lamium maculatum (L.) L. – lamium; lamia manchada –   – 31; 44
    1493 – Lansium domesticum Jack. – langsat; longkong; duku – Langsat – 05; 29; 31; 32
    1494 – Lantana camara – camara; camara branco; camara juba; cambara; cambara de cheiro; cambara de chumbo; cambara de duas cores; cambara de espinho; cambara de folha grande; cambara juba; cambara miudo; cambara verdadeiro; cambara vermelho; capitao do campo; chumbinho; erva chumbinho –   – 05; 20; 29; 31; 32; 44
    1495 – Lantana camara L. – cambara; mal me quer – Lantana; Red sage; Wild sage; Yellow sage – 05; 31
    1496 – Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. – lantana – Creeping lantana; Purple lantana; Small lantana; Trailing lantana; Weeping lantana – 31; 44
    1497 – Lantana sp. – lantana; chumbinho –   – 05; 31
    1498 – Latania loddigesii – Mart. – latania azulada; latania glauca –   – 31; 44
    1499 – Lathyrus cicera L. – latirus; chicharo miudo – Chickling vetch; Flat pod peavine; Vetchling – 29; 31
    1500 – Lathyrus clymenum L. – chicharao de torres – Spanish vetchling – 31
    1501 – Lathyrus hirsutus L. – latirus – Caley pea; Hairy vetchling; Rough pea; Singletary pea; Winterpea; Austrian winterpea – 31
    1502 – Lathyrus ochrus (L.) DC. – ervilha dos campos – Cyprus vetch; Ochrus vetch – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1503 – Lathyrus odoratus L. – ervilha de cheiro; ervilha doce – Sweet pea – 05; 31
    1504 – Lathyrus sativus L. – ervilhaca; lathyrus; chicharo – Chickling pea; Chickling vetch; Grass pea; Grass peavine; Dogtooth pea; Indian pea; Khesari; Riga pea; Wedge peavine – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1505 – Lathyrus sylvestris L. – chicharo selvagem – Flat pea; Flat peavine; Narrow leaf everlasting pea – 05; 31; 44
    1506 – Lathyrus tingitanus L. – chicharo de tanger – Tangier pea – 05; 31
    1507 – Laurus nobilis L. – louro; loureiro – Bay laurel; Grecian laurel; Laurel; Sweet bay; Bay leaf laurel – 05; 30; 31
    1508 – Lavandula angustifolia Mill. – lavanda; alfazema – English lavender; Lavender – 03; 05; 29; 31
    1509 – Lavandula latifolia Medik. – alfazema – Broadleaf lavender; Spike lavender – 03; 05; 31
    1510 – Lavatera trimestris L. – lavatera –   – 05; 31
    1511 – Lawsonia inermis L. – alfeneiro – Henna; Jamaica mignonette; Mignonette tree – 01; 03; 05; 29; 31
    1512 – Lecythis idation – sapucaia; sapucaia amargosa –   – 01; 05; 31
    1513 – Lecythis minor Jacq. – sapucaia –   – 31
    1514 – Lecythis pisonis Cambess. – sapucaia; castanha de sapucaia – Monkey pot – 19; 31
    1515 – Lecythis usitata – cacamba do mato; castanha sapucaia; cumbuca de macaco; fruta sapucaia; marmita de macaco; sapucaia; sapucaia vermelha –   – 03; 05; 20; 21; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 34
    1516 – Lecythis zabucaja Aubl. – castanha sapucaia – Monkeynut; Paradise nut; Sapucaia nut – 31
    1517 – Lemna gibba L. – lemna – Fat duckweed – 29; 30; 31
    1518 – Lens culinaris Medik. – lentilha –   – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1519 – Leonorus sibiricus L. * – macae –   – 05
    1520 – Leonotis nepetaefolia – cordao de frade; tipi;erva pipi; cordao de sao francisco –   – 05; 31
    1521 – Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. – cordao de sao francisco –   – 05; 31
    1522 – Leonurus sibiricus L. – macae; carolina; lavadeira; macae; mane serafim – Siberian motherwort – 05; 31
    1523 – Leopoldina piassaba – chique chique; piacaba; piacaba do orenoco; piacava; piassaba –   – 22; 29; 31
    1524 – Leopoldinia piassaba Wallace – piassaba – Para piassava; Piassava – 22; 31
    1525 – Lepidium latifolium L. – erva pimenteira – Broad leaf peppergrass; Peppergrass; Perennial peppercress; Perennial peppergrass; Perennial pepperweed – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1526 – Lepidium sativum L. – agriao do seco; agriao; mastruco – Garden cress – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1527 – Lepismium cruciforme (Vell.) Miq. – cruzeta –   – 31
    1528 – Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees – capim – Green sprangletop – 31
    1529 – Leptochloa scabra Nees – capim – Rough sprangletop – 31
    1530 – Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. – capim mimoso; capim pe de galinha – Tropical sprangletop – 31
    1531 – Leptospermum laevigatum – leptospermum –   – 31; 44
    1532 – Leptospermum petersonii – leptospermum –   – 03; 30; 31
    1533 – Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don – lespedeza – Chinese bush clover; Chinese lespedeza; Perennial lespedeza; Sericea lespedeza; Silky bush clover – 05; 31; 44
    1534 – Leucadendron salignum – protea –   – 31
    1535 – Leucaena diversifolia (Schldl.) Benth. – leucena –   – 31; 44
    1536 – Leucaena esculenta (Moc. & Sesse) Benth. – leucena –   – 05; 31
    1537 – Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit – leucena – Horse tamarind; Jumbie bean; Leadtree; Leucaena; Koa haole; White popinac – 04; 05; 22; 31; 44
    1538 – Leucaena pulverulenta (Schldl.) Benth. – leucena – Great leadtree – 22; 31
    1539 – Leucanthemum maximum (Ramond) DC. = Chrysanthemum maximum Ramond – margarida gigante –   – 31
    1540 – Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. = Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. – crisantemo; margarida –   – 05; 31
    1541 – Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch – erva maggi –   – 05; 30; 31
    1542 – Leymus arenarius (L.) Hochst. – aveia brava – Beach wild rye; European dune grass; Lyme grass; Rancheria grass; Sea lyme grass – 01; 31; 44
    1543 – Licania camara – caamara; camacamara; cambara de cheiro; itauba camara –   – 05; 19; 30; 31; 37
    1544 – Licania macrophylla – anauera –   – 05; 31
    1545 – Licania micrantha – caraiperana; cariperana de folha larga –   – 29; 31; 32
    1546 – Licania rigida Benth. – oiticica –   – 02; 31
    1547 – Licania tomentosa (Benth.) Fritsch – oiti; oiti da praia –   – 22; 29; 31; 32
    1548 – Licania turiuva – caraipe das aguas; caraiperana; carapeirana; mao de picao; turiuva –   – 20; 21; 31
    1549 – Licaria puchury-major – louro puchuri; louro puxuri; pichurim; puchuri grosso; puchurim; puchury; puxuri –   – 05; 30; 31
    1550 – Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. – ligustro; ligustrum – Japanese privet; Wax leaf privet – 05; 31
    1551 – Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton – ligustro; ligustrum – Chinese privet; Glossy privet; White waxtree; Ligustrum – 05; 31
    1552 – Ligustrum obtusifolium – ligustro; ligustrum –   – 19; 31; 44
    1553 – Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. – ligustro; ligustrum – California privet – 05; 19; 31
    1554 – Ligustrum quihoui Carrière – ligustro; ligustrum –   – 31
    1555 – Ligustrum sinense Lour. – ligustrinho; ligustrio; ligustrum – Chinese privet – 19; 31
    1556 – Ligustrum vulgare L. – ligustro; ligustrum; alfena; alfenheiro – Common privet; European privet; Privet – 05; 19; 31; 44
    1557 – Lilium candidum L. – lirio – Madonna lily; White lily – 05; 31
    1558 – Lilium lancifolium Thunb. – laco de prata – Devil lily; Easter lily; Kentan; Martagon; Tiger lily – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1559 – Lilium longiflorum asiatic – lirio –   – 05; 31
    1560 – Lilium pumilum DC. – lirio – Coral lily – 05; 31
    1561 – Lilium speciosum Thunb. – lirio; lirio oriental – Japanese lily; Showy japanese lily; Showy lily; Speciosum lily – 31
    1562 – Limnanthemum humboldtianum – aperana; golfo; murure; soldanela d’agua –   – 31
    1563 – Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau – murere; golfo – Sawah flower rush; Sawah lettuce; Velvetleaf – 31
    1564 – Limonium sinuatum (L.) Mill. = Statice sinuata L. – estatice; lavanda do mar –   – 31
    1565 – Linaria maroccana Hook.f. – linaria –   – 31
    1566 – Linum perenne L. – linho perene –   – 31
    1567 – Linum usitatissimum L. – linho – Flax; Linseed – 05; 22; 29; 31
    1568 – Lippia alba (Mill) N. E. Brown – lipia erva  cidreira de arbusto erva cidreira de arbusto erva cidreira –   – 05; 31
    1569 – Lippia alba Gardn. – erva cidreira do campo –   – 05; 31
    1570 – Lippia alba N. E. Brown ex Britton & Wilson – salvia cidreira –   – 05; 31
    1571 – Lippia geminata – alecrim do campo; herva cidreira do campo; salsa brava; salva; salva brava; salva do rio grande do sul; salva limao –   – 05; 31
    1572 – Lippia origanoides – alecrim d’angola –   – 05; 31
    1573 – Lippia sidoides – alecrim –   – 05; 31
    1574 – Lippia sidoides Cham. – alecrim pimenta – Pepper rosmarin – 05; 31
    1575 – Liquidambar styraciflua L. – liquidambar – Alligatorwood; American storax; Sweet gum; Red gum; Satin walnut – 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 30; 31
    1576 – Lisianthus virgatus – sohana –   – 05; 31
    1577 – Litchi chinensis Sonn. – lichia; litchia – Leechee; Litchi; Lychee – 05; 29; 31
    1578 – Lithospermum officinale L. – aljofar – Common gromwell; Gromwell; Pearl gromwell – 05; 31
    1579 – Livistona chinensis (N.J. Jacquin) R. Brown ex Mart. – falsa latania; palmeira de leque da china; palmeira leque –   – 31
    1580 – Livistona saribus – livistona; palmeira –   – 31
    1581 – Lobelia erinus L. – lobelia azul – Edging lobelia – 31
    1582 – Lobelia inflata L. – lobelia; tabaco indiano – Indian tobacco – 05; 31
    1583 – Lobelia sp. – lobelia; couve do brejo; lirio do brejo –   – 05; 31
    1584 – Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. – alisso – Sweet alyssum – 05; 30; 31
    1585 – Lolium multiflorum Lam. – azevem – Annual ryegrass; Westerwold ryegrass; Italian ryegrass – 01; 05; 31
    1586 – Lolium perenne L. – azevem perene; azevem vivaz; lolio perenne – English ryegrass; Perennial ryegrass – 01; 05; 31
    1587 – Lonas annua (L.) Vines & Druce – lonas –   – 31
    1588 – Lonchocarpus floribundus – mariapixi; timbo venenoso; timbo vermelho; timborana –   – 05; 31
    1589 – Lonchocarpus nicou – barbasco; cururu ape; cururu vermelho; nicou; timbo macaquinho; timbo urucu; timbo vermelho –   – 05; 31
    1590 – Lonchocarpus urucu – barbasco; timbo; timbo acu; timbo carajuru; timbo grande; timbo urucu; timbo vermelho –   – 05; 31
    1591 – Lophostemon confertus – lophostemon –   – 19; 31
    1592 – Lophostemon suaveolens – lophostemon –   – 19; 31
    1593 – Lotus corniculatus L. – cornichao – Bird’s foot trefoil – 01; 05; 31
    1594 – Lotus uliginosus Schkuhr – lotus palustre; erva coalheira – Big trefoil; Greater bird’s foot trefoil – 05; 31
    1595 – Lucuma lasiocarpa – abieiro da mata; abiurana; abiurana da mata; abiurana da varzea; abiurana vermelha –   – 05; 31
    1596 – Lucuma parviflora – bacomixa; fruta de anambe; muirapixi; pitomba de leite –   – 29; 31
    1597 – Ludwigia decurrens Walter – ludwigia – Winged water primrose – 31
    1598 – Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P. H. Raven – ludwigia – Primrose willow – 31
    1599 – Ludwigia peploides (Kunth) P. H. Raven – ludwigia – Creeping water primrose – 31
    1600 – Ludwigia peruviana (L.) H. Hara – ludwigia – Peruvian primrosebush; Water primrose – 31
    1601 – Ludwigia suffruticosa Walt. – cruz de malta –   – 05; 31
    1602 – Luehea grandiflora Mart. – acoita cavalo –   – 05; 31
    1603 – Luehea paniculata Mart. – acoita cavalo –   – 05; 31
    1604 – Luffa aegyptiaca Mill. = Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem. – bucha; esfregao –   – 05; 21; 29; 31
    1605 – Luffa aegyptica – bucha; bucha dos paulistas; bucha dos pescadores; esfregao; esponja vegetal; fruta dos paulistas; quingombo grande –   – 05; 31
    1606 – Luffa operculata – abobrinha do norte; anda acu; bucha dos cacadores; bucha dos paulistas; buchinha; cabacinha; cabacinho; jalapa; lufa; purga de bucha; purga de jalapa; purga de joao do pais; purga do joao paes; purga dos paulistas –   – 05; 22; 31
    1607 – Luffa operculata Muller – cabacinha –   – 05; 31
    1608 – Lupinus albus L. – tremoco branco; tremoceiro branco – European white lupin; White lupine – 05; 29; 31
    1609 – Lupinus angustifolius L. – tremoco azul; tremoceiro azul – Blue lupine; European blue lupine; Narrow leaf lupin; Sweet lupinseed – 01; 05; 31
    1610 – Lupinus luteus L. – tremoco amarelo; tremoceiro amarelo – European yellow lupine; Yellow lupine – 01; 05; 31
    1611 – Lupinus mutabilis Sweet – lupinus – Andean lupine; Pearl lupine; Tarhui; Tarwi – 05; 29; 31
    1612 – Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. – tremoco de jardim; tremoceiro de jardim – Garden lupin; Large leaf lupin; Washington lupin – 05; 31
    1613 – Lychnophora ericoides Mart. – lychnophora; arnica; candeia –   – 05; 31
    1614 – Lycopersicon chilense Dunal – lycopersicon; tomate silvestre –   – 31
    1615 – Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. – tomate; tomateiro – Cherry tomato; Tomato – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32
    1616 – Lycopersicon hirsutum – lycopersicon; tomate silvestre –   – 31
    1617 – Lycopersicon peruvianum (L.) Mill. – lycopersicon; tomate silvestre do peru –   – 31
    1618 – Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium (L.) Mill. – lycopersicon; tomate silvestre – Currant tomato – 29; 30; 31; 32
    1619 – Lycopersicun sp. – tomate miudo –   – 05; 31
    1620 – Lycopodium cernuum – enxofre vegetal; froco; licopodio brasileiro; licopodio indigena; palma de sao joao; pe de lobo; pe de macaco; pinheirinho; pinheirinho de jardim; pinheirinho do campo; samambaia de marajo; samamban; santa cruz –   – 05; 31
    1621 – Lycopodium clavatum L. – licopodio – Common club moss; Elk moss; Ground pine; Running club moss; Running pine; Staghorn club moss – 05; 31
    1622 – Lygodium volubile Sw. – tres cipos; cipo abre caminho –   – 05; 31
    1623 – Lythrum salicaria L. – salicaria – Purple loosestrife; Spiked loosestrife; Purple lythrum – 05; 31
    1624 – Mabea fistulifera Mart. – canudo de pito –   – 05; 31
    1625 – Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche – macadamia; nogueira do havai – Macadamia nut; Queenslandnut; Smooth shell queensland nut – 29; 30; 31
    1626 – Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A. H. Gentry – unha de gato  – Catclaw creeper; Catclaw trumpet; Cat’s claw; Funnel creeper; Macfadyena – 05; 31
    1627 – Machaerium aculeatum Raddi – cipo escada; cipo correia –   – 05; 31
    1628 – Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud. – amoreira branca – Cubanwood; Dyer’s mulberry; Fustic mulberry; Mora; Old fustic – 02; 19; 31
    1629 – Macrochloa tenacissima (Loefl. ex L.) Kunth – alfa; esparto – Alfa grass; Esparto grass – 01; 16; 22; 31
    1630 – Macroptilium atropurpureum (Dc.) Urb. – macroptilium; siratro – Atro; Surple bean – 01; 31
    1631 – Macroptilium gracile (Poepp. ex Benth.) Urb. – macroptilium –   – 31
    1632 – Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb. – macroptilium; feijao dos arrozais – Phasemy bean; Phasey bean – 05; 31
    1633 – Macrotyloma axillare (E. Mey.) Verdc. – dolicos; macrotiloma – Perennial horse gram – 31
    1634 – Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. – faveira – Horse gram; Madras gram – 01; 05; 29; 31
    1635 – Malpighia emarginata DC. – malpighia; acerola; cereja das antilhas; cerejeira das antilhas – Barbados cherry; West indian cherry; Acerola – 05; 29; 31
    1636 – Malpighia glabra L. – acerola; aceloreira – Acerola – 05; 29; 31
    1637 – Malus baccata (L.) Mill. – malus –   – 05; 29; 31
    1638 – Malus domestica Borkh. – maca; macieira – Apple – 04; 05; 29; 31; 32
    1639 – Malus prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh. – malus – Chinese apple; Crab apple; Plum leaf apple – 31
    1640 – Malus pumila Mill. – maca – Paradise apple – 05; 31
    1641 – Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem. – malus –   – 01; 31
    1642 – Malus yunnanensis (Franch.) C. K. Schneid. – malus –   – 01; 31
    1643 – Malva lasiocarpa – malva do campo; tapeicha –   – 05; 31
    1644 – Malva parviflora L. – malva; malva de botica; malva crespa – Cheeseweed; Egyptian mallow; Little mallow – 05; 31
    1645 – Malva rotundifolia L. – malva –   – 05; 31
    1646 – Malva sylvestris L. – malva; malva corama – Cheeses; High mallow; Tall mallow – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1647 – Malva verticillata L. var. crispa L. – malva; malva crespa verdadeira – Castillian mallow; Curled mallow – 05; 31
    1648 – Malvastrum americanum (L.) Torr. – malva; malva de espiga; malva dura – Weed – 31
    1649 – Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke – malva silvestre; guanxumas; vassourinha; guaxima; malvastro –   – 05; 31
    1650 – Mammea americana – abrico; abrico das antilha; abrico do para; abricoteiro –   – 05; 29; 31; 32; 33
    1651 – Mandevilla sanderi (Hemsl.) Woodson – dipladenia – Brazilian jasmine – 31
    1652 – Mandragora officinarum L. – mandragora – Mandrake – 05; 31
    1653 – Mangifera caesia Jack. – manga; mangueira – Binjai – 29; 31
    1654 – Mangifera foetida Lour. – manga; mangueira – Bachang mango; Gray mango – 29; 31
    1655 – Mangifera indica L. – manga; mangueira – Mango – 05; 29; 31; 32
    1656 – Mangifera indica Wall. – manga; mangueira –   – 05; 31
    1657 – Mangifera odorata Griff. – manga; mangueira – Kuwini; Saipan mango – 29; 31; 32
    1658 – Manicaria martiana – bucu; bussu; bussu do mato; coqueiro bucu; obucu; turiri; ubucu; ubussu –   – 19; 31
    1659 – Manicaria saccifera – bucu; bussu; coqueiro bucu; obucu; tururi; ubucu; ubussu –   – 18; 19; 25; 31
    1660 – Manihot aesculifolia (H.B.K.) Pohl – manihot –   – 05; 31
    1661 – Manihot caerulescens Pohl – manihot –   – 17; 31
    1662 – Manihot cf. palmata Müll.Arg – marmeleiro –   – 05; 31
    1663 – Manihot dichotoma – manihot –   – 17; 31
    1664 – Manihot esculenta Crantz – aipim; macaxeira; mandioca – Brazilian arrowroot; Cassava; Manioc – 04; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1665 – Manihot peruviana Muell.Arg. – manihot –   – 05; 31
    1666 – Manihot rubricaulis I.M.Johnston – manihot –   – 05; 31
    1667 – Manihot tripartita (Spreng.) Muell. Arg. – manihot –   – 05; 31
    1668 – Manihot utilissima – aipim; embanacu; juca amarga; landim; macacheira; mandiba; mandioca; mandioca acu; mandioca amarela; mandioca amarga; mandioca branca; mandioca brava; mandioca cuvelinha; mandioca doce; mandioca dos ilheus; mandioca mandi; mandioca mansa; mandioca manteiga; mandioca maria mole; mandioca mata fome; mandioca milagrosa; mandioca morandi; mandioca mulatinha; mandioca pipoca; mandioca puri; mandioca toxica; mandioca vassourinha; manduba; manipeba; maniva; olho de pomba; olho de urubu; olho roxo; olho verde; poquim; sabara; sutinga; suvela –   – 03; 04; 05; 30; 31; 33
    1669 – Manilkara huberi – macaranduba; macaranduba verdadeira; massaranduba –   – 17; 19; 29; 31
    1670 – Manilkara zapota – sapota; sapote; sapoti; sapotilha; sapotilheiro; sapotizeiro –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1671 – Maprounea guianensis Aubl. – casquin –   – 05; 31
    1672 – Maranta arundinacea L. – araruta – Arrowroot; Maranta; West indian arrowroot – 03; 05; 29; 31
    1673 – Maranta arundinaceae – agoutiguepe; araruta –   – 04; 05; 16; 29; 31
    1674 – Maranta leuconeura E. Morris – maranta –   – 31
    1675 – Marrubium vulgare L. – marroio – Horehound; White horehound – 05; 30; 31
    1676 – Marsdenia amylacea – condurango –   – 05; 31
    1677 – Martinella obovata – gapui; gapui cipo –   – 05; 31
    1678 – Masdevallia infracta Lindl. – orquidea; masdevallia –   – 31
    1679 – Massaranduba emarginata – macaranduba; macaranduba do para; macarandubareira –   – 01; 05; 16; 17; 31
    1680 – Matayba guianensis Aubl. – pitomba; camboata –   – 05; 31
    1681 – Matisia cordata Bonpl. – sapota; sapota dos solimoes; matisia – South american sapote – 29; 30; 31
    1682 – Matisia paraensis – cupuassurana; cupurana –   – 01; 16; 19; 31
    1683 – Matricaria recutita L. = Matricaria chamomilla auct., non L. – camomila verdadeira; macanilha –   – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1684 – Matricaria tinctoria Baill. – camomila –   – 05; 31
    1685 – Matthiola incana (L.) R.Br. – goivo –   – 31
    1686 – Mauritia flexuosa – boriti; buriti; buriti do brejo; buritizeiro; carada guacu; carandai guacu; coqueiro buriti; meriti; merity; miriti; moriti; muriti; muritizeiro; murity; muruty; palmeira do brejo; palmeira dos brejos –   – 03; 04; 05; 19; 20; 21; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1687 – Mauritiella armata – buriti mirim; buritirana; carana –   – 03; 04; 05; 19; 20; 21; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1688 – Maxillaria camaridii Rchb. f. – orquí­dea –   – 31
    1689 – Maximiliana maripa – anaja; anajare; coqueiro anaia; inaja; inajazeiro; naja coqueiro –   – 19; 21; 22; 29; 30; 31
    1690 – Maximiliana regia – anaia; anaja; anajax; arita; aritaire; coqueiro; inaja; inajazeiro; naja coqueiro –   – 19; 21; 22; 29; 30; 31
    1691 – Maximiliana tetrasticha – anaja brava –   – 22; 31
    1692 – Maytenus aquifolium Mart. – espinheira santa –   – 05; 31
    1693 – Maytenus ilicifolia (Schrad.) Planch. – espinheira santa –   – 05; 31
    1694 – Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss. ; Maytenus aquifolium Mart. – espinheira santa –   – 05; 31
    1695 – Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek – espinheira santa – Holy thorn – 05; 31
    1696 – Maytenus macrocarpa (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. – maiteno – Chuchuhuasca; Chuchuhuasha – 05; 31
    1697 – Medicago arborea L. – alfalfa gigante – Moon trefoil; Tree medic – 31
    1698 – Medicago littoralis Rohde ex Loisel. – medicago – Strand medic – 31
    1699 – Medicago lupulina L. – luzerna lupulina; lupulina; luzerna brava – Black medic; Hop clover; Yellow trefoil; Nonesuch – 05; 31
    1700 – Medicago minima (L.) Bartal. – medicago – Little bur clover – 05; 31
    1701 – Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal. – medicago – Button clover; Large disc medic – 31
    1702 – Medicago polymorpha L. – medicago – Burr medic; Hairy medic; Toothed medic; California bur clover; Toothed bur clover – 05; 31
    1703 – Medicago rugosa Desr. – medicago – Gama medic – 31
    1704 – Medicago sativa L. – alfafa –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1705 – Medicago scutellata (L.) Mill. – medicago; luzerna escudelada – Snail clover; Snail medic – 01; 31
    1706 – Medicago truncatula Gaertner – medicago – Barrel clover; Barrel medic – 01; 05; 31
    1707 – Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) B. K. Simon & S. W. L. Jacobs – capim coloniao – Green panic grass; Guinea grass – 05; 31
    1708 – Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden & Betche) Cheel – melaleuca – Narrowleaf paperbark; Teatree – 03; 05; 29; 31
    1709 – Melaleuca cajuputi Powell – melaleuca; cajepute – Cajuput; Punktree; Swamp teatree; Cajaput; Cajeput; Kajeputbaum – 03; 05; 29; 31
    1710 – Melaleuca ericifolia Sm. – melaleuca – Swamp paperbark – 02; 03; 17; 29; 31
    1711 – Melaleuca hypericifolia Sm. – melaleuca –   – 31
    1712 – Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. – melaleuca – Broadleaf paperbark; Broadleaf teatree; Paperbark; River teatree; Weeping teatree – 19; 31
    1713 – Melaleuca linariifolia Sm. – melaleuca – Flax leaf paperbark – 02; 03; 05; 17; 31
    1714 – Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S. T. Blake – melaleuca – Broadleaf paperbark; Broadleaf teatree; Paperbark teatree; Melaleuca; Punktree – 02; 03; 05; 17; 31
    1715 – Melaleuca styphelioides Sm. – melaleuca – Prickly leaf teatree – 31
    1716 – Melaleuca uncinata R. Br. – melaleuca – Broom honeymyrtle; Broombush – 03; 29; 31
    1717 – Melia azedarach L. – cinamomo; amargoseira do himalaio; santa barbara – Chinaberry; Sichuan pagoda tree; Syringa berrytree – 05; 19; 31
    1718 – Melilotus albus Medik. – meliloto branco – Bokhara clover; Honey clover; White melilot; White sweet clover – 05; 31
    1719 – Melilotus altissimus Thuill. – trevo de cheiro – Tall melilot; Tall yellow sweet clover – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1720 – Melilotus indicus (L.) All. – trevo de cheiro – Indian sweet clover; Small melilot; Sour clover – 01; 05; 31
    1721 – Melilotus officinalis Lam. – meliloto – Field melilot; Ribbed melilot; Yellow melilot; Yellow sweet clover – 01; 05; 30; 31
    1722 – Melilotus sulcatus Desf. – anafa; anafe – Furrowed melilot; Grooved melilot – 05; 31
    1723 – Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv. – capim gordura – Brazilian stink grass; Efwatakala grass; Molasses grass; Stink grass – 05; 31
    1724 – Melissa officinalis L. – erva cidreira; melissa; melissa erva  cidreira verdadeira; erva cidreira – Balm; Bee balm; Lemon balm; Melissa – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1725 – Mendicago sativa – alfafa –   – 05; 31
    1726 – Mentha × piperita L. nothosubsp. piperita – hortela pimenta – Peppermint – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1727 – Mentha aquatica – hortela –   – 05; 31
    1728 – Mentha aquatica L. – hortela – Water mint – 05; 30; 31
    1729 – Mentha arvensis L. – hortela do campo; mentha – Corn mint; Field mint; European corn mint – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1730 – Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Holmes – hortela vique; hortela japonesa –   – 05; 31
    1731 – Mentha canadensis L. – hortela canadense; hortela chinesa; hortela japonesa – American corn mint; Canadian mint; Chinese mint; Corn mint; Japanese mint – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1732 – Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. – poejo – Biblical mint; Horse mint; Wild mint – 05; 31
    1733 – Mentha pulegium L. – poejo – European pennyroyal; Pennyroyal – 03; 05; 31
    1734 – Mentha spicata L. – hortela comum – Spearmint – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1735 – Mentha spp. – hortela levante –   – 05; 31
    1736 – Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. – hortela branca – Apple mint; Round leaf mint – 31
    1737 – Mentha X piperita L. – hortela pimenta –   – 05; 31
    1738 – Mentha x villosa Hads. – hortela roxo –   – 05; 31
    1739 – Merremia quinquefolia – campainha dos tintureiros –   – 02; 03; 05; 31
    1740 – Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. – barrilha – Crystalline iceplant; Iceplant – 05; 29; 31
    1741 – Mespilus germanica L. – nespereira – Medlar – 29; 31
    1742 – Metroxylon sagu Rottb. – sagu; palmeira – Sago palm – 01; 22; 29; 31
    1743 – Miconia albicans (Sw.)Triana – vidro –   – 05; 31
    1744 – Miconia albicans Steud. – uva branca; mexerica verde –   – 05; 31
    1745 – Miconia calvescens DC. – miconia – Miconia – 31
    1746 – Miconia ligustroides (DC.) Naudin – mostarda –   – 05; 31
    1747 – Miconia serialis – canela de velha –   – 01; 31
    1748 – Miconia sp. – miconia; orelha de onca –   – 05; 31
    1749 – Microcitrus australasica (F. Muell.) Swingle – microcitrus – Australian finger lime; Finger lime – 01; 29; 31
    1750 – Microcitrus inodora (F. M. Bailey) Swingle – microcitrus – North queensland lime; Russell river lime – 29; 31
    1751 – Microcitrus papuana Winters – microcitrus – Brown river finger lime – 31
    1752 – Microcitrus warburgiana (F. M. Bailey) Tanaka – microcitrus – New guinea wild lime – 31
    1753 – Microtea debilis – microtea –   – 05; 31
    1754 – Mikania amara – cipo catinga; guaco –   – 05; 31
    1755 – Mikania glomerata Spreng. – guaco –   – 05; 31
    1756 – Mikania glomerata Spreng. ; Mikania hirsutissima DC. ; Mikania laevigata Sch. Bip. ex Baker – guaco –   – 05; 31
    1757 – Mikania hirsutissima DC. – cipo cabeludo; cipo batata –   – 05; 31
    1758 – Mikania micrantha Kunth – guaco; cipo – Bittervine; Climbing hempweed; Mile a minute – 31
    1759 – Mikania speciosa – cipo almecega –   – 03; 05; 31
    1760 – Mimosa asperata – calumbi d’agua; juquiri; juquiri arbustivo; juquiri grande –   – 05; 31
    1761 – Mimosa debilis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd – mimosa; mucha calunga –   – 05; 31
    1762 – Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright – mimosa – Giant sensitive plant – 05; 31
    1763 – Mimosa pigra L. – mimosa – Bashfulplant; Catclaw mimosa; Giant sensitive plant; Giant sensitive tree; Thorny sensitive plant – 05; 31
    1764 – Mimosa pudica – sensitiva –   – 05; 31
    1765 – Mimosa scabrella Benth. – bracaatinga; abaracaatinga; bracatinga –   – 01; 04; 31
    1766 – Mimosa sensitiva L. – mimosa –   – 31
    1767 – Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. – mimosa –   – 05; 31
    1768 – Mimusops bidentata – balata; maparajuba; muirapiranga roxa; pau de esteira –   – 05; 17; 29; 31
    1769 – Mimusops excelsa – macarandiva; macaranduba; macaranduba do para; macarandubaia do para; macaranduva; maparajuba –   – 29; 31
    1770 – Mirabilis jalapa L. – maravilha; bela noite; jalapa – Beauty of the night; False jalap; Four o’clock; Marvel of peru – 05; 31
    1771 – Momordica balsamina L. – momordica; balsamina de purga – Balsam apple – 05; 31
    1772 – Momordica charantia – melao de sao caetano –   – 05; 31
    1773 – Momordica charantia L. – melao de sao caetano; melao amargo; melao de sao caetano – Balsam apple; Balsam pear; Bitter gourd; Bitter cucumber; Bitter melon; Carilla gourd – 05; 29; 31
    1774 – Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. – monarda – Lemon bee balm; Lemon mint – 03; 30; 31
    1775 – Monarda didyma L. – monarda – Bee balm; Bergamot; Fragrant balm; Mountain mint; Oswego tea – 05; 31
    1776 – Monopteryx uaucu – uaucu; vacu –   – 01; 03; 05; 29; 31
    1777 – Monstera deliciosa Liebm – ananas japones –   – 05; 29; 31
    1778 – Monstera deliciosa Liebm. – banana de macaco; imbe; costela de adao – Cut leaf philodendron; Mexican breadfruit; Monstera; Swiss cheese plant – 05; 31
    1779 – Montrichardia arborescens – aninga de espinho; aninga do para; aninga pere; aninga uba; aninga uva; banana de macaco; guimberana; imbe da praia; imberana; siny –   – 05; 16; 22; 31
    1780 – Morella cerifera (L.) Small – louro bravo – Bayberry; Candleberry; Southern bayberry; Southern wax myrtle; Wax myrtle; Waxberry – 01; 03; 04; 05; 16; 20
    1781 – Morinda citrifolia L. – pau azeitona – Indian mulberry; Noni; Rotten cheesefruit – 02; 03; 05; 17; 31
    1782 – Moringa oleifera Lam. – moringa; muringueiro – Ben oil tree; Benzolive tree; Drumsticktree; Horseradish tree; Moringa – 01; 05; 17; 29; 31
    1783 – Mormodica charanthia Linné – melao de sao caetano –   – 05; 31
    1784 – Mormodica charantia L. – melao de sao caetano –   – 05; 31
    1785 – Morus alba L. – morus; amoreira branca; amora preta – White mulberry – 05; 31
    1786 – Morus bombycis Koidz. – morus – Silkworm mulberry; Wild korean mulberry – 31
    1787 – Morus nigra L. – morus; amoreira negra – Black mulberry – 05; 29; 31
    1788 – Morus rubra L. – morus – Red mulberry – 01; 03; 04; 05; 12; 19; 22; 29; 31
    1789 – Mouriri apiranga – apiranga; piranga –   – 29; 31
    1790 – Mouriri eugeniaefolia – cucui; dauicu; mouriri –   – 29; 31
    1791 – Mouriria grandiflora – tucunare mereca –   – 29; 31
    1792 – Moutabea aculeata – caimito do monte; cainiteiro do monte –   – 01; 03; 04; 12; 19; 22; 29; 31
    1793 – Moutabea chodatiana – fruta de guariba; gogo de guariba; suassureca –   – 29; 31
    1794 – Mucuna pruriens – mucuna; nescau –   – 05; 30; 31; 32
    1795 – Mucuna urens (L.) Medik. – mucuna –   – 05; 31
    1796 – Muntingia calabura L. – calabura – Calabur tree; Capulin; Jamaica cherry; Panama berry; Strawberry tree – 04; 22; 29; 31
    1797 – Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack. – murta – Chinese box; Orange jessamine; Satinwood – 05; 31
    1798 – Musa acuminata colla – banana – Cavendish banana; Chinese banana; Dwarf banana; Banana – 01; 03; 04; 05; 16; 20; 29; 31; 32
    1799 – Musa balbisiana colla – banana – Plantain – 17; 20; 22; 29; 31
    1800 – Musa basjoo Siebold & Zucc. ex Iinuma – musa – Japanese banana; Bajiao – 05; 22; 31
    1801 – Musa ornata Roxb. – musa – Flowering banana – 31
    1802 – Musa textilis Nees. – abaca – Manila hemp – 22; 31
    1803 – Musa velutina H. Wendl. & Drude – musa –   – 31
    1804 – Myosotis alpestris F.W. Schmidt – miosotis; nao me esquecas –   – 31
    1805 – Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão – aroeira do sertao –   – 05; 31
    1806 – Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão – aroeira –   – 05; 31
    1807 – Myrcia sp. – brauna vermelha –   – 05; 31
    1808 – Myrcia atramentifera – araca do campo; cumate; cumaty; kumaty –   – 02; 17; 31
    1809 – Myrcia fallax (Rich.) DC. – pau pereira –   – 05; 31
    1810 – Myrcia multiflora (Lam.) DC. – cambui – Pedra hume – 05; 31
    1811 – Myrcia multiflora Lam – cambui –   – 05; 31
    1812 – Myrcia sp. – myrcia; jambo miudo –   – 05; 31
    1813 – Myrcia sphaerocarpa – cambuhy; pedra ume caa –   – 05; 31
    1814 – Myrciaria cauliflora (Mart.) O. Berg – jaboticaba – Brazilian grapetree; Jaboticaba – 29; 31; 32
    1815 – Myrciaria dubia – azedinha; cacari; camu camu; socoro –   – 05; 29; 31; 32; 33
    1816 – Myrciaria jaboticaba (Vell.) O. Berg – jaboticaba; jabuticaba –   – 29; 31; 32
    1817 – Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. – pinheiro d agua – Brazilian water milfoil; Parrot’s feather; Thread of life; Water feather – 05; 31
    1818 – Myristica fragrans Houtt. – moscadeira – Mace; Nutmeg – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1819 – Myristica macrophylla – cananga; ocuuba; ucuuba –   – 02; 05; 31
    1820 – Myristica otoba – noz moscada santa fe; otoba –   – 05; 31
    1821 – Myristica platysperma – uchi pucu; ucuubaran; uixe; uixi pucu –   – 03; 29; 31
    1822 – Myroxylon toluifera – balsamo indico seco;balsamo tolutano; resina de tolu –   – 03; 05; 30; 31; 33
    1823 – Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop. – mirra de jardim – Garden myrrh; Myrrh; Sweet chervil; Sweet cicely – 05; 30; 31
    1824 – Myrthus brasiensis L. * – pitanga –   – 05; 31
    1825 – Myrtillocactus geometrizans Console – myrtillocactus –   – 29; 31; 32; 33
    1826 – Narcissus jonquilla L. – jonquilho – Jonquil – 03; 29; 31
    1827 – Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. – narciso – Common daffodil; Daffodil; Trumpet narcissus; Buttercup; Lent lily; Tenby daffodil; Wild daffodil – 05; 31
    1828 – Narcissus Tazetta L. – narciso – Bunchflower daffodil; Bunchflower narcissi; Chinese sacred lily; Daffodil; Polyanthus narcissus; Tazetta – 03; 05; 31
    1829 – Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. ex Arechav. – nassela; nassella – Nassella tussock; Serrated tussock; Yass river tussock – 05; 31
    1830 – Nasturtium officinale – agriao –   – 05; 31
    1831 – Nasturtium officinale R. Br. = Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek – agriao; agriao d’agua –   – 05; 31
    1832 – Nasturtium officinalis (R.Br.) P. van Royen – agriao –   – 05; 31
    1833 – Nectandra cymbarum – canela sassafras preta; pau sassafras; pau sassafras do amazonas; sassafras do amazonas; sassafras do brasil; sassafras do orenoco; sassafras do para –   – 03; 05; 31; 32; 33
    1834 – Nectandra elaiofora – inamui; inhamui; louro inhamui; louro mamori; louro mamorim; louro nhambui; nhamui;safras; sassafras –   – 02; 03; 04; 05; 31
    1835 – Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. – lotus do egito – East indian lotus; Lotus; Lotusroot; Oriental lotus; Sacred lotus – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1836 – Nemesia strumosa Benth – nemesia joia do cabo –   – 31
    1837 – Neoglaziovia variegata (Arruda) Mez – caroa; carua –   – 05; 22; 31
    1838 – Neonotonia wightii (Graham ex Arnott) Lackey – soja perene – Perennial soybean – 01; 31
    1839 – Neoregelia carolinae (Beer) I. B. Smith – bromelia –   – 31
    1840 – Neoregelia spectabilis (T. Moore) L. B. Sm. – bromelia – Fingernail plant; Painted fingernail – 31
    1841 – Nepeta cataria L. – erva gateira – Catnip – 05; 30; 31
    1842 – Nephelium lappaceum L. – rambutan – Rambutan – 29; 31; 32
    1843 – Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.) Schott – nephrolepis; nefrolepis – Giant sword fern – 31
    1844 – Nephrolepis pectinata (Willd.) Schott – nephrolepis; nefrolepis – Basket fern; Toothed sword fern – 31
    1845 – Neptunia prostrata (Lam.) Baill. – dorme dorme – Water mimosa – 05; 29; 31
    1846 – Nerium oleander L. – espirradeira – Oleander; Rose bay; Rose laurel – 05; 31
    1847 – Neurolaena lobata (L.) R. Br. – neurolaena – Jackass bitters – 05; 31
    1848 – Nicandra physaloides (L.) Pers. – joa de saquinho –   – 05; 31
    1849 – Nicotiana alata Link et Otto – flor de tabaco; fumo de jardim –   – 31
    1850 – Nicotiana clevelandii A. Gray – nicotiana –   – 05; 31
    1851 – Nicotiana glauca Graham – nicotiana – Tree tobacco; Wild tobacco – 05; 31
    1852 – Nicotiana glutinosa L. – nicotiana –   – 05; 31
    1853 – Nicotiana langsdorffii Weinm. – nicotiana; fumo bravo –   – 31
    1854 – Nicotiana rustica L. – fumo brasileiro – Aztec tobacco; Wild tobacco; Native tobacco; Nicotine tobacco; Small tobacco; Tobacco – 05; 31; 34
    1855 – Nicotiana sylvestris Speg. & Gomes – nicotiana –   – 05; 31
    1856 – Nicotiana tabacum L. – tabaco; fumo – Tobacco – 05; 31; 34
    1857 – Nidularium fulgens Lem. – bromelia – Blushing bromeliad – 31
    1858 – Nierembergia scoparia Sendtn. – nierembergia – Tall cupflower – 31
    1859 – Nigella damascena L. – cabelo de venus; nigela – Jack in the green; Love in a mist; Wild fennel – 05; 31
    1860 – Nigella sativa L. – cominho negro – Black caraway; Black cumin; Fennel flower; Nigella; Nutmeg flower; Roman coriander – 05; 30; 31
    1861 – Nothoscordum gracile (Aiton) Stearn – alho sem mau cheiro – Onionweed – 05; 31
    1862 – Nymphaea amazonum – aguape do amazonas; uape –   – 03; 05; 31
    1863 – Nymphaea lotus L. – golfao vermelho – Egyptian lotus; Egyptian water lily; White egyptian lotus; White lotus; White water lily – 05; 31
    1864 – Nymphaea rudgeana – aguape da meia noite; ape; mururi; uape –   – 03; 05; 31
    1865 – Ochroma lagopus – balsa; pata de lebre; pau de balsa; pau de jangada; topa –   – 17; 19; 22; 28; 31
    1866 – Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urb. – pau balsa – Balsa; Corkwood – 19; 31
    1867 – Ocimum americanum L. – manjericao; manjericao anao; manjericao branco – American basil; Hoary basil – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1868 – Ocimum basilicum L. – alfavaca;alfavaca doce; basilicao; basilico grande; erva real; manjericao; manjericao doce; manjericao verdadeiro; manjericao branco; manjericao de folha larga; manjericao roxo; manjericao semi roxo;segurelha – Basil; Sweet basil – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1869 – Ocimum gratissimum – alfavaca; alfavaca cravo –   – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 33
    1870 – Ocimum gratissimum L. – alfavacao – East indian basil; Russian basil; Shrubby basil; African basil – 05; 31
    1871 – Ocimum kilimandscharicum Baker ex Guerke – manjericao – Camphor basil – 03; 31
    1872 – Ocimum minimum L. – alfavaca;manjericao; manjericao de folha estreita – Bush basil; Greek basil – 30; 31
    1873 – Ocimum selloi Benth. – alfavaca –   – 05; 31
    1874 – Ocimum tenuiflorum L. – manjericao sagrado – Holy basil; Sacred basil; Tulsi – 05; 30; 31
    1875 – Ocotea cernua (Nees) Mez – canela; louro – Cayenne rosewood – 03; 31
    1876 – Ocotea cujumary – cucheri; cuchery; cuchumary; cucumari; cucumary; cuiumari; cuiumary; cujumary; cumari; cumary; cuxumary; cuyumary; louro cujumari –   – 05; 31
    1877 – Ocotea cymbarum Kunth – louro amarelo – Louro inamui; Orinoco sassifras – 05; 19; 31
    1878 – Ocotea guyanensis – cujumary da guyana; cujumary mirim; cujumaryrana; cumaryrana; cuyumaryrana; louro branco; louro das guyanas; louro tamancao; tamanqueira; umarirana –   – 05; 31
    1879 – Ocotea odorifera (Vell.) J. G. Rohwer – canela sassafras –   – 05; 31
    1880 – Ocotea odorifera (Vell.) Rohwer – canela sassafraz – Brazilian sassafras; Sassafras – 03; 05; 31
    1881 – Ocotea opifera – canela de cheiro; caneleira de cheiro; louro –   – 05; 31
    1882 – Ocotea pallida (Meisn.) Mez – louro urubu –   – 05; 31
    1883 – Ocotea rodioei – bebearu; bibiru; canela de bibiru; canela limao; coracao verde; pitauba branca; sepuru; sipeira; sipiri –   – 05; 31
    1884 – Ocotea splendens – cedro cinzento; cedro pardo; itauba pixuna; itauba preta; itaubarana preta; mandioqueira –   – 05; 31
    1885 – Odontadenia speciosa – cipo cururu –   – 05; 31
    1886 – Oenocarpus bacaba – bacaba; bacaba acu; bacaba assu; bacaba verdadeira; bacabacu; bacabeira –   – 03; 19; 20; 29; 31; 32
    1887 – Oenocarpus bataua Mart. – pataua – Bataua palm; Kumbu; Seje; Ungurahui – 29; 31
    1888 – Oenocarpus mapora – bacaba; bacaba y; bacabi; bacabinha; coqueiro bacaba –   – 18; 29; 31; 32
    1889 – Oenothera affinis Cambess. – oenotera; enotera – Long flower evening primrose – 31
    1890 – Oenothera biennis L. – boa tarde – Common evening primrose; German rampion; Evening primrose – 05; 31
    1891 – Olea europaea L. – azeitona; oliveira – Olive; Olive leaf – 19; 29; 31
    1892 – Olgra sp. – taquara –   – 05; 31
    1893 – Omphalea diandra – castanha comadre de azeite;cayate –   – 03; 04; 05; 31
    1894 – Oncidium altissimum (Jacq.) Sw. – oncidium –   – 31
    1895 – Onobrychis viciifolia Scop. – sanfeno – Esparcet; Holy clover; Sainfoin – 31
    1896 – Operculina hamiltonii (G.Don) D.F.Austin & Staples – batata pulga –   – 05; 31
    1897 – Operculina macrocarpa (L.) Urb. – operculina – Brazilian jalap – 05; 31
    1898 – Operculina macrocarpa Urb. – operculina –   – 05; 31
    1899 – Ophiopogon japonicus (L. f.) Ker Gawl. – pelo de urso – Dwarf lilyturf; Ophiopogon; Snake’s beard – 05; 31
    1900 – Ophiopogon japonicus Ker – Gawl. – capim de jardim –   – 05; 31
    1901 – Oplismenus hirtellus (L.) P. Beauv. – grama de vaso – Basket grass; Bristle basket grass; Woods grass – 31
    1902 – Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill. – cacto de cochonilha; palma;palma miuda; palmatoria – Cochineal cactus; Cochineal nopal cactus; Cochineal plant – 01; 02; 03; 12; 19; 31
    1903 – Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw. – palma de espinho; palmatoria – Dildo; Eltham indian fig; Sweet prickly pear – 05; 31
    1904 – Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. – figueira da india; palma gigante; figo da espanha; figo da india; figueira da barbaria; jamaraca; jurumbeba; orelha de onca; palma de gado – Barbary fig; Prickly pear; Smooth prickly pear; Indian fig; Indian fig prickly pear; Mission cactus; Mission prickly pear; Smooth mountain prickly pear; Spineless cactus; Tuberous prickly pear; Tuna cactus – 04; 05; 29; 31; 32
    1905 – Opuntia monacantha Haw. – monducuru; urumbeba – Drooping prickly pear – 31
    1906 – Orbignia martiana – agassu; aguassu; babacu; babassu; baguassu; guagassu; ua uassu –   – 01; 03; 04; 05; 13; 16; 17; 19; 20; 21; 22; 27; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1907 – Origanum majorana L. – manjerona verdadeira; manjerona – Sweet marjoram – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1908 – Origanum vulgare L. – oregano; manjerona brava – European oregano; Pot marjoram; Wild marjoram; Wintersweet; Oregano – 05; 30; 31
    1909 – Ormosia cuneata – tento –   – 20; 28; 31
    1910 – Ormosia holerythra – tento –   – 20; 28; 31
    1911 – Ornithopus compressus L. – ornithopus – Yellow bird’s foot; Yellow serradella – 31
    1912 – Ornithopus sativus Brot. – ornithopus; serradela; ornitopos; ornitopus – Serradella – 01; 05; 31
    1913 – Oryza barthii A. Chev. – arroz silvestre; oryza; orisa; oriza – Wild rice – 30; 31
    1914 – Oryza glaberrima Steudel – arroz africano; oryza; orisa; oriza – African rice – 30; 31
    1915 – Oryza glumaepatula Steudel – arroz silvestre; oryza; orisa; oriza –   – 31
    1916 – Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehr. – oryza; orisa; oriza – Red rice – 31
    1917 – Oryza minuta J. & C. Presl. – arroz silvestre; oryza; orisa; oriza –   – 03; 31
    1918 – Oryza nivara S. D. Sharma & Shastry – arroz silvestre; oryza; orisa; oriza –   – 03; 31
    1919 – Oryza officinalis Wall – arroz silvestre; oryza; orisa; oriza –   – 31
    1920 – Oryza punctata Kotschy ex Steudel – oryza; orisa; oriza –   – 05; 31
    1921 – Oryza rufipogon Griff. – arroz silvestre; oryza; orisa; oriza – Red rice – 31
    1922 – Oryza sativa L. – arroz; oryza; orisa; oriza – Rice; Asian rice; Lowland rice; Upland rice – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1923 – Osmanthus fragrans Lour. – flor do imperador – Sweet osmanthus – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1924 – Osmunda cinnamomea L. – osmunda – Buckhorn; Cinnamon fern – 31
    1925 – Osteospermum ecklonis – margarida do cabo –   – 31
    1926 – Ottonia sp. – ottonia –   – 05; 31
    1927 – Ouratea hexasperma Aublet – barbatimao –   – 05; 31
    1928 – Oxalis latifolia Kunth – azedinha de folhas roxas – Fishtail oxalis; Pink shamrock – 05; 31
    1929 – Pachira aquatica – cacao selvagem; cacau falso; cacau selvagem; carolina; castanheira da agua; castanheira das guianas; castanheiro de guyana; castanheiro do maranhao; castanhola; cupuacu rana; embiratanha; embirucu; embyratanha; mamarana; mamorana; monguba; munguba; mungubarana; paina de cuba; paineira de cuba; sapote grande –   – 01; 02; 03; 05; 16; 17; 19; 22; 29; 30; 31
    1930 – Pachyrhizus ahipa (Wedd.) Parodi – ahipa – Yam bean – 29; 30; 31
    1931 – Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban – jicama – Yam bean – 01; 29; 30; 31
    1932 – Pachyrhizus tuberosus (Lam.) Spreng. – jacatupe; feijao jacatupe – Potato bean; Yam bean – 29; 30; 31
    1933 – Pachystachys lutea Ness. – camarao amarelo; planta camarao –   – 31
    1934 – Palicourea juruana – roxa; roxinha –   – 05; 31
    1935 – Palicourea marcgravii – cafe bravo; cafezinho; coto coto; erva de gado; erva de rato; erva de rato da mata; erva de rato de sao paulo; erva de rato verdadeira; roxa; roxinha; roxona; tangara acu; timbo; vick; erva cafe –   – 05; 31
    1936 – Palicourea rigida H.B. & K. – douradinha –   – 05; 31
    1937 – Panax ginseng C. A. Mey – ginseng –   – 05; 31
    1938 – Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. – jinsao – Asian ginseng; Asiatic ginseng; Chinese ginseng; Ginseng; Korean ginseng; Manchurian ginseng; Oriental ginseng – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1939 – Panax quinquefolius L. – panaceia – American ginseng; Ginseng; Occidental ginseng; Sang – 03; 05; 30; 31
    1940 – Pandanus tectorius Parkinson – pandano – Pandan; Textile screw pine; Thatch screw pine; Veitch screw pine – 05; 22; 31
    1941 – Panicum antidotale Retz. – panicum; painco – Blue panic grass; Giant panic – 05; 31
    1942 – Panicum coloratum L. – panicum; capim – Small buffalo grass; White buffalo grass; Klein grass – 05; 31
    1943 – Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. – panicum; painco; capim do banhado – Bluegrass; Fall panic grass; Fall panicum; Smooth witchgrass – 05; 31
    1944 – Panicum hemitomon Schult. – panicum; capim – Maidencane; Pifine grass – 31
    1945 – Panicum hirticaule J. Presl – panicum – Rough stalk witchgrass – 31
    1946 – Panicum miliaceum L. – panicum; painco; milheto proso – Millet panic – 05; 30; 31
    1947 – Panicum myuros – canarana; cannarana de folha miuda –   – 01; 16; 31
    1948 – Panicum spectabile – cannarana verdadeira; capim da praia; capim de angola; capim de feixe; capim de pernambuco; capim navalha –   – 05; 31
    1949 – Panicum sumatrense Roem. & Schult. – panicum; paico; milheto – Blue panic; Little millet; Sama – 30; 31
    1950 – Pantiverea alliacea L. – atipim; tipi; guine –   – 05; 31
    1951 – Papaver nudicaule L. – papoula ornamental – Arctic poppy; Icelandic poppy – 05; 31
    1952 – Papaver orientale L. – papoula oriental – Oriental poppy – 31
    1953 – Papaver rhoeas L. – papoula comum – Corn poppy; Field poppy; Flanders poppy; Shirley poppy – 02; 05; 30; 31; 33
    1954 – Papaver somniferum L. – papoula – Opium poppy – 02; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    1955 – Paphiopedilum bellatulum (Rchb f.) Steim. – orquidea –   – 31
    1956 – Paphiopedilum philippinense var. album (Rchb. f.) Steim – orquidea –   – 31
    1957 – Paphiopedilum rothschildianum (Rchb. f.) Steim – orquidea –   – 31
    1958 – Paphiopedilum sanderianum (Rchb. f.) Stein – orquidea –   – 31
    1959 – Parahancornia amapa – amapa; amapa amargoso; amapazeiro; cataua; sorva maparajuba –   – 01; 05; 16; 31
    1960 – Paratecoma peroba (Record & Mell) Kuhlm. – ipe peroba – Peroba – 19; 20; 31
    1961 – Parinari sprucei – uara –   – 29; 30; 31
    1962 – Parinari montana – guiti coroia; oiti coro; oiti coroia; paiura; pajura; pajura da mata; pajura grande; pajura pedra; pajurazeiro; parinari; uiti curube –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1963 – Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R. Br. ex G. Don – farroba – African locust bean; West african locust bean – 03; 29; 31
    1964 – Parkia gigantocarpa – visgueiro –   – 03; 29; 31
    1965 – Parkia oppositifolia – arapari; arara tucupe; arara tucupy; faveira bengue; parica; visgueiro –   – 03; 05; 31
    1966 – Parkia pectinata – parica –   – 05; 31
    1967 – Parkia pendula – andira; angelim; arara petiu; arara tucupi; boloteiro; fava de bolota; faveira; faveira de chorao; jueirana vermelha; jupuuba; murariena; parica grande; pau de arara; rabo de arara; sabiu; visgueiro –   – 05; 31
    1968 – Parkia platycephala Benth. – parkia; visgueiro –   – 05; 31
    1969 – Parkinsonia aculeata L. – parkinsonia; espinheiro de jerusalem – Barbados flowerfence; Horsebean; Jerusalem thorn; Retaima; Mexican paloverde – 01; 04; 05; 31
    1970 – Parmentiera cereifera Seem. – arvore de velas – Candletree – 31
    1971 – Parthenium argentatum A. Gray – guayule – Guayule; Mexican rubber – 01; 05; 16; 17; 31
    1972 – Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. – hera japonesa; falsa vinha – Boston ivy; Japanese ivy – 05; 31
    1973 – Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius – capim azedo; capim forquilha; capim marreca; grama azeda; grama forquilha;  – Buffalo grass; Carabao grass; Sour grass; Sour paspalum – 05; 31
    1974 – Paspalum dilatatum Poir – capim dalis; capim das rocas; capim melado; capim aruva; capim comprido; capim comprido da australia; capim da australia; grama das baixas; grama alema; grama comprida; grama das rocas –   – 01; 05; 31
    1975 – Paspalum distichum L. – grama de joanopolis – Couch paspalum; Eternity grass; Ginger grass; Joint grass; Knotgrass; Seaside millet; Thompson grass; Water couch – 01; 05; 31
    1976 – Paspalum fasciculatum Willd. – capim gengibre – Bamboo grass; Venezuela grass – 05; 31
    1977 – Paspalum fimbriatum Kunth – paspalum – Gazon paspalum; Panama crown grass; Winged paspalum – 05; 31
    1978 – Paspalum lividum Trin. ex Schltdl. – paspalum – Tropic lalo; Longtom – 01; 31
    1979 – Paspalum mandiocanum Trin. – capim pernambuco; capim de pernambruco; capim gengibre; grama de macae –   – 05; 31
    1980 – Paspalum nicorae Parodi – grama cinzenta – Brunswick grass – 01; 31
    1981 – Paspalum notatum Fluegge – grama batatais; forquilha – Bahia grass – 01; 05; 31
    1982 – Paspalum paniculatum L. – capim da guine; capim de burro; grama da guine; grama touceira – Galmarra grass; Russell river grass – 05; 31
    1983 – Paspalum plicatulum Michx. – paspalum; coqueirinho; pasto negro – Brown seed paspalum; Top paspalum – 05; 31
    1984 – Paspalum quadrifarium Lam. – paspalum – Tussock paspalum – 05; 31
    1985 – Paspalum repens P. J. Bergius – capim aquatico; capim d’agua; capim membeca – Water paspalum – 31
    1986 – Paspalum urvillei Steud. – capim das rocas; capim das estradas; malha grande; paspalao – Vasey grass – 05; 31
    1987 – Paspalum vaginatum Sw. – grama arame; gramao; grama rasteira da praia – Biscuit grass; Seashore paspalum; Silt grass – 01; 31
    1988 – Paspalum virgatum L. – capim acu – Upright paspalum; Water couch – 05; 31
    1989 – Passiflora alata Dryander – maracuja grande – Wingstem passionflower – 31
    1990 – Passiflora alata Dryaner; Passiflora edulis Sims.; Passiflora incarnata L. – maracuja –   – 05; 31
    1991 – Passiflora caerulea L. – maracuja azul – Blue crown passionflower; Blue passionflower – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1992 – Passiflora coccinea Aubl. – maracuja poranga – Red granadilla; Red passionflower – 31
    1993 – Passiflora coriacea Juss. – passiflora – Bat leaf passionflower – 05; 31
    1994 – Passiflora edulis Sims – maracuja amarelo – Purple granadilla – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1995 – Passiflora edulis Sims. – maracuja; maracuja roxo; passiflora; maracuja –   – 05; 31
    1996 – Passiflora foetida L. – maracuja fedorento – Running pop; Stinking passionflower – 05; 31
    1997 – Passiflora incarnata L. – maracuja vermelho – Apricot vine; Maypop; Maypop passionflower; Passionflower – 05; 29; 30; 31
    1998 – Passiflora laurifolia L. – maracuja limao – Bell apple; Jamaica honeysuckle; Sweetcup; Water lemon; Yellow granadilla – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    1999 – Passiflora ligularis Juss. – granadilla – Sweet granadilla; Granada china – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2000 – Passiflora macrocarpa – barbadine; grenadilha; maracua acu redondo; maracua de carina; maracua guacu; maracua mamao; maracua silvestre; maracua suspiro; maracua uacu; maracuja acu; maracuja mamao; maracuja melao; passiflora vermelha de beira rio –   – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2001 – Passiflora maliformis L. – maracuja mamao – Conch apple; Sweet calabash; Sweetcup – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2002 – Passiflora nitida H.B.K. – maracuja suspiro – Bell apple – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2003 – Passiflora organensis Gardn. – carapia –   – 05; 31
    2004 – Passiflora quadrangularis L. – maracuja doce; maracuja acu – Giant granadilla; Granadilla – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2005 – Passiflora racemosa Brot. – maracuja – Red passionflower – 31
    2006 – Passiflora suberosa L. – maracuja –   – 05; 31
    2007 – Pastinaca sativa L. subsp. sativa – pastinaga – Parsnip – 05; 29; 31
    2008 – Paulí­nia cupana H. B. & K – guarana –   – 05; 31
    2009 – Paullinia cupana – guarana; guaranazeiro; naranazeiro; naranazero; varana –   – 02; 05; 14; 16; 21; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2010 – Paullinia cupana – guarana –   – 05; 14; 16; 21; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2011 – Paullinia cururu – arary; cipo cruape branco; cururu –   – 05; 22; 29; 30; 31
    2012 – Paullinia pinnata – cipo timbo; cururu ape; mafome; timbo; timbo cipo; cipo cruape vermelho; cipo cumaru ape –   – 05; 21; 22; 29; 30; 31
    2013 – Paullinia yoco Schultes & Killip. – paullinia –   – 05; 31; 32; 33
    2014 – Pavonia malacophylla – malva rosa; malva veludo –   – 22; 31
    2015 – Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit. – picao; sapatinho do diabo; zigue zague – Japanese poinsettia; Milkbush; Redbird cactus; Redbird flower; Slipper flower; Slipperplant – 05; 31
    2016 – Pelargonium graveolens L’Herit. – geranio rosado – Rose geranium; Rose scent geranium – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2017 – Pelargonium peltatum (L.) L’ Her. – geranio pendente –   – 31
    2018 – Pelargonium x hortorum L. H. Bailey – jardineira –   – 05; 31
    2019 – Pelargonium Zonale Group = Pelargonium x hortorum L.H. Bailey – geranio –   – 31
    2020 – Peltastes sp. – cipo folha de cagado –   – 05; 31
    2021 – Peltodon radicans – hortela de vaqueiro –   – 05; 31
    2022 – Peltodon radicans Pohl. – pacari; hortela de vaqueiro –   – 05; 31
    2023 – Peltodon tomentosus Pohl – hotela do mato –   – 05; 31
    2024 – Peltogyne paniculata Benth. – roxinho; pau roxo – Purpleheart – 19; 31
    2025 – Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub. – canafistula; amendoim falso; angico; angico amarelo; angico bravo; angico cangalha; angico vermelho; barbatimao; cabeca de negro; cambui; camurca; canafiste; canafrista branca; canafristula; cancenca; canela de veado; canhafistula; caobi; farinha seca; faveira; faveiro; favinha; guarucaia; ibira; ibira puita; madeira nova; monjoleiro; pau vermelho; quebra serra; sobrasil; tamboril; tamboril branco; tamboril bravo; tambori –   – 19; 31
    2026 – Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. – capim kikuyo; kikuyo; capim quicuio – Kikuyu grass – 05; 31
    2027 – Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br. – milheto – Bajra; Bulrush millet; Cattail millet; Pearl millet – 05; 29; 31
    2028 – Pennisetum latifolium Spreng. – pennisetum – Uruguay fountain grass – 31
    2029 – Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin. Stapf & Hubb. – falso capim custodio –   – 31
    2030 – Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. – capim elefante; capim napier – Elephant grass; Merker grass; Napier grass – 05; 31
    2031 – Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov. – capim do texas – Fountain grass; Tender fountain grass – 05; 31
    2032 – Penstemon barbatus (Cav.) Reth – penstemon –   – 31
    2033 – Pentachletra filamentosa – mulateiro; paracaxi; parana cache; paraua cochi; paroa caxi; pau mulato; pracaxi –   – 05; 31
    2034 – Pentaclethra macroloba – paracaxi; pracaxi –   – 05; 31
    2035 – Peperomia argyreia (Miq.) E. Morren – peperomia; erva; capim – Watermelon begonia; Watermelon pepper – 31
    2036 – Peperomia obtusifolia (L.) A. Dietr. – peperomia – American rubberplant; Baby rubberplant; Oval leaf peperomia; Pepper face – 31
    2037 – Pera glabrata Poepp. ex Baill – bolsa de pastor ; saco de veio –   – 05; 31
    2038 – Pereskia aculeata Mill. – ora pro nobis; azedinha; cipo santo; espinho de santo antonio; espinho preto; lobolobo; surucucu; ora pro nobis – Barbados gooseberry; Leafy cactus; Lemonvine; Blade apple cactus; Ora pro nobis; Rose cactus; Surinam gooseberry – 05; 29; 31
    2039 – Pereskia grandifolia Haw. – entrada do baile; sem vergonha – Rose cactus – 31
    2040 – Periandra mediterranea (Vell.) Taub. – alcacuz; alcacuz da terra; alcacuz do cerrado; raiz doce; cipo em pau doce; pau doce – Brazilian licorice – 05; 30; 31
    2041 – Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton – perila – Beefsteak mint; Beefsteakplant; Perilla – 05; 30; 31
    2042 – Peritassa campestris (Cambess.) A.C.Sm. – rufao –   – 05; 31
    2043 – Persea americana Mill. – abacate; abacateiro – Avocado – 05; 29; 31
    2044 – Persea gratissima Gaert. – abacate; abacateiro –   – 05; 31
    2045 – Persea gratissima Gaertn. – abacate; abacateiro –   – 05; 31
    2046 – Peschiera affinis Mers – esperta –   – 05; 31
    2047 – Petiveria alliacea – tipi –   – 05; 31
    2048 – Petiveria alliacea L. – erva de tipi; guine;tipi; guine – Apacina; Congo root; Garlic weed; Guinea hen plant; Guinea hen weed; Gully root; Hierba de las gallinitas; Hierba del zorrillo; Hoja de zorrillo; Skunk root; Skunk weed; Strongman’s weed; Zorillo – 05; 31
    2049 – Petiveria tetranda – tipi; erva pipi; guine –   – 05; 31
    2050 – Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A. W. Hill – salsa – Parsley – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    2051 – Petroselinum sativum – salsa –   – 05; 31
    2052 – Petroselinum sativum L. – salsa –   – 05; 31
    2053 – Petunia axillaris (Lam.) Britton, Stern & Poggenb. – petunia –   – 31
    2054 – Petunia integrifolia (Hook.) Schinz & Thell. – petunia – Violet flower petunia – 31
    2055 – Peumus boldus Molina – boldo; boldo do chile –   – 05; 31
    2056 – Pfaffia glomerata (A. Spreng.) Pedersen – pfaffia; corango sempreviva; ginseng do brasil; paratudo –   – 05; 31
    2057 – Pfaffia iresinoides (Kunth) A. Spreng. – pfaffia; fafia – Guesito; Valeriana – 05; 31
    2058 – Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze – pfaffia; fafia –   – 05; 31
    2059 – Pfaffia panicullata (Mart.) Kuntze. – fafia ginseng brasileiro –   – 05; 31
    2060 – Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth. – facelia – Fiddleneck; Phacelia – 01; 05; 31
    2061 – Phalaris aquatica L. – capim doce – Bulbous canary grass; Harding grass; Towoomba canary grass – 05; 31
    2062 – Phalaris arundinacea L. – capim amarelo; canico malhado – Gardener’s garters; Reed canary grass; Ribbon grass; Variegated grass – 05; 31
    2063 – Phalaris brachystachys Link – falaris –   – 31
    2064 – Phalaris canariensis L. – alpiste; alpista – Canary grass – 29; 31
    2065 – Phalaris coerulescens Desf. – falaris – Sunol grass – 31
    2066 – Phalaris minor Retz – talaceiro – Little seed canary grass; Small canary grass – 05; 31
    2067 – Phalaris paradoxa L. – falaris – Hood canary grass – 05; 31
    2068 – Phaseolus acutifolius A. Gray – feijao tepari – Tepary bean – 29; 31
    2069 – Phaseolus coccineus – feijao flor –   – 05; 29; 31
    2070 – Phaseolus lunatus – feijao de lima silvestre –   – 05; 29; 31
    2071 – Phaseolus lunatus Haberle – fava; preta; belem; ovo de galinha –   – 05; 31
    2072 – Phaseolus maculatus Scheele – feijao; faseolo – Metcalfe bean; Prairie bean – 05; 31
    2073 – Phaseolus vulgaris – feijao silvestre –   – 05; 29; 31
    2074 – Philodendron bipennifolium Schott – philodendron; cipo imbe  – Fiddle leaf philodendron; Horsehead philodendron – 31
    2075 – Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl. – philodendron; cipo –   – 05; 31
    2076 – Philodendron cordatum – folha da fonte; guimberana –   – 05; 22; 31
    2077 – Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott – philodendron; cipo – Heart leaf philodendron – 05; 31
    2078 – Philodendron imbe – ambe; ambe acu; ambe acu coroa; aningaiba; aningauba; bananeira de macaco; cipo ambe acu; cipo de aimbe; cipo imbe; cipo matador; curuba; folha de fonte; guimbe; imbe; tajaz de cobra; tracoa –   – 05; 21; 22; 31
    2079 – Philodendron laciniatum – folha de urubu; guembe –   – 05; 31
    2080 – Philodendron speciosum Schott. – philodendron –   – 31
    2081 – Phlebodium aureum (L.) J. Sm. – phlebodium; flebodio – Gold foot fern; Golden polypody; Hare’s foot fern; Rabbit’s foot fern – 05; 31
    2082 – Phleum pratense L. – capim timoteo; rabo de gato – Meadow cat’s tail; Timothy – 05; 31
    2083 – Phlox drummondii Hook. – flox; flocos – Annual phlox; Drummond’s phlox; Pride of texas – 31
    2084 – Phoenix canariensis hort. ex Chabaud – tamaeira das canarias – Canary date palm; Canary island date palm – 31
    2085 – Phoenix dactylifera L. – tamara; tamareira; tamaeria – Date; Date palm – 05; 19; 22; 29; 31
    2086 – Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. – tamareira brava – Date sugar palm; Indian date; Wild date palm – 05; 22; 29; 30; 31
    2087 – Phoradendron crassifolium Nutt. – erva de passarinho –   – 05; 31
    2088 – Phormium tenax Forst. – formio; linho da nova zelandia –   – 05; 22; 31
    2089 – Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – canico – Common reed; Ditch reed; Giant reed; Phragmites; Reed grass – 05; 31
    2090 – Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene – phylla – Capeweed; Fogfruit; Frogfruit; Matgrass; Turkey tangle; Turkey tangle frogfruit – 05; 31
    2091 – Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels – cerejeira do taiti – Gooseberry tree; Otaheite gooseberry – 05; 29; 31
    2092 – Phyllanthus amarus Schum. et Thorn.; Phyllanthus niruri; Phyllanthus urinaria L. – filantus –   – 05; 31
    2093 – Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. – quebra pedra –   – 05; 31
    2094 – Phyllanthus corcovadensis Muell.Arg. – quebra pedra –   – 05; 31
    2095 – Phyllanthus niruri – arranca pedras; arrebenta pedras; conami; erva pombinha; filanto; fura muros; fura paredes; quebra panela; quebra pedra; quebra pedra branco; saudade da mulher; saxifraga –   – 01; 05; 31
    2096 – Phyllanthus nobilis – catuaba; perola vegetal –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    2097 – Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. – quebra pedra – Long stalk phyllanthus; Mascarene island leaf flower – 05; 31
    2098 – Phyllostachys aurea Rivière & C. Rivière – bambu japones – Fish pole bamboo – 31
    2099 – Phyllostylon brasiliensis Capan. ex Benth. & Hook. f. – gurigica; pau branco –   – 03; 19; 22; 31
    2100 – Physalis alkekengi L. – alquequenje – Chinese lantern; Japanese lantern; Winter cherry – 05; 29; 31
    2101 – Physalis angulata – balao; bate testa; bolao rajado; bucho de ra; camambu; camapu; camapum; camaru; canapum; joa; joa de capote; jua de capote; jua poca; mata fome –   – 01; 05; 29; 31
    2102 – Physalis peruviana L. – fisalis; groselha do peru – Cape gooseberry; Goldenberry; Gooseberry tomato; Peruvian ground cherry; Peruvian cherry – 05; 29; 31
    2103 – Physalis pubescens L. – alquequenje amarelo – Downy ground cherry; Ground cherry; Husk tomato; Strawberry tomato – 29; 31
    2104 – Phytelephas macrocarpa Ruiz & Pav. – jarina; marfim vegetal – Ivory nut palm; Ivory palm; Tagua palm – 22; 31
    2105 – Phytelephas microcarpa – corozo; jarina; marfim vegetal –   – 20; 31
    2106 – Phytolacca americana L. – caruru acu; caruru de pombo ; phytolacca – Pigeonberry; Pokeweed; Virginia poke; Poke; Pokeberry; Pokeroot – 05; 29; 31
    2107 – Phytolacca dodecandra L’Herit – fitolaca; endod – Endod – 05; 31
    2108 – Phytolacca icosandra – espinafre da guiana –   – 05; 31
    2109 – Pilea microphylla (L.) Liebm. – brilhantina – Artillery plant; Gunpowder plant; Pistolplant – 31
    2110 – Pilocarpus jaborandi Holmes – jaborandi – Jaborandi – 31
    2111 – Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf ex Wardleworth – jaborandi; arruda – Pernambuco jaborandi – 05; 31
    2112 – Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf. – jaborandi –   – 05; 31
    2113 – Pilocarpus pennatifolius * – jaborandi; jaborandi do norte; catai guacu; ibiratai; pimenta de cachorro; arruda do mato; arruda brava; jamguarandi; juarandi –   – 05; 31
    2114 – Pilocarpus pennatifolius Lem. – jaborandi; jaborandi do norte; catai guacu; ibiratai; pimenta de cachorro; arruda do mato; arruda brava; jamguarandi; juarandi – Jaborandi; Paraguay jaborandi – 05; 31
    2115 – Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. – pimenta da jamaica – Allspice; Clover pepper; Jamaica pepper; Pimenta; Pimento – 05; 30; 31
    2116 – Pimpinella anisum L. – anis; erva doce; erva doce anis – Anise; Sweet cumin – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    2117 – Pinus ayacahuite Ehrenb. ex Schlecht. – pinus – Ayacahuite pine; Mexican white pine – 01; 02; 03; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2118 – Pinus caribaea Morelet – pinus – Caribbean pine; Nicaraguan pine; Pitch pine – 19; 22; 31
    2119 – Pinus elliottii Engelm. – pinus – American pitch pine; Longleaf pitch pine; Slash pine; Swamp pine; Long leaf pitch pine – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2120 – Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl. – pinus –   – 22; 31
    2121 – Pinus halepensis Mill. – pinus – Aleppo pine; Jerusalem pine – 01; 02; 04; 05; 17; 19; 22; 30; 31
    2122 – Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon – pinus – Benguet pine; Khasi pine – 01; 02; 04; 05; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2123 – Pinus leiophylla Schltdl. & Cham. – pinus – Smooth leaf pine – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2124 – Pinus mugo Turra – pinus – Mountain pine; Scrub mountain pine; Mugo pine – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 30; 31
    2125 – Pinus oocarpa Schiede ex Schltdl. – pinus – Oocarpa pine – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2126 – Pinus patula Schiede & Deppe ex Schlecht – pinus – Jelecote pine; Mexican weeping pine – 03; 05; 19; 22; 31
    2127 – Pinus pinaster Aiton – pinus – Cluster pine; Maritime pine – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2128 – Pinus pinea L. – pinus – Italian stone pine; Parasol pine; Pignolia nut pine; Stone pine; Umbrella pine – 29; 31
    2129 – Pinus strobus – pinus –   – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 22; 31
    2130 – Pinus sylvestris L. – pinus – Scotch pine; Scots pine – 01; 02; 03; 05; 17; 19; 22; 30; 31
    2131 – Pinus taeda L. – pinus; pinheiro – Loblolly pine – 03; 05; 19; 22; 31
    2132 – Pinus tecunumanii Schwerdtfeger – pinus –   – 19; 31
    2133 – Pinus wallichiana A. B. Jacks – pinus – Bhutan pine; Blue pine; Himalayan white pine – 03; 19; 22; 31
    2134 – Piper aduncum L. – aperta ruao – Spiked pepper; Matico – 05; 31
    2135 – Piper claussenianum C. DC. – jaborandi tremedor –   – 05; 31
    2136 – Piper hispidinervum C. DC. – pimenta longa – Long pepper – 03; 31
    2137 – Piper longum L. – pimenta longa – Indian long pepper; Jaborandi pepper; Long pepper – 05; 30; 31
    2138 – Piper marginatum – bitre; caapeba cheirosa; nhandi; nhandu; pimenta do mato; pimenta dos indios –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    2139 – Piper marginatum Jacq. – pariparoba –   – 05; 31
    2140 – Piper methysticum Forst. F. – kava kava –   – 05; 31
    2141 – Piper methysticum G. Forst. – piper – Kava; Kava pepper; Kawa pepper; Kava kava – 05; 29; 31
    2142 – Piper nigrum L. – pimenta do reino; pimenta – Black pepper; Pepper; White pepper – 05; 30; 31
    2143 – Piper peltatum – caa peua; caapeba do norte; caapeua; caapeuva; cataje; malvarisco –   – 05; 30; 31
    2144 – Piper sp. – piper; joao brandinho –   – 05; 31
    2145 – Piper umbellatum * – pariparoba –   – 05; 31
    2146 – Piper umbellatum L. – algodaozinho do campo; pariparoba –   – 05; 30; 31
    2147 – Piper warakahoura – nhambi –   – 05; 31
    2148 – Piptadenia gonoacantha Macbride – monjolo; jacare; angico branco –   – 05; 31
    2149 – Piptadenia peregrina – angico; angico vermelho; cohoba; niopo; parica; parica da terra firme –   – 05; 31
    2150 – Piptadenia sp. – piptadenia; angico de espinho –   – 05; 31
    2151 – Piptocarpha sp. – pau fumo –   – 05; 31
    2152 – Pistacia lentiscus L. – almecegueira – Chios mastictree; Mastic; Mastictree – 01; 02; 05; 17; 31
    2153 – Pistia stratiotes L. – pistia – Nile cabbage; Tropical duckweed; Water cabbage; Water lettuce – 04; 31
    2154 – Pisum sativum L. – ervilha – Pea – 01; 05; 29; 31
    2155 – Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. – pithecellobium; mata fome; espinheirinho – Blackbead; Guayamochil; Madrasthorn; Manila tamarind; Sweet inga; Camachile – 01; 04; 05; 19; 29; 31
    2156 – Pithecoctenium dolichoides K. Schum – pente de macaco –   – 05; 31
    2157 – Pithecolobium multiflorum – cabelo; canafisula; faveira do campo; faveira do mato; faveiro do mato; saboeiro –   – 01; 05; 31
    2158 – Pithecolobium unguis-cati – avaramo –   – 05; 31
    2159 – Pittosporum tobira (Thunb.) W. T. Aiton – pitosporo – Japanese pittosporum; Mock orange; Australian laurel – 31
    2160 – Plantago afra L. – erva das pulgas – African plantain; Black psyllium; Psyllium – 01; 05; 31
    2161 – Plantago lanceolata L. – tanchagem menor – Buckhorn; Buckhorn plantain; English plantain; Ribgrass; Ribwort plantain; Ribwort – 05; 31
    2162 – Plantago major – arnoglassi; chantagem; chinchagem; plantagem; plantago; tanchagem; tanchagem maior; tansagem; tansagem terrestre; tansaya; tranchagem –   – 05; 31
    2163 – Plantago major L. – tanchagem maior; tansagem – Broadleaf plantain; Common plantain; Greater plantain; Plantain – 05; 31
    2164 – Plantago ovata Forssk. – plantago indiano – Blond psyllium; Indian plantago; Ispaghul; Blonde ispaghula; Indian plantain; Ispaghula; Psyllium – 05; 30; 31
    2165 – Plantago tomentosa Lam. – tansagem –   – 05; 31
    2166 – Plathymenia cf. reticulata Benth. – amargoso –   – 05; 31
    2167 – Platonia esculenta (Arruda) Rickett & Stafleu – bacuri – Bacury – 31
    2168 – Platonia insignis – bacuri; bacuri acu; bacuri grande; bacurizeiro; bacuryseiro; bacuryuba; bakuri; ibacopary; ibacuri; ibacury; landirana; pacoury grande; pacuri; pacuru; ubacuri; ubacury –   – 05; 31
    2169 – Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC. – platicodon – Balloon flower; Chinese bellflower; Platycodon – 05; 31
    2170 – Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng (antigo Coleus amboinicus) – malvarisco hortela pimenta hortela grande –   – 05; 31
    2171 – Plectranthus barbatus Andr. – boldo –   – 05; 31
    2172 – Plectranthus barbatus Andr. (antigo Coleus barbatus) – malva santa; boldo nacional –   – 05; 31
    2173 – Plectranthus cf. ornatus Cood – boldinho –   – 05; 31
    2174 – Plinia glomerata (O. Berg) Amshoff – cabeluda –   – 31
    2175 – Pluchea quitoc DC. – quitoco –   – 05; 31
    2176 – Pluchea suaveolens – quitoco –   – 05; 31
    2177 – Plumbago auriculata Lam. = Plumbago capensis Thunb – bela emilia; jasmim do cabo; jasmin azul –   – 31
    2178 – Plumbago scandens L. – folha de louco; louco – Devil’s herb; Toothwort – 31
    2179 – Plumeria fallax – sucuuba; tiborna traicoeira –   – 05; 31
    2180 – Plumeria lancifolia * – agoniada –   – 05; 31
    2181 – Plumeria lancifolia Muell. – agoniada; bicho pau de leite; mandruva –   – 05; 31
    2182 – Plumeria rubra L. – plumeria; flor de santo antonio; jasmim do para – Frangipani; Pagoda tree; Red jasmine; Red paucipan; Templetree – 05; 31
    2183 – Poa annua L. – poa – Annual bluegrass; Annual meadow grass – 01; 31
    2184 – Poa palustris L. – poa paludosa – Fowl bluegrass; Fowl meadow grass; Swamp meadow grass – 31
    2185 – Poa pratensis L. – poa; capim do campo – Kentucky bluegrass; Smooth meadow grass – 31
    2186 – Poa trivialis L. – grama; poa comum; relvao – Rough bluegrass; Rough meadow grass; Rough stalk bluegrass; Rough stalk meadow grass – 31
    2187 – Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) D. Don – pinheirinho –   – 31
    2188 – Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. – patchouli; patchuli – Patchouli plant; Patchouly – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2189 – Polianthes tuberosa L. – angelica – Tuberose – 03; 31
    2190 – Polygala acuminata Willd. – bengue –   – 05; 31
    2191 – Polygala senega ** – poligala –   – 05; 31
    2192 – Polygala spectabilis – caa membeca –   – 05; 31
    2193 – Polygala violacea Aubl. – poaia –   – 05; 31
    2194 – Polygonum acre – erva de bicho –   – 05; 31
    2195 – Polygonum hidropiperoides M. – erva de bicho –   – 05; 31
    2196 – Polygonum hydropiper L. – erva de bicho – Redleaf; Water pepper; Smartweed – 05; 31
    2197 – Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx. – erva de bicho – False water pepper; Mild water pepper – 31
    2198 – Polygonum persicaria L. – erva de bicho –   – 05; 31
    2199 – Polygonum punctatum L. – erva de bicho – Dotted smartweed – 31
    2200 – Polygonum stypticum – cataia; erva de bicho –   – 05; 31
    2201 – Polymnia sonchifolia Poep. Endle. – insulina; yacon –   – 05; 31
    2202 – Polypodium crassifolium – calaguala; calahuala; feto –   – 05; 31
    2203 – Polypodium decumanum – avenca; feto; gogo de guariba; rabo de guariba –   – 05; 31
    2204 – Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf. – polypogon – Beard grass; Rabbit foot grass – 05; 31
    2205 – Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Rafin – trifoliata – Trifoliate orange – 05; 31
    2206 – Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall – alamo; choupo –   – 05; 19; 31
    2207 – Poraqueiba paraensis – mari; mari gordo; umari –   – 01; 29; 31
    2208 – Poraqueiba sericea – umari; umari roxo –   – 01; 05; 29; 31
    2209 – Porophyllum ruderale Cass. – couve de veado –   – 05; 31
    2210 – Portulaca grandiflora Hook. – onze horas; portulaca – Eleven o’clock; Mexican rose; Moss rose; Sunplant – 05; 30; 31
    2211 – Portulaca oleracea L. – beldroega – Purslane – 05; 31
    2212 – Portulaca pilosa – amor crescido –   – 05; 31
    2213 – Portulaca pilosa L. – amor crescido –   – 05; 31
    2214 – Potamogeton gayii A. Benn. – gayii – Slender pondweed – 31
    2215 – Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq. – capeba –   – 05; 31
    2216 – Pourouma cecropiaefolia – ambauva de vinho; cucura; imbauba de vinho; imbauba mansa; mapati; puruma –   – 29; 31; 33
    2217 – Pourouma guianensis – inhare; puruma da guiana; tararanga branca –   – 01; 31
    2218 – Pouteria speciosa – pajura; pajura de obidos –   – 31
    2219 – Pouteria caimito – abi; abi yba; abieiro; abiu; abiurana; caimiteiro; caimo –   – 01; 05; 17; 29; 30; 31; 32
    2220 – Pouteria campechiana Baehni – pouteria – Canistel; Eggfruit tree; Yellow sapote – 19; 31
    2221 – Pouteria macrophylla – acarauba; cutite; cutitiriba; cutitituturuba; guite tiriba; guity toroba; oititutuba; oity tetuba; tutitiriba; tuturuba; uititiriba; uititoroba; uity toroba –   – 02; 05; 31
    2222 – Pouteria multiflora – cutite grande; cutitiriba grande –   – 31
    2223 – Pouteria pariri – abiorana guta; frutao; pariri –   – 31
    2224 – Pouteria speciosa (Ducke) Baehni – pajura; pajura de obidos –   – 31; 33
    2225 – Pouteria torta – abiu piloso; aca; cabo de machado; curiola; grao de galo; guapeba; guapeva; pessego do mato –   – 01; 17; 31
    2226 – Pouteria ucuqui – ucuqui –   – 05; 31
    2227 – Pradosia huberi Ducke – casca doce –   – 05; 31
    2228 – Primula elatior (L.) Hill – primula – Oxlip – 31
    2229 – Primula malacoides Franch. – primula malacoide – Baby primrose; Fairy primrose – 31
    2230 – Primula veris L. = Primula officinalis (L.) Hill – primula –   – 05; 31
    2231 – Primula vulgaris Huds. = Primula acaulis (L.) Hill – primula –   – 31
    2232 – Prioria copaifera Griseb. – cativo –   – 04; 19; 31
    2233 – Proboscidea lutea (Lindl.) Stapf – chifre do diabo – Yellow flower devil’s claw – 31
    2234 – Prosopis africana (Guill. et al.) Taub. – pau carvao –   – 31
    2235 – Prosopis alba Griseb. – algaroba branca; ibope; ibope do para –   – 04; 31
    2236 – Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz – algaroba chilena – Chilean algarrobo; Chilean mesquite; Kiawe; Mesquite – 04; 29; 31; 32
    2237 – Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce – prosopis – Jand; Jandi – 04; 05; 31
    2238 – Prosopis glandulosa Torr. – prosopis – Western honey mesquite; Honey mesquite; Mesquite – 05; 31
    2239 – Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. – algaroba – Ironwood; Mesquite – 04; 05; 19; 31
    2240 – Prosopis pallida H.B.K. – algaroba – Algarrobo – 04; 31
    2241 – Prosopis tamarugo F. Phil. – tamarugo – Tamarugo – 04; 31
    2242 – Protea magnifica Andr. – protea – Bearded protea; Queen protea – 31
    2243 – Protea neriifolia R. Br. – protea – Oleander leaf protea – 31
    2244 – Protea repens Thunf. – protea – Sugarbush – 31
    2245 – Protium altissimum – carana branca; cedro branco; pau rosa femea –   – 01; 02; 3
    2246 – Protium decandrum – arourou; aruru; arvore da chipa –   – 05
    2247 – Protium guianensis – pau de incenso –   – 03
    2248 – Protium heptaphyllum – almecegueira;almecegueira de cheiro; almecegueira vermelha; almecegueiro bravo; almecequeira vermelha; arouaou; breu branco verdadeiro; breu de campina; haiawa; icica assu;ubirasigua –   – 01; 05; 32
    2249 – Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) March. – manga do mato –   – 05
    2250 – Protium insigne – cabumbo de azeite –   – 05; 29; 31
    2251 – Prunus americana Marshall – ameixa americana; ameixeira americana – American plum; American red plum; Goose plum – 29
    2252 – Prunus armeniaca – damasco –   – 03; 05; 29; 31; 32
    2253 – Prunus avium L. – cereja; cerejeira – Bird cherry; Gean; Mazzard cherry; Sweet cherry – 05; 31
    2254 – Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. – abrunheiro; mirabolano – Cherry plum; Myrobalan plum – 29; 31
    2255 – Prunus cerasus L. – cereja; cereijeira; cereja acida; ginjas; ginjeira – Morello cherry; Pie cherry; Sour cherry; Tart cherry – 05; 29; 31; 32
    2256 – Prunus domestica * – ameixa; casca doce –   – 05
    2257 – Prunus domestica L. – ameixa; ameixa comum; ameixa preta –   – 05; 29; 31; 32
    2258 – Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb – amendoa; amendoeira – Almond; Bitter almond; Sweet almond – 05; 29; 30; 31
    2259 – Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey – ameixeira americana – Hortulan plum; Wild goose plum – 29; 31
    2260 – Prunus laurocerasus L. – loureiro cerejeira – Cherry laurel – 05; 30; 31
    2261 – Prunus mahaleb L. – prunus – Mahaleb cherry; Perfumed cherry; Rock cherry; St. Lucie cherry – 05; 19; 30; 31
    2262 – Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc. – prunus; damasqueiro da china – Japanese apricot; Mume – 29; 31; 32
    2263 – Prunus nigra Aiton – prunus – Canada plum; Black plum – 01; 29; 31
    2264 – Prunus persica (L.) Batsch – nectarina – Nectarine – 05; 29; 31; 32
    2265 – Prunus salicina Lindl. – ameixa japonesa; ameixeira japonesa – Japanese plum; Plum – 01; 05; 29; 31
    2266 – Prunus serotina Ehrh. – capuli – Black cherry; Wild cherry – 05; 29; 30; 31
    2267 – Prunus serrulata Lindley – cerejeira japonesa – Oriental cherry – 31
    2268 – Prunus spinosa L. – abrunheiro – Blackthorn; Sloe – 05; 29; 31; 32
    2269 – Prunus tomentosa Thunb. – cereja chinesa – Downy cherry; Korean cherry; Nanking cherry; Manchu cherry – 29; 31; 32
    2270 – Prunus virginiana L. – prunus – Chokecherry; Bitter berry – 05; 31
    2271 – Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski – psathyrostachys – Russian wild rye – 31
    2272 – Pseudima frutescens – camaa; fruta de anel; pitombeira; uarana –   – 03
    2273 – Pseudocydonia sinensis (Thouin) C. K. Schneid. – marmeleiro da china – Chinese quince – 05; 31
    2274 – Psichotria ipecacunha (Brot.) Stendl. (antiga Cephaelis ipecacunha) – ipeca –   – 05
    2275 – Psidium acutangulum – araca piranga; aracandiva; aracanduba; aracatunga; goiabarana; goyabarana; araca pera; goiaba do para –   – 05; 29
    2276 – Psidium cattleianum Sabine – araca da praia; araca – Strawberry guava – 05; 29; 31
    2277 – Psidium densicomum – araca azedo; araca verde; goiabeira azeda; puchouchauvintu –   – 05; 29
    2278 – Psidium friedrichsthalianum Ndz. – goiaba; goiabeiro; goiabeira – Costa rican guava – 29
    2279 – Psidium guajava L. – goiaba; goiabeiro; goiabeira – Guava; Lemon guava – 05; 29; 31; 32
    2280 – Psidium guajava L. var. pomidera L. – goiaba; goiabeiro; goiabeira –   – 05
    2281 – Psidium guineense Sw. – araca; araca azedo; aracazeiro – Brazilian guava; Guinea guava – 29
    2282 – Psidium guineensis – araca; araca do campo; araca i; araca iba; araca mirim; araca pedra; araca verdadeiro; aracai; aracazeiro; aracazinho; aui; uva do campo –   – 05; 29; 31; 32; 33
    2283 – Psidium pohlianum O.Berg. – goiabinha –   – 05
    2284 – Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) Dc. – feijao alado – Asparagus pea; Four angle bean; Goa bean; Winged bean; Princess pea – 05; 31
    2285 – Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot.) Stokes – ipecacuanha – Ipecac – 05
    2286 – Psychotria sessilis Vell. – azaleia do mato –   – 05
    2287 – Pteridium aquilinum – feto aguia; samambaia das queimadas; samambaia das rocas; samambaia das taperas; samambaia verdadeira –   – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31
    2288 – Pterocarpus guianensis – andira da varzea; fava de bolacha; fava de empigem; faveira; faveira amarela; faveira de empigem; faveira grande; faveira grande de igapo –   – 02; 03; 05
    2289 – Pterodon emarginatus Vog. – sucupira branca –   – 05
    2290 – Pterodon polygalaeflorus – sucupira branca –   – 05
    2291 – Pterogyne nitens Tul. – amendoim bravo –   – 31
    2292 – Ptychopelatum olacoides Benth – muirapuama; muira puama; muirapuana –   – 05
    2293 – Ptychopetalum olacoides – marapuam; meretan; muirapuama; muira puama; muirapuana; muiratan –   – 05
    2294 – Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth. – muirapuama; muira puama; muirapuana –   – 05
    2295 – Ptychopetalum uncinatum  – muirapuama; muira puama; muirapuana –   – 05
    2296 – Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth. – pueraria; kudsu – Tropical kudzu – 31
    2297 – Pulmonaria officinalis * – pulmonaria –   – 05
    2298 – Punica granatum L. – roma; roma ana; romanzeiro; roma – Pomegranate – 05; 29; 31; 32
    2299 – Pycreus polystachyos (Rottb.) P. Beauv. – pycreus – Bunchy flat sedge; Bunchy sedge; Field sedge – 31
    2300 – Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) Schneid. – piracanta –   – 31
    2301 – Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers – cipo de sao joao; cipo de sao joao amarelo – Flamevine; Orange creeper – 05; 31
    2302 – Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers. – cipo de sao joao; cipo de sao joao amarelo –   – 05
    2303 – Pyrostegia venusta (Kies.) Miers. – cipo de sao joao –   – 05
    2304 – Pyrus calleryana Decne. – pera; pereira – Bradford pear; Callery pear – 31
    2305 – Pyrus communis L. – pera; pereira – Pear – 04; 05; 19; 31; 33
    2306 – Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don – pera; pereira –   – 31
    2307 – Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai – pera asiatica; pera japonesa; pereira asiatica; pereira japonesa –   – 01; 29; 31
    2308 – Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. – pera oriental; pera asiatica; pereira oriental; pereira asiatica – Harbin pear; Ussurian pear – 31
    2309 – Qualea grandiflora – ariaua; pau terra do campo; pau terra do cerrado –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 29; 31
    2310 – Qualea parviflora Mart. – qualea; pau terra da folha miuda –   – 05; 31
    2311 – Qualea tessmannii Mildbr. – catuaba –   – 05; 31
    2312 – Quararibea cordata – pota do solimoes; sapota; sapota do peru –   – 31; 32
    2313 – Quassia amara – falsa quina; muruba; murupa; quassia; quina de caiena –   – 05; 30; 31
    2314 – Quercus suber L. – sorbreiro – Cork oak – 31
    2315 – Quesnelia marmorata (Lem.) Read – bromelia – Grecian urnplant – 31
    2316 – Quiina florida – pama –   – 31; 32
    2317 – Quiina glaziovii Engl. – catuteiro vermelho; juvarana –   – 04; 19; 31
    2318 – Quisqualis indica L. – arbusto milagroso – Quisqualis; Rangoon creeper – 05; 31
    2319 – Randia formosa – acucena; estrela; estrela do cerrado; papa terra –   – 02; 03; 31
    2320 – Randia ruiziana DC. – azucna branco –   – 31
    2321 – Randia spinosa – angelica; fruta de cachorro; fruta de jacare; jasmim do mato; jenipapeiro bravo; jenipapo bravo; limao bravo; limao do mato; limaorana; limoeiro do mato; mororo; papaterra; quina dos pobres –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 31
    2322 – Ranunculus asiaticus L. – ranunculo – Asian buttercup; Persian buttercup; Persian crowfoot – 31
    2323 – Rapanea ferruginea – azeitona do mato; camara; capororoca assu; capororoca vermelha; carara; pororoca –   – 05; 30; 31
    2324 – Rapanea ferruginea Mez – pau azeite –   – 05; 31
    2325 – Raphanus sativus L. – rabanete; nabo forrageiro – Radish – 01; 05; 29; 31
    2326 – Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl. – palmeira rafia – Raffia palm – 31
    2327 – Raphia vinifera – jubati; jupati; jurubati; yupati –   – 05; 08; 15; 19; 20; 21; 24; 25; 28; 31; 33
    2328 – Raputia aromatica – arapoca de cheiro –   – 05; 31
    2329 – Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. – rauvolfia – Devil pepper; Four leaf devil pepper; Milkbush – 05; 31
    2330 – Rauwolfia paraensis – peroba d’agua; curupixa; gogo de guariba –   – 01; 17; 31
    2331 – Ravenala madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. – arvore do viajante – Traveler’s palm; Traveler’s tree – 31
    2332 – Ravenea rivularis – Jum. & Perrier – palmeira ravenea –   – 31
    2333 – Renealmia exaltata – pacova –   – 31
    2334 – Renealmia sylvestris – cardamono da terra; matarana –   – 02; 03; 04; 05; 30; 31
    2335 – Reseda luteola L. – gauda – Dyer’s rocket; Weld; Wild mignonette – 02; 31
    2336 – Reseda odorata L. – minhonete; reseda de cheiro – Bastard rocket; Common mignonette; Sweet reseda – 03; 31
    2337 – Rhamnus cathartica L. – espinheiro cerval; tamuje – Buckthorn; Common buckthorn; European buckthorn – 01; 05; 31
    2338 – Rhamnus purshiana DC. – cascara  sagrada –   – 05; 31
    2339 – Rheedia macrophylla – bacupari; bacuri; bacuri de cerca; bacuripari –   – 01; 05; 31
    2340 – Rheum ×hybridum Murray – ruibarbo – Pieplant; Rhubarb – 05; 31
    2341 – Rheum officinale Baill. – ruibarbo – Chinese rhubarb – 05; 30; 31
    2342 – Rheum palmatum L. – rabarbarbo – Chinese rhubarb – 05; 30; 31
    2343 – Rheum rhaponticum L. – ruibarbo –   – 05; 31
    2344 – Rhipsalis baccifera (J. S. Muell.) Stearn – conambaia; enxerto; irahuka’ara; tripa de galinha –   – 31
    2345 – Rhipsalis grandiflora Haw. – erva de periquito –   – 31
    2346 – Rhizophora mangle L. – mangue vermelho – American mangrove; Mangrove; Red mangrove – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 31
    2347 – Rhododendron simsii Planch – azaleia; azaleia belga –   – 01; 31
    2348 – Rhynchanthera grandiflora – flor de quaresma; quaresma; quaresmeira –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 31
    2349 – Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC. – feijaozinho; matineta; favinha brava; favinha do campo –   – 31
    2350 – Rhynchosia pyramidalis (Lam.) Urb. – rhynchosia – Virility vine – 05; 31
    2351 – Rhynchospora cephalotes (L.) Vahl – cipo navalha –   – 05; 31
    2352 – Rhynchospora nervosa (Vahl) Boeck. – capim estrela; filhas de gaia – Star grass; Star sedge; Whitetop sedge – 31
    2353 – Ribes aureum Pursh – golden curant – Golden currant – 01; 31
    2354 – Ribes cereum Douglas – ribes – Squaw currant; Wax currant – 31
    2355 – Ribes nigrum L. – groselha; groselheira preta – Black currant – 01; 03; 05; 30; 31
    2356 – Ricinus communis – arvore maravilhosa; bafureira; baga; baga carrapateira; baga carrapato; carrapateira; carrapateiro; carrapato; castor; figo do inferno; figueira do inferno; mamoeira; mamona; mamona branca; mamoneira; mamono; mamono branco; palma cristi; pino; pinoguacu; ricino –   – 01; 02; 03; 04; 05; 06; 08; 09; 10; 15; 16; 17; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 31; 34
    2357 – Ricinus comunis L – mamona –   – 05; 31
    2358 – Rivina humilis L. – rivina – Pigeonberry; Rougeplant – 05; 31
    2359 – Robinia pseudoacacia L. – robinia – Black locust – 04; 05; 31
    2360 – Rollinia mucosa – anona; araticum pitaya; ata; biriba; biriba de pernambuco; biribazeiro; condessa; fruta da condessa; fruta de conde; jaca de pobre; pinha –   – 05; 29; 32; 33
    2361 – Rorippa nasturtium – aquaticum R. Br. – agriao d’agua –   – 05
    2362 – Rosa × centifolia L. – rosa das cem folhas – Burgundy rose; Cabbage rose; Holland rose; Moss rose; Pale rose; Provence rose – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2363 – Rosa arkansana Porter – rosa – Prairie rose – 29; 31
    2364 – Rosa banksiae W. T. Aiton – rosa – Banksian rose – 29
    2365 – Rosa bella Rehder & E. H. Wilson – rosa –   – 03; 05; 29
    2366 – Rosa canina L. – rosa – Dog rose; Dogbrier; Common briar – 31
    2367 – Rosa davurica Pallas – rosa – Amur rose – 05
    2368 – Rosa majalis Herrm. – rosa – Cinnamon rose; May rose – 31
    2369 – Rosa moschata Herrm. – roseira selvagem – Musk rose – 05
    2370 – Rosa multiflora Thunb. – rosa – Baby rose; Multiflora rose; Seven sisters rose; Japanese rose – 05; 31
    2371 – Rosa rubiginosa L. – rosa – Eglantine; Sweetbrier – 31
    2372 – Rosa rugosa Thunb. – rosa – Japanese rose; Rugosa rose; Turkestan rose; Rugose rose – 03; 05; 31
    2373 – Rosa spinosissima L. – rosa – Burnet rose; Scotch rose; Scotchbriar – 31
    2374 – Rosa spp – rosa branca –   – 05
    2375 – Rosa villosa L. – rosa – Apple rose – 29; 31
    2376 – Rosmarinus officinalis L. – alecrim –   – 05
    2377 – Rosmarinus officinalis L. – alecrim; rosmarino – Rosemary – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2378 – Roystonea regia (Kunth) O. F. Cook – palmeira imperial de cuba; palmeira real – Cuban royal palm; Florida royal palm; Royal palm – 31
    2379 – Rubia cordifolia L. – ruiva da siberia – Indian madder; Munjeet – 02; 31
    2380 – Rubia tinctorum L. – garanca – Dyer’s madder; Indian madder; Madder – 02; 05; 31
    2381 – Rubus caesius L. – rubus; amora preta – European dewberry; Youngberry – 29
    2382 – Rubus glaucus Benth. – rubus; amora – Andean blackberry; Andes berry – 29
    2383 – Rubus idaeus L. – framboesa; framboeseira – European red raspberry; Raspberry; Red raspberry – 01; 05; 29
    2384 – Rubus urticifolius Poiret – amora; amora branca –   – 05
    2385 – Rudbeckia hirta L. incluindo Rudbeckia bicolor Nutt. – margarida amarela –   – 05; 31
    2386 – Ruellia brittoniana Leonard – camara –   – 05
    2387 – Rumex acetosa L. – azeda miuda; azedinha; azeda brava – Garden sorrel; Sorrel; Sorrel dock; Sour dock – 05; 31
    2388 – Rumex crispus L. – labaca; azedinha branca –   – 05
    2389 – Rumex obtusifolius L. – labaca – Bitter dock; Broadleaf dock – 05; 31
    2390 – Rumex patientia L. – azeda espinafre – Patience dock; Spinach dock – 29
    2391 – Ruscus aculeatus L. – ruscus; gilbarbeira – Box holly; Butcher’s broom – 05; 31
    2392 – Ruta graveolens L. – arruda – Common rue; Rue – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2393 – Ruta graveolens L. * – arruda –   – 05
    2394 – S. australis Cham. Et Schlecht. (Sambucus nigra L. = espécie importada) – sabugueiro –   – 05
    2395 – Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. ex Schult. & Schult. f. – palmeira leque sabal – Blue palmetto; Cabbage palm; Cabbage palmetto – 31
    2396 – Saccharum officinarum L. – cana de acucar – Noble sugarcane; Sugarcane – 03; 04; 05; 22; 29; 30
    2397 – Saccoglottis guyanensis – axua; uachua; uaxua; uchua –   – 05
    2398 – Sagittaria montevidensis Cham. & Schltdl. – aguape; sagitaria – Giant arrowhead – 31
    2399 – Sagittaria sagittifolia L. – espadana; sagitaria – Arrowhead; Old world arrowhead – 05; 31
    2400 – Sagotia racemosa – arataciu; jarataciu –   – 01; 05
    2401 – Saintpaulia ionantha H. Wendl. – violeta; violeta africana – African violet; Usambara violet – 31
    2402 – Salacca wallichiana Mart. – salacca – Rakum palm; Sala – 29
    2403 – Salacia grandiflora – sapota –   – 29
    2404 – Salix alba L. – salgueiro branco – White willow – 03; 05; 19; 31
    2405 – Salix humboldtiana – chorao; oeirana; oeirana de folha fina; oirana; uirana –   – 05; 31
    2406 – Salix purpurea L. – salgueiro de casca roxa – Basket willow; Purple osier; Purple willow – 05; 18; 31
    2407 – Salix salviifolia Brot. – salgueiro branco – Salvia leaf willow – 31
    2408 – Salix viminalis L. – vime chileno; vimeiro branco – Basket willow; Common osier; Hemp willow; Osier – 04; 18; 31
    2409 – Salpichroa origanifolia (Lam.) Thell. – sininho – Cock’s eggs; Pampas lily of the valley – 31
    2410 – Salpiglossis sinuata Ruiz et Pav. – flor de trombeta –   – 31
    2411 – Salsola kali L. – barrilha espinhosa; barrilheira – Common saltwort; Prickly saltwort – 31
    2412 – Salvia coccinea Buc’hoz ex Etl. – salvia; salvia vermelha – Scarlet sage; Tropical sage – 05; 31
    2413 – Salvia farinacea Benth. – salvia farinhenta – Mealy cup sage; Mealy sage – 31
    2414 – Salvia officinalis L. – salvia; salvia verdadeira – Sage – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2415 – Salvia splendens Sellow ex Schult. – salvia – Bonfire salvia; Scarlet sage – 31
    2416 – Salvia viridis L. = Salvia horminum L. – salvia –   – 31
    2417 – Salvinia auriculata Aubl. – salvinia; orelha de onca – African payal; Butterfly fern; Giant salvinia – 31
    2418 – Sambucus australis Cham. & Schlecht – sabugueiro –   – 05; 31
    2419 – Sambucus australis Cham. & Schltdl. – sabugueiro do rio grande – Southern elder – 05; 31
    2420 – Sambucus nigra L. – sabugeiro negro; sabugueiro negro – Black elder; Elder; European elder; European elderberry – 05; 31
    2421 – Sansevieria trifasciata Hort ex Pain – espada de sao jorge –   – 05; 31
    2422 – Santalum acuminatum (R.Br.) A.D.C. – santalum – Quandong; Sweet quandong – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2423 – Santalum album L. – sandalo branco – East indian sandalwood; Sandalwood; White sandalwood; White saunders; Yellow sandalwood; Yellow saunders – 03; 05; 19; 20; 30; 31
    2424 – Sanvitalia procumbens Lam. – margaridinha; sanvitalia – Lavender cotton; Mexican creeping zinnia – 05; 31
    2425 – Sapindus saponaria – fruta de sabao; guiti; jequiri; jequiriti; jequitiguacu; pau de sabao; sabao de macaco; sabao de soldado; saboeiro; sabonete; saboneteira; saboneteiro; salta martim; saponaria –   – 01; 02; 03; 05; 29; 31
    2426 – Sapindus trifoliatus L. – sapindus – Three leaf soapberry – 05; 31
    2427 – Sapium aucuparium – curupita; murupita; seringarana; tapuru da vargem –   – 17; 31
    2428 – Sapium ciliatum – seringarana –   – 17; 31
    2429 – Sapium glandulosum (L.) Morong – leitero; pau leite – Milktree – 05; 31
    2430 – Sapium hamatum – arvore de leite; curupita; murupita –   – 05; 17; 31
    2431 – Sapium marmieri – seringarana; seringueira –   – 17; 31
    2432 – Sapium verum – murupita –   – 17; 31
    2433 – Satureja hortensis L. – segurelha de verao; sergurelha – Savory; Summer savory – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2434 – Satureja montana L. – segurelha de inverno; segurelha de verao; segurella – Savory; Winter savory – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2435 – Scabiosa atropurpurea L. – escabiosa; flor de viuva – Mournful widow; Pincushions; Sweet scabious – 31
    2436 – Scheelea martiana – ouricuri; uacuri; uricure; uricuri; urucuri –   – 01; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2437 – Schinopsis balansae Engl. – quebracho; quebracho vermelho – Quebracho; Willow leaf red quebracho – 01; 02; 03; 19; 20; 30; 31
    2438 – Schinus molle L. – aroeira; aroeirinha; aroirinha; aroeira falsa; aroeira vermelha; aroeira branca; aroeira mansa; aroeira brava; aroeira do sertao; aroeira preta; aroeira urundeuva; araguariba; cambui; corneiba; fruto de sabia; urundey pita; urundei yba  – California peppertree; Peppertree; Peruvian mastictree; Peruvian peppertree – 03; 05; 19; 20; 30; 31
    2439 – Schinus terebentifolius – aroeira –   – 05; 31
    2440 – Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi – aroeira; aroeira da praia; aroeirinha – Brazilian peppertree; Christmasberry tree – 02; 05; 31
    2441 – Schinus therebinthifolius – aroeira –   – 05; 31
    2442 – Schizachyrium condensatum (Kunth) Nees – capim rabo de burro –   – 31
    2443 – Schizolobium parahyba (Vell.) S. F. Blake – guapuruvu; guapiruvu – Brazilian firetree; Parica – 01; 22; 31
    2444 – Schlumbergera truncata (Haw.) Moran – flor de maio; flor de seda – Claw cactus; Crab cactus; Linkleaf; Thanksgiving cactus; Yoke cactus – 01; 31
    2445 – Scleria secans (L.) Urb. – capim navalha –   – 05; 31
    2446 – Scoparia dulcis – bassourinha; paipecaba; tapeicaba; tapixaba; tapixapa; tapixava; tupeicava; tupicaba; tupixaba; tupixava; vacourinha; vassourinha; vassourinha de varrer; vassourinha dourada; vassourinha miuda –   – 05; 19; 31
    2447 – Scoparia dulcis L. – vassourinha doce –   – 05; 31
    2448 – Scorzonera hispanica L. – escorcioneira – Black oysterplant; Black salsify; Common viper’s grass; Scorzonera; Spanish salsify – 29; 30; 31
    2449 – Secale cereale L. – centeio – Cereal rye; Rye – 01; 05; 31; 32; 33
    2450 – Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. – chuchu – Chayote; Cho cho; Christophine; Vegetable pear – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2451 – Sechium edule Sw. – chuchu –   – 05; 31
    2452 – Sedum dendroideum Moc & Sesse, ex DC. – balsamo; bastro –   – 05; 31
    2453 – Seguieira americana – cipo d’alho; cipo de alho; guararema; ibirarema; pau d’alho; piti; tipi; ubirarema –   – 05; 31
    2454 – Sempervivum tectorum L. – sempre viva dos telhados – Houseleek – 05; 31
    2455 – Senecio brasiliensis (Spreng.) Less. – flor das almas –   – 05; 31
    2456 – Senecio cineraria DC = Cineraria maritima L.; incluindo Senecio bicolor (Willd.) Tod., non Vis. – cineraria; senecio –   – 05; 31
    2457 – Senecio douglasii DC. – alcanfor; losna brava; losna miuda –   – 05; 31
    2458 – Senna alata (L.) Roxb. – sena; senna – Candlebush; Candlestick senna; Christmas candle; Ringworm senna; Empress candleplant; Ringwormbush; Ringwormshrub; Seven golden candlesticks – 05; 31
    2459 – Senna alexandrina Mill. (antiga Cassia angustifolia) – sena; senna –   – 05; 31
    2460 – Senna bacillaris (L. f.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby – sena; senna – West indian showertree – 31
    2461 – Senna cearensis Afr.Fern. – besouro –   – 05; 31
    2462 – Senna multiglandulosa (Jacq.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby – sena; senna –   – 31
    2463 – Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby – fedegoso – Java bean; Sicklepod; Sicklepod senna – 05; 31
    2464 – Senna occidentalis (L.) Irwin & Barneby – fedegoso – Antbush; Coffee senna; Negro coffee – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2465 – Senna rugosa (Don)H. S.Irwin & Barneby – besouro –   – 05; 31
    2466 – Senna siamea (Lam.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby – senna siamesa – Kassodtree; Siamese senna; Thai cassia; Thailand shower – 04; 31
    2467 – Senna spectabilis (DC.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby – cassia do nordeste; cassia carnaval; canafistual de besouro –   – 19; 31
    2468 – Serenoa repens (Bartram) J. K. Small ** – saw palmetto –   – 05; 31
    2469 – Serjania caracasana – cipo d’agua; timbo do campo –   – 05; 31
    2470 – Sesamum indicum L. – gergelim – Beni; Benneseed; Sesame; Beniseed – 03; 05; 29; 30; 31
    2471 – Sesamum orientale L. – gergelim –   – 05; 31
    2472 – Sesamum radiatum Schumach. & Thonn. – sesamum –   – 29; 30; 31
    2473 – Sesbania bispinosa Fawc. & Rendle – sesbania – Prickly sesban – 31
    2474 – Sesbania cannabina (Retz.) Pers. – sesbania – Canicha; Dhaincha; Dhunchi; Prickly sesban – 01; 02; 04; 22; 23; 24
    2475 – Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers. – sesbania – Scarlet wistaria tree; Vegetable hummingbird; West indian pea – 01; 04; 05; 29; 30; 31
    2476 – Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. – cambai; cambai vermelho; acacia vermelha; acacia de flores vermelhas; acacia do banhado – Brazilian glory pea; Coffeeweed; Rattlebox; Rattlepod; Red sesbania – 05; 31
    2477 – Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. – sesbania – Egyptian sesban; Sesban – 01; 04; 05; 31
    2478 – Sesbania speciosa Taub. – sesbania –   – 01; 31
    2479 – Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. – beldroega da praia – Sea purslane; Shoreline sea purslane – 31
    2480 – Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. – setaria – Foxtail millet; German millet; Hungarian millet; Italian millet – 01; 03; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2481 – Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.) Moss – setaria –   – 05; 31
    2482 – Severinia buxifolia (Poir.) Tenore – severinia – Chinese box orange – 01; 05; 19; 31
    2483 – Sextonia rubra (Mez) van der Werff – louro vermelho – Determa; Red louro – 19; 20; 31
    2484 – Sicana odorifera (Vell.) Naudin – coroa; curua; curuba – Casabanana; Cassabanana; Musk cucumber – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2485 – Sida carpinifolia L. f. – vassoura escurregadeira –   – 05; 31
    2486 – Sida cordifolia L. – sida – Country mallow; Flannelweed; Heart leaf sida – 05; 31
    2487 – Sida glaziovii K. Schum. – vassoura russa –   – 05; 31
    2488 – Sida linifolia Cav. – lanceta; erva lanceta –   – 05; 31
    2489 – Sida rhombifolia – guaxima; malva; malva preta; relogio; uacima; vassoura relogio; vassourinha –   – 05; 22; 23; 24; 31
    2490 – Sida rhombifolia L. – cha bravo; vassoura russa – Arrow leaf sida; Cuban jute; Paddy’s lucerne; Queensland hemp; Teaweed – 05; 31
    2491 – Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. – serralha; cardo leiteiro – Blessed milk thistle; Gundagai thistle; Holy thistle; Milk thistle; Lady’s thistle; Variegated thistle – 03; 05; 31
    2492 – Simaba calumba – calumba brasileira; calumba brasiliense –   – 05; 31
    2493 – Simaba cedron Planch. – pau de gafanhoto – Cedron – 05; 31
    2494 – Simarouba amara – aruba; caixeta; marapauba; maruba; marupa; marupa verdadeiro; nirim; paraiba; pau branco das antilhas; simaba; simaruba –   – 01; 05; 19; 29; 31
    2495 – Simaruba versicolor – caraiba; paparauba; paraiba; pau caixeta; pau paraiba; pe de perdiz; pitombeira de marajo; simaruba do brasil –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2496 – Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C. K. Schneid. – jojoba – Goatnut; Jojoba – 03; 05; 31
    2497 – Sinapis alba L. – mostarda branca – White mustard – 01; 03; 05; 30; 31
    2498 – Sinapis arvensis L. subsp. arvensis – mostarda dos campos – California rape; Charlock; Wild mustard – 05; 31
    2499 – Sinningia speciosa (G. Lodd.) Hiern = Sinningia x hydrida hort. – caximbo; gloxinia –   – 31
    2500 – Siparuna guianensis Aubl. – folha santa; nega mina –   – 05; 31
    2501 – Sisyrinchium micranthum Cav. – sisyrinchium – Scourweed – 05; 31
    2502 – Sium sisarum L. – sisaro – Skirret – 05; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2503 – Smallanthus sanchifolius (Poepp. & Endl.) H. Robinson (antiga Polymnia sonchifolia) – yacon –   – 05; 31
    2504 – Smilax japicanga Griseb – japecanga –   – 05; 31
    2505 – Smilax japicanga Griseb. – japecanga – Japicanga; Jupicanga – 05; 31
    2506 – Smilax papyracea – cipo em; japecanga vermelha; salsa do rio novo; salsaparrilha do brasil; salsaparrilha do para –   – 05; 31
    2507 – Smilax sp. – smilax; japecanga –   – 05; 31
    2508 – Solanum acalcatissimum Jacq. – jua bravo –   – 05; 31
    2509 – Solanum acaule Bitter – solanum –   – 01; 05; 31
    2510 – Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. – jurubeba; gogoia – Love apple – 05; 31
    2511 – Solanum aethiopicum L. – solanum – Gilo; Kumba; Scarlet eggplant; Shum; Jilo – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2512 – Solanum americanum Mill. – maria pretinha – American nightshade; Black nightshade – 31
    2513 – Solanum arrebenta – arrebenta boi; arrebenta cavalos; baba; bobo; joa ti; jua ti; melancia da praia –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2514 – Solanum aspero-lanatum Ruiz & Pav. – jurubeba –   – 05; 31
    2515 – Solanum berthaultii Hawkes – solanum; batata silvestre –   – 05; 31
    2516 – Solanum betaceum Cav. – tomate de arvore – Tree tomato – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2517 – Solanum bonariense L. – solanum – Granadillo – 05; 31
    2518 – Solanum bukasovii Juz. ex Rybin – solanum –   – 05; 31
    2519 – Solanum capsicoides All. – melancia da praia; arrebenta boi; arrebenta cavalo; baba; baga de espinho; gogoia; joa vermelho; jua vermelho; jua ti; mata cavalo; mingola – Cockroach berry; Devil’s apple – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2520 – Solanum cernuum Vell – barba de bode; panaceia; munheca de mono –   – 05; 31
    2521 – Solanum cernuum Vell. * – panaceia –   – 05; 31
    2522 – Solanum cf. baturitense Huber – jurubeba –   – 05; 31
    2523 – Solanum chacoense Bitter – solanum; batata silvestre –   – 01; 05; 31
    2524 – Solanum chenopodioides Lam. – solanum – Velvety nightshade; Whitetip nightshade – 31
    2525 – Solanum commersonii Poir. – solanum; batata silvestre –   – 01; 05; 31
    2526 – Solanum demissum Lindl. – solanum; batata selvagem mexicana –   – 01; 05; 31
    2527 – Solanum diflorum Vell. – laranjinha invasora –   – 05
    2528 – Solanum dulcamara L. – dulcamara – Bitter nightshade; Bittersweet; Bittersweet nightshade; Climbing nightshade; Deadly nightshade; Dulcamara – 05; 31
    2529 – Solanum erianthum D. Don – maria mole amarga –   – 05
    2530 – Solanum grandiflorum – fruta de lobo; fruteira de lobo; fumo bravo; juripeba; jurubeba; jurubeba grande; lobeira –   – 05; 29; 30; 31
    2531 – Solanum laxum Spreng. – solanum – Jasmine nightshade; Potato vine – 05; 31
    2532 – Solanum lycocarpum A. St. Hil. – fruta de lobo; lobeira –   – 05
    2533 – Solanum mammosum – berinjela; cabeca de cabrito; jua bravo; jurubeba do para; peito de moca –   – 05; 31
    2534 – Solanum mauritianum Scopoli – solanum – Wild tobacco tree – 05; 31
    2535 – Solanum melongena L. – berinjela – Aubergine; Brinjal eggplant; Eggplant – 05; 29; 30; 31
    2536 – Solanum microdontum Bitter – solanum –   – 05; 31
    2537 – Solanum muricatum Aiton – pera melao – Melon pear; Peruvian pepino – 29; 30; 31
    2538 – Solanum nigrum – maria pretinha; erva moura; pimenta de galinha –   – 05
    2539 – Solanum nigrum L. – maria pretinha; erva moura – Black nightshade; Poisonberry – 05; 21; 30; 31
    2540 – Solanum paniculatum – jurubeba; jurubeba roxa –   – 05; 31
    2541 – Solanum paniculatum * – jurubeba; jurubeba roxa –   – 05; 31
    2542 – Solanum paniculatum L. – jurubeba – Jurubeba – 05; 31
    2543 – Solanum phureja Juz. & Bukasov – solanum; batata silvestre –   – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2544 – Solanum pseudocapsicum Linné – pimenta ornamental –   – 05; 31
    2545 – Solanum quitoense Lam. – naranjilla – Naranjilla – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2546 – Solanum robustum H. L. Wendl. – solanum; jurubeba – Silverleaf nightshade – 31
    2547 – Solanum seaforthianum Andrews Sin. Solanum prunifolium Roem&schult. – solanum; trepadeira doce amarga –   – 05; 31
    2548 – Solanum sessiliflorum – cobio do para; cubiu; cubius –   – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2549 – Solanum sp. – solanum; jurubeba; fumo bravo –   – 05; 31
    2550 – Solanum sparsipilum (Bitter) Juz. & Bukasov – solanum; batata silvestre –   – 01; 31
    2551 – Solanum stenotomum Juz. & Bukasov – solanum –   – 01; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2552 – Solanum stipulaceum Willd ex. Roen et Schult. – jurubeba de espinho –   – 05; 31
    2553 – Solanum stoloniferum Schltdl. & Bouché – solanum –   – 01; 31
    2554 – Solanum swartzianum Roem. & Schult. – mercurina branca –   – 05; 31
    2555 – Solanum torvum Sw. – solanum – Devil’s fig; Pea eggplant; Platebrush; Terongan; Susumber; Turkeyberry – 01; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2556 – Solanum tuberosum L. – batata; batata inglesa – Potato – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2557 – Solanum vernei Bitt. & Wittm. – solanum –   – 01; 31
    2558 – Solanum viarum Dunal – joa; joa bravo; arrebenta cavalo; mata cavalo – Tropical soda apple – 05; 31
    2559 – Solenostemon scutellarioides (L.) Codd – coleus; coracao magoado – Coleus; El nene; Painted nettle – 05; 31
    2560 – Solidago canadensis L. – tango; vara dourada – Canadian goldenrod – 05; 31
    2561 – Solidago microglossa D.C. – solidago; arnica brasileira erva lanceta –   – 05; 31
    2562 – Soliva anthemifolia (Juss.) Sweet – soliva; cuspe de caipira; cuspe de tropeiro; roseta – Dwarf jojo – 31
    2563 – Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav. – soliva; cuspe de tropeiro; roseta; roseta rasteira; espinho de cachorro – Field burrweed; Jojoweed; Lawnweed – 05; 31
    2564 – Sorbus aria (L.) Crantz – mostajeiro – Chess apple; Whitebeam – 19; 20; 31
    2565 – Sorbus aucuparia L. – sorveira – European mountain ash; Quickbeam; Rowan; Rowan berry – 05; 31
    2566 – Sorbus domestica L. – sorveira – Servicetree – 05; 19; 20; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2567 – Sorbus latifolia (Lam.) Pers. – mostajeiro – Broad leaf whitebeam – 31
    2568 – Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz – mostajeiro – Checkertree; Chequers; Wild servicetree – 05; 19; 20; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2569 – Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench – sorgo – Broomcorn; Forage sorghum; Grain sorghum; Sorghum; Durra; Feterita; Great millet; Kaffir corn; Milo; Shallu; Sweet sorghum – 04; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2570 – Sorocea bonplandii (Baill.) Burger, Lanj. & Boer – espinheira santa –   – 05; 31
    2571 – Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) A. Juss. – soymida – Indian redwood – 01; 02; 05; 19; 20; 22; 31
    2572 – Sparattosperma leucanthum Schum – cinco folhas –   – 05; 31
    2573 – Spartina alterniflora Loisel. – capim pratura; espartina – Salt water cordgrass; Smooth cordgrass – 01; 31
    2574 – Spartium junceum L. – giesteira – Genet; Spanish broom; Weaver’s broom – 03; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2575 – Spathodea campanulata Buch. – Ham. ex DC. – ipe; ipe rosa; mijo de gato bisnagueira; tulipa africana; espatodea –   – 05; 31
    2576 – Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. – arvore da tulipa – African tuliptree; Flame of the forest – 31
    2577 – Spergula arvensis L. – espergula – Corn spurrey – 31
    2578 – Spermacoce alata Aubl. – poaia do campo; erva quente; erva de lagarto; perpetua do mato – Borreria – 31
    2579 – Spermacoce verticillata L. – sussuaia – Shrubby false buttonweed – 05; 31
    2580 – Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski – botao de ouro; mal me quer; vedelia – Singapore daisy – 31
    2581 – Spigelia anthelmia – arapabaca; inseticida; lombrigueira; po vermifugo –   – 05; 31
    2582 – Spilanthes acmella – abecedaria; acmela; agriao; agriao do brasil; agriao do mato; agriao do para; agriaozinho; botao de ouro; erva de malaca; jambu; jambu assu; jambu rana; jambuaca; jambuacu; mastruco; nhambu; pimenta d’agua; pimenteira; pimenteira do para; tamburana –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2583 – Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray – jambu –   – 05; 31
    2584 – Spilanthes oleracea – agriao do brasil; agriao do para; botao de ouro; jambu; jambuacu; jamburana; nhambu; pimenteira do para –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2585 – Spilanthes oleraceae L. – jambu –   – 05; 31
    2586 – Spinacia oleracea L. – espinafre – Spinach – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2587 – Spondias lutea – aajamirim; acaiba; acaimari; acaja; acajaiba; acajaseira; acaya mirim; caja; caja mirim; caja pequeno; cajaseira; cajaseiro miudo; imbuseiro; tapereba; taperiba; tapiriba –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2588 – Spondias mombin Jacq. – cajazeira –   – 05; 31
    2589 – Spondias mombin L. – tapereba; imbu; tepereba – Hog plum; Jamaica plum; Jobo; Yellow mombin – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2590 – Spondias purpurea L. – imbu; imbuzeiro; ciriguela – Hog plum; Jocote; Ovo; Purple mombin; Red mombin; Spanish plum – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2591 – Spondias tuberosa Arr. Cam. – umbu – Hog plum – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2592 – Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth – sporobolus – Beach dropseed; Jatopa; Seashore dropseed; Water couch – 01; 31
    2593 – Stachys byzantina C. Koch. – orelha de lebre; stachis –   – 31
    2594 – Stachys sp. – sao bernardo –   – 05; 31
    2595 – Stachytarpheta cayenensis – gervao roxo –   – 05; 31
    2596 – Stachytarpheta cayenensis (L. C. Rich.) Vahl – jurubao –   – 05; 31
    2597 – Stachytarpheta cayennensis Cham. – gervao; gervao azul – Blue snakeweed; Bluetop; Cayenne snakeweed; Rattail – 31
    2598 – Stachytarpheta jamaicensis – gervao roxo –   – 05; 31
    2599 – Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl – gervao – Bastard vervain; Blue porterweed; Blue snakeweed; Brazilian tea; Jamaica vervain; Light blue snakeweed – 31
    2600 – Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl – gervao rosa – Pink snakeweed – 31
    2601 – Statice Limonium – baicuru –   – 05; 31
    2602 – Stellaria media (L.) Vill. – morugem – Chickweed; Common chickweed – 01; 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2603 – Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze – grama santo agostinho – Buffalo grass; St. Augustine grass – 01; 31
    2604 – Stephanotis floribunda Brongn. – flor de noiva; jasmin de madagascar – Bridalwreath; Chaplet flower; Floradora; Madagascar jasmine; Waxflower – 31
    2605 – Sterculia apetala – xixa; chicha; panama camajondura –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2606 – Sterculia pruriens (Aubl.) K. Schum. – axixa; xixa; chicha; castanha de periquito – Grand mahot; Maho; Mahoe – 19; 20; 31
    2607 – Sterculia speciosa – capoteiro; sapote; tacacazeiro; tacazeiro; xixa; chicha –   – 22; 31
    2608 – Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Bertoni – estevia; stevia – Stevia – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2609 – Stigmaphyllon ciliatum (Lam.) A. Juss. – erva de passarinho – Brazilian goldenvine – 31
    2610 – Strelitzia reginae (Alton) – ave do paraiso –   – 31
    2611 – Striphnodendron barbatiman – barbatimao do cerrado; verdadeiro –   – 05; 31
    2612 – Stromanthe sanguinea (Hook.) Sond. – caete bravo; maranta sanguinea –   – 31
    2613 – Strophanthus gratus (Wall. & Hook.) Baill. – estrofanto – Climbing oleander – 05; 31
    2614 – Struthanthus vulgaris Mart. – erva de passarinho –   – 05; 31
    2615 – Strychnos castelnaei – curare; ramon; uirari; urariuva –   – 01; 05; 31
    2616 – Strychnos cogens – arimaru –   – 01; 05; 31
    2617 – Strychnos guyanensis – noz vomica do brasil –   – 01; 05; 31
    2618 – Strychnos pedunculata – iaque –   – 01; 05; 31
    2619 – Strychnos pseudoquina – falsa quina; quina branca; quina cruzeiro; quina da chapada; quina de manda; quina de mato grosso; quina de periquito; quina do campo; quina do cerrado –   – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2620 – Strychnos rouhamon – apuhyrana; apuirana; ruamon; urariuva –   – 01; 05; 31
    2621 – Strychnos toxifera – borore; curare; maracure; ourari; ticunalama; uirari; urari; woorara; wourari; woururu –   – 01; 05; 31
    2622 – Stryphnodendron adstringens – barba de timao; barbatimao; barbatimao verdadeiro;charaozinho roxo; uabatimo; ybatimo; barbatimao –   – 01; 05; 16; 31
    2623 – Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville – angico cambalhota; angico  cambaiota –   – 05; 31
    2624 – Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville – barbatimao –   – 05; 31
    2625 – Stryphnodendron barbatiman – barbatimao –   – 05; 31
    2626 – Stryphnodendron coriaceum Benth. – barbatimao; barbatimao do norte; barbatimao –   – 05; 31
    2627 – Stryphnodendron obovatum Benth. – barbatimao; barbatimao de folha miuda –   – 05; 31
    2628 – Stylosanthes angustifolia – manjericao do campo; trifolio comum –   – 31
    2629 – Stylosanthes capitata Vogel – estilosante; stylosanthes –   – 31
    2630 – Stylosanthes erecta P. Beauv. – estilosante; stylosanthes – Nigerian stylo – 31
    2631 – Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alst. – estilosante; stylosanthes –   – 31
    2632 – Stylosanthes guianensis – estilosante; trifolio; alfafa do nordeste; majericao do campo –   – 01; 31
    2633 – Stylosanthes hamata (L.) Taub. – estilosante; alfafa do nordeste – Caribbean stylo; Cheesytoes – 31
    2634 – Stylosanthes humilis H.B.K. – estilosante; alfafa do nordeste – Townsville lucerne; Townsville stylo – 31
    2635 – Stylosanthes macrocephala M.B.Ferr. & S.Costa – estilosante –   – 31
    2636 – Stylosanthes scabra Vogel – estilosante; alfafa do nordeste – Shrubby stylo – 31
    2637 – Stylosanthes viscosa (L.) Sw. – estilosante; pe de paca; alfafa do campo; alfafa do nordeste; meladinha –   – 01; 05; 31
    2638 – Stylosanthes viscosa Sw. – estilosante; pe de paca; alfafa do campo; alfafa do nordeste; meladinha –   – 05; 31
    2639 – Styrax camporum Pohl – styrax; laranjinha; laranjinha do cerrado –   – 05; 31
    2640 – Styrax ferrugineus Ness. Ex Mart. – laranjinha do cerrado –   – 05; 31
    2641 – Swartzia chrysantha – coquida; kokida –   – 05; 31
    2642 – Swartzia tomentosa – pau ferro; pau santo –   – 05; 31
    2643 – Swietenia macrophylla King. – mogno brasileiro – Honduras mahogany; Mahogany – 05; 19; 20; 31
    2644 – Syagrus coronata – alicuri; aricuri; butia; butia azedo; butia de vinagre; cabecudo; coqueiro azedo; guariroba do campo; iricuri; licuri; nicuri; urucuri; urukury yba; ururucuri –   – 03; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2645 – Syagrus flexuosa (Mart.) Becc. – areca do cerrado; coquiero do campo – Acuma – 31
    2646 – Syagrus inajai – curuarana; inajahy; jara; jararana; jareua; jatauva; pirirema; pupunha de porco; pupunharana; yararana; yariva –   – 03; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2647 – Syagrus romanzoffiana (Chamisso) Clasman – geriva – Queen palm – 31
    2648 – Symmeria paniculata – acarauassu; acaraussu; acaraussussim –   – 05; 31
    2649 – Symphitum officinale Neck. – confrei –   – 05; 31
    2650 – Symphonia globulifera – anami; anany; oanani; ounani; pau breu; pau de breu; uanani –   – 01; 05; 19; 20; 31
    2651 – Symphytum officinale L. – confrei –   – 05; 31
    2652 – Symphytum officinale L. – confrei; consolda maior – Boneset; Comfrey; Common comfrey; Consound; Healing herb; Knitbone; Slippery root – 01; 05; 31
    2653 – Syncarpia glomulifera (Sm.) Nied. – syncarpia – Turpentine; Turpentine tree – 19; 20; 31
    2654 – Syncarpia hillii F. M. Bailey – satinal; satinai; syncarpia –   – 19; 20; 31
    2655 – Syngonium podophyllum Schott – singonio – African evergreen; Arrowhead vine; Nephthytis – 31
    2656 – Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry – cravo da india – Clove; Cloves; Clovetree – 03; 05; 30; 31; 34
    2657 – Syzygium jambolana DC. – jamelao; jambolao; azeitona –   – 05; 31
    2658 – Syzygium jambolanum De Candolle – jambolao –   – 05; 31
    2659 – Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston – jambo – Jambos; Malabar plum; Rose apple – 05; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2660 – Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L. M. Perry – macopa – Java apple; Semarang rose apple; Wax jambu – 29; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2661 – Tabebuia avellanedeae Lor. ex Griseb. – pau d’arco roxo; ipe roxo –   – 05; 31
    2662 – Tabebuia caraiba – caraiba; carauba; caraubeira; carobeira; cinco folhas do campo; kira y; paratudo; pau d’arco do campo; tayi hu –   – 01; 05; 16; 31
    2663 – Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell.) Tol. – ipe –   – 05; 19; 20; 31
    2664 – Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC.) Standl. – ipe; ipe roxo; pau d’arco – Taheebo – 05; 31
    2665 – Tabebuia serratifolia (Vahl) G. Nicholson – ipe; pau d’arco amarelo –   – 19; 31
    2666 – Tabebuia sp. – ipe; tabebuia; ipe amarelo –   – 05; 31
    2667 – Tabebuia spp. – ipe –   – 05; 31
    2668 – Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult. – jasmim; tabernaemontana –   – 05; 30; 31
    2669 – Tachia guyanensis – caferana; jacare aru; jacarearu; jacaruaru; quassia do amazonas; quassia do para; quina amargosa; quina cruzeiro; quina do amazonas; quina do para; tingua aba; tinguaciba do para; tuparapo; tuparoba; tuparubo; tupurubo –   – 05; 31
    2670 – Tagetes erecta L. – cravo de defunto; maravilha – African marigold; Aztec marigold; Big marigold; Saffron marigold; Marigold – 02; 05; 31
    2671 – Tagetes minuta L. – cravo de defunto – Aztec marigold; Dwarf marigold; Khaki bush; Mexican marigold; Muster john henry; Stinking roger; Wild marigold – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2672 – Tagetes minuta L.* – cravo de  defunto –   – 05; 31
    2673 – Tagetes patula L. – cravo da india; cravo de defunto; tagetes – French marigold – 02; 31
    2674 – Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. – beldroega grande; beldroega miuda; bencao de deus; bredo; bredo major gomes; bunda mole; cariru; caruru; carne gorda; inha gomes; joao gomes; joao gordo; labrobro; labrobro de jardim; lingua de vaca; major gomes; maria bombi; maria gombi; maria gomes; maria gorda; maria mole;ora pro nobis miudo; piolhinha; quebra tigela – Fameflower; Jewels of opar; Pink baby’s breath – 05; 31
    2675 – Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell – taliripati – Cottontree; Hawaiian tree hibiscus; Linden hibiscus; Mahoe; Mountain mahoe; Sea hibiscus – 22; 31
    2676 – Talisia esculenta – alho de boi; grao de galo; olho de boi; pitomba; pitomba da mata; pitomba de macaco; pitombeira –   – 05; 31
    2677 – Tamarindus indica L. – tamarindo; tamarindeiro – Indian tamarind; Kilytree; Tamarind – 04; 05; 30; 31
    2678 – Tanacetum coccineum (Willd.) Grierson – crisantemo; piretro – Painted daisy; Persian daisy; Persian insect flower; Pyrethrum – 31
    2679 – Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. Bip. = Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. – crisantemo; matricaria cheirosa –   – 05; 31
    2680 – Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip – artemisia –   – 05; 31
    2681 – Tanacetum parthenium Sch. Bip. – tanaceto marcela do reino –   – 05; 31
    2682 – Tanacetum vulgare L. – catinga de mulata; atanasia – Golden buttons; Tansy – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2683 – Taralea oppositifolia Aubl. – taralea – English tonka; English tonka bean; Tonka – 05; 30; 31
    2684 – Taraxacum officinale Weber – dente de leao; dente de leao – Common dandelion; Dandelion; Lion’s tooth – 05; 30; 31; 32
    2685 – Tectaria incisa Cav. – tectaria – Incised halberd fern – 31
    2686 – Tectona grandis L.F. – teca – Bankok teak; Indian oak; Teak – 05; 19; 31
    2687 – Telfairia pedata (Sm. ex Sims) Hook. – castanha de inhambane – Oysternut; Zanzibar oilvine – 29; 31
    2688 – Tephrosia candida DC. – tefrosia branca; tephrosia – White hoary pea; White tephrosia – 31
    2689 – Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. – tefrosia purpura; tefrosia roxa; tephrosia – Purple tephrosia – 05; 31
    2690 – Tephrosia sinapou (Buc’Hoz) A. Chev. – tefrosia; tephrosia – Yarroconalli – 05; 31
    2691 – Tephrosia toxicaria – anil brabo; anil bravo; arnica brava; timbo de caiena; timbo para matar peixes; tingui; tingui de caiena –   – 05; 31
    2692 – Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f. – tefrosia; tephrosia – Fish poison bean; Vogel tephrosia – 31
    2693 – Teramnus labialis (L.F.) Spreng. – teramnus – Blue wiss – 05; 31
    2694 – Terminalia catappa L. – amendoa da praia; amendoeira da india – Indian almond; Malabar almond; Tropical almond – 04; 05; 19; 31
    2695 – Terminalia kaernbachii Warb. – terminalia – Okari nut – 19; 31
    2696 – Terminalia tanibuca – cinzeiro; cuirana; tanibouca –   – 05; 31
    2697 – Tetracera volubilis – cipo de caboclo; cipo vermelho –   – 05; 31
    2698 – Tetragonia expansa Murr. – espinafre –   – 05; 31
    2699 – Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze – espinafre – New zealand spinach; Warrigal cabbage – 05; 29; 31
    2700 – Theobroma angustifolium – cacau; theobroma –   – 31
    2701 – Theobroma bicolor – cacau da nova granada; cacaueiro do peru; cupuacurana; cupuassu –   – 30; 31; 32
    2702 – Theobroma cacao L. – cacau – Cacao; Cocoa – 05; 30; 31; 32
    2703 – Theobroma grandiflorum – cacao da nova granada; cacao do peru; cupu assu; cupu do mato; cupuacu; cupuassu –   – 05; 30; 31; 32; 33
    2704 – Theobroma guyanense – cacao anguloso; cacao de cayenna –   – 31
    2705 – Theobroma mammosum Cuatr. & Leon – cacau; theobroma –   – 31
    2706 – Theobroma microcarpum – cacau jacare; cacau maracuja; cacau rana; cacaui; cacaurana; macacaaca; theobroma –   – 19; 22; 31
    2707 – Theobroma simiarum Donn. Smith – cacau de mico; theobroma –   – 31
    2708 – Theobroma subincanum – cacau chimarrao; cupahy; cupuai; cupui; cupurana –   – 29; 30; 31; 32
    2709 – Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa – tespesia – Bendytree; Corktree; Milo; Pacific rosewood; Portia tree; Seaside mahoe; Tuliptree – 02; 19; 31
    2710 – Thevetia peruviana – ahohai assu; chapeu de napoleao; jorro jorro; noz de cobra –   – 05; 31; 32
    2711 – Thrinax morrisii H. Wendl. – palmeira; thrinax – Brittle thatch; Buffalo thatch; Key palm; Key thatch palm; Silvertop palmetto – 31
    2712 – Thrinax radiata Lodd. ex Schult. & Schult. f. – palmeira leque brilhante; palmeira; thrinax – Florida thatch; Jamaican thatch; Silk top thatch palm – 31
    2713 – Thuja occidentalis L. – arvore da vida; tuia americana; cedrinho; ciprestes – Arborvitae; Eastern arborvitae; Northern white cedar; White cedar – 03; 05; 19; 31
    2714 – Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don – tuia gigante; thuja – Western arborvitae; Western red cedar – 03; 05; 19; 31
    2715 – Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims – tumbergia trepadeira – Black eyed susan vine – 31
    2716 – Thunbergia erecta (Benth.) T. Anderson Sin. Meyenia erecta (Benth.) – manto rei; tumbergia azul arbustiva –   – 31
    2717 – Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb – azulzinha; thunbergia tumbergia azul –   – 31
    2718 – Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb. – tumbergia; trumbeja –   – 05
    2719 – Thuya orientalis L. * – tuia; tuya  –   – 05
    2720 – Thymus serpyllum L. – tomilho – Breckland thyme; Creeping thyme; Mother of thyme; Wild thyme – 05; 31
    2721 – Thymus vulgaris L. – tomilho – English thyme; French thyme; Garden thyme; Thyme – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2722 – Tibouchina mosanii Cogn. – hibisco –   – 05; 31
    2723 – Tibouchina sp. – tibouchina; quaresminha do mato –   – 05; 31
    2724 – Tibouchina urvilleana (DC.) Cogn. – quaresmeira – Glorybush; Purple glorytree – 31
    2725 – Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L. – tillandsia; barba de velho – Ball moss; Bunch moss – 05; 31
    2726 – Tillandsia sp. – tillandsia; barba de velho –   – 05; 31
    2727 – Tillandsia stricta Solander – bromelia –   – 31
    2728 – Tillandsia tenuifolia L. B. Smith – bromelia –   – 31
    2729 – Tillandsia usneoides L. Smith – bromelia barba de velho –   – 05; 31
    2730 – Tithonia diversifolia A. Gray. – mao de deus –   – 05; 31
    2731 – Tithonia rotundifolia (Mill.) S.F. Blake = Tithonia speciosa (Hook.) Griseb. – margarida mexicana; titonia –   – 31
    2732 – Tocoyena formosa (Cham. & Schltdl.) K.Schum. – jenipapo bravo –   – 05; 31
    2733 – Toona ciliata M. Roem. – cedro australiano – Australian cedar; Australian red cedar; Red cedar; Toon – 02; 19; 31
    2734 – Torenia fournieri Linden ex. E. Fourn. – torenia –   – 31
    2735 – Torresea acreana Ducke – cumaru de cheiro –   – 05; 31
    2736 – Torresea cearensis Allemão – emburana –   – 05; 31
    2737 – Tournefortia laevigata – erva de bugre; erva de lagarto –   – 05; 31
    2738 – Tovomita brasiliensis – manguarana; manguerana; paxiubarana; paxiubarana miuda –   – 05; 31
    2739 – Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F. A. Barkley – verniz do japao – Chinese lacquertree; Japanese lacquertree; Japanese sumac; Japanese varnishtree; Lacquertree; Varnishtree – 02; 05; 17; 31
    2740 – Trachelium caeruleum L. – traquelio – Blue throatwort – 31
    2741 – Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook) H. Wendl. – palmeira moinho de vento –   – 31
    2742 – Tradescantia albiflora Kunth – trandescancia; tradescantia – Wandering jew – 31
    2743 – Tradescantia diuretica – trandescancia; tradescantia trapoeraba –   – 05; 31
    2744 – Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. – trandescancia; tradescantia – Spiderwort; Wandering jew – 31
    2745 – Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D.R. Hunt var. purpúrea Boom Hook – trandescancia; tradescantia trapoeraba roxa –   – 31
    2746 – Tragia volubilis L. – tamiarana – Twining cowitch – 05; 31
    2747 – Tragopogon porrifolius L. – barba de bode – Oysterplant; Salsify; Vegetable oyster – 05; 31
    2748 – Trapa natans L. var. natans – castanha d’agua – European water chestnut; Jesuit’s nut; Water caltrop; Water chestnut – 31
    2749 – Treculia africana Decne. – saquiente – African boxwood; African breadfruit – 31
    2750 – Trema micranthum (L.) Blume – trema – Capulin – 19; 20; 31
    2751 – Trichilia barraensis – marinheiro de folha larga; tito –   – 05; 31
    2752 – Trichilia catigua A. Juss. – angelim rosa; catagua; catigua; mangalto catinga – Catuaba – 05; 31
    2753 – Trichilia spicaflora – jito; marinheiro de folha larga –   – 05; 31
    2754 – Trichostigma octandra – cipo; cipo de barril –   – 05; 31
    2755 – Trichostigma octandrum (L.) H. Walter – cipo; trichostigma – Basket wiss; Hoopvine – 20; 31
    2756 – Trifolium alexandrinum L. – trevo; trevo de alexandria; trevo da alexandria – Berseem clover; Egyptian clover – 01; 31
    2757 – Trifolium alpestre L. – trevo; trifolium – Purple globe clover; Owl head clover – 31
    2758 – Trifolium arvense L. – trevo; trifolium – Hare foot clover; Rabbit foot clover; Stone clover; Hare foot trefoil – 31
    2759 – Trifolium aureum Pollich – trevo; trevo dourado – Large hop clover; Large trefoil – 31
    2760 – Trifolium dubium Sibth. – trevo; trifolium – Lesser trefoil; Low hop clover; Shamrock; Small hop clover; Suckling clover; Yellow clover – 01; 31
    2761 – Trifolium fragiferum L. – trevo; trevo moranguinho – Strawberry clover – 01; 31
    2762 – Trifolium hirtum All. – trevo; trevo rosa – Rose clover – 01; 31
    2763 – Trifolium hybridum L. – trevo; trevo hibrido – Alsike clover; Hybrid clover; Swedish clover – 01; 05; 31
    2764 – Trifolium incarnatum L. – trevo; trevo vermelho; trevo encarnado – Crimson clover; Italian clover; Carnation clover; Scarlet clover – 01; 05; 31
    2765 – Trifolium lappaceum L. – trevo; trevo lapa – Bur clover; Lappa clover; Burdock clover – 31
    2766 – Trifolium medium L. – trevo; trevo roxo – Zigzag clover – 01; 31
    2767 – Trifolium nigrescens Viv. – trevo; trifolium – Ball clover – 01; 31
    2768 – Trifolium pratense L. – trevo; trevo violeta; trevo vermelho; trevo dos prados – Peavine clover; Purple clover; Red clover – 01; 05; 31
    2769 – Trifolium repens L. – trevo; trevo branco – Dutch clover; Ladino clover; White clover; White dutch clover – 01; 05; 31
    2770 – Trifolium resupinatum L. – trevo; trevo da persia – Bird eye clover; Persian clover; Reversed clover; Shaftal clover – 01; 31
    2771 – Trifolium rueppellianum Fresen. – trevo; trifolium –   – 31
    2772 – Trifolium semipilosum Fresen. – trevo; trifolium – Kenya clover; Kenya white clover – 31
    2773 – Trifolium subterraneum – trevo; trifolium –   – 01; 05; 31
    2774 – Trifolium vesiculosum Savi – trevo; trifolium – Arrow leaf clover – 31
    2775 – Trigonella foenum-graecum L. – feno grego – Fenugreek; Greek clover; Greek hay – 03; 05; 31
    2776 – Trigonia paniculata Warm. – barradinha –   – 05; 31
    2777 – Triphasia trifolia (Burm. f.) P. Wilson – limao frances; trifasia – Limeberry; Trifoliate limeberry; Triphasia – 31
    2778 – Triplaris noli-tangere – formigueira –   – 05; 31
    2779 – Triplaris surinamensis – pajeu; pau de novato; tachi; tachi da varzea; tachizeiro preto; tangarana –   – 05; 31
    2780 – Tripogandra diuretica (Mart.) Handlos – tripogandra – Pink trinity – 05; 31
    2781 – Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L. – tripsacum; capim gigante – Eastern gamagrass; Gamagrass – 01; 31
    2782 – Trisetum flavescens (L.) P. Beauv. – aveia amarela – Golden oat grass; Yellow oat grass – 05; 31
    2783 – Tristaniopsis laurina (Sm.) Peter G. Wilson & J. T. Waterh. – tristaniopsis – Kanuka; Water gum – 19; 20; 31
    2784 – Triticum aestivum – trigo; triticum –   – 05; 30; 31
    2785 – Triticum monococcum (L.) Mk. – trigo; triticum –   – 30; 31
    2786 – Triticum timopheevii (Zhuk.) Mk. – trigo; triticum –   – 30; 31
    2787 – Triticum turgidum (L.) Thell. – trigo; triticum –   – 05; 30; 31
    2788 – Triumfetta bartramia L. – esfregao –   – 05; 31
    2789 – Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq. – triumfetta; triunfeta – Burweed; Sacramento bur – 31
    2790 – Trixis sp. – trixis; solidonia –   – 05; 31
    2791 – Tropaeolum majus L – agriao do mexico; capuchinho –   – 05; 31
    2792 – Tropaeolum majus L. – capuchinha; nasturcio; chagas; chagra – Garden nasturtium; Indian cress; Nasturtium – 05; 31
    2793 – Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz & Pavon – mashua; machua; maxua; magua – Magua; Maxua – 31
    2794 – Tulipa gesneriana L. – tulipa – Tulip – 31
    2795 – Turnera diffusa – damiana –   – 05; 31; 32
    2796 – Turnera guynensis L.* – chanana –   – 05; 31
    2797 – Turnera ulmifolia L. = Turnera angustifolia Mill. – flor do guaruja –   – 31
    2798 – Tynanthus elegans Miers – cipo cravo –   – 05; 31
    2799 – Tynanthus fasciculatas Mers. – cipo cruz; trindade –   – 05; 31
    2800 – Typha angustifolia L. – tabua estreita; paina do brejo; taboa – Cattail; Narrow leaf cattail – 05; 31
    2801 – Typha latifolia L. – tabua larga – Broad leaf cattail; Common cattail – 05; 31
    2802 – Ulex europaeus L. – tojo – European gorse; Furze; Gorse; Whin – 31
    2803 – Uncaria guianensis (Aubl.) J. F. Gmel. – unha de gato – Cat’s claw – 05; 31
    2804 – Uncaria guianensis Aubl. – unha de gato –   – 05; 31
    2805 – Uncaria tomentosa (Willd. Ex Poem.& Schult.) DC. – unha de gato –   – 05; 31
    2806 – Uncaria tomentosa Willd – unha de gato –   – 05; 31
    2807 – Urena lobata – aguaxima; amarin; caquibosa; carrapicho; carrapicho de cavalo; carrapicho de lavadeira; carrapicho do campo; carrapicho do mato; carrapicho redondo; embira; guanxuma roxa; guaxima; guaxima macho; guaxima roxa; guaxiuba; guaxuma; ibaxama; malva; malva branca; malva carrapicho; malva de embira; malva roxa; malva roxa recortada; malvaisco; malvisco; rabo de foguete; uacima; uaicima roxa; uaucima; malva falsa; aroeira –   – 03; 05; 20; 31
    2808 – Urena sinuata – amor do campo; capimonga; carapicu; carapomonga; carrapichi; carrapicho; guaxima cor de rosa; guaxima roxa; malva cor de rosa; malvaisco cor de rosa; malvalisco cor de rosa; oajuru; piranga; quiabo bravo; uacima cor de rosa; urucuna; urucuvana –   – 03; 05; 31
    2809 – Urera baceifera (L.)Gaudich – urtiga vermelha –   – 05; 31
    2810 – Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) R. D. Webster – braquiaria; brizantao – Bread grass; Palisade grass; Palisade signal grass; Signal grass – 05; 31
    2811 – Urochloa decumbens (Stapf) R. D. Webster – braquiaria – Basilisk signal grass; Signal grass; Surinam grass – 05; 31
    2812 – Urochloa fusca (Sw.) B. F. Hansen & Wunderlin – capim; urochloa – Brown top signal grass – 31
    2813 – Urochloa mosambicensis (Hackel) Dandy – capim; urochloa – Sabi grass – 31
    2814 – Urochloa plantaginea (Link) R. D. Webster – capim; urochloa – Alexander grass; Plantain signal grass – 31
    2815 – Urospatha caudata – ape –   – 05; 31
    2816 – Urtica dioica L. – urtiga – European nettle; Nettle; Stinging nettle – 05; 31
    2817 – Vaccinium corymbosum L. – mirtilo – American blueberry; Blueberry; Highbush blueberry; Swamp blueberry – 05; 31
    2818 – Valeriana officinalis – valeriana  –   – 05; 31
    2819 – Valeriana officinalis L. – valeriana; erva de gato; erva de amassar; erva de são jorge; valeriana selvagem valeriana menor; valeriana silvestre – Common valerian; Garden heliotrope; Valerian – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2820 – Valerianella eriocarpa Desv. – alface de alger – Hairy fruit cornsalad; Italian cornsalad – 31
    2821 – Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr – erva benta; mache –   – 31
    2822 – Valerianoides cayennense – gervao das taperas; gervao roxo; rinchao; verbena falsa –   – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2823 – Valerianoides jamaicense – gervao verdadeiro –   – 05; 31
    2824 – Vallesia cymbaefolia – chuviringana –   – 05; 17; 31; 32
    2825 – Vanilla planifolia Andr. – baunilha – Bourbon vanilla; Vanilla – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2826 – Vanilla pompona Schiede – baunilha – Guadeloupe vanilla; Pompona vanilla; Vanillon; West indian vanilla – 30; 31
    2827 – Vanillosmopsis arborea (Gardner) Backer – vanilosmopsis –   – 05; 31
    2828 – Vanillosmopsis erythropappa Schult. Bip. – vanilosmopsis –   – 05; 31
    2829 – Vatairea guianensis Aublet – faveira –   – 05; 31
    2830 – Verbascum thapsus L. – barbasco; verbasco – Aaron’s rod; Common mullein; Flannelleaf; Flannelplant; Great mullein; Hag taper; Mullein; Torches; Velvet dock; Velvetplant – 05; 31
    2831 – Verbena bonariensis L. – verbena – Purpletop; South american vervain; Tall verbena; Purple top vervain – 31
    2832 – Verbena brasiliensis Vell. – verbena – Brazilian vervain – 31
    2833 – Verbena officinalis L. – verbena – Vervain; Common verbena; Common vervain – 05; 31
    2834 – Verbena rigida Spreng. – verbena – Veined verbena – 31
    2835 – Verbena tenera Spreng. – guerra de amor –   – 05; 31
    2836 – Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd. – vernonia –   – 05; 31
    2837 – Vernonia condensata Baker – assa peixe; assapeixe; acuma; aloma; aluma; aluman; boldo de arvore;boldo; cambara guacu –   – 05; 31
    2838 – Vernonia ferruginea – assa peixe; assa peixe do para; folha de santana –   – 05; 31
    2839 – Vernonia flexuosa Sims – vernonia – Zig zag vernonia – 31
    2840 – Vernonia galamensis (Cass.) Less. – vernonia – Vernonia – 05; 31
    2841 – Vernonia polyanthes Less. – assa peixe; assapeixe –   – 05; 31
    2842 – Vernonia rubricaulis Bonpl. – cambarazinho –   – 05; 31
    2843 – Vernonia ruficoma * – assa peixe; assapeixe –   – 05; 31
    2844 – Vernonis albifila Gleason – assa peixe; assapeixe –   – 05; 31
    2845 – Veronica officinalis L. – veronica – Common speedwell; Gypsyweed; Speedwell; Upland speedwell – 05; 31
    2846 – Veronica peregrina L. – veronica – American speedwell; Necklaceweed; Neckweed; Purslane speedwell; Wandering speedwell – 31
    2847 – Veronica spicata L. = Pseudolysimachion spsicatum (L.) Opiz – veronica –   – 31
    2848 – Vetiveria zizanioides – capim de cheiro; capim vetiver; grama cheirosa; grama das indias; patcholi; patchouli; vetiver –   – 03; 05; 22; 26; 30; 31
    2849 – Vicia articulata Hornem. – lentilha parda – Monantha vetch; One flower vetch – 31
    2850 – Vicia benghalensis L. – ervilhaca purpurea; ervilhaca vermelha – Purple vetch – 01; 05; 31
    2851 – Vicia cracca L. subsp. cracca – ervilhaca – Bird vetch; Boreal vetch; Tufted vetch – 31
    2852 – Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. – ervilha de pombo; gero; orobo – Bitter vetch; Ervil – 01; 05; 31
    2853 – Vicia faba L. – fava – Bell bean; Faba bean; Fava bean – 01; 05; 31
    2854 – Vicia hirsuta (L.) Gray – cigerao – Hairy tare; Tare vetch; Tiny vetch – 05; 31
    2855 – Vicia narbonensis L. – ervilha de narbona – French vetch; Narbon bean; Narbonne vetch – 31
    2856 – Vicia pannonica Crantz – ervilhaca da panonia – Hungarian vetch – 31
    2857 – Vicia sativa (L.) ssp. nigra (L.) Ehrh. – ervilhaca; ervilhaca comum – Black pod vetch; Narrow leaf vetch – 01; 05; 31
    2858 – Vicia villosa Roth – ervilhaca vilosa; ervilhaca de cachos roxos –   – 01; 05; 31
    2859 – Victoria amazonica (Poepp.) J. C. Sowerby – victoria regia – Amazon water lily; Royal water lily; Victoria lily – 31
    2860 – Vigna aconitifolia (Jacq.) Marech. – vigna – Mat bean; Moth bean – 01; 31
    2861 – Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi – feijao azuki – Adzuki bean – 01; 05; 31; 32
    2862 – Vigna caracalla (L.) Verdc. – vigna; caracol – Bertoni bean; Snailflower – 31
    2863 – Vigna luteola (Jacq.) Benth. – vigna; feijao da praia – Dalrymple vigna – 31
    2864 – Vigna marina (Burm.) Merr. – vigna; batatarana – Dune bean – 01; 31
    2865 – Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper – feijao rajado – Black gram; Urd bean – 05; 31
    2866 – Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek – feijao mungo; feijao mungo verde – Mung bean – 05; 31
    2867 – Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. – amendoim bambarra; jinguba de cabambe – Bambarra groundnut; Congo goober; Ground bean; Hog peanut – 31
    2868 – Vigna trilobata (L.) Verdc. – vigna – Three lobe leaf cowpea – 05; 31
    2869 – Vigna umbellata (Thumb.) Ohwi & H. Ohashi – feijao arroz – Climbing mountain bean; Mambi bean; Rice bean – 01; 31
    2870 – Vigna unguiculata – vigna; feijao caupi; feijão regional; feijão de corda; marcassa –   – 01; 05; 31
    2871 – Vigna vexillata (L.) A. Rich. – vigna; feijao miudo; violeta do campo – Aka sasage; Zombi pea – 01; 31
    2872 – Vinca major L. – vinca – Greater periwinkle; Large periwinkle – 05; 31
    2873 – Viola cornuta L. – amor perfeito – Bedding pansy; Horned pansy; Horned violet; Tufted pansy; Viola – 31
    2874 – Viola odorata L. – violeta; violeta de cheiro – English violet; Garden violet; Sweet violet; Florist’s violet – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2875 – Viola tricolor L. – amor perfeito – European wild pansy; Field pansy; Heart’s ease; Hearts ease; Johnny jump up; Love in idleness; Miniature pansy; Pansy; Wild pansy – 05; 31
    2876 – Virola callophylloidea Markgr. – ucubarana –   – 19; 31
    2877 – Virola calophylla (Spruce) Warb. – ucubarana – Parica – 05; 19; 31
    2878 – Virola elongata Warb. – ucuuba; ucuuba vermelha – Sacred virola – 05; 19; 31
    2879 – Virola sebifera – arvore de cera; arvore de graxa; arvore de sebo; bicuiba; bucuva; cananga; gordura de virola; ucuuba do cerrado; ucuuba vermelha; uixi coroa; verorola –   – 03; 04; 05; 19; 30; 31
    2880 – Virola surinamensis – andiroba; arvore do sebo; bicuiba; nos moscada; noz moscada; ricuiba; ucuuba amarela; ucuuba branca; ucuuba cheirosa; ucuuba da varzea; ucuuba verdadeira; virola –   – 01; 03; 04; 05; 16; 19; 29; 31
    2881 – Vismia brasiliensis – anangarecuiba; caaopia; capianga; lacre;pau de sangue –   – 02; 05; 31
    2882 – Vismia cayennensis – vismia –   – 02; 31
    2883 – Vismia guianensis – caa opia –   – 05; 31
    2884 – Vismia guianensis (Aulbl.) Pers. – vismia –   – 05; 31
    2885 – Vismia guianensis DC. – mercurina –   – 05; 31
    2886 – Vitex agnus –castus L. – pau d’angola; agno casto; alecrim de angola;cordeiro casto;pimenteiro silvestre –   – 05; 31
    2887 – Vitex agnus-castus L. – pau d’angola; agno casto; alecrim de angola;cordeiro casto;pimenteiro silvestre – Chasteberry; Chastetree – 05; 31
    2888 – Vitex cymosa – jaramantaia; jaramataia; taruma do alagado; taruma do igapo; taruma guacu; tucuma; tucuma preto –   – 31
    2889 – Vitex triflora – mama cachorra; taruma; taruma do mato; taruma do para; taruma silvestre –   – 05; 31
    2890 – Vitis aestivalis Michx. – vitis; uva – Pigeon grape; Summer grape – 31
    2891 – Vitis amurensis Rupr. – vitis; uva – Amur grape – 31
    2892 – Vitis arizonica Engelm. – vitis; uva – Canyon grape – 31
    2893 – Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millardet – vitis; uva – Downy grape; Grayback grape – 31
    2894 – Vitis girdiana Munson – vitis; uva – Desert wild grape – 31
    2895 – Vitis labrusca L. – vitis; isabela – Concord grape; Fox grape; Skunk grape – 31
    2896 – Vitis monticola Buckley – vitis; uva – Mountain grape; Sweet mountain grape – 31
    2897 – Vitis riparia Michx. – vitis; videira americana – Frost grape; Riverbank grape – 31
    2898 – Vitis rotundifolia Michx. – vitis; uva muscadinea – Muscadine grape; Southern fox grape – 05; 31
    2899 – Vitis rupestris Scheele – vitis; uva – Rock grape; Sand grape – 31
    2900 – Vitis shuttleworthii House – vitis; uva – Caloosa grape; Calusa grape – 31
    2901 – Vitis tiliifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. – vitis; uva – Caribbean grape – 31
    2902 – Vitis vinifera L. – uva; uva porta enxerto – Common grapevine; European grape; Grapevine; Grape – 05; 31; 32
    2903 – Vitis vulpina L. – vitis; uva – Frost grape; Winter grape – 31
    2904 – Vochysia thyrsoidea Pohl. – vinheiro –   – 05; 31
    2905 – Volkameria aculeata – volcana de espinho –   – 31
    2906 – Vouacapoua americana Aubl. – acapu – Partridgewood – 19; 31
    2907 – Vriesea carinata Wawra – bromelia – Lobster claws – 31
    2908 – Vriesea hieroglyphica E. Morren – bromelia –   – 31
    2909 – Vriesea splendens (Brongniart) Lemaire – bromelia –   – 31
    2910 – Vulpia bromoides (L.) S.F.Gray – vulpia – Squirreltail fescue – 31
    2911 – Waltheria indica L. – douradinha; douradinha do campo; malva branca; malva veludo – Boater bush; Buff coat; Leather coat; Monkey bush; Sleepy morning; Velvet leaf – 31
    2912 – Waltheria viscosissima – malva branca –   – 05; 31
    2913 – Wedelia paludosa DC. – pingo de ouro –   – 05; 31
    2914 – Xanthosoma brasiliense (Desf.) Engl. – mangarito belembe; belembe – Tahitian spinach – 31
    2915 – Xanthosoma caracu K. Koch & C. D. Bouché – xanthosoma –   – 31
    2916 – Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott – mangarito – New cocoyam; Tania; Yautia – 30; 31
    2917 – Xanthosoma sagittifolium Liebm. – taioba –   – 05; 31
    2918 – Xanthosoma sp. – xanthosoma; mangarito –   – 05; 31
    2919 – Xanthosoma violaceum Schott – batata de taxola – Black malanga; Blue ape; Blue taro; Primrose malanga; Yautia – 31
    2920 – Xantoxylum sp. * – laranjinha do mato –   – 05; 31
    2921 – Xeranthemum annuum L. – imortal; sempre viva – Immortelle – 31
    2922 – Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich. – malagueta de guine – Ethiopian pepper; Negro pepper; Spicetree – 05; 31
    2923 – Xylopia benthamii – envira amarela –   – 05; 31
    2924 – Xylopia brasiliensis Spreng. – pindaiba vermelha –   – 05; 31
    2925 – Xylopia emarginata – embira preta; pindaiba; pindaiba d’agua; pindaiba do brejo; pindaiba preta; pindauba; pindaubuna –   – 22; 31
    2926 – Xylopia frutescens – coagerucu; coaguerecou; coajerecu; conguerecou; ibira; jegerecu; jejerucu; jererecou; pau de imbira; pegerecum; pijerecu; pindahyba branca; pindaiba; pindauba; pindauva –   – 03; 05; 22; 30; 31
    2927 – Xylopia sericea – embiriba –   – 05; 31
    2928 – Xylopia sericea A. St. Hil. – pindaiba –   – 05; 31
    2929 – Xylopia xylopioides – arvore de espinho; embira branca; envira branca; fruta de burro; fruteira de burro; jinjurucum; pau bonito; pimenta de bugre; pimenta de macaco; pimenta do sertao; pimenteira da terra; pindaiba; pinxiricum –   – 03; 05; 16; 22; 30; 31
    2930 – Yucca aloifolia L. – iuca – Daggerplant; Spanish bayonet; Yucca – 05; 31
    2931 – Yucca filamentosa L. – vela de pureza – Adam’s needle; Bear grass; Needle palm; Spoon leaf yucca – 05; 31
    2932 – Zamia furfuracea L. f. – araruta da florida; sagu da jamaica –   – 31
    2933 – Zamia ulei – batata de onca –   – 05; 31
    2934 – Zanthoxylum pterota – espinheiro –   – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2935 – Zanthoxylum rhoifolium – espinho de vintem; guarita; juva; juveve; laranjinha; limaozinho; mamica de cadela; mamica de porca; mamiqueira; tamanqueira; tambatarao; tembetari; tembetaru; teta de cadela; tinguaciba –   – 03; 05
    2936 – Zanthoxylum rhoifolium Lam. – zanthoxylum; mama de porca –   – 05; 31
    2937 – Zea diploperennis Iltis, Doebley & Gusman – teosinte – Diploperennial teosinte – 31
    2938 – Zea luxurians (Durieu & Asch.) R. M. Bird – teosinte – Florida teosinte; Southern guatemalan teosinte; Guatemalan teosinte – 29; 31
    2939 – Zea mays * – milho –   – 05; 31
    2940 – Zea mays L. – milho – Corn – 04; 05; 22; 29; 30; 31; 32
    2941 – Zea perennis (Hitchc.) Reeves & Mangelsd. – teosinte – Perennial teosinte – 31
    2942 – Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino – zelcova – Japanese zelkova; Keyaki; Saw leaf zelkova; Water elm – 31
    2943 – Zingiber officinale L. – gengibre –   – 05; 31
    2944 – Zingiber officinale Rosc. – gengibre –   – 05; 31
    2945 – Zingiber officinale Roscoe – gengibre – Ginger – 03; 05; 30; 31
    2946 – Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm. – gengibre amargo – Shampoo ginger; Wild ginger; Zerumbet ginger – 02; 03; 05; 30; 31
    2947 – Zinnia elegans H. B. & K – zinia; moca velha –   – 05; 31
    2948 – Zinnia haageana Regel = Zinnia angustifolia H.B.K. – zinia –   – 31
    2949 – Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. – joazeiro – Jua – 05; 31
    2950 – Ziziphus jujuba Mill. – acofeifeira; jujuba; jujubeira – Chinese date; Chinese jujube; Common jujube; Jujube – 01; 04; 05; 31
    2951 – Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. – jujuba; jujubeira – Chinese date; Cottony jujube; Indian cherry; Indian jujube; Indian plum – 04; 05; 19; 31
    2952 – Ziziphus mistol Griseb. – mistol – Mistol – 31
    2953 – Zizyphus joazeiro Mart. – tamarindo –   – 05; 31
    2954 – Zoysia japonica Steud. – grama esmeralda; grama japonesa – Japanese lawn grass; Korean lawn grass; Zoysia – 31

     

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    • Show Comments (4)

    • waffles

      ?
      You all need to not care about who owns the right to say a WORD, this is the stupidest thing I’ve ever heard. How bout we start focusing on something important like global warming or trying to stop the deforestation of the rainforest.

    • easther

      anthurium Need
      I very need anthurium jenmanni engl. so please give me information where and who I must buy.
      If any sales please lt me know via email

    • aiocabrasil

      You didn’t understand fburns
      No, the brasilian politicians are not rising to a new level of diatribe. The country was defending their right to the use of the word capuacu, ( this is a native fruit to brasil, not Japan by the way ) which the JAPANESE had tried to buy and own the rights to the WORD, and then were blocking the use of the word itself in product description, hence blocking any import of products from brasil with “capuacu” of any sort connected to it. Did you even read the article???

    • fburns

      What BS
      What BS, you cannot trademark the words of a language, just for being words of a language. As though a Brazilian corporation could not use the name chicken, orange, beef etc., if it wanted to. The Brazilian politicians have raised themselves to a new level of diatribe.

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